Bray Lock

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Bray Lock
Bray lock, Berkshire.JPG
Bray Lock, Buckinghamshire
Waterway River Thames
County Buckinghamshire
Maintained by Environment Agency
Operation Hydraulic
First built 1845
Latest built 1888
Length 40.94 m (134 ft 4 in)[1]
Width 5.46 m (17 ft 11 in)[1]
Fall 1.46 m (4 ft 9 in)[1]
Above sea level 69'
Distance to
Teddington Lock
29 miles
Bray Lock
River Thames
Fleet River
A4094 road bridge
weir
Hedsor Wharf
weir
bridges
Cookham Lock
Formosa Island
Strand Water
White Brook
Maidenhead Ditch
Mill Race
Kayaking
Boulter's Lock
old mill
Jubilee River--
-- (to Old Windsor Lock)
Ray Mill Road West
Grass Eyot
Bridge Eyot
Flood Relief Channel
A4 Bath Road
Bridge Street
York Road
Guards Club Island
Reading - Paddington Rly
Forlease Road
York Stream
Headpile Eyot
Bray Lock and weir
Bray Mill
Proposed new lock
M4 Motorway
The Cut
Bray marina
River Thames

Bray Lock is a lock and weir on the River Thames in England near Bray and Dorney and is just above the M4 Bridge across the Thames. The lock is on the Buckinghamshire side of the river on the opposite bank from Bray itself and Maidenhead which are in Berkshire. The pound lock was built by the Thames Navigation Commission relatively late in 1845 The lock keeper's cottage is on an island (Parting Eyot) between the lock and the weir.

The weir is almost level with the lock and runs straight across to the opposite bank from the other side of the lock island.

History[edit]

There was a mill recorded here in Domesday book and 1328 there is a reference to "Richard atte Lock of Bray" occupying a weir called Braibrok.[2] Fifty years later in 1377 there are records of travellers complaining of the excessive tolls at a flash lock on the site called Hameldon Lock.[2] Both the lock and the weirs were removed in 1510 by order of the Commissioner of Sewers.

In 1622 a new flash lock was built by Thomas Manfield[2] and presence of water pens is noted in 1632. Navigation may in earlier times have used York Stream which went on the other side of Bray to Maidenhead. A pound lock and weir were first proposed in 1833 for the "improvement of navigation two or three miles above". The fall between Maidenhead and Boveney was large, leading to shallows and a strong current. The towpath was on the Buckinghamshire bank, and navigation on the Berkshire side, so tow ropes had to pass across the island. The suggestion of a lock was made again in 1843 and a lock house built on Parting Eyot with an open-sided lock the following year. The miller contributed to the cost of the weir. The lock was often left open except when river levels were low and no tolls were collected.[3] Sides were added before 1877 and the lock and weir were rebuilt in 1885.[4] Prior to the rebuilding Charles Dickens had described Bray Lock as a "rotten and dangerous structure".[3]

Reach above the lock[edit]

Bray from the River Thames

Immediately above the lock is Headpile Eyot. Bray is on the Berkshire bank while the Buckinghamshire bank has open fields. Further along the reach is Brunel's Maidenhead Railway Bridge, known as the "Sounding Bridge" from the spectacular echo underneath it. The Maidenhead bank is lined with large Edwardian houses up to Maidenhead Bridge beside which is the Skindles Hotel once a notorious rendez-vous for illicit coupling.[5]

Above the bridge are the islands of Bridge Eyot and Grass Eyot before Boulter's Lock with Taplow on the Buckinghamshire side.

Maidenhead Regatta takes place from the railway bridge in August, and is followed by the annual Thames Punting Championships. The Maidenhead Junior regatta is held in May.

Sports clubs[edit]

Thames Path[edit]

The Thames Path follows the Bucks (Eastern) bank to Maidenhead Bridge, which it crosses, and then proceeds on the Berkshire side to Boulter's Lock.

See also[edit]

Next lock upstream River Thames Next lock downstream
Boulter's Lock
3.43 km (2.13 mi)[6]
Bray Lock
Grid reference: SU909797
Boveney Lock
5.10 km (3.17 mi)[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Environment Agency Dimensions of locks on the River Thames". web page. Environmental Agency. 8 November 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2012.  Dimensions given in metres
  2. ^ a b c Over, Luke; Tyrrell, Chris (Illustrations) (1993). The Royal Hundred of Bray. Cliveden Press. ISBN 0-9521969-0-5. 
  3. ^ a b Kemplay, John (2000). The Thames Locks. Ronald Crowhurst. ISBN 0-9518964-1-5. 
  4. ^ Fred. S. Thacker The Thames Highway: Volume II Locks and Weirs 1920 – republished 1968 David & Charles
  5. ^ Paul Goldsack, River Thames: In the Footsteps of the Famous, English Heritage/Bradt, 2003.
  6. ^ a b "Environment Agency Distances between locks on the River Thames". web page. Environmental Agency. 19 November 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2012.  Distances given in km

Coordinates: 51°30′32″N 0°41′30″W / 51.50893°N 0.69159°W / 51.50893; -0.69159