Brazil national football team

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Brazil
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s) Canarinho (Little Canary)
A Seleção (The Selection)
Verde-Amarela (The Green and Yellow)
Pentacampeões (The Five Time Champions)
Association Confederação Brasileira de Futebol (CBF)
Confederation CONMEBOL (South America)
Head coach Luiz Felipe Scolari
Most caps Cafu (142)[1][2]
Top scorer Pelé (77)[2]
FIFA code BRA
FIFA ranking 6
Highest FIFA ranking 1 (151 times on 7 occasions[3])
Lowest FIFA ranking 22 (June 2013)
Elo ranking 1[4] Increase 1
Highest Elo ranking 1 (7,708 days on 38 occasions[5])
Lowest Elo ranking 18 (November 2001)
First colours
Second colours
Third colours
First international
 Argentina 3–0 Brazil Brazil
(Buenos Aires, Argentina; September 20, 1914)[6]
Biggest win
 Brazil 14–0 Nicaragua Nicaragua
(Estadio Azteca, Mexico; October 17, 1975)
Biggest defeat
 Uruguay 6–0 Brazil 
(Viña del Mar, Chile; September 18, 1920)
World Cup
Appearances 20 (First in 1930)
Best result Winners Gold medal icon.svg: 1958, 1962,
1970, 1994 and 2002
Copa América
Appearances 33 (First in 1916)
Best result Winners Gold medal icon.svg: 1919, 1922,
1949, 1989, 1997, 1999,
2004 and 2007
Copa Roca / Superclásico de las Américas
Appearances 13 (First in 1914)
Best result Winners Gold medal icon.svg: 1914, 1922, 1945, 1957, 1960, 1963, 1971,[7] 1976, 2011 and 2012
CONCACAF Gold Cup
Appearances 3 (First in 1996)
Best result Runners-up Silver medal icon.svg: 1996 and 2003
Confederations Cup
Appearances 7 (First in 1997)
Best result Winners Gold medal icon.svg: 1997, 2005, 2009 and 2013
Brazil national football team
Medal record
World Cup
Gold 1958 Sweden Team
Gold 1962 Chile Team
Gold 1970 Mexico Team
Gold 1994 United States Team
Gold 2002 South Korea and Japan Team
Silver 1950 Brazil Team
Silver 1998 France Team
Bronze 1938 France Team
Bronze 1978 Argentina Team
Brazil national football team
Medal record
Confederations Cup
Gold 1997 Saudi Arabia Team
Gold 2005 Germany Team
Gold 2009 South Africa Team
Gold 2013 Brazil Team
Silver 1999 Mexico Team

The Brazil national football team (Portuguese: Seleção Brasileira) represents Brazil in international men's football. Brazil is administered by the Brazilian Football Confederation (CBF), the governing body for football in Brazil. They have been a member of the International Federation of Association Football (FIFA) since 1923 and member of the South American Football Confederation (CONMEBOL) since 1916.

Brazil is the most successful national football team in the history of the FIFA World Cup, with five championships: 1958, 1962, 1970, 1994 and 2002. They are also the most successful team in the FIFA Confederations Cup with four titles. Brazil are the current holders of the FIFA Confederations Cup after winning the 1997, 2005, 2009, and 2013 edition of the tournament. Brazil is the only national team to have played in all FIFA World Cup editions without having any absence.[9] Also, always was qualified for the FIFA World Cup without playing any playoff. Brazil national football team has the all-time highest average Football Elo Ranking in the world with 2010.8, and the second all-time highest Football Elo Ranking in the world, with 2153 in 1962, only behind the Hungarian Golden Team of 1954. Brazil won a total of 72 official international titles to professional and grassroots level selections, being a world record. Its achievements have led CONMEBOL to consider it as the most glorious and successful of all national teams from South America and the World.[10][11][12][13][14]

The national team are currently ranked number 1 in the World Football Elo Ratings[4] and 6 in the FIFA World Ranking. Brazil is the only team to have won the world cup in four different continents: once in Europe (1958 Sweden), once in South America (1962 Chile), twice in North America (1970 Mexico and 1994 United States) and once in Asia (2002 Korea/Japan). They also share with Spain a record of 35 consecutive official matches undefeated.[15][16][17]

Brazil are the hosts of the 2014 World Cup and therefore automatically qualified for the tournament.

History[edit]

Early history (1914–1957)[edit]

It is generally believed that the first game of the Brazil national football team to be played was a 1914 match between a Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo select team and the English club Exeter City, held in Fluminense's stadium.[18][19] Brazil won 2–0 with goals by Oswaldo Gomes and Osman,[18][19][20] whilst others claim a 3–3 draw.[21][22] In contrast to its future success, the national team's early appearances were far from brilliant, partly due to an internal strife within Brazilian football associations over professionalism, which rendered the Brazilian Football Confederation unable to field full-strength teams.

Brazil's first match at home against Exeter City in 1914.

For the 1954 FIFA World Cup in Switzerland, the Brazilian team was then almost completely renovated, so as to forget the Maracanã defeat, but still had a group of good players, including Nílton Santos, Djalma Santos, and Didi. Brazil didn't go very far though. The quarterfinals saw the favorites Hungary beat Brazil 4–2 in one of the ugliest matches in football history, which would become infamous as the Battle of Berne.[23]

The Golden Era with Pelé (1958–1970)[edit]

Brazil's head, Vicente Feola, imposed strict rules on the squad for the 1958 FIFA World Cup, held in Sweden. The players were given a list of forty things that they were not allowed to do, including wearing hats or umbrellas, smoking while wearing official uniforms and talking to the press outside of allocated times. They were the only team to bring a psychologist to the training camp (because the memories of 1950 still affected some players) or a dentist (for, because of their humble origins, many players had dental problems, which caused them infections and also had negative impact on performance), and had sent a representative to Europe to watch the qualifying matches a year before the tournament had begun.

Brazil national team at 1959 Copa América

Brazil were drawn in the toughest group, with England, the USSR and Austria. They beat Austria 3–0 in their first match, then drew 0–0 with England. The Brazilians had been worried about their match with the USSR, who had exceptional fitness and were one of the favourites to win the tournament; their strategy was to take risks at the beginning of the match to try to score an early goal. Before the match, the leaders of the team, Bellini, Nílton Santos, and Didi, spoke to coach Vicente Feola and persuaded him to make three substitutions which were crucial for Brazil to defeat the Soviets and win the Cup: Zito, Garrincha and greatest footballer of all time, Pelé, would start playing against the USSR. From the kick off, they passed the ball to Garrincha who beat three players before hitting the post with a shot. They kept up the pressure relentlessly, and after three minutes, which were later described as "the greatest three minutes in the history of football",[24] Vavá gave Brazil the lead. They won the match by 2–0. Pelé scored the only goal of their quarter-final match against Wales, and they beat France 5–2 in the semi-final. Brazil beat the host Sweden, in the final by 5–2, winning their first World Cup and becoming the first nation to win a World Cup title outside of its own continent. A celebrated fact was that Feola would sometimes take naps during training sessions and would sometimes close his eyes during matches, giving the impression that he was asleep. Because of this, Didi was sometimes said to be the real coach of the team, as he commanded the midfield.

In the 1962 FIFA World Cup, Brazil earned its second title with Garrincha as the star player, a mantle and responsibility upon him after the regular talisman, Pelé, was injured during the second group match against Czechoslovakia and unable to play for the rest of the tournament.[25][26]

In the 1966 FIFA World Cup, the preparation of the team was affected by political influences. All the major Brazilian clubs wanted their players included in the Brazilian team, to give them more exposure. In the final months of preparation to the World Cup, the coach Vicente Feola was working with 46 players, of which only 22 would go to England; this caused lots of internal dispute and psychological pressure on the players and managing staff. The result was that, in 1966, Brazil had their worst performance in all World Cups. Another perhaps bigger issue was that Pelé, who possibly had been at the height of his career at this stage, was chopped off at seemingly every opportunity in the group matches.The 1966 tournament was remembered for its excessive physical play, and Pelé was one of the players affected by such play. After becoming the first player ever to score in three World Cups, with a direct free kick against Bulgaria, he had to rest, due to fatigue, for the match against Hungary, which Brazil lost. He then faced Portugal, and several violent tackles by the Portuguese defenders caused him to leave the match and the tournament. Brazil lost that match and were eliminated in the first round of the World Cup for the first time since 1934. After the tournament, Pelé declared that he did not wish to play in the World Cup again.

Brazil won its third World Cup in Mexico in the 1970 FIFA World Cup. Brazil fielded what has since then been considered the best association football squad ever, led by Pelé in his last World Cup final, captain Carlos Alberto Torres, Jairzinho, Tostão, Gérson and Rivelino. After winning the Jules Rimet Trophy for the third time, Brazil was allowed to keep it for good.

Brazil's results in 1970 were as follows:

Group 3
Brazil 4–1 Czechoslovakia
Brazil 1–0 England
Brazil 3–2 Romania
Quarterfinals
Brazil 4–2 Peru
Semifinals
Brazil 3–1 Uruguay
Final
Brazil 4–1 Italy

Six games, six wins. Jairzinho was second top scorer with seven goals, Pele finished with four goals. Most importantly, Brazil lifted the Jules Rimet World Cup trophy for the third time [the first nation to do so], which meant they got to keep it. The dominance of the Brazil teams of 1958 to 1970 are the reason we have a different World Cup trophy today. However, it would be 24 years before Brazil got their hands on the new version.

The dry spell (1970–1994)[edit]

The team that won the 1970 FIFA World Cup.

After the international retirement of Pelé and other stars from the 1970 squad, Brazil were not able to overcome Netherlands' Total Football in the 1974 FIFA World Cup. The generation of 1974 could not defend their title, finishing in fourth place, after failing to achieve victory against a strong Polish side.[27]

The 1978 FIFA World Cup notoriously controversial[citation needed]. In the second group stage, Brazil were competing with tournament host Argentina for top spot and a place in the finals. In their last group match, Brazil defeated Poland 3–1 to go top of the group with a goal difference of +5. Argentina were only on a goal difference of +2, but in their last group match, they managed, controversially[citation needed], to defeat Peru by 6–0 and thus qualify for the final. The Brazilian team were forced to settle for the third place match, where they defeated Italy by 2–1.

In the 1982 FIFA World Cup, the tournament favorites Brazil easily moved through the early part of the draw, but a 3–2 defeat to Italy, in one of the classic games in finals history, eliminated them from the tournament. Paolo Rossi scored all three of Italy's goals. The Seleção was defeated in the match they still refer to as the "Sarriá's Disaster", a reference to the stadium's name, and manager Telê would be much blamed by the Brazilian media for using an attacking system while a 2–2 draw was enough. The 1982 team, with players like Sócrates, Zico, Falcão and Éder, is best remembered as one of the greatest teams never to win a World Cup.

Telê Santana and several players of 1982 returned to play in the 1986 World Cup hosted by Mexico. The players of 1986 were older but still capable of an enchanting performance. They were troubled, however, by an injury Zico picked up before the World Cup. Incessant questions about whether and when he could play undoubtedly had some negative effect on the team. Brazil met France in the quarter-finals and the match is considered an absolute classic of "total football". Neither side deserved to lose but when Zico finally came on in the second half (with the score 1–1), and Brazil were awarded a penalty late in the game, Brazil seemed set to win. But Zico, the hero of a whole generation of Brazilian football fans, missed the penalty – and after a goalless but thoroughly exciting extra time it all came down to a penalty shoot out. There Zico managed to score from his penalty but Júlio César da Silva and Sócrates missed the goal in their turn, and despite French captain Michel Platini sending his effort over the cross bar, Brazil nevertheless were eliminated 4–3.

In the 1990 FIFA World Cup, Brazil was coached by Sebastião Lazaroni, who was hardly known before the Cup. With a defensive scheme, whose main symbol was mid-fielder Dunga, and three full-backs, the team lacked creativity but made it to the second round. Against a weaker Argentine side, the Brazilians applied heavy pressure and had numerous chances to score, but it was Claudio Caniggia who managed to find Brazil's net and eliminate them after a brilliant assist from Maradona.

More to come (1994–2002)[edit]

1994 World Cup[edit]

Brazil, to the surprise of many, went 24 years without winning a World Cup or even participating in a final. Their struggles ended at the 1994 tournament in the United States, where a solid, if unspectacular side headed by the likes of Romário, Bebeto, Dunga, Taffarel, and Jorginho won the World Cup for a then-record 4th time. Highlights of their campaign included a 1–0 victory over the host in the round of 16, a sensational 3–2 win over the Dutch in the quarter-finals (often cited as the game of the tournament)[citation needed] and a 1–0 win over the Swedes in the semis. This set up a classic confrontation, Brazil vs. Italy, in the final. After a dour and unexciting 0–0 draw, penalty kicks loomed, and when Roberto Baggio lifted his spot kick over the crossbar, Brazil were champions once again. A new era of dominance had begun.

1998 World Cup[edit]

Entering the tournament as defending champions, Brazil finished runner-up in the 1998 FIFA World Cup. After a very respectable campaign during which they beat Netherlands on penalties in the semi-final following a 1–1 draw with goals from Ronaldo and Patrick Kluivert, the team lost to host France 3–0 in a final game. Brazilian marking at defensive set pieces was poor, and Zinédine Zidane was able to score two headed goals from France's corner kicks. Also, Brazilian star Ronaldo suffered an epileptic seizure a few hours before the match. Many criticized the decision to reinstate Ronaldo into the starting lineup as he put on a poor performance another reason that had been given for Brazil's poor performance was lack of preparation. Brazil had not played in the playoffs and the selection of the 22 players who were going to France was made based on friendly matches without real competition. In addition, the injury to Romario, Ronaldo's preferred starting partner, prior to the tournament may have also played a factor.

2002 World Cup[edit]

Fuelled by the "Three R's" (Ronaldo, Rivaldo, Ronaldinho), Brazil won its fifth championship at the 2002 FIFA World Cup held in South Korea and Japan. This happened despite a rather shaky qualifying tournament which saw the national team drop to its lowest-ever FIFA ranking, and only secure automatic qualification in the final round of group matches, largely in part due to Paraguay and Uruguay both failing to win their own final matches.

The groupings appeared at first glance to favor the Brazilian team; their adversaries would be Turkey, China and Costa Rica. In the end, a stronger than expected Turkey finished the tournament in third place. Brazil went on to beat all three opponents, scoring 11 goals and conceding only three, and topping the group. In Brazil's opening game against Turkey, Rivaldo fell to the ground clutching his face after Turkey's Hakan Ünsal had kicked the ball at his legs. Hakan Ünsal, who had already been booked, was sent off while Rivaldo jumped to his feet and continued playing. Rivaldo escaped suspension but was fined £5,180 for play-acting. He became the first player ever to be punished in FIFA's crackdown on "simulation" and "diving." They followed with a 4–0 win over China and a 5–2 win over Costa Rica.

Next, Brazil defeated Belgium 2–0, in the round-of-16. Against England in the quarter finals, Brazil won 2–1. Ronaldinho scored the winner with a free kick and also assisted teammate Rivaldo for their first goal, but was sent off for stamping on the right ankle of England's Danny Mills. The semifinal was against Turkey, which Brazil had faced in their group. Again, this match was difficult, as Brazil won 1–0 with a goal by Ronaldo. Rivaldo had scored one goal in all five games up to this one but did not manage to hit the target in the sixth. He had seemed all set to repeat Jairzinho´s great achievement in 1970 when he scored in every game of the World Cup.

The final was between two of the most successful teams in the competition's history: Germany and Brazil. Incredibly, the teams had never played each other in the World Cup before, besides a match between Brazil and East Germany in the 1974 FIFA World Cup. German goalkeeper Oliver Kahn had been the tournament's best keeper, but was not able to maintain his post unscathed in this match, as Ronaldo vanquished his France '98 demons by scoring both goals in the Brazilian 2–0 triumph.[28] Ronaldo also won the Golden Shoe as the tournament's leading scorer, though Kahn won the Golden Ball as the most outstanding player.

Parreira returns (2002–2006)[edit]

On June 29, 2005, Brazil won the Confederations Cup for the second time with an emphatic 4–1 victory over arch-rivals Argentina in Frankfurt, Germany.[29] They also won another championship, the 2004 Copa América in which Brazil defeated Argentina in a penalty shootout.[30]

2006 World Cup[edit]

Brazil against Japan at Signal Iduna Park in Dortmund, Germany in the 2006 FIFA World Cup

Manager Carlos Alberto Parreira built his side through a 4-2-2-2 formation, nicknamed "The Magic Square" by the Brazilian sport journalists, the 'square' was built around four extremely talented attacking players: Ronaldo, Adriano, Kaká, and Ronaldinho.

During the build up to the tournament, star striker Ronaldo was suffering with several issues, most notably his fitness. After a 2 month injury layoff earlier in the season, the Real Madrid forward had gained a noticeable amount of weight, and was not as sharp and quick as the Ronaldo of the last decade. He also suffered from blisters on his feet and a fever during training.[31]

Despite winning the first 2 games against Croatia (1–0) and Australia (2–0), the "Magic Square" did not show anything close to the flair and imagination that it had promised. Despite the reputation of the four attacking players, Brazil were struggling to break down their opponents and create chances, and only two of the forwards had found themselves on the scoresheet, Kaka & Adriano. In the final group game against Japan, Parreira made several changes, dropping several experienced players and bringing in relative youngsters, including Robinho, and Cicinho, and dropped the 'Magic Square' in favour of a more balanced formation. The changes were successful, as Brazil strolled to a comfortable 4–1 win against Japan, Ronaldo seemed to be finding his fitness and form, scoring twice and equaling the record for most goals scored in the World Cup.

In the last 16, Brazil beat Ghana 3–0, with the 'Magic Square' restored, Ronaldo and Adriano both found themselves on the scoresheet. Ronaldo's goal was his 15th in World Cup history, a record that to this day remains intact, and is unlikely to be broken. However, despite Ronaldo's landmark and the comfortable scoreline, it was another unconvincing performance. Despite Perreira reverting once again to a more balanced formation, with Ronaldo the lone striker, supported by Kaka and Ronaldinho, Brazil were eliminated in the quarter finals against France, losing 1-0 to a Thierry Henry goal in the second half. Led by a rejuvenated Zinédine Zidane and safeguarded by a resolute defence, France were barely threatened by Brazil, despite Ronaldo's best efforts, the strikers 2nd half effort was the only shot on target that Brazil managed. The game was also notable for being the first time that the Brazil team had been shut out in 3 consecutive matches against France, now has a 2–1–1 all-time record in 1986, 1998 and 2006 in World Cup matches.

After their early elimination, the defeated world champions were harshly criticized by the press and the fans. The media circulated images of the left wingback Roberto Carlos tying his shoes while Thierry Henry ran unmarked to score the winning goal. Pelé blamed Parreira and the under performing Ronaldinho for the team's early elimination.[32]

Dunga period (2006–2010)[edit]

1994 World Cup-winning captain Dunga was hired as Brazil's new team manager on July 24, 2006, almost right after the World Cup was over.[33] Dunga's former teammate, Jorginho, was hired as his assistant. His first match in charge was Norway which was played in Oslo on August 16, 2006, ended in a 1–1 draw.[34] His second match was held against Argentina on September 3 in Arsenal's brand new Emirates Stadium in London, in which Brazil defeated Argentina by a 3–0 score.[35] On September 5, they won over Wales by 2–0 at Tottenham Hotspur's White Hart Lane ground. They later defeated Kuwait club Al-Kuwait by 4–0, Ecuador by 2–1, and had a 2–1 away win against Switzerland.

Dunga's first defeat as Brazil's manager was on February 6, 2007 in a friendly match against Portugal, which at that time was coached by former Brazil coach Luiz Felipe Scolari.[36] Respectively on March 24 and 27, 2007, Brazil bounced back from their first defeat under Dunga with wins in friendly matches against Chile (4–0) and Ghana (1–0) in Sweden.[37]

Unlike Parreira, Dunga has focused on the task of deemphasizing all players and treating them as equals. He did not just look for players in popular clubs such as Milan, Barcelona, Real Madrid, etc., but looked at the whole scope of Europe, finding individual talents such as Vágner Love and Dudu Cearense who were playing for Russian club CSKA Moscow and Elano who was playing for Ukrainian club Shakhtar Donetsk. Of the four players who were dubbed as the 'Magic Quartet', Ronaldinho and Kaká were the only players who had a regular place in the Brazil squad. Adriano was called back in the squad for a friendly against Portugal in February 2007, which Brazil lost 0–2. Dunga did not select the last member of the Magic Quartet, Ronaldo. Instead, Luís Fabiano has made the majority of appearances at striker.

2007 Copa América[edit]

Brazil participated in the 2007 Copa América which was hosted by Venezuela. They were placed in Group B with Mexico, Ecuador, and Chile. Brazil surprisingly lost to Mexico 2–0 in their opening match, then bounced back with a comfortable 3–0 victory over Chile with three goals from Robinho, and won 1–0 against Ecuador, Robinho scoring on a penalty kick. They advanced to the quarter-finals, where they defeated Chile again 6–1. The semi-final was against Uruguay, after a 2–2 draw, Brazil won 5–4 on penalties. Their opponent in the final was Argentina, which were the favorites to win, having won all their matches on the way to the final. However Brazil scored early in the 4th minute when Júlio Baptista scored, and then in the 45th minute, defender Roberto Ayala scored on an own goal. Later in the second half, in the 69th minute, substitute Dani Alves scored Brazil's third goal, as the scoreline became 3–0. After the tournament, Robinho was awarded the Golden Boot in addition to being named the best player in the tournament.

2009 FIFA Confederations Cup[edit]

The Brazilian team won the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup in South Africa. Although they started with a shaky 4–3 victory over Egypt scoring a last minute penalty, having led 3–1 at half-time only for Egypt to pull level with two quick goals at the start of the second half. Egypt is also credited as the only African team to score three goals against Brazil. Brazil comfortably beat the USA, as well as Italy, both with a 3–0 scoreline. After beating South Africa in the semi-final with a late free kick, they went on to a rematch against USA in the final which they had a massive comeback and won 3–2, after coming in 2–0 down at half-time, to seal their third Confederations Cup title.[38] Kaká was named as the player of the tournament and Luís Fabiano won the top goalscorer award with five goals in five matches.

2010 FIFA World Cup qualification[edit]

After a 3–1 victory over Argentina in Rosario, on September 5, 2009, Brazil qualified for the 2010 FIFA World Cup.[39] Brazil topped the CONMEBOL qualification with 9 wins, 7 draws and 2 losses. The 2 losses came during the away match to Bolivia and Paraguay. Brazil also went undefeated at home during the qualification.

2010 FIFA World Cup[edit]

The Brazilian and North Korean teams in 2010.

On December 4, Brazil was drawn into Group G, dubbed as the Group of Death. The Seleção played their first match against North Korea on June 15, 2010 and won 2–1. On June 20, Brazil played their second game against Ivory Coast and won 3–1, qualifying for the next round. Their last match against Portugal ended in a 0–0 draw. They faced Chile in the Round of Last 16. Juan, Luís Fabiano and Robinho scored the three goals to give Brazil a 3–0 win. In the quarterfinals they lost to the Netherlands 2–1 despite gaining an early lead.

After the 2010 World Cup (2010–2012)[edit]

On July 24, 2010, Mano Menezes was named as the new Brazil coach, replacing Dunga, whose contract was not renewed following Brazil's World Cup campaign.[40]

On July 26, 2010, Menezes announced his first 24 man squad, including 10 debutants. Only four players from the 2010 FIFA World Cup team were named in the squad (Robinho, Daniel Alves, Ramires and Thiago Silva). Players included in that squad but left out of the 23-man in the World Cup included Alexandre Pato of Milan, Lucas Leiva of Liverpool, Ganso of Santos, and Sandro of Tottenham Hotspur. Menezes' first match was a 2–0 win over the United States. Neymar scored on his debut for the national team, and also won the man of the match award.

2011 Copa América[edit]

At the 2011 Copa América, Brazil was put in Group B with Venezuela, Paraguay, and Ecuador. In their first two games they drew with Venezuela and Paraguay. In their last game, Brazil beat Ecuador 4–2 to advance to the quarter-finals as well finishing first in their group. Eventually, Brazil lost in the penalty shootout against Paraguay and was eliminated in the quarterfinals.

Post Copa América[edit]

After receiving much criticism from Brazil's failure at the Copa América, Mano Menezes decided to call up the likes of Marcelo, Hulk, and Ronaldinho which signalled a return to the old Joga Bonito style.

In preparation for the 2012 Summer Olympics, the new look Brazil team was on an undefeated streak since August 2011 until recently they lost back-to-back games to Mexico 2–0 and Argentina 4–3, both of which were played in the United States. This includes nine wins and impressive victories over Ghana, Argentina, and the United States while only finishing one game with a draw other than the recent losses to Mexico and Argentina.

On July 4, 2012, due to a lack of competitive matches, as Brazil is automatically qualified for the 2014 World Cup, Brazil was ranked 11th in the FIFA ranking, being the first time the Seleção was ruled out the top 10 and also the lowest position at the time, since the ranking was created, in 1993.[41]

Return of Luiz Felipe Scolari (2013–)[edit]

Although Brazil won the 2012 Superclásico de las Américas, on November 23, 2012, following bad results in 2012, coach Mano Menezes was sacked.[42] CBF would announce a replacement by January 2013,[43] but on November 28, Luiz Felipe Scolari was appointed as Brazil's new manager.[44]

In the first match being coached by Scolari, on February 6, 2013, Brazil suffered a 2–1 defeat to England in Wembley Stadium.[45]

On June 6, 2013, Brazil was ranked 22nd in the FIFA ranking, making it their worst rank ever.[46]

On June 9, 2013, in the last match before the Confederations Cup, Brazil beat France in the Arena do Grêmio in Porto Alegre by 3–0, ending a 21–year winless run against the Bleus, and it was also the first victory over a former World Cup champion in nearly four years.[47]

2013 FIFA Confederations Cup[edit]

Brazil entered the tournament with the objective of defending their title, and did it successfully. With a good start in a 3–0 victory against Japan, Brazil beat Mexico (2–0) and Italy (4–2) to qualify for the semifinals. After a somewhat troublesome match against Uruguay, with Paulinho scoring the winning goal in the dying moments, Brazil went to face Spain, the current world and European champions, for the first time in a FIFA tournament in nearly 27 years.[48] Brazil won comfortably by 3–0, sealing their fourth Confederations Cup title and ending their opponents run of 29 unbeaten matches in competitive football.[49][50] Neymar was named player of the tournament and received the Golden Ball Award, whilst Fred won the Silver Shoe Award with five goals in five matches and Júlio César won the Golden Glove Award for the best goalkeeper of the tournament.[51]

Olympics[edit]

The Olympic football tournament is the only international competition in football organized by FIFA that Brazil has never won, although they have won three silver medals (1984, 1988 and 2012) and two bronze medals (1996, 2008).[52] The Brazilian Olympic team is often coached by the current national team coach, such as Mário Zagallo in 1996, Dunga in 2008 and Mano Menezes in 2012.

Nicknames[edit]

The Brazilian national team has many nicknames and are known in different parts of the world by various nicknames. The most common one used to refer to them, especially in Brazil, is seleção, which literally means the selection. Brazilians call any national team from any country or sport a seleção and because of this it has become common for the national team to be referred to as the Seleção Brasileira or, more specifically in the case of the national football team, the Seleção Brasileira de Futebol.[53] Although the Brazilian media have popularized seleção, other nicknames for the squad in Brazil include Canarinho, meaning "Little Canary", a phrase that was popularized by the late cartoonist Fernando "Mangabeira" Pieruccetti during the 1950 World Cup.[54] Other names like Amarelinha, "Little Yellow One", Verde-amarelo, or "Green-Yellow", Pentacampeão, "Five-time Champions",[55] Esquadrão de Ouro (the Golden Squad), some Latin American commentators often refer to the Brazil National team El Scratch (The Scratch),[56] among others.

Venues[edit]

Brazil does not have a home national stadium like many other national teams and as such rotate their home World Cup qualifying matches through various venues: the Estádio do Maracanã or Estádio Olímpico João Havelange in Rio de Janeiro, the Estádio do Morumbi or Estádio do Pacaembu in São Paulo, the Mineirão in Belo Horizonte, the Estádio Nacional de Brasília in the capital Brasília and the Estádio Beira-Rio in Porto Alegre. Some smaller provincial stadia were used in the 2006 World Cup qualifying campaign.

Since September 2006, Brazil have played many international friendlies at Arsenal's Emirates Stadium in London. After their initial 3–0 win over Argentina drew a near sell-out attendance and was screened live on BBC Two, Brazil have returned to the ground regularly, facing Portugal, Sweden, Italy, Republic of Ireland and most recently against Scotland.

Kit evolution[edit]

Brazil's first team colors were white with blue collars, but following defeat in the Maracanã at the 1950 World Cup, the colors were criticised for lacking patriotism. With permission from the Brazilian Sports Confederation, the newspaper Correio da Manhã held a competition to design a kit incorporating the four colors of the Brazilian flag.[57] The winning design was a yellow jersey with green trim and blue shorts with white trim drawn by Aldyr Garcia Schlee, a nineteen-year-old from Pelotas.[58] The new colors were first used in March 1954 in a match against Chile, and have been used ever since.

The use of blue as the away kit color dates from the 30s, but it became the permanent second choice accidentally in the 1958 World Cup Final. Brazil's opponents were Sweden, who also wear yellow, and a draw gave the home team, Sweden, the right to play in yellow. Brazil, who travelled with no spare kit, hurriedly purchased a set of blue shirts and sewed on emblems cut from their yellow shirts.[59]

1914–1917
1917
1917
1917
1918–1919
1919–1938
1938–1948 (away)
1945–1949
1949–1953
1954–1962
1978
1986–1990
1988 Summer Olympics
1994
1997
1998
2002–2004
1958 (away)
1994(away)
1997 (away)
2002–2004 (away)

Competitive record[edit]

FIFA World Cup[edit]

Brazil have never failed to qualify for the FIFA World Cup, and, with 5 titles, have won the tournament on more occasions that all others teams. Brazil is the only national team to have played in all World Cup editions without having any absence.

FIFA World Cup record FIFA World Cup qualification record
Year Round Position Pld W D * L GF GA Pld W D L GF GA
Uruguay 1930 Runners up 6th 2 1 0 1 5 2
Italy 1934 Round 1 14th 1 0 0 1 1 3
France 1938 Third Place 3rd 5 3 1 1 14 11
Brazil 1950 Runners-up 2nd 6 4 1 1 22 6 Qualified as hosts
Switzerland 1954 Quarter-Finals 5th 3 1 1 1 8 5 4 4 0 0 8 1
Sweden 1958 Champions 1st 6 5 1 0 16 4 2 1 1 0 2 1
Chile 1962 Champions 1st 6 5 1 0 14 5 Qualified as defending champions
England 1966 Group Stage 11th 3 1 0 2 4 6 Qualified as defending champions
Mexico 1970 Champions 1st 6 6 0 0 19 7 6 6 0 0 23 2
West Germany 1974 Fourth Place 4th 7 3 2 2 6 4 Qualified as defending champions
Argentina 1978 Third Place 3rd 7 4 3 0 10 3 6 4 2 0 17 1
Spain 1982 Round 2 5th 5 4 0 1 15 6 4 4 0 0 11 2
Mexico 1986 Quarter-Finals 5th 5 4 1 0 10 1 4 2 2 0 6 2
Italy 1990 Round of 16 9th 4 3 0 1 4 2 4 3 1 0 13 1
United States 1994 Champions 1st 7 5 2 0 11 3 8 5 2 1 20 4
France 1998 Runners-up 2nd 7 4 1 2 14 10 Qualified as defending champions
South Korea Japan 2002 Champions 1st 7 7 0 0 18 4 18 9 3 6 31 17
Germany 2006 Quarter-Finals 5th 5 4 0 1 10 2 18 9 7 2 35 17
South Africa 2010 6th 5 3 1 1 9 4 18 9 7 2 33 11
Brazil 2014 Qualified as hosts Qualified as hosts
Russia 2018 To Be Determined -
Qatar 2022
Total 5 Titles 20/20 97 67 15 15 210 88 92 56 25 11 199 59
*Denotes draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
**Gold background color indicates that the tournament was won.
***Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.

Results and fixtures[edit]

The following are Brazil's results and fixtures since Luiz Felipe Scolari took over on November 28, 2012.[60]

      Win       Draw       Loss

Players[edit]

Current squad[edit]

The following 19 players were called for the friendly matches against South Africa on March 5, 2014.[61]

Caps and goals as of March 5, 2014, subsequent to friendly match against South Africa.

0#0 Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
12 1GK Júlio César (1979-09-03) September 3, 1979 (age 34) 78 0 Canada Toronto
1 1GK Jefferson (1983-01-02) January 2, 1983 (age 31) 9 0 Brazil Botafogo
2 2DF Dani Alves (1983-05-06) May 6, 1983 (age 30) 73 5 Spain Barcelona
3 2DF Thiago Silva (captain) (1984-09-22) September 22, 1984 (age 29) 45 2 France Paris Saint-Germain
4 2DF David Luiz (1987-04-22) April 22, 1987 (age 26) 34 0 England Chelsea
6 2DF Marcelo (1988-05-12) May 12, 1988 (age 25) 29 4 Spain Real Madrid
13 2DF Dante (1983-10-18) October 18, 1983 (age 30) 11 2 Germany Bayern Munich
5 2DF Rafinha (1985-09-07) September 7, 1985 (age 28) 2 0 Germany Bayern Munich
16 3MF Ramires (1987-03-24) March 24, 1987 (age 27) 41 4 England Chelsea
11 3MF Oscar (1991-09-09) September 9, 1991 (age 22) 29 9 England Chelsea
18 3MF Paulinho (1988-07-25) July 25, 1988 (age 25) 25 5 England Tottenham Hotspur
17 3MF Luiz Gustavo (1987-07-23) July 23, 1987 (age 26) 17 1 Germany Wolfsburg
20 3MF Bernard (1992-09-08) September 8, 1992 (age 21) 10 1 Ukraine Shakhtar Donetsk
8 3MF Fernandinho (1985-05-04) May 4, 1985 (age 28) 6 1 England Manchester City
14 3MF Willian (1988-08-09) August 9, 1988 (age 25) 5 1 England Chelsea
10 4FW Neymar (1992-02-05) February 5, 1992 (age 22) 47 30 Spain Barcelona
7 4FW Hulk (1986-07-25) July 25, 1986 (age 27) 33 8 Russia Zenit Saint Petersburg
9 4FW Fred (1983-10-03) October 3, 1983 (age 30) 31 16 Brazil Fluminense
21 4FW (1987-03-20) March 20, 1987 (age 27) 15 5 Brazil Atlético Mineiro

Recents[edit]

The following players have been called up to the Brazil squad in last 12 months.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Victor (1983-01-21) January 21, 1983 (age 31) 6 0 Brazil Atlético Mineiro v.  Chile, November 19, 2013
GK Diego Cavalieri (1982-12-01) December 1, 1982 (age 31) 3 0 Brazil Fluminense v.  Zambia, October 15, 2013
DF Maicon (1981-07-26) July 26, 1981 (age 32) 70 7 Italy Roma v.  Chile, November 19, 2013
DF Dedé (1988-07-01) July 1, 1988 (age 25) 9 1 Brazil Cruzeiro v.  Chile, November 19, 2013
DF Maxwell (1981-08-27) August 27, 1981 (age 32) 7 0 France Paris Saint-Germain v.  Chile, November 19, 2013
DF Marquinhos (1994-05-14) May 14, 1994 (age 19) 1 0 France Paris Saint-Germain v.  Chile, November 19, 2013
DF Henrique (1986-10-14) October 14, 1986 (age 27) 4 0 Italy Napoli v.  Zambia, October 15, 2013
DF Marcos Rocha (1988-12-11) December 11, 1988 (age 25) 2 0 Brazil Atlético Mineiro v.  Portugal, September 10, 2013
DF Réver (1985-01-04) January 4, 1985 (age 29) 8 1 Brazil Atlético Mineiro 2013 Confederations Cup
DF Filipe Luís (1985-08-09) August 9, 1985 (age 28) 4 0 Spain Atlético Madrid 2013 Confederations Cup
DF André Santos (1983-03-08) March 8, 1983 (age 31) 24 0 Brazil Flamengo v.  Chile, April 24, 2013
DF Rodrigo Moledo (1987-10-27) October 27, 1987 (age 26) 0 0 Ukraine Metalist Kharkiv v.  Chile, April 24, 2013
MF Lucas Leiva (1987-01-09) January 9, 1987 (age 27) 24 0 England Liverpool v.  Chile, November 19, 2013
MF Hernanes (1985-05-29) May 29, 1985 (age 28) 23 2 Italy Internazionale v.  Chile, November 19, 2013
MF Lucas Moura (1992-08-13) August 13, 1992 (age 21) 31 4 France Paris Saint-Germain v.  Zambia, October 15, 2013
MF Fernando (1992-03-03) March 3, 1992 (age 22) 8 0 Ukraine Shakhtar Donetsk v.  Portugal, September 10, 2013
MF Jean (1986-06-24) June 24, 1986 (age 27) 6 0 Brazil Fluminense v.   Switzerland, August 14, 2013
MF Jádson (1983-10-05) October 5, 1983 (age 30) 8 1 Brazil Corinthians 2013 Confederations Cup
MF Ronaldinho (1980-03-21) March 21, 1980 (age 34) 97 33 Brazil Atlético Mineiro v.  Chile, April 24, 2013
MF Ralf (1984-06-09) June 9, 1984 (age 29) 8 0 Brazil Corinthians v.  Chile, April 24, 2013
FW Robinho (1984-01-25) January 25, 1984 (age 30) 92 27 Italy Milan v.  Chile, November 19, 2013
FW Alexandre Pato (1989-09-02) September 2, 1989 (age 24) 27 10 Brazil São Paulo v.  Zambia, October 15, 2013
FW Leandro Damião (1989-07-22) July 22, 1989 (age 24) 17 3 Brazil Santos 2013 Confederations Cup INJ
FW Osvaldo (1987-04-11) April 11, 1987 (age 27) 2 0 Brazil São Paulo v.  Chile, April 24, 2013
FW Leandro Oliveira (1993-05-12) May 12, 1993 (age 20) 1 1 Brazil Palmeiras v.  Chile, April 24, 2013

Most capped players[edit]

Cafu is the most capped player in the history of Brazil with 142 caps.
As of November 19, 2013[2]
Players in bold are still active, at least at club level.
# Name Caps Goals First cap Latest cap
1 Cafu 142 5 September 12, 1990 July 1, 2006
2 Roberto Carlos 125 11 February 26, 1992 July 1, 2006
3 Rivelino 120 40 1965 1978
4 Lúcio 105 4 November 15, 2000 September 5, 2011
5 Taffarel 104 0 July 7, 1988 1998
6 Djalma Santos 98 3 April 10, 1952 June 9, 1968
Ronaldo 98 62 March 23, 1994 June 7, 2011
7 Ronaldinho 97 33 June 26, 1999 April 24, 2013
8 Gilmar 94 0 March 1, 1953 June 12, 1969
9 Gilberto Silva 93 3 November 7, 2001 July 2, 2010
10 Pelé 92 77 July 7, 1957 July 18, 1971
Rivelino 92 26 November 16, 1965 June 24, 1978
Robinho 92 27 July 13, 2003 November 19, 2013

Top goalscorers[edit]

Pelé is the top scorer in the history of Brazil with 77 goals.
As of November 16, 2013[2]
Players in bold are still active, at least at club level.
# Name Goals Caps First cap Latest cap
1 Pelé 77 92 July 7, 1957 July 18, 1971
2 Ronaldo 62 98 March 23, 1994 June 7, 2011
3 Romário 55 70 May 23, 1987 April 27, 2005
4 Zico 48 71 February 25, 1976 June 21, 1986
5 Bebeto 39 75 April 28, 1985 July 12, 1998
6 Rivaldo 34 74 December 16, 1993 November 19, 2003
7 Jairzinho 33 81 June 7, 1964 March 3, 1982
Ronaldinho 33 97 June 26, 1999 April 24, 2013
9 Ademir 32 39 January 21, 1945 March 15, 1953
Tostão 32 54 May 15, 1966 July 9, 1972

Notable players[edit]

IFFHS Player of the Century[edit]

Below are the results of a poll by International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS) for the best Brazilian player of the 20th century.[62][63]

Brazilian Football Museum – Hall of Fame[edit]

The following Brazilians players have been inducted into the Pacaembu and Maracanã Brazilian Football Museum Hall of Fame.[64]

Previous squads[edit]

Managers[edit]

World Cup winning coaches in bold.

   

Current coaching staff[edit]

Head Coach Luiz Felipe Scolari
Assistant Coach Flávio Murtosa
Fitness Coach Paulo Paixão
Technical Coordinator Carlos Alberto Parreira

Titles[edit]

Brazil is the most successful team in World Cup history.

Senior team[edit]

Official titles[edit]

Friendly titles[edit]

Olympic team[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Marcos Evangelista de Morais "CAFU" – Century of International Appearances". RSSSF. July 23, 2006. Retrieved January 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Brazil – Record International Players". RSSSF. November 7, 2008. Retrieved May 10, 2009. 
  3. ^ September 23, 1993 until November 19, 1993, April 19, 1994 until June 14, 1994, July 21, 1994 until May 16, 2001, July 3, 2002 until February 14, 2007, July 18, 2007 until September 19, 2007, July 1, 2009 until November 20, 2009, April 28, 2010 until July 14, 2010
  4. ^ a b http://www.eloratings.net/
  5. ^ 1958–63, 1965–66, 1970–74, 1978–79, 1981–83, 1986–87, 1990, 1992, 1994–00, 2002–10
  6. ^ "Argentina versus Brazil". FIFA.com. Retrieved January 5, 2009. [dead link]
  7. ^ Title shared with Argentina
  8. ^ After 1988, the tournament has been restricted to squads with no more than 3 players over the age of 23, and these matches are not regarded as part of the national team's record, nor are caps awarded.
  9. ^ Together with France, Brazil is also the only team to have entered every World Cup and played at least in the qualifications (United States have also entered every World Cup, but once withdrew before the qualifications started).
  10. ^ "Beckenbauer diz que Brasil de 1970 foi melhor seleção de todos os tempos". Beckenbauer diz que Brasil de 1970 foi melhor seleção de todos os tempos. Gazeta do Povo. Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Soccer great Zico: Brazil '58 best team ever". Zico (CNN). July 5, 2012. Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  12. ^ Pitt-Brooke, Jack (July 3, 2012). "The greatest team of all time: Brazil 1970 v Spain 2012". The Independent (London: The Independent). Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Spain vs. Italy: Euro 2012 Final Not Enough to Crown Spain Best Ever". Bleacher Report. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  14. ^ "THE LIST: The 10 greatest football teams of all time". Mail Online (London: Daily Mail (UK)). Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  15. ^ http://www.publico.pt/noticia/brasil-tem-como-recorde-45-jogos-consecutivos-sem-perder-segundo-a-cbf-1387806
  16. ^ "Spain win again to extend unbeaten streak". CNN. June 20, 2009. 
  17. ^ http://globoesporte.globo.com/platb/memoriaec/2009/06/24/eua-impedem-espanha-de-bater-recorde-de-invencibilidade/
  18. ^ a b Dart, Tom (May 15, 2009). "Magic of Brazil comes to a corner of Devon". The Times (London). 
  19. ^ a b Bellos, Alex (May 31, 2004). "Grecians paved way despite kick in teeth". The Guardian (London os). Retrieved May 15, 2009. 
  20. ^ Bellos, Alex (2002). Futebol: the Brazilian way of life. London: Bloomsbury. p. 37. ISBN 0-7475-6179-6. 
  21. ^ "Exeter fix dream date against Brazil". London: The Daily Telegraph. April 23, 2004. Retrieved May 20, 2009. 
  22. ^ Demetriou, Danielle (May 31, 2004). "Brazil's past masters out-samba Exeter in 90-year rematch". The Independent (London). Retrieved May 20, 2009. 
  23. ^ "World Cup and U.S. soccer history: 1950–1970". USA Today. May 9, 2006. Retrieved February 12, 2009. 
  24. ^ Garrincha 122.
  25. ^ "FIFA Classic Player". FIFA.com. October 23, 1940. Retrieved August 11, 2012. 
  26. ^ "PELE – International Football Hall of Fame". Ifhof.com. October 23, 1940. Retrieved August 11, 2012. 
  27. ^ "Brazil not too comfortable as World Cup favorite". USA Today. May 23, 2006. Retrieved February 12, 2009. 
  28. ^ "Brazil crowned world champions". BBC Sport. June 30, 2002. Retrieved August 22, 2009. 
  29. ^ "Brazil 4–1 Argentina: Adriano stars". ESPNsoccernet. June 29, 2005. Retrieved January 5, 2009. 
  30. ^ "Brazil 2–2 Argentina: Shoot-out drama". ESPNsoccernet. July 26, 2004. Retrieved January 5, 2009. 
  31. ^ Bellos, Alex (June 15, 2006). "One more bad game and Ronaldo's tournament is over". London os: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved August 1, 2009. 
  32. ^ "Pelé culpa Ronaldinho e Parreira por eliminação precoce" (in Portuguese). Terra Esportes. July 4, 2006. Retrieved July 4, 2006. 
  33. ^ "Dunga completa dois anos na seleção garantindo ser um desafio ganhar o ouro" (in Portuguese). Globo Esporte. July 24, 2009. Retrieved January 5, 2009. 
  34. ^ "Na estréia de Dunga, Brasil empata com Noruega" (in Portuguese). Globo Esporte. August 16, 2006. Retrieved January 27, 2009. 
  35. ^ "Dunga fica surpreso com atuação do Brasil contra Argentina" (in Portuguese). UOL. September 3, 2006. Retrieved January 27, 2009. 
  36. ^ "Portugal impõe a Dunga sua primeira derrota à frente da seleção" (in Portuguese). Universo Online. February 6, 2007. Retrieved January 5, 2009. 
  37. ^ "Seleção Brasileira embarca para Frankfurt" (in Portuguese). Terra. March 28, 2007. Retrieved January 5, 2009. 
  38. ^ Dawkes, Phil (June 28, 2009). "USA 2–3 Brazil". BBC Sport. Retrieved June 28, 2009. 
  39. ^ "Brazil ensure qualification, Argentina in distress". ESPN. September 5, 2009. Retrieved October 15, 2009. 
  40. ^ "Brazil name Dunga's replacement as they rebuild for the next World Cup". The Guardian (London: Guardian Media Group). Press Association. July 24, 2010. Retrieved July 26, 2010. 
  41. ^ "Heard the joke about England being better than Italy? Just ask FIFA...". London: DailyMail. July 4, 2012. Retrieved July 4, 2012. 
  42. ^ "Mano Menezes sacked as Brazil coach". Goal.com. November 23, 2012. Retrieved November 23, 2012. 
  43. ^ "Mano deixa o comando da Seleção: CBF anunciará substituto em janeiro" (in Portuguese). Globoesporte.com. November 23, 2012. Retrieved November 23, 2012. 
  44. ^ "Felipão é o novo técnico da Seleção, e Andrés deixa cargo na CBF" (in Portuguese). Globoesporte.com. November 28, 2012. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 
  45. ^ "England 2–1 Brazil: Rooney & Lampard secure Wembley win". Goal.com. February 6, 2013. Retrieved February 7, 2013. 
  46. ^ "Netherlands go fifth in Fifa ranking". Goal.com. June 6, 2013. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  47. ^ "Brazil beats France 3–0 at home in last match before Confederations Cup". FOX News. June 9, 2013. Retrieved June 10, 2013. 
  48. ^ "Brazil-Spain: a showdown 27 years in the making". Marca. June 28, 2013. Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  49. ^ "Fred and Neymar claim Confeds for Brazil". FIFA.com. July 1, 2013. Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  50. ^ "Brazil defeats Spain to win Confederations Cup". CBC. June 30, 2013. Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  51. ^ "Neymar breaks through for top award". FIFA.com. July 1, 2013. Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  52. ^ a b Since 1992, squads for Football at the Summer Olympics have been restricted to three players over the age of 23. The achievements of such teams are not usually included in the statistics of the international team.
  53. ^ "Use of Seleção and Canarinho". FIFA. Archived from the original on September 4, 2006. Retrieved October 6, 2006. 
  54. ^ "Fernando Pieruccetti creates the Canarinhos". Terra. Retrieved October 6, 2006. 
  55. ^ "Reference to Pentacampeão". BBC Brasil. Retrieved October 6, 2006. 
  56. ^ "Reference to the Scratch". Guilherme Soares. 
  57. ^ Futebol, p64
  58. ^ Ibid
  59. ^ Futebol, p67
  60. ^ FIFA.com – Brazil: Fixtures and Results
  61. ^ "Felipão convoca 16 jogadores para o amistoso do dia 5 de março". CBF. February 11, 2014. Retrieved February 11, 2014. 
  62. ^ "Brazil – Player of the Century". RSSSF. January 30, 2000. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  63. ^ "Brazil – Player of the Century". RSSSF. January 30, 2000. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  64. ^ "Anjos Barrocos" (in Portuguese). Museu do Futebol. Retrieved December 18, 2010. 
  65. ^ "Sala de Troféus da CBF" (in Portuguese). Confederação Brasileira de Futebol (CBF). Retrieved January 5, 2009. 

References[edit]

  • Ruy Castro, Andrew Downie (translator) (2005). Garrincha – The triumph and tragedy of Brazil's forgotten footballing hero. Yellow Jersey Press, London. ISBN 0-224-06433-9. 

External links[edit]