Brazil–North Korea relations

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Brazil–North Korea relations
Map indicating locations of Brazil and North Korea

Brazil

North Korea

Brazil–North Korea relations are the current and historical bilateral relations between Brazil and North Korea. Brazil has an embassy in Pyongyang.

According to a 2013 BBC World Service Poll, 22% of Brazilians view North Korea's influence positively, with 47% expressing a negative view.[1]

History[edit]

From 1968 to 1971, North Korea provided financial and military assistance to several left-wing organizations fighting the Brazilian military government, most notably to Carlos Marighella's National Liberation Action (Portuguese: Ação Libertadora Nacional) and the Revolutionary Popular Vanguard (Portuguese: Vanguarda Popular Revolucionária). By November 1970, the DPRK established a training base in the Porto Alegre area, where a small number of guerrillas were given guerrilla warfare, small arms, and ideological training. A small number of ALN and VPR personnel is believed to have also received training within the DPRK.[2]

The official Chinese news agency Xinhua reported in October 2004 that North Korea planned to open an embassy in Brasília, its fourth in the Central and South American region after Havana, Lima and Mexico City. Finally, North Korea opened its embassy in 2005 and the Brazilian government opened its embassy in Pyongyang in May 2009.[3] Relations between the two countries have warmed considerably since the left-wing government of Lula da Silva came to power in January 2003.[4] In May 23, 2006, the official Korean Central News Agency and Brazilian media reported that the two countries had signed a trade agreement.[5]

Despite the Brazilian government's economic relations with North Korea, it has generally condemned controversial North Korean actions that threaten stability in East Asia, such as the 2009 North Korean nuclear test, upon which the Brazilian Ministry for Foreign Affairs stated that the Brazilian Government vehemently condemns North Korea's nuclear test and urged the country to sign the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and return to the six-party talks as soon as possible,[6] and the ROKS Cheonan sinking, upon which the Brazilian Ministry of External Relations issued a statement saying the government expresses solidarity with South Korea and urged stability on the Korean peninsula.[7]

Economic relations[edit]

The economic relations between the two countries are limited, though showed growth in the second half of the first decade of 2000's. Bilateral trade in 2008 reached 381 million dollars.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2013 World Service Poll BBC
  2. ^ Terrorism: The North Korean Connection, Joseph S Bermudez, 1990
  3. ^ MercoPress, May 11, 2009
  4. ^ Asia Times, Jun 3, 2010
  5. ^ Asia Times, Jun 3, 2010
  6. ^ Brazil condemns North Korea nuclear test May 29, 2009
  7. ^ "Afundamento de corveta da República da Coreia / Sinking of a Korean Republic corvette". Ministry of External Relations. 25 May 2010. Retrieved 24 June 2010. 
  8. ^ MercoPress, May 11, 2009