6,647 (by birth, 2006)
7,491 (by ancestry, 2006).
|Regions with significant populations|
|New South Wales||2,490 + -|
|Victoria||780 + -|
|Queensland||670 + -|
|Western Australia||380 + -|
|Portuguese and English|
|Christianity (Roman Catholicism, mainly nominal numbers, and some Protestantism, mostly Evangelical and Pentecostal), but also Irreligion, Spiritism and others|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Brazilian people, Latin American Australians, Portuguese Australians, Brazilian British, Brazilian Canadians, Brazilian Americans|
Although Brazilian migration in the eighteenth and nineteenth and centuries has not been documented, there is evidence of early Brazilian interest in Australia. However, concrete evidence of a Brazilian presence in Australia does not appear until the turn of the twentieth century, when census officials in 1901 counted 105 Brazilian-born in Australia.
Two waves of immigration
The first Brazilian migrants began arriving in Australia in the mid-1970s. They were attracted to Australia by an Australian government assistance scheme. The second wave of migration began in the late 1990s and continues today. It is widely attributed to growing socio-economic power within Brazil since the 1980s and Brazilians' strong desire to learn English. Australia is becoming an appealing destination to learn English after the United States and England – with a much milder climate and a smaller Brazilian community. There has also been an influx of Brazilian students who have come to attend Australian universities. These students come independent of their families on study visas, and usually go home after completion of their studies.
Demographics and Statistics
According to the 2001 Census conducted by the Australian Board of Statistics, there were almost 5,000 people living in Australia who identified as being of Brazilian origin. This was a 39% increase from 1996.
Nevertheless, most Brazilians, including the middle and upper classes, are by what genetic testes accuse to some degree multiracial, and according to the 2010 census data, 89.6% of the population self-identified as either white or pardo (brown multiracial), both groups in average with overwhelmingly dominant patrilineal European genes and matrilineal diversified genes (with matrilineal European lines being more common with whites and African more common with pardos, Amerindian evenly distributed, though the individual variation is great), and generally not closely matching their appearance or self-description.
In the United States, Brazilian Americans have problems with identifying and being identified as Latinos, probably because of what is seen as stereotype threat, and the culture shock of former educated middle and upper classes identifying as minority groups. It is likely that in other Anglosphere countries, similar identity conflicts can happen.
Notable Brazilian Australians
- Caroline Correa
- Heritier Lumumba
- Glenn McMillan
- Fernando de Moraes
- Aseem Pereira
- Agenor Muniz
- Gustavo Falciroli
- Australia-Brazil relations
- Portuguese Australian
- Brazilians in the United Kingdom
- Latin American Australian
- "20680-Ancestry (full classification list) by Sex - Australia" (Microsoft Excel download). 2006 Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2008-06-02. Total responses: 25,451,383 for total count of persons: 19,855,288.
- "20680-Country of Birth of Person (full classification list) by Sex - Australia" (Microsoft Excel download). 2006 Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2008-06-02. Total count of persons: 19,855,288.
- The Australian people: an encyclopedia of the nation, its people, and their origins. Retrieved on 2009-06-16
- A guide to the Brazilian community in Sydney . Retrieved on 2009-06-16