Brazil–Mexico relations

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Brazilian–Mexican relations
Map indicating locations of Brazil and Mexico


Former Presidents Felipe Calderón and Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in Mexico City

Brazil–Mexico relations are the diplomatic and bilateral relations between the Federative Republic of Brazil and the United Mexican States.

The governments of Brazil and Mexico maintain friendly relations. Together, Brazil and Mexico account as the most populous nations in Latin America and both nations have the largest global emerging economies and are considered to be regional powers.

According to a 2011 BBC World Service Poll, 65% of Mexicans view Brazil's influence positively, with 17% viewing it negatively,[1] and according to a 2013 BBC World Service Poll, 49% of Mexicans view Brazil's influence positively, with 25% viewing it negatively.[2]

Diplomatic history[edit]

Diplomatic relations between Brazil and Mexico were established on 7 August 1824, two years after the declaration of independence of Brazil. In 1831, both nations established resident diplomatic missions in each other's capitals respectively.[3]

In 1914, Brazil belonged to regional group called the ABC nations (which also included Argentina and Chile). These three nations made up the richest and most influential nations in South America at the time. That year, the ABC nations intervened in a diplomatic dispute between the United States and Mexico who were on verge of war over the Tampico Affair and the subsequent occupation of Veracruz by US forces. The ABC nations meet with representatives of the United States and Mexico in Niagara Falls, Canada to ease the tension between the two nations and to avoid war, which afterwards did not occur.

During World War II, both Brazil and Mexico were the only two Latin American nations to declare war on the Axis powers and to send troops to fight abroad. Brazil sent an expeditionary force to fight in Italy while Mexico sent to troops to fight in the Philippines.

Today Brazilian-Mexican relations are strong and ever strengthening. There have been several state visits between presidents of both nations to each other's countries respectively. Both nations have worked together on several important issues and have supported each other diplomatically.

The environment[edit]

Brazil and Mexico worked together, to a certain extent, on climate change issues during the G20 summit in Los Cabos, and the Rio+20 conference, though environmentalist observers called for more.[4]

Trade relations[edit]

At a 2009 heads of state conference then Brazilian president Lula da Silva commented that there was "mistrust" between the two countries that needed to be overcome in order to increase trade, which he stated was a goal. He proposed further high-level talks aimed at strengthening ties between the two countries' national oil companies, Petrobras and Pemex. Mexican president Felipe Calderón stated that Mexico wanted to diversify its trade away from over-reliance on the United States and hoped to finish a free trade agreement between the two countries that has been in negotiation since 2000.[5]

Shortly after his election in 2012 Mexican president Enrique Peña Nieto criticized cuts to Brazil quotas of imported Mexican-built automobiles, and restated Mexico's interest in a free trade agreement.[6]

Common memberships[edit]

Both countries are members of the G-20 major economies, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States, Rio Group and the United Nations.

Resident diplomatic missions[edit]