Location in the state of Indiana
|• Mayor||Brian Wyndham (D)|
|• Total||3.06 sq mi (7.93 km2)|
|• Land||3.03 sq mi (7.85 km2)|
|• Water||0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)|
|Elevation||656 ft (200 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||8,153|
|• Density||2,611.2/sq mi (1,008.2/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
Brazil is a city in Clay County, Indiana, United States. The population was 7,912 at the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of Clay County. It is part of the Terre Haute Metropolitan Statistical Area. The current chief executive of Brazil is Mayor Brian Wyndham (Democrat).
In the 1840s, the owners of the farm which would later originate the city of Brazil decided to name their farm after the country of Brazil, because that country was often the subject of news at the time. The city was founded in 1866 under the name of that farm. As of now, Brazil is a part of the Terre Haute Metropolitan Statistical Area. Clay county, which was formed in 1825, originally had Bowling Green as its county seat; the county seat was relocated to Brazil in 1876, following the city's incredible development.
The Chafariz dos Contos (from "contos de réis", a former Brazilian currency) was given by the country of Brazil as a gift to the city, as a symbol of friendship, and was assembled in Forest Park in 1956. It is a replica of the original fountain located in Ouro Preto, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, built in 1745.
Brazil is located at (39.525030, -87.127380).
According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 3.06 square miles (7.9 km2), of which 3.03 square miles (7.8 km2) (or 99.02%) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.078 km2) (or 0.98%) is water.
Brazil experiences warm, even hot and humid summers and cold winters as part of the humid continental climate.
As of the 2010 census, there were 7,912 people, 3,154 households, and 2,018 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,611.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,008.2/km2). There were 3,583 housing units at an average density of 1,182.5 per square mile (456.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.1% White, 0.6% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.
There were 3,154 households of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.7% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.0% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.04.
The median age in the city was 36.2 years. 26% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.2% were from 25 to 44; 23.9% were from 45 to 64; and 14.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.
As of the 2000 census, there were 8,188 people, 3,383 households, and 2,151 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,450.6 people per square mile (946.5/km²). There were 3,740 housing units at an average density of 1,119.3 per square mile (432.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.80% White, 0.64% African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.61% of the population.
There were 3,383 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,902, and the median income for a family was $37,569. Males had a median income of $29,693 versus $20,215 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,123. About 10.7% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.5% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.
The government consists of a mayor and a city council. The mayor is elected in citywide vote. The city council consists of five members. Four are elected from individual districts. One is elected at-large.
The Brazil, Staunton, and Van Buren high schools were consolidated into Northview High School, which graduated its first class in 1985. Brazil High School replaced the original high school, built circa 1906. Built in 1916, it was located on the southeast corner of SR59 and Kruzan, now occupied by the YMCA. Like many other Indiana schools, it was designed by the Terre Haute architectural firm of Johnson, Miller, and Miller.
The main street of Brazil is U.S. Route 40, the historic National Road, which is referred to as National Avenue within Brazil. Due to frequent accidents on Interstate 70, five miles (8 km) to the south of the town and often under construction, police often re-route traffic through Brazil, which creates traffic problems on U.S. 40 and the north-south State Road 59 (Forest Avenue, which intersects U.S. 40).
Many of Brazil's streets are in disrepair and very bumpy. The original brick roadbed is visible in many places through the asphalt. Also evident in several sections are stretches of the original brick streets in excellent condition; however, many intersections have no traffic control devices (stop/yield signs).
The annual Parke County Covered Bridge Festival often causes traffic problems on Indiana 59.
Brazil's sewer/drainage system dates from the early 20th century. Even though large sections of the sewer system were replaced in the late 20th century, a moderate rainstorm will cause the storm drain system to back up and flood town streets.
The Terre Haute, Brazil and Eastern Railroad was a short-line railroad that once ran a tourist excursion called the Beaver Creek Express between Brazil and Limedale. The line was dismantled after TBER entered bankruptcy and ceased operation on December 31, 1993.
- Gerald Eades Bentley, scholar of Elizabethan theatre
- Johnnie Davis, musician, band leader
- George N. Craig, governor of Indiana, Past National Commander of American Legion
- Ivan Fuqua, winner of gold medal in 4x400 m relay at the 1932 Summer Olympics
- Jimmy Hoffa, labor organizer
- Gayle Porter Hoskins, illustrator
- Orville Redenbacher, popcorn tycoon
- Henry Lee Summer, 1980s pop singer
- Ralph Francis Stearley, 2-star Air Force general
- Stuart Randall, actor who played Sheriff Mort Corey on Laramie
- John Dugan, actor
- Alvin Tobias Hert, mayor in 1895 
- Lisa Casassa, family member of the Casassa Dairy Farm, last female descendant of the James (David) Casassa family
- Brazil Rotary’s Annual 4th of July Festival
- Clay County Popcorn Festival (First Weekend in October)
- Christmas in the Park Celebration (Day after Thanksgiving until Dec 26th)
- Parke County Covered Bridge Festival (15 miles north of Brazil) (Starts second Friday in October, lasts two weeks)
- Cory Apple Festival, Cory, IN. 15 Miles SW of Brazil in Clay County. (Last Full Weekend of September, Friday - Sunday)
Climate is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfa" (Humid Subtropical Climate).
- "Places (2010)" (ZIPPED TXT). 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Feature ID 431462". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved June 30, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- "FIPS55 Data: Indiana". FIPS55 Data. United States Geological Survey. February 23, 2006. Retrieved June 30, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "BBC Brasil, Economia e Iraque dividem votos na cidade Brazil" (in Portuguese). October 2004. Retrieved 2008-05-12.
- "Brazil Public Library, Library History". Retrieved 2008-05-12.
- "Brazil, Indiana Facts".
- "Chafariz Dos Contos Fountain". Retrieved 2008-05-12.
- "KFC markets 'fiery' wings on fire hydrants". USA TODAY. January 6, 2010. Retrieved August 27, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Places: Indiana". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- FAA Airport Master Record for 0I2 – Brazil Clay County Airport ( PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective June 30, 2011.
- "Alvin Tobias Hert". Kentucky Educational Television. Retrieved 2015-03-13.
Mr. Hert got started in politics when he was elected as mayor of Brazil, Indiana, in 1895
- Climate Summary for Brazil, India