Brasília International Airport
|Brasília–Pres. Juscelino Kubitschek International Airport
Aeroporto Internacional de Brasília–Pres. Juscelino Kubitschek
|IATA: BSB – ICAO: SBBR|
|Elevation AMSL||1,066 m / 3,497 ft|
|Metric tonnes of cargo||60,656|
Sources: Airport Website, ANAC
Brasília–Presidente Juscelino Kubitschek International Airport (IATA: BSB, ICAO: SBBR) is the airport serving Brasília, Brazil. Since 22 April 1999 the airport is named after Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira (1902–1976), the 21st President of Brazil.
In 2012 the airport was ranked fourth in terms of transported passengers, third in terms of aircraft operations, and fifth in terms of cargo handled in Brazil, placing it amongst the busiest airports in the country.
Brasília was only a project when in 1956 President Juscelino Kubitschek landed for the first time in the Central Plateau. However, Vera Cruz Airport, built in 1955 by the then Deputy-Governor of Goiás, Bernardo Sayão, at the request of the chairman of the location of the New Federal Capital, Marechal José Pessoa, already existed. On 2 October 1955, the airport received the first crew of workers that would build the new capital. This facility was located where today is the Integrated Bus and Train Terminal of Brasília. It had a dirt runway of 2,700 meters and a passenger terminal in a makeshift shack cob wall covered with buriti-leaves.
This facility, however, was only temporary. The relocation to a definitive site had already been identified as a priority and construction works started on 6 November 1956. The works lasted for only over six months and required the clearing of an area of 1,334 million square meters, 178,500 square meters of earthwork, base-stabilized 40,900 m², covering 73,500 m², topographical services, positioning and leveling. The runway was designed to have a length of 3,300m but initially it had only 2,400m, and was 45m wide. The passenger terminal was built on wood. On 2 April 1957, the presidential aircraft landed for the first time at the site and the official inauguration took place on 3 May 1957. That year, on the same location the Brasília Air Force Base was also commissioned.
In 1965 Oscar Niemeyer made a project to Brasília Airport to replace the wooden terminal. However, due to the 1964 Brazilian coup d'état, the military-government chose to build the project of Tércio Fontana Pacheco, an architect of the Brazilian Air Force Ministry. The airport is thus one of the few important buildings in Brasília that is not related to Niemeyer. This building was opened in 1971 and since 1990 it is under renovation following an architectural concept of the architect Sergio Roberto Parada.
In 1990 Brasília International Airport underwent its first major renovation and began to gain its present form with a central body and two satellites. The first phase included the construction of an access-viaduct to the passenger terminal and metal cover inaugurated in 1992 and the first circular satellite, inaugurated in 1994. In the second phase, the main body of the passenger terminal was renovated to include a shopping-mall and the satellite received nine jetways. In 2005, a second runway was opened. Presently, the second satellite is under construction.
Because in its design, the present terminal is capable of handling 9 million passengers per year, but actually handles around 14 million with numbers constantly increasing, the former terminal for general aviation, originally built in 1988, was renovated and transformed into Passenger Terminal 2. It was opened for traffic on 2 August 2010. The South Concourse, which opened in April 2014, serves domestic flights.
Following a decision made on 26 April 2011 by the Federal Government for private companies being granted concessions to explore some Infraero airports, on 6 February 2012, the administration of the airport was conceded, for 25 years, to the Consortium Inframérica, formed by the Brazilian Engineering Group Engevix (50%) and the Argentinean Group Corporación América (50%). Inframérica also won the concession of São Gonçalo do Amarante – Natal International Airport in Brazil on 12 May 2011. Infraero, the state-run organization, will remain with 49% of the shares of the company incorporated for the administration.
On 31 August 2009, Infraero unveiled a BRL514.8 million (USD306.06 million; EUR224.76 million) investment plan to up-grade Pres. Juscelino Kubitscheck International Airport focusing on the preparations for the 2014 FIFA World Cup, Brasília being one of the venue cities, and the Summer Olympics in 2016 which will be held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil:
- Enlargement of apron and taxiways. Value 34.5. Completion: April 2011
- Renovation of the existing passenger terminal. Value 22.5. Completion: November 2011
- Enlargement of the passenger terminal. Value 439.0. Completion: April 2013
- Parking. Value 18.8. Completion: April 2014
Airlines and destinations
Accidents and incidents
Accidents with fatalities
- 22 December 1962: a Varig Convair CV-240-2 registration PP-VCQ flying from Belo Horizonte-Pampulha to Brasília descended below the prescribed altitude while on final approach to Brasília, struck trees, skidded and fell to one side. One crew member died.
- 25 May 1982: a VASP Boeing 737-2A1 registration PP-SMY on landing procedures at Brasília during rain, made a hard landing with nose gear first. The gear collapsed and the aircraft skidded off the runway breaking in two. Two passengers out of 118 occupants died.
- 29 September 2006: Gol Airlines flight 1907, a Boeing 737-8EH registration PR-GTD en route from Manaus to Brasília collided with a business jet Embraer Legacy on its first leg, fell, disintegrated in midair, and crashed into the Amazon forest in the north of the State of Mato Grosso, killing all of the 154 passengers and crew on board of the Gol aircraft.
- 25 April 1970: a VASP Boeing 737-2A1 en route from Brasília to Manaus-Ponta Pelada was hijacked by a person who demanded to be flown to Cuba. The hijack lasted a day.
- 14 May 1970: a VASP Boeing 737-2A1 en route from Brasília to Manaus-Ponta Pelada was hijacked by a person who demanded to be flown to Cuba. The hijack lasted a day.
- 22 February 1975: a VASP Boeing 737-2A1 registration PP-SMU en route from Goiânia to Brasília was hijacked by a person who demanded ransom. The hijacker was taken down.
The airport is located 11 km (7 mi) from downtown Brasília.
- "Movimento operacional da rede Infraero de janeiro a dezembro de 2012" (in Portuguese). Infraero. 14 January 2013. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- "Airport Official Website" (in Portuguese). Infraero.
- "Lista de aeródromos públicos" (in Portuguese). ANAC.
- "Lei n˚9.794, de 20 de abril de 1999" (in Portuguese). Lei Direto. 22 April 1999. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
- "Estatísticas" (in Portuguese). Infraero. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
- "Aeroportos: Brasília" (in Portuguese). Jetsite. Retrieved 31 May 2011.
- Parada, Sergio Roberto. "Aeroporto de Brasília, uma questão de arquitetura" (in Portuguese). IABDF. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
- "Terminal 2 do aeroporto de Brasília recebe voos regulares" (in Portuguese). Infraero. 1 September 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
- Bitencourt, Rafael (26 April 2011). "Governo define concessão de obras em 3 aeroportos, diz Palocci" (in Portuguese). Valor Online. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- Rittner, Daniel (7 February 2012). "Cumbica, Viracopos e Brasília são privatizados" (in Portuguese). Valor Econômico. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
- Guimarães, Ligia (22 August 2011). "Consórcio Inframérica vence leilão de aeroporto São Gonçalo do Amarante" (in Portuguese). G1. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
- Salomon, Marta; Monteiro, Tânia (1 June 2011). "Governo pretende privatizar três aeroportos e abrir o capital da Infraero" (in Portuguese). O Estado de São Paulo: Economia. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
- "Brazil moves swiftly (at last) to award airport concessions". CAPA. 9 February 2012. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "Cindacta I" (in Portuguese). Brazilian Air Force: Departamento de Controle do Espaço Aéreo DECEA. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
- Rittner, Daniel; Braga, Paulo Victor (31 August 2009). "Infraero vai gastar R$5 bi em reforma de aeroportos". Valor Econômico (in Portuguese). pp. A4. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
- "Aérea boliviana começa a voar para o Brasil em maio". Panrotas. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
- "Accident description PP-VCQ". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "Accident description PP-SMY". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
- "Accident description N600XL and PR-GTD". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 13 May 2011.
- "Incident description Vasp April 25, 1970". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
- "Incident description Vasp May 14, 1970". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
- "Incident description PP-SMU". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brasília International Airport.|
- Airport information for SBBR at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
- Airport information for SBBR at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
- Current weather for SBBR at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for BSB at Aviation Safety Network
- Brasília International Airport Photo Archive at airliners.net
- Documentary about Brasília International Airport