Brańsk

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Brańsk
Eastern Orthodox church
Eastern Orthodox church
Coat of arms of Brańsk
Coat of arms
Location within Bielsk County
Location within Bielsk County
Brańsk is located in Poland
Brańsk
Brańsk
Location within Poland
Coordinates: 52°45′N 22°50′E / 52.750°N 22.833°E / 52.750; 22.833
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Podlaskie
County Bielsk
Gmina Brańsk (urban gmina)
Town rights 18 January 1493
Government
 • Mayor Czesław Sokołowski
Area
 • Total 32.43 km2 (12.52 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 3,822
 • Density 120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 17-120
Area code(s) +48 085
Car plates BBI
Website http://www.bransk.podlaskie.pl

Brańsk [braɲsk] (Ukrainian: Бранськ or Брянськ, Brans’k or Brians’k) is an Urban Gmina (Polish: gmina miejska) (Town) in Bielsk County, Podlaskie Voivodeship. It is located north-eastern Poland.

Etymology[edit]

The name of the town comes from the river Bronka, a nearby tributary of the Nurzec River.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Brańsk is located in the geographical region of Europe known as the Wysoczyzny Podlasko – Bialoruskie (English: Podlaskie and Belarus Plateau) and the mezoregion known as the Bielsk Plain (Polish: Równinę Bielską). The Nurzec River, a tributary of the Bug River, passes through Brańsk. The town covers an area of 32.43 square kilometres (12.5 sq mi).

It is located approximately:

Climate[edit]

The region has a continental climate which is characterized by high temperatures during summer and long and frosty winters . The average amount of rainfall during the year exceeds 550 millimetres (21.7 in).

History[edit]

Specific historical events in Brańsk[edit]

13th century[edit]

On 23 June 1264 two armies met near Brańsk. The Battle of Brańsk lasted two days pitting the forces of Yotvingia, led by Komata (Kumata) against the well equipped Krakovian army led by the Duke of Krakow, Boleslaw V the Chaste.

15th century[edit]

Main article: Trakai Voivodeship

On 18 January 1493, Brańsk received a city charter based on Magdeburg rights from the Grand Duke of Lithuania, Alexander Jagiellon. It was the first city in Podlaskie to receive such a charter.

Bránsk 1804

20th century[edit]

On September 1, 1939, Germany attacked Poland and quickly overwhelmed it. Within days of the war's beginning, Bransk suffered German bombardment. On September 17, 1939, the USSR attacked eastern Poland, and in partnership with Nazi Germany, partitioned Poland under the terms of the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact of August 23. Bransk along with all areas of Poland east of the Bug River was then occupied by the Soviet Union. All Polish and Jewish businesses of substance were confiscated by the Communist State. The Soviets remained in control of Bransk until June 1941 when the Germans invaded their erstwhile Soviet allies. Hitler's German Wehrmacht (army) occupied the town and ordered the Jewish community to build a ghetto surrounded by barbed wire, to which the Jewish population (some 65% of the town) was confined. On November 8, 1942, the Jews of Bransk were ordered to report to the town center, forced to march to the nearby town of Bielsk, and then transported by train to Treblinka. Within weeks, the vast majority were murdered by gassing at the Treblinka death camp.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Detailed data as of 31 December 2007:[1]

  Total Women Men
Unit Number  % Number  % Number  %
Population 3,822 100 1,944 50.9 1,878 49.1
Population Density
(persons/km²)
117.9 56.9 57.9

Income[edit]

Income data from 2005:[2]

Average per capita income: 1961.03 zł

Compared to the average per capita income:

  • In the Podlaskie Voivodeship: 120.40%
  • In Poland: 112.20%

Municipal government[edit]

It is the seat of Gmina Brańsk, but is not part of Gmina Brańsk.

Executive branch[edit]

The chief executive of the government is the Mayor (Polish: Burmistrz).

Legislative branch[edit]

The legislative portion of the government is the Council (Polish: Rada) composed of the President (Polish: Przewodniczšcy), the Vice President (Polish: Wiceprzewodniczšcy) and thirteen councilors.

Neighbouring political subdivisions[edit]

Brańsk is bordered by Gminy Rudka and Brańsk.

Transport[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

Brańsk is at the intersection of a National Road and a Voivodeship Road:

Streets[edit]

The major streets (Polish: Ulica) in Brańsk:

  • Rynek
  • Armii Krajowej (National Road DK66-PL.svg)
  • Bielska
  • Binduga
  • Boćkowska
  • Błonie
  • Jagiellońska
  • Jana Pawła II (Voivodeship Road DW681-PL.svg)
  • Kapicy Milewskiego
  • Kasztanowa
  • Klonowa
  • Konopnickiej
  • Kościelna
  • Kościuszki (Voivodeship Road DW681-PL.svg)
  • Mickiewicza
  • Piłsudskiego
  • Poniatowskiego
  • Senatorska
  • Sienkiewicza
  • Skłodowskiej-Curie
  • Szkolna
  • Słowackiego
  • Witosa
  • Wyszyńskiego
  • Ściegiennego

Public transport[edit]

Bus service[edit]

Regular bus service is provided by Państwowa Komunikacja Samochodowa (State Car Communication, PKS) via PKS Bielsk Podlaskie, PKS Białystok and PKS Siemiatycze

Rail service[edit]

The closest passenger train service is provided by Polskie Koleje Państwowe (Polish State Railways, PKP) SA from the following stations:

Economy[edit]

The land-use is as follows:[3]

  • Agricultural use: 66%
  • Forest land: 27%
  • City: 2.34%

Major business[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Places of worship[edit]

Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary - Roman Catholic[edit]

St. Simeon Stylites - Polish Orthodox[edit]

Nearby attractions[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Miscellanea[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]


Coordinates: 52°44′N 22°51′E / 52.733°N 22.850°E / 52.733; 22.850