Theatrical release poster by Robert McGinnis
|Directed by||Douglas Hickox|
|Music by||Dominic Frontiere|
|Edited by||Malcolm Cooke|
|Distributed by||United Artists|
Brannigan is a 1975 British thriller film directed by Douglas Hickox and starring John Wayne and Richard Attenborough. Set principally in London, the film is about a Chicago detective sent to Britain to organise the extradition of an American mobster, who is soon kidnapped and held for ransom. Struggling with the restrained policing style of his British counterparts, the tough Irish-American detective uses his own brand of law enforcement to recapture the criminal.
After turning down the starring role in Dirty Harry, and seeing the subsequent success of that film, Wayne made two police thrillers in quick succession. After starring in McQ, he made this "cop out of water" film in the same vein as Clint Eastwood's Coogan's Bluff.
Tough Chicago Police Lieutenant Jim Brannigan (John Wayne) is sent to London to extradite a notorious American gangster, Ben Larkin (John Vernon). Brannigan is assigned a local officer, Jennifer (Judy Geeson), to help while he is in London. But before Brannigan can collect his man, Larkin is kidnapped.
Larkin's finger is cut off and mailed to the police to prove how serious the kidnappers are. The mobster's lawyer, Mel Fields (Mel Ferrer), tries to arrange a ransom drop while Brannigan makes his way around London in search of Larkin. Whilst struggling to adapt to the British way of life, and the restrained style of policing, he employs techniques not usually seen in Britain.
In the meantime, a contract had already been put out on Brannigan's life by Larkin, so hit man Gorman (Daniel Pilon) tails Brannigan in a black Jaguar, making several attempts to kill him and nearly shooting Jennifer by mistake.
Commander Swann (Richard Attenborough), in charge of helping get Larkin to America, is a stuffy, titled, upper class, Metropolitan Police commander who's not afraid to get his hands dirty. There is continual conflict between Brannigan and Swann about the American's carrying, and use of, his .38 Colt Diamondback revolver.
Permitted to go alone to deliver the ransom payment, Fields personally eliminates the kidnappers. He and Larkin celebrate having pulled off a scheme to get the money, Larkin calling the loss of a finger a small price to pay. Brannigan bursts in to foil their plans. As he and Jennifer walk away, Gorman tries to mow them down with his car, but he is shot by Brannigan, who can now return home to Chicago.
- John Wayne as Lieutenant James Brannigan
- Richard Attenborough as Commander Sir Charles Swann, Bart.
- Mel Ferrer as Mel Fields
- Judy Geeson as Detective Sergeant Jennifer Thatcher
- John Vernon as Ben Larkin
- Daniel Pilon as Gorman
- Ralph Meeker as Captain Moretti
- Lesley Anne Down as Luana
- Barry Dennen as Julian
- John Stride as Detective Inspector Michael Traven
- James Booth as Charlie-the-Handle
- Arthur Batanides as Angell
- Pauline Delaney as Mrs. Cooper
- Del Henney as Drexel
- Brian Glover as Jimmy-the-Bet
- Don Henderson as Geef
- Tony Robinson as Motorcycle Courier
The film is notable for its well-executed action sequences, including a spectacular car chase through Battersea's Shaftesbury Estate, Wandsworth and Central London featuring Brannigan jumping a yellow Ford Capri coupe across the half raised Tower Bridge. One sequence features shots of the interior and exterior of London's famous Royal Automobile Club, which has changed little since the shooting of the film. The Capri's jump was one of the last significant appearances of Tower Bridge without its now-familiar red, white, and blue paint scheme which was applied in 1977 to commemorate the Silver Jubilee of Elizabeth II.
Conversely, the film's opening sequence and first several minutes display Chicago roadways, riverside buildings and an early O'Hare Terminal 1 that have all been razed and replaced. For example, the film opens on a squad car making the former turn on Upper Lake Shore Drive where East Wacker Drive now exists and where Field Drive had been planned to intersect; in the background, iron workers can be seen constructing the connecting portion of Upper Wacker. The 300 block of North Canal Street, where Brannigan conducts an investigation using "enhanced interrogation techniques", rapidly developed between this film, Doctor Detroit, and Raw Deal, and has further developed through to the present day. As Brannigan approaches O'Hare, the Kennedy Expressway is devoid of both commercial development to the north and south, and the Blue Line tracks in the median.
Likewise, West India Quay, immediately north of the Isle of Dogs has become unrecognisable with the development of the Docklands in general, and Canary Wharf in particular. The location is seen as a derelict, nearly-abandoned dockside during Brannigan's confrontation with the motor-scooter messenger (Tony Robinson), and has since been radically transformed. When a hole is blown in Brannigan's lavatory wall, he looks out to see the Albert Memorial, its statue still coated in thick black paint rather than gold leaf. At the time of filming, the Trafalgar Square post office occupied not only its current footprint, but extended throughout the adjoining commercial spaces, and was marked by an unusually shaped sign extending out from the corner of the building.
It contains a unique piece of footage of the inside of the Garrick Club (known as the actors' club) which traditionally does not allow cameras and was only agreed to as Richard Attenborough was a long-term member. In the scene in which Brannigan and Commander Swann are at the bar in the Garrick Club, on the wall behind them are portraits of Laurence Olivier and another of John Gielgud, both in Garrick Club ties.
After a Chicago Police officer was depicted in a less than flattering light in an episode of the 1957–60 television series, M Squad, then-Mayor Richard J. Daley thereafter discouraged motion picture and television location filming in the city for the rest of his administration and its aftermath. Brannigan is one of the few films – along with Cooley High, also released in 1975 – to have been approved and granted police assistance during the two-decade era.
On 2 October 2001 brannigan was released on DVD for the first time ever.
Brannigan is available through Amazon.com in a Two Pack with Killer Force, and will be released for the first time on Blu-ray through Screen Archives Entertainment on 8 July 2014.
- Erickson, Hal. "Brannigan (1975)". Allmovie. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
- "Brannigan". British Film Institute. London. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
- Dowell, Pat. - "John Wayne, Man and Myth". - (book review of: John Wayne, American by Randy Roberts and James S. Olson). - Washington Post. - 25 September 1995. - Retrieved: 2008-08-05
- Swann explains to Brannigan that his title of "Sir" is hereditary, having been bestowed upon one of his "ancient ancestors, probably for holding somebody's horse at a coronation."