Brazil national football team

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This article is about Brazil's men's national football team. For the women's team, see Brazil women's national football team.
Brazil
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s) Canarinho (Little Canary)
Verde-Amarela (The Green and Yellow)
Pentacampeões (The Five Time Champions)
Association Confederação Brasileira de Futebol (CBF)
Confederation CONMEBOL (South America)
Head coach Dunga
Asst coach Vacant
Captain Thiago Silva
Most caps Cafu (142)[1][2]
Top scorer Pelé (77)[2]
FIFA code BRA
FIFA ranking 7 Decrease 4 (17 July 2014)
Highest FIFA ranking 1 (151 times on 7 occasions[3])
Lowest FIFA ranking 22 (June 2013)
Elo ranking 6 Decrease 5 (17 July 2014)
Highest Elo ranking 1 (7,708 days on 38 occasions[4])
Lowest Elo ranking 18 (November 2001)
First colours
Second colours
First international
 Argentina 3–0 Brazil Brazil
(Buenos Aires, Argentina; 20 September 1914)[5]
Biggest win
Brazil Brazil 14–0 Nicaragua 
(Mexico 17 October 1975)[6]
Biggest defeat
Brazil Brazil 0–6 Uruguay 
(Viña del Mar, Chile; September 18, 1920)
Brazil Brazil 1–7 Germany 
(Belo Horizonte, Brazil; 8 July 2014)
World Cup
Appearances 20 (all) (First in 1930)
Best result Champions, 1958, 1962,
1970, 1994 and 2002
Copa América
Appearances 33 (First in 1916)
Best result Champions, 1919, 1922,
1949, 1989, 1997, 1999,
2004 and 2007
CONCACAF Gold Cup
Appearances 3 (First in 1996)
Best result Runners-up, 1996 and 2003
Confederations Cup
Appearances 7 (First in 1997)
Best result Champions, 1997, 2005, 2009 and 2013

The Brazil national football team (Portuguese: Seleção Brasileira) represents Brazil in international men's association football. Brazil is administered by the Brazilian Football Confederation (CBF), the governing body for football in Brazil. They have been a member of the International Federation of Association Football (FIFA) since 1923 and member of the South American Football Confederation (CONMEBOL) since 1916.

Brazil is the most successful national football team in the history of the FIFA World Cup, with five championships: 1958, 1962, 1970, 1994 and 2002. Brazil also has the best overall performance in World Cup history in both proportional and absolute terms with a record of 70 victories in 104 matches played, 119 goal difference, 227 points and only 17 losses.[8][9][10][11] Brazil is the only national team to have played in all FIFA World Cup editions without any absence or need for playoffs.[12] The seleção is also the most successful team in the FIFA Confederations Cup with four titles: 1997, 2005, 2009 and 2013, being the holder of the last title of the tournament. Brazil have won a total of 62 official international titles to professional and grassroots level selections, what constitutes an unparalleled world record.[13][14] Its achievements have led CONMEBOL to consider it as The most glorious and successful of all national teams from South America and the World.[15]

Brazil has the all-time highest average Football Elo Ranking in the world with 2013.3, and the third all-time highest Football Elo Ranking in the world, with 2153 in 1962, only behind the Hungarian Golden Team of 1954 and the Germany national football team of 2014. Many distinguished commentators consider the Brazil team of 1970 to be the greatest association football team ever, although some argue the case for other teams, such as the Brazil team of 1958 and 1962, with honorary mentions being held for the gifted 1982 side.[16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24]

Following the conclusion of the 2014 FIFA World Cup, the national team is ranked number 6 in the World Football Elo Ratings[25] and 7 in the FIFA World Ranking. Brazil is the only team to have won the world cup on four different continents: once in Europe (1958 Sweden), once in South America (1962 Chile), twice in North America (1970 Mexico and 1994 United States) and once in Asia (2002 Korea/Japan). They also share with Spain a record of 35 consecutive official matches undefeated.[26][27][28]

History[edit]

Early history (1914–57)[edit]

The first Brazil national team ever, 1914.
Brazil's first match at home against Exeter City in 1914.

It is generally believed that the first game of the Brazilian national football team was a 1914 match between a Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo select team and the English club Exeter City, held in Fluminense's stadium.[29][30] Brazil won 2–0 with goals by Oswaldo Gomes and Osman,[29][30][31] though it is claimed that the match was a 3–3 draw.[32][33] The line-up for that first match was: Nélson I, Pennaforte, Alemão, Mica, Nesi, Dino I, Paschoal, Torteroli, Nilo, Coelho, Amaro.[34]

In contrast to its future success, the national team's early appearances were not brilliant, partly because of an internal strife between Brazilian football associations over professionalism, which rendered the Brazilian Football Confederation unable to field full-strength teams.

Other early matches played during that time include several friendly games against Argentina (being defeated 3-0), Chile (first in 1916) and Uruguay (first on July 12, 1916).[34]

After its debut against Exeter City, Brazil did not play against a European team until 1928, when the squad smashed Motherwell F.C. of Scotland by 5–0 on 24 June 1928. Other European teams that Brazil played included Ferencvárosi TC.[35]

In 1930, Brazil travelled to play in the first World Cup, held in Uruguay. The squad defeated Bolivia but lost to Yugoslavia, being eliminated from the competition.

Brazil first achieved international prominence when it hosted the 1950 FIFA World Cup. The team went into the last game of the final round, against Uruguay at Estádio do Maracanã in Rio, needing only a draw to win the World Cup. Prior to the match, Brazilian newspaper O Mundo prematurely declared Brazil "the world champions". However, in one of the biggest upsets in football history, Uruguay scored with only 11 minutes remaining to win the match, and the Cup, in a game infamously known as "the Maracanzo." The match led to a period of national mourning, with Brazilian playwright Nelson Rodrigues later saying, "Everywhere has its irremediable national catastrophe, something like a Hiroshima. Our catastrophe, our Hiroshima, was the defeat by Uruguay in 1950."[36]

For the 1954 FIFA World Cup in Switzerland, the Brazilian team was then almost completely renovated, with the team colours changed from all white to the yellow, blue and green of the national flag, so as to forget the Maracanazo, but still had a group of star players, including Nílton Santos, Djalma Santos, and Didi. Brazil reached the quarter-final, where they were beaten 4–2 by tournament favourites Hungary in one of the ugliest matches in football history, which would also become infamous as the Battle of Berne.[37]

The Golden Era with Pelé (1958–70)[edit]

Brazil's head, Vicente Feola, imposed strict rules on the squad for the 1958 FIFA World Cup, held in Sweden. The players were given a list of forty things that they were not allowed to do, including wearing hats or umbrellas, smoking while wearing official uniforms and talking to the press outside of allocated times. They were the only team to bring a psychologist to the training camp (as the memories of 1950 still affected some players) or a dentist (for, because of their humble origins, many players had dental problems, which caused them infections and also had a negative impact on their performance), and had sent a scout to Europe to watch the qualifying matches a year before the tournament had begun.

The Brazil national team at the 1959 Copa América.

Brazil were drawn in the toughest group, with England, the USSR and Austria. They beat Austria 3–0 in their first match, then drew 0–0 with England. The Brazilians had been worried about their match with the USSR, who had exceptional fitness and were one of the favourites to win the tournament; their strategy was to take risks at the beginning of the match to try to score an early goal. Before the match, the leaders of the team, Bellini, Nílton Santos, and Didi, spoke to coach Vicente Feola and persuaded him to make three substitutions that were crucial for Brazil to defeat the Soviets and win the Cup: Zito, Garrincha and Pelé, who is widely regarded as the greatest footballer of all time, would start playing against the USSR. From the kick off, they passed the ball to Garrincha, who beat three players before hitting the post with a shot. They kept up the pressure relentlessly, and after three minutes, which were later described as "the greatest three minutes in the history of football",[38] Vavá gave Brazil the lead. They won the match by 2–0. Pelé scored the only goal of their quarter-final match against Wales, and they beat France 5–2 in the semi-final. Brazil then beat the host, Sweden, in the final by 5–2, winning their first World Cup and becoming the first nation to win a World Cup title outside of its own continent. A celebrated fact was that Feola would sometimes take naps during training sessions and close his eyes during matches, giving the impression that he was asleep. Because of this, Didi was sometimes said to be the real coach of the team, as he commanded the midfield.

In the 1962 FIFA World Cup, Brazil earned its second title with Garrincha as the star player, a mantle and responsibility laid upon him after the regular talisman, Pelé, was injured during the second group match against Czechoslovakia and unable to play for the rest of the tournament.[39][40]

In the 1966 FIFA World Cup, the preparation of the team was affected by political influences. All the major Brazilian clubs wanted their players included in the Brazilian team, to give them more exposure. In the final months of preparation for the World Cup, the coach Vicente Feola was working with 46 players, of which only 22 would go to England; this caused lots of internal dispute and psychological pressure on the players and managing staff. The result was that, in 1966, Brazil had their worst performance in a World Cup. Another perhaps bigger issue was that Pelé, who had possibly been at the height of his career at this stage, was being chopped off at seemingly every opportunity in the group matches. The 1966 tournament was remembered for its excessively physical play, and Pelé was one of the players most affected by such play. After becoming the first player ever to score in three World Cups, with a direct free kick against Bulgaria, he had to rest, because of fatigue, for the match against Hungary, which Brazil lost. He then faced Portugal, and several violent tackles by the Portuguese defenders caused him to leave the match and the tournament. Brazil also lost this match and was eliminated in the first round of the World Cup for the first time since 1934. After the tournament, Pelé declared that he did not wish to play in the World Cup again. Nonetheless, he returned in 1970.

Brazil won its third World Cup in Mexico, with the 1970 FIFA World Cup. It fielded what has since then often been considered the best association football squad ever,[16][17][18][19][20] led by Pelé in his last World Cup finals, captain Carlos Alberto Torres, Jairzinho, Tostão, Gérson and Rivelino.

Brazil's results in 1970 were as follows:

Group 3
Brazil 4–1 Czechoslovakia
Brazil 1–0 England
Brazil 3–2 Romania
Quarterfinals
Brazil 4–2 Peru
Semifinals
Brazil 3–1 Uruguay
Final
Brazil 4–1 Italy

They won all six of their games. Jairzinho was the second top scorer with seven goals; Pele finished with four goals. As a result, Brazil lifted the Jules Rimet trophy for the third time (the first nation to do so), which meant that they were allowed to keep it, as had been stipulated at the time of the World Cup's inception in 1930. A replacement was then commissioned, though it would be 24 years before Brazil won it.

The dry spell (1970–94)[edit]

The 1970 FIFA World Cup-winning Brazil team.

After the international retirement of Pelé and other stars from the 1970 squad, Brazil was not able to overcome the Netherlands' Total Football in the 1974 FIFA World Cup. The generation of 1974 could not defend their title, finishing in fourth place after failing to achieve victory against a strong Polish side.[41]

In the second group stage of the 1978 FIFA World Cup, Brazil was competing with tournament host Argentina for top spot and a place in the finals. In their last group match, Brazil defeated Poland 3–1 to go to the top of the group with a goal difference of +5. Argentina had only had a goal difference of +2, but in its last group match, it managed to defeat Peru by 6–0 and thus qualify for the final, in a match accused of ultimately-unproven match fixing. The Brazilian team was forced to settle for the third place match, in which they defeated Italy by 2–1.

In the 1982 FIFA World Cup, the tournament favorites Brazil easily moved through the early part of the draw, but a 3–2 defeat to Italy, in one of the classic games in World Cup finals history, eliminated them from the tournament. Paolo Rossi scored all three of Italy's goals. The team was defeated in the match that they still refer to as "Sarriá's Disaster", referencing the stadium's name, and manager Telê would be much blamed by the Brazilian media for using an attacking system when a draw was enough. The 1982 team, with players like Sócrates, Zico, Falcão and Éder, is best remembered as one of the greatest teams never to win a World Cup.

Telê Santana and several players from 1982 returned to play in the 1986 World Cup, hosted by Mexico. The players of 1986 were older but still capable of an enchanting performance. They were troubled, however, by an injury Zico picked up before the tournament. Incessant questions about whether and when he could play undoubtedly had some negative effect on the team. Brazil met France in the quarter-finals, in a match considered an absolute classic of Total Football. Neither side deserved to lose but when Zico finally came on in the second half (with the score 1–1), and Brazil was awarded a penalty late in the game, Brazil seemed set to win. But Zico, the hero of a whole generation of Brazilian football fans, missed the penalty, and after a goalless but exciting extra time, it all came down to a penalty shoot-out. Zico managed to score from his penalty but Júlio César da Silva and Sócrates missed the goal in their turns, and though French captain Michel Platini sent his effort over the crossbar, Brazil was nevertheless eliminated 4–3.

In the 1990 FIFA World Cup, Brazil was coached by Sebastião Lazaroni, who was hardly known before the Cup. With a defensive scheme, whose main symbol was midfielder Dunga, and three full-backs, the team lacked creativity but made it to the second round. Against a weaker Argentine side, the Brazilians applied heavy pressure and had numerous chances to score, but Claudio Caniggia eventually found Brazil's net, eliminating them, after a brilliant assist from Maradona.

Return to winning ways (1994–2002)[edit]

1994 World Cup[edit]

Brazil, to the surprise of many, went 24 years without winning a World Cup or even participating in a final. This included 16 years without even making the round of eight. Their struggles ended at the 1994 tournament in the United States, where a solid, if unspectacular, side headed by Romário, Bebeto, Dunga, Taffarel, and Jorginho won the World Cup for a then-record fourth time. Highlights of their campaign included a 1–0 victory over the host in the round of 16, a sensational 3–2 win over the Netherlands in the quarter-finals (often cited as the game of the tournament)[citation needed] and a 1–0 win over Sweden in the semi-finals. This set up a classic confrontation, Brazil vs. Italy, in the final. After a dour and unexciting 0–0 draw, penalty kicks loomed, and when Roberto Baggio lifted his penalty kick over the crossbar, Brazil was the champion once again. A new era of dominance had begun.

1998 World Cup[edit]

Entering the tournament as defending champions, Brazil finished runner-up in the 1998 FIFA World Cup. After a very respectable campaign during which they beat the Netherlands on penalties in the semi-final following a 1–1 draw with goals from Ronaldo and Patrick Kluivert, the team lost to the host France 3–0 in the final game. Brazilian marking at defensive set pieces was poor, and Zinédine Zidane was able to score two headed goals from France's corner kicks. Also, Brazilian star Ronaldo suffered an epileptic seizure a few hours before the match. Many criticized the decision to reinstate him into the starting line-up as he put on a poor performance. Another reason that was given for Brazil's poor performance was lack of preparation. Brazil had not played in the play-offs and the team selection was made based on friendly matches without real competition. In addition, the injury to Romario, Ronaldo's preferred starting partner, prior to the tournament may have also played a key factor.

2002 World Cup[edit]

Brazilian national football airplane in 2002.

Fuelled by the "Three R's" (Ronaldo, Rivaldo and Ronaldinho), Brazil won its fifth championship at the 2002 FIFA World Cup, held in South Korea and Japan.

The groupings would be Turkey, China and Costa Rica. Brazil beat all three opponents and topping the group. In Brazil's opening game against Turkey, Rivaldo fell to the ground clutching his face after Turkey's Hakan Ünsal had kicked the ball at his legs. Ünsal, who had already been booked, was sent off while Rivaldo jumped to his feet and continued playing. Rivaldo escaped suspension but was fined £5,180 for play-acting. He became the first player ever to be punished in FIFA's crackdown on diving. Brazil followed with a 4–0 win over China and a 5–2 win over Costa Rica.

Next, Brazil defeated Belgium 2–0, in the round of 16. Against England in the quarter-finals, it won 2–1. The semi-final was against Turkey, which Brazil had faced in its group. Brazil won 1–0 with a goal by Ronaldo.

The final was between Germany and Brazil. The teams had never played each other in the World Cup before besides a match between Brazil and East Germany in the 1974 FIFA World Cup. German goalkeeper Oliver Kahn had been the tournament's best keeper, but Ronaldo scored both goals in the Brazilian 2–0 triumph.[42] Ronaldo also won the Golden Shoe as the tournament's leading scorer, though Kahn won the Golden Ball as the most outstanding player.

Parreira returns (2002–06)[edit]

Brazil against Japan at the 2006 FIFA World Cup in Dortmund, Germany.

Brazil won the 2004 Copa América, in which they also defeated Argentina in a penalty shoot-out.[43] Brazil won the Confederations Cup for the second time with a 4–1 victory over arch-rivals Argentina.[44]

Manager Carlos Alberto Parreira built his side through a 4-2-2-2 formation. Nicknamed the "Magic Square" by Brazilian sport journalists, the attack was built around four extremely talented players: Ronaldo, Adriano, Kaká, and Ronaldinho.

In the 2006 FIFA World Cup, despite winning the first two games, against Croatia (1–0) and Australia (2–0), the Magic Square did not show anything close to the flair and imagination that it had promised. In the final group game against Japan, Brazil strolled to a comfortable 4–1 win against Japan. Ronaldo scored twice and equalled the record for the most goals scored across all World Cups.

In the round of 16, Brazil beat Ghana 3–0. Ronaldo's goal was his 15th in World Cup history, breaking the record. Brazil was eliminated in the quarter-finals against France, losing 1–0.

After their early elimination, the defeated world champions were harshly criticized by the press and the fans.[45]

Dunga period (2006–10)[edit]

1994 World Cup–winning captain Dunga was hired as Brazil's new team manager on 24 July 2006.[46]

Brazil participated in the 2007 Copa América which was hosted by Venezuela. Their opponent in the final was Argentina. Brazil won 3–0. Robinho was awarded the Golden Boot and named the best player in the tournament. The Brazilian team won the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup in South Africa. They defeated the USA in the final 3–2 to seal their third Confederations Cup title.[47] Kaká was named as the player of the tournament and Luís Fabiano won the top goalscorer award. [[File:Brazil & Chile match at World Cup 2010-06-28 6.jpg|thumb|Brazil and Chile in 2010.]

In the 2010 FIFA World Cup, Brazil won their first match against North Korea 2–1. They won their second game against Ivory Coast 3–1. Their last match against Portugal ended in a 0–0 draw. They faced Chile in the round of 16, and gained a 3–0 win. In the quarter-final, they lost to the Netherlands 2–1.

After the 2010 World Cup (2010–12)[edit]

On 24 July 2010, Mano Menezes was named as the new Brazil coach, replacing Dunga.[48] At the 2011 Copa América, Brazil lost 3–0 in the penalty shootout against Paraguay and was eliminated in the quarter-finals. On 4 July 2012, due to a lack of competitive matches, as the team automatically qualified for the 2014 FIFA World Cup, Brazil was ranked 11th in the FIFA ranking, the first time the Seleção was ruled out the top ten since the ranking was created in 1993.[49]

Return of Luiz Felipe Scolari (2013–14)[edit]

In November 2012, coach Mano Menezes was sacked, and Luiz Felipe Scolari was appointed as Brazil's new manager.[50][51]

Brazil won the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup with 5 wins in 5 matches.

On 6 June 2013, Brazil was ranked 22nd in the FIFA ranking, their worst rank ever.[52] Brazil entered the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup with the objective of defending their title. In the final, Brazil faced Spain.[53] Brazil won 3–0, sealing their fourth Confederations Cup title.[54][55] Neymar was named player of the tournament and received the Golden Ball Award, and Júlio César won the Golden Glove Award for the best goalkeeper of the tournament.[56]

2014 FIFA World Cup[edit]

Brazil was drawn into Group A of the 2014 FIFA World Cup, alongside Croatia, Mexico and Cameroon. In the opening match of the tournament, Marcelo gave the Croatians an early lead with an own goal. However, two goals from Neymar and one from Oscar turned the game around to get the Seleção off to a winning start in their first World Cup on home soil in 64 years.[57] The team then drew 0–0 with Mexico, as Guillermo Ochoa produced a man of the match performance in the Mexican goal.[58] Brazil confirmed qualification to the knockout stage by defeating Cameroon 4–1 – with Neymar again scoring twice, and Fred and Fernandinho providing further goals.[59]

Brazil faced Chile in the round of 16, taking an 18th minute lead through David Luiz's first goal for the Seleção. With no further scoring after Alexis Sánchez's equaliser, the match went to a penalty shootout. Brazil prevailed 3–2, with Neymar, Luiz and Marcelo converting their kicks, and goalkeeper Júlio César saving from Chileans Alexis and Mauricio Pinilla.[60] The team again faced South American opposition in the quarter-final, defeating Colombia 2–1 with goals from central defenders David Luiz and the team captain Thiago Silva. Late in the match, Neymar was substituted on a stretcher after Juan Camilo Zúñiga's knee had made contact with the forward's back. Neymar was taken to hospital and later diagnosed with a fractured vertebra, which ruled him out for the remainder of the tournament.[61] Prior to this, Neymar had scored four goals, provided one assist, and been named man of the match twice. Brazil faced further problems ahead of their semi-final against Germany, as Thiago Silva was to serve a one-match suspension for receiving his second yellow card of the tournament in the quarter-final.[62] The Seleção went on to lose 1-7 to the Germans – their biggest ever defeat at the World Cup and first home loss in a competitive match since 1975.[63] Towards the end of the match, the home crowd began to "olé" each pass from the German team, and booed their own players off the pitch after the final whistle.[64] The match has been nicknamed the Mineirazo, making reference to the nation's previous World Cup defeat on home soil, the Maracanazo against Uruguay in 1950, and the Estádio do Mineirão where the match took place.[65]

Brazil finished the World Cup in fourth place, losing to the Netherlands 0–3 in the third-place match. The team ended the tournament with the worst defensive record of the 32 competing nations, having conceded 14 goals.[66] The only other countries to concede 12 or more goals in the current World Cup format are North Korea and Saudi Arabia.[67] Following these results, Scolari announced his resignation.[68]

Return of Dunga (2014–)[edit]

On 22 July 2014, Dunga was announced as the new manager of Brazil.[69]

Olympics[edit]

The Olympic football tournament is the only international competition in football organized by FIFA that Brazil has never won, although they have won three silver medals (1984, 1988 and 2012) and two bronze medals (1996, 2008).[70] The Brazilian Olympic team is often coached by the national team coach, such as Mário Zagallo in 1996, Dunga in 2008 and Mano Menezes in 2012.

Nicknames[edit]

The Brazilian national team has many nicknames and are known in different parts of the world by various nicknames. The most common one used to refer to them, especially in Brazil, is a seleção, which literally means the selection. Brazilians call any national team from any country or sport a seleção and because of this it has become common for the national team to be referred to as the Seleção Brasileira or, more specifically in the case of the national football team, the Seleção Brasileira de Futebol.[71] Although the Brazilian media have popularized seleção, other nicknames for the squad in Brazil include Canarinho, meaning "Little Canary", a phrase that was popularized by the late cartoonist Fernando "Mangabeira" Pieruccetti during the 1950 World Cup.[72] Other names like Amarelinha, "Little Yellow One", Verde-amarelo, or "Green-Yellow", Pentacampeão, "Five-time Champions",[73] Esquadrão de Ouro (the Golden Squad), some Latin American commentators often refer to the Brazil National team El Scratch (The Scratch),[74] among others.

Venues[edit]

[[File:Teresopolis-Comary1.jpg|thumb|right|Granja Comary complex is home of the national team.]]

The entrance of the training camp.

Brazil does not have a home national stadium like many other national teams, and rotate their home World Cup qualifying matches through various venues including the Estádio do Maracanã in Rio de Janeiro, the Estádio do Pacaembu in São Paulo, the Mineirão in Belo Horizonte and the Estádio Beira-Rio in Porto Alegre. Many other stadiums were used in World Cup qualifying campaigns.

Since September 2006, Brazil have played many international friendlies at Arsenal's Emirates Stadium in London. After their initial 3–0 win over Argentina drew a near sell-out attendance and was screened live on BBC Two, Brazil have returned to the ground regularly, facing Portugal, Sweden, Italy, Republic of Ireland and most recently against Scotland.

Brazil's training camp is the Granja Comary (CBF), located in Teresópolis, about 90 kilometres (55 miles) from Rio de Janeiro.[75] The facilities underwent significant renovations in 2013 and 2014. Granja Comary was opened on 31 January 1987.[76]

Competitive record[edit]

FIFA World Cup[edit]

Brazil has qualified for every FIFA World Cup, never requiring a qualifying play-off. With five titles, they have won the tournament on more occasions than any other national team. Brazil is the only national team to have played in all FIFA World Cup editions without having any absence.

FIFA World Cup record FIFA World Cup qualification record
Year Round Position Pld W D * L GF GA Pld W D L GF GA
Uruguay 1930 Group Stage 6th 2 1 0 1 5 2
Italy 1934 Round 1 14th 1 0 0 1 1 3
France 1938 Third Place 3rd 5 3 1 1 14 11
Brazil 1950 Runners-up 2nd 6 4 1 1 22 6 Qualified as hosts
Switzerland 1954 Quarter-Finals 5th 3 1 1 1 8 5 4 4 0 0 8 1
Sweden 1958 Champions 1st 6 5 1 0 16 4 2 1 1 0 2 1
Chile 1962 Champions 1st 6 5 1 0 14 5 Qualified as defending champions
England 1966 Group Stage 11th 3 1 0 2 4 6 Qualified as defending champions
Mexico 1970 Champions 1st 6 6 0 0 19 7 6 6 0 0 23 2
West Germany 1974 Fourth Place 4th 7 3 2 2 6 4 Qualified as defending champions
Argentina 1978 Third Place 3rd 7 4 3 0 10 3 6 4 2 0 17 1
Spain 1982 Round 2 5th 5 4 0 1 15 6 4 4 0 0 11 2
Mexico 1986 Quarter-Finals 5th 5 4 1 0 10 1 4 2 2 0 6 2
Italy 1990 Round of 16 9th 4 3 0 1 4 2 4 3 1 0 13 1
United States 1994 Champions 1st 7 5 2 0 11 3 8 5 2 1 20 4
France 1998 Runners-up 2nd 7 4 1 2 14 10 Qualified as defending champions
South Korea Japan 2002 Champions 1st 7 7 0 0 18 4 18 9 3 6 31 17
Germany 2006 Quarter-Finals 5th 5 4 0 1 10 2 18 9 7 2 35 17
South Africa 2010 Quarter-Finals 6th 5 3 1 1 9 4 18 9 7 2 33 11
Brazil 2014 Fourth Place 4th 7 3 2 2 11 14 Qualified as hosts
Russia 2018 To Be Determined
Qatar 2022
Total 5 titles 20/20 104 70 17 17 221 102 92 56 25 11 199 59
*Denotes draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
**Gold background color indicates that the tournament was won.
***Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.

Results and fixtures[edit]

The following are Brazil's results over the past 12 months, as well as Brazil's upcoming fixtures during the next 6 months.[77]

      Win       Draw       Loss

Players[edit]

Current squad[edit]

The following 23 players were called for the 2014 FIFA World Cup.[78] Neymar suffered a fractured vertebra following a foul by Colombia defender Juan Camilo Zúñiga in the quarter-final; it was announced that Neymar would miss the remainder of the tournament.[79]
Caps and goals as of July 12, 2014, subsequent to the match against Netherlands.

0#0 Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1 1GK Jefferson (1983-01-02) January 2, 1983 (age 31) 9 0 Brazil Botafogo
12 1GK Júlio César RET (1979-09-03) September 3, 1979 (age 34) 87 0 England Queens Park Rangers
22 1GK Victor (1983-01-21) January 21, 1983 (age 31) 6 0 Brazil Atlético Mineiro
2 2DF Dani Alves (1983-05-06) May 6, 1983 (age 31) 79 6 Spain Barcelona
3 2DF Thiago Silva (Captain) (1984-09-22) September 22, 1984 (age 29) 52 3 France Paris Saint-Germain
4 2DF David Luiz (Vice-captain) (1987-04-22) April 22, 1987 (age 27) 43 2 France Paris Saint-Germain
6 2DF Marcelo (1988-05-12) May 12, 1988 (age 26) 37 4 Spain Real Madrid
13 2DF Dante (1983-10-18) October 18, 1983 (age 30) 13 2 Germany Bayern Munich
14 2DF Maxwell (1981-08-27) August 27, 1981 (age 32) 10 0 France Paris Saint-Germain
15 2DF Henrique (1986-10-14) October 14, 1986 (age 27) 6 0 Italy Napoli
23 2DF Maicon (1981-07-26) July 26, 1981 (age 33) 75 7 Italy Roma
5 3MF Fernandinho (1985-05-04) May 4, 1985 (age 29) 12 2 England Manchester City
8 3MF Paulinho (1988-07-25) July 25, 1988 (age 26) 32 5 England Tottenham Hotspur
11 3MF Oscar (1991-09-09) September 9, 1991 (age 22) 38 11 England Chelsea
16 3MF Ramires (1987-03-24) March 24, 1987 (age 27) 49 4 England Chelsea
17 3MF Luiz Gustavo (1987-07-23) July 23, 1987 (age 27) 25 1 Germany Wolfsburg
18 3MF Hernanes (1985-05-29) May 29, 1985 (age 29) 27 2 Italy Internazionale
19 3MF Willian (1988-08-09) August 9, 1988 (age 25) 12 2 England Chelsea
20 3MF Bernard (1992-09-08) September 8, 1992 (age 21) 14 1 Ukraine Shakhtar Donetsk
7 4FW Hulk (1986-07-25) July 25, 1986 (age 28) 41 9 Russia Zenit Saint Petersburg
9 4FW Fred RET (1983-10-03) October 3, 1983 (age 30) 39 18 Brazil Fluminense
10 4FW Neymar INJ (1992-02-05) February 5, 1992 (age 22) 54 35 Spain Barcelona
21 4FW (1987-03-20) March 20, 1987 (age 27) 20 5 Brazil Atlético Mineiro
  • INJ = Injured player
  • (RET.) Retired from the national team

Recent call-ups[edit]

The following players have been called up to the Brazil squad in last 12 months.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Diego Cavalieri (1982-12-01) December 1, 1982 (age 31) 3 0 Brazil Fluminense 2014 FIFA World Cup (standby)
DF Miranda (1984-09-07) September 7, 1984 (age 29) 7 0 Spain Atlético Madrid 2014 FIFA World Cup (standby)
DF Filipe Luís (1985-08-09) August 9, 1985 (age 28) 4 0 England Chelsea 2014 FIFA World Cup (standby)
DF Rafinha (1985-09-07) September 7, 1985 (age 28) 2 0 Germany Bayern Munich 2014 FIFA World Cup (standby)
DF Dedé (1988-07-01) July 1, 1988 (age 26) 9 1 Brazil Cruzeiro v.  Chile, November 19, 2013
DF Marquinhos (1994-05-14) May 14, 1994 (age 20) 1 0 France Paris Saint-Germain v.  Chile, November 19, 2013
DF Marcos Rocha (1988-12-11) December 11, 1988 (age 25) 2 0 Brazil Atlético Mineiro v.  Portugal, September 10, 2013
MF Lucas Moura (1992-08-13) August 13, 1992 (age 21) 31 4 France Paris Saint-Germain 2014 FIFA World Cup (standby)
MF Lucas Leiva (1987-01-09) January 9, 1987 (age 27) 24 0 England Liverpool 2014 FIFA World Cup (standby)
MF Fernando (1992-03-03) March 3, 1992 (age 22) 8 0 Ukraine Shakhtar Donetsk v.  Portugal, September 10, 2013
MF Jean (1986-06-24) June 24, 1986 (age 28) 6 0 Brazil Fluminense v.   Switzerland, August 14, 2013
FW Alan Kardec (1989-01-12) January 12, 1989 (age 25) 0 0 Brazil São Paulo 2014 FIFA World Cup (standby)
FW Robinho (1984-01-25) January 25, 1984 (age 30) 92 27 Italy Milan v.  Chile, November 19, 2013
FW Alexandre Pato (1989-09-02) September 2, 1989 (age 24) 27 10 Brazil São Paulo v.  Zambia, October 15, 2013

Most capped players[edit]

Cafu is the most capped player in the history of Brazil with 142 caps.
As of July 12, 2014[2]
Players in bold are still active, at least at club level.
# Name Caps Goals First cap Latest cap
1 Cafu 142 5 September 12, 1990 July 1, 2006
2 Roberto Carlos 125 11 February 26, 1992 July 1, 2006
3 Lúcio 105 4 November 15, 2000 September 5, 2011
4 Taffarel 104 0 July 7, 1988 July 12, 1998
5 Djalma Santos 98 3 April 10, 1952 June 9, 1968
Ronaldo 98 62 March 23, 1994 June 7, 2011
Ronaldinho 98 33 June 26, 1999 April 24, 2013
8 Gilmar 94 0 March 1, 1953 June 12, 1969
9 Gilberto Silva 93 3 November 7, 2001 July 2, 2010
10 Pelé 92 77 July 7, 1957 July 18, 1971
Rivelino 92 26 November 16, 1965 June 24, 1978
Robinho 92 27 July 13, 2003 November 19, 2013

Top goalscorers[edit]

Pelé is the top scorer in the history of Brazil with 77 goals.
As of July 12, 2014[2]
Players in bold are still active, at least at club level.
# Name Goals Caps Average First cap Latest cap Position
1 Pelé 77 92 0.84 July 7, 1957 July 18, 1971 FW
2 Ronaldo 62 98 0.63 March 23, 1994 June 7, 2011 FW
3 Romário 55 70 0.79 May 23, 1987 April 27, 2005 FW
4 Zico 48 71 0.67 February 25, 1976 June 21, 1986 MF
5 Bebeto 39 75 0.52 April 28, 1985 July 12, 1998 FW
6 Neymar 35 54 0.65 August 10, 2010 July 4, 2014 FW
7 Rivaldo 34 74 0.46 December 16, 1993 November 19, 2003 MF
8 Jairzinho 33 81 0.40 June 7, 1964 March 3, 1982 MF
Ronaldinho 33 98 0.33 June 26, 1999 April 24, 2013 MF
10 Ademir 32 39 0.82 January 21, 1945 March 15, 1953 FW
Tostão 32 54 0.59 May 15, 1966 July 9, 1972 FW

Current managers[edit]

Head Coach Dunga
General Coordinator Gilmar Rinaldi

Titles[edit]

Senior team[edit]

Official titles[edit]

Friendly titles[edit]

Olympic team[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Marcos Evangelista de Morais "CAFU" – Century of International Appearances". RSSSF. July 23, 2006. Retrieved January 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Brazil – Record International Players". RSSSF. November 7, 2008. Retrieved May 10, 2009. 
  3. ^ September 23, 1993 until November 19, 1993, April 19, 1994 until June 14, 1994, July 21, 1994 until May 16, 2001, July 3, 2002 until February 14, 2007, July 18, 2007 until September 19, 2007, July 1, 2009 until November 20, 2009, April 28, 2010 until July 14, 2010
  4. ^ 1958–63, 1965–66, 1970–74, 1978–79, 1981–83, 1986–87, 1990, 1992, 1994–00, 2002–10
  5. ^ "Argentina versus Brazil". FIFA.com (Fédération Internationale de Football Association). Retrieved January 5, 2009. [dead link]
  6. ^ http://www.eloratings.net/Brazil.htm
  7. ^ After 1988, the tournament has been restricted to squads with no more than 3 players over the age of 23, and these matches are not regarded as part of the national team's record, nor are caps awarded.
  8. ^ http://www.thesoccerworldcups.com/statistics/all_time_standings.php
  9. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/All-time_table_of_the_FIFA_World_Cup
  10. ^ http://www.fifa.com/worldfootball/statisticsandrecords/tournaments/worldcup/alltimerankings.html/
  11. ^ http://www.worldfootball.net/alltime_table/wm//
  12. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brazil_at_the_FIFA_World_Cup
  13. ^ In portuguese, please use a translator - http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anexo:Lista_de_t%C3%ADtulos_das_sele%C3%A7%C3%B5es_sul-americanas_de_futebol_masculino#Sele.C3.A7.C3.A3o_Brasileira_de_Futebol
  14. ^ In portuguese, please use a translator - http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sele%C3%A7%C3%A3o_Brasileira_de_Futebol#T.C3.ADtulos
  15. ^ In spanish, please use a translator - http://www.copamerica-2007.com.ve/equipos/equipos/brasil.htm
  16. ^ a b "Beckenbauer diz que Brasil de 1970 foi melhor seleção de todos os tempos". Beckenbauer diz que Brasil de 1970 foi melhor seleção de todos os tempos. Gazeta do Povo. Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  17. ^ a b "Soccer great Zico: Brazil '58 best team ever". Zico (CNN). July 5, 2012. Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  18. ^ a b Pitt-Brooke, Jack (July 3, 2012). "The greatest team of all time: Brazil 1970 v Spain 2012". The Independent (London: The Independent). Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  19. ^ a b "Spain vs. Italy: Euro 2012 Final Not Enough to Crown Spain Best Ever". Bleacher Report. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  20. ^ a b Metcalfe, Nick. "THE LIST: The 10 greatest football teams of all time". Mail Online (London: Daily Mail (UK)). Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  21. ^ "The 30 greatest international teams of all time". Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  22. ^ "Phenomenal goals, silky skills and tight blue shorts - Why Brazil 1982 was the best World Cup team ever". Mirror.co.uk. Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  23. ^ "World Cup 2014: This is not the Brazil of 1970 or 1982 - substance over style is key". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  24. ^ "The cult World Cup teams we loved: Brazil 1982". Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  25. ^ http://www.eloratings.net/
  26. ^ In portuguese, please use a translator - http://www.publico.pt/noticia/brasil-tem-como-recorde-45-jogos-consecutivos-sem-perder-segundo-a-cbf-1387806
  27. ^ Template:Cite news url=http://edition.cnn.com/2009/SPORT/football/06/20/confedcup.spain.southafrica
  28. ^ In portuguese, please use a translator - http://globoesporte.globo.com/platb/memoriaec/2009/06/24/eua-impedem-espanha-de-bater-recorde-de-invencibilidade
  29. ^ a b Dart, Tom (May 15, 2009). "Magic of Brazil comes to a corner of Devon". The Times (London). 
  30. ^ a b Bellos, Alex (May 31, 2004). "Grecians paved way despite kick in teeth". The Guardian (London os). Retrieved May 15, 2009. 
  31. ^ Bellos, Alex (2002). Futebol: the Brazilian way of life. London: Bloomsbury. p. 37. ISBN 0-7475-6179-6. 
  32. ^ "Exeter fix dream date against Brazil". London: The Daily Telegraph. April 23, 2004. Retrieved May 20, 2009. 
  33. ^ Demetriou, Danielle (May 31, 2004). "Brazil's past masters out-samba Exeter in 90-year rematch". The Independent (London). Retrieved May 20, 2009. 
  34. ^ a b Seleção Brasileira (Brazilian National Team) 1914-1922 at RSSSF
  35. ^ Seleção Brasileira (Brazilian National Team) 1923-1932
  36. ^ "Ghosts of Uruguay’s 1950 World Cup upset still haunt some in Brazil". The Washington Post. accessdate=11 July 2014. 
  37. ^ "World Cup and U.S. soccer history: 1950–1970". USA Today. May 9, 2006. Retrieved February 12, 2009. 
  38. ^ Garrincha 122.
  39. ^ "FIFA Classic Player". FIFA.com. October 23, 1940. Retrieved August 11, 2012. 
  40. ^ "PELE – International Football Hall of Fame". Ifhof.com. October 23, 1940. Retrieved August 11, 2012. 
  41. ^ "Brazil not too comfortable as World Cup favorite". USA Today. May 23, 2006. Retrieved February 12, 2009. 
  42. ^ "Brazil crowned world champions". BBC Sport. June 30, 2002. Retrieved August 22, 2009. 
  43. ^ "Brazil 2–2 Argentina: Shoot-out drama". ESPNsoccernet. July 26, 2004. Retrieved January 5, 2009. 
  44. ^ "Brazil 4–1 Argentina: Adriano stars". ESPNsoccernet. June 29, 2005. Retrieved January 5, 2009. 
  45. ^ "Pelé culpa Ronaldinho e Parreira por eliminação precoce" (in Portuguese). Terra Esportes. July 4, 2006. Retrieved July 4, 2006. 
  46. ^ "Dunga completa dois anos na seleção garantindo ser um desafio ganhar o ouro" (in Portuguese). Globo Esporte. July 24, 2009. Retrieved January 5, 2009. 
  47. ^ Dawkes, Phil (June 28, 2009). "USA 2–3 Brazil". BBC Sport. Retrieved June 28, 2009. 
  48. ^ "Brazil name Dunga's replacement as they rebuild for the next World Cup". The Guardian (London: Guardian Media Group). Press Association. July 24, 2010. Retrieved July 26, 2010. 
  49. ^ "Heard the joke about England being better than Italy? Just ask FIFA...". London: DailyMail. July 4, 2012. Retrieved July 4, 2012. 
  50. ^ "Mano Menezes sacked as Brazil coach". Goal.com. November 23, 2012. Retrieved November 23, 2012. 
  51. ^ "Felipão é o novo técnico da Seleção, e Andrés deixa cargo na CBF" (in Portuguese). Globoesporte.com. November 28, 2012. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 
  52. ^ "Netherlands go fifth in Fifa ranking". Goal.com. June 6, 2013. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  53. ^ "Brazil-Spain: a showdown 27 years in the making". Marca. June 28, 2013. Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  54. ^ "Fred and Neymar claim Confeds for Brazil". FIFA.com. July 1, 2013. Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  55. ^ "Brazil defeats Spain to win Confederations Cup". CBC. June 30, 2013. Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  56. ^ "Neymar breaks through for top award". FIFA.com. July 1, 2013. Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  57. ^ "Brazil 3-1 Croatia". BBC Sport. 12 June 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  58. ^ "Brazil 0–0 Mexico". FIFA.com. 17 June 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  59. ^ "Cameroon 1-4 Brazil". BBC. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  60. ^ Ornstein, David (28 June 2014). "Brazil 1-1 Chile". BBC Sport. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  61. ^ "Neymar: Injured Brazil forward ruled out of World Cup". BBC Sport. 4 July 2014. Retrieved 5 July 2014. 
  62. ^ "World Cup 2014: Brazil fail to have Thiago Silva booking rescinded". BBC Sport. 7 July 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  63. ^ "The greatest half hour in World Cup history?". Eurosport. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  64. ^ "Brazil 1-7 Germany: World Cup 2014 semi-final – as it happened". The Guardian. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  65. ^ "Maracanazo foi trágico, 'Minerazo', a maior vergonha do Brasil". ESPN. 8 July 2014. Retrieved 11 July 2014. 
  66. ^ "Brazil 0-3 Netherlands". BBC. 12 July 2014. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  67. ^ "Netherlands ensure miserable end for hosts". ESPN.co.uk. Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  68. ^ "Luiz Felipe Scolari QUITS Brazil job after leading World Cup 2014 host nation to first back-to-back defeats at home in 74 years". Daily Mail. 14 July 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2014. 
  69. ^ "Dunga sends Brazil back to the future". Goal.com. 22 July 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2014. 
  70. ^ a b Since 1992, squads for Football at the Summer Olympics have been restricted to three players over the age of 23. The achievements of such teams are not usually included in the statistics of the international team.
  71. ^ "Use of Seleção and Canarinho". FIFA. Archived from the original on September 4, 2006. Retrieved October 6, 2006. 
  72. ^ "Fernando Pieruccetti creates the Canarinhos". Terra. Retrieved October 6, 2006. 
  73. ^ "Reference to Pentacampeão". BBC Brasil. Retrieved October 6, 2006. 
  74. ^ "Reference to the Scratch". Guilherme Soares. 
  75. ^ Brazil's national team begins preparations for World Cup (English)
  76. ^ Granja Comary reopened (English)
  77. ^ FIFA.com – Brazil: Fixtures and Results
  78. ^ "Felipão convoca os 23 da Copa do Mundo Brasil 2014". CBF. May 7, 2014. Archived from the original on May 8, 2014. Retrieved February 11, 2014. 
  79. ^ Daly, Jim (July 4, 2014). "Neymar OUT of the World Cup with a 'fractured vertebrae' suffered in quarter-final win over Colombia". Daily Mirror. Archived from the original on July 5, 2014. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  80. ^ "Sala de Troféus da CBF" (in Portuguese). Confederação Brasileira de Futebol (CBF). Retrieved January 5, 2009. 

References[edit]

  • Ruy Castro, Andrew Downie (translator) (2005). Garrincha – The triumph and tragedy of Brazil's forgotten footballing hero. Yellow Jersey Press, London. ISBN 0-224-06433-9. 

External links[edit]