The governments of Brazil and Mexico maintain friendly relations. Together, Brazil and Mexico account as the most populous nations in Latin America and both nations have the largest global emerging economies and are considered to be regional powers.
According to a 2011 BBC World Service Poll, 65% of Mexicans view Brazil's influence positively, with 17% viewing it negatively, and according to a 2013 BBC World Service Poll, 49% of Mexicans view Brazil's influence positively, with 25% viewing it negatively.
Diplomatic relations between Brazil and Mexico were established on 7 August 1824, two years after the declaration of independence of Brazil. In 1831, both nations established resident diplomatic missions in each other's capitals respectively.
In 1914, Brazil belonged to regional group called the ABC nations (which also included Argentina and Chile). These three nations made up the richest and most influential nations in South America at the time. That year, the ABC nations intervened in a diplomatic dispute between the United States and Mexico who were on verge of war over the Tampico Affair and the subsequent occupation of Veracruz by US forces. The ABC nations meet with representatives of the United States and Mexico in Niagara Falls, Canada to ease the tension between the two nations and to avoid war, which afterwards did not occur.
During World War II, both Brazil and Mexico were the only two Latin American nations to declare war on the Axis powers and to send troops to fight abroad. Brazil sent an expeditionary force to fight in Italy while Mexico sent to troops to fight in the Philippines.
Today Brazilian-Mexican relations are strong and ever strengthening. There have been several state visits between presidents of both nations to each other's countries respectively. Both nations have worked together on several important issues and have supported each other diplomatically.
At a 2009 heads of state conference then Brazilian president Lula da Silva commented that there was "mistrust" between the two countries that needed to be overcome in order to increase trade, which he stated was a goal. He proposed further high-level talks aimed at strengthening ties between the two countries' national oil companies, Petrobras and Pemex. Mexican president Felipe Calderón stated that Mexico wanted to diversify its trade away from over-reliance on the United States and hoped to finish a free trade agreement between the two countries that has been in negotiation since 2000.
Shortly after his election in 2012 Mexican president Enrique Peña Nieto criticized cuts to Brazil quotas of imported Mexican-built automobiles, and restated Mexico's interest in a free trade agreement.
Resident diplomatic missions
- Brazil has an embassy in Mexico City.
- Mexico has an embassy in Brasília and consulates-general in Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo.
- Views of US Continue to Improve in 2011 BBC Country Rating Poll BBC World Service
- Views of China and India Slide While UK's Ratings Climb BBC World Service
- Historical diplomatic relations between Mexico and Brazil (in Spanish)
- Reuters Foundation: Can Mexico and Brazil join forces on climate change?
- El Economista: México y Brasil buscan relanzar el TLC (in Spanish)
- Reuters: Mexico's next leader wants more trade with Brazil, not less
- Embassy of Brazil in Mexico City (in Portuguese and Spanish)
- Embassy of Mexico in Brasília (in Portuguese and Spanish)
- Consulate-General of Mexico in Rio de Janeiro (in Portuguese and Spanish)
- Consulate-General of Mexico in São Paulo (in Portuguese and Spanish)