Brantingham

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Coordinates: 53°45′13″N 0°34′32″W / 53.753653°N 0.575488°W / 53.753653; -0.575488

Brantingham
Brantingham is located in East Riding of Yorkshire
Brantingham
Brantingham
 Brantingham shown within the East Riding of Yorkshire
Population 370 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid reference SE940295
Civil parish Brantingham
Unitary authority East Riding of Yorkshire
Ceremonial county East Riding of Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BROUGH
Postcode district HU15
Dialling code 01482
Police Humberside
Fire Humberside
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Haltemprice and Howden
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Brantingham is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated about 2 miles (3.2 km) north of Brough, and 12 miles (19 km) west of Kingston upon Hull. It lies to the north of the A63 road. According to the 2011 UK census, Brantingham parish had a population of 370,[1] a decrease on the 2001 UK census figure of 410.[2]

The noble family of Brantingham (or de Brantingham), which included Ralph de Brantingham, King's Chamberlain to King Edward III and Thomas de Brantingham, Lord Treasurer under the same king and later Bishop of Exeter, originally came from the village.

The church dedicated to All Saints was designated in 1966 by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building.[3]

It has one pub and a duckpond.

The pub, called The Triton Inn, was formerly a coaching inn on the road west from Hull - Brantingham then being an important staging post on the road between Welton and South Cave. At that time the present Triton Inn was called The Tiger inn and had a wheelwrights and an agricultural engineer (a Mr Watson) in the yard at the front. The pub changed its name to become the Wounded Tiger in the 1850s, but then in the 1860s was renamed The Triton, after part of the family crest of the Sykes family, who bought nearby Brantingham Thorpe. They owned the pub as well as another Triton Inn on their Sledmere estate just north of Driffield (also in the East Riding of Yorkshire). The pub has been called The Triton Inn ever since.

The duck pond, Brantingham

The site of Brantingham Roman villa is found at the other end of the long lane leading south-east from the village, known as Brantingham Outgang. This villa would have been closely associated with the Roman town at Petuaria Civitas Parisiorum (Brough-on-Humber) until it burnt down some time in the mid-4th century. In what is nowadays a flat, gated area located next to a large wood overlooking the main road running between South Cave and Elloughton, traces of the villa (in the form of mosaic floors and hypocaust heated rooms) were first discovered in late September 1941 (in what had been a working quarry since the Middle Ages and into the 1980s). As a result of the quarrying there is now no trace today, but an aerial survey made during the war confirmed the presence of Roman buildings associated with the villa on the other side of the modern road. This Roman site attracted later notoriety in 1948, when a team of archaeologists from the Hull & East Riding museum prepared the first of a group of mosaic pavements found at the villa site during the war, for removal. Overnight it was stolen and although the rest were safely recovered to the museum and are on display to this day, the missing first one has never been found. Neither has it ever been established exactly how it was stolen. This notorious art theft was later taken by the historical novelist Clive Ashman as the basis for his novel “MOSAIC – the Pavement that Walked” (Voreda Books) which provides a fictionalised account of both the 1941 discoveries, police investigations into the 1948 theft, and the original fate of the Roman villa. Today, only a full-colour reconstruction scale drawing taken by the mosaic expert David Neal from black-and-white photographs of the time survives to show what the stolen mosaic would have originally looked like.

In the 1950s the village gave its name to HMS Brantingham, a Ham class minesweeper.

Brantingham is on the major 155 bus route between Hull and South Cave / Goole / Howden, and is the last village west within the Hull telephone area. The village has several beautiful old houses of note - Brantingham Hall and Brantingham House, for example, which overlook the duck pond in the centre of the village.

Because Brantingham is situated on the western flank of the southern end of the Yorkshire Wolds, its surrounding area has a somewhat different character depending whether you head east or west. Heading west is incredibly flat, as it heads across the Vale of York. If you head east you enter the hills of the Yorkshire Wolds. In this respect, Brantingham is possibly best known locally for Spout Hill, so named after the old water spout that is located at the bottom. The road from this spout leads steeply upwards, gaining 100 metres (330 ft) or so in height. This affords some good views westerly across the Vale of York. The road then degrades to a bridleway leading to Riplingham, Elloughton and Welton. Two-thirds of the way up Spout Hill is another path that leads south, through the woods to Elloughton. The paths around and from Spout Hill are popular with walkers and runners.

The Yorkshire Wolds Way National Trail, a long distance footpath passes through the village.

References[edit]

  • “Brantingham Roman Villa: discoveries in 1962” - J. Liversedge; D.J. Smith and I.M. Stead. “Britannia - A Journal of Romano-British and kindred studies” Volume 4, 1973.
  • “Roman Mosaics in Britain: An Introduction to their schemes and a catalogue of paintings” - D.S. Neal 1981.
  • “Brading, Brantingham and York: a new look at some fourth-century mosaics” - R. Ling “Britannia - A Journal of Romano-British and kindred studies” Volume 22, 1991.
  • “Roman Humberside” (2nd edn.) Humberside County Council Archaeology Unit: B. Sitch and A. Williams 1992.
  • “Roman Mosaics of Britain: Volume I: Northern Britain incorporating the Midlands & East Anglia”: - D.S. Neal & S.R. Cosh ‘Society of Antiquaries of London’ 2002 Illuminata Publishers.
  • “The Roman Mosaics at Hull” D.S. Smith (3rd edition) 2005, M. Foreman and D. Crowther Hull & East Riding Museums & Art Gallery.
  • Gazetteer — A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 4. 

External links[edit]