Brazilian Australian

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Brazilian Australian
Brasileiro-australiano
Total population
Brazilian
14,509 (by birth, 2011 Census)[1]
12,234 (by ancestry, 2011 Census)[1]
Regions with significant populations
 New South Wales 6,503
 Queensland 3,418
 Victoria 2,013
 Western Australia 1,748
Languages
Portuguese and English
Religion
Christianity (Roman Catholicism, mainly nominal numbers, and some Protestantism, mostly Evangelical and Pentecostal), but also Irreligion, Spiritism and others
Related ethnic groups
Brazilian people, Latin American Australians, Portuguese Australians, Brazilian British, Brazilian Canadians, Brazilian Americans

A Brazilian Australian (Portuguese: Brasileiro-australiano) is an Australian citizen of Brazilian birth or descent.

According to the 2011 Census, 14,509 Australians were born in Brazil while 12,234 claimed Brazilian ancestry, either alone or with another ancestry.[1][dead link] There was a significant increase of 93.6 per cent from the 2006 Census which had recorded 6,647 Brazil-born people[2] while 7,491 had claimed Brazilian ancestry.[3]

Brazilian immigration[edit]

Although Brazilian migration in the eighteenth and nineteenth and centuries has not been documented, there is evidence of early Brazilian interest in Australia. However, concrete evidence of a Brazilian presence in Australia does not appear until the turn of the twentieth century, when census officials in 1901 counted 105 Brazilian-born in Australia.[4]

Two waves of immigration[edit]

The first Brazilian migrants began arriving in Australia in the mid-1970s. They were attracted to Australia by an Australian government assistance scheme. The second wave of migration began in the late 1990s and continues today. It is widely attributed to growing socio-economic power within Brazil since the 1980s and Brazilians' strong desire to learn English. Australia is becoming an appealing destination to learn English after the United States and England – with a much milder climate and a smaller Brazilian community. There has also been an influx of Brazilian students who have come to attend Australian universities. These students come independent of their families on study visas, and usually go home after completion of their studies.[5]

Demographics and Statistics[edit]

According to the 2001 Census conducted by the Australian Board of Statistics, there were almost 5,000 people living in Australia who identified as being of Brazilian origin. This was a 39% increase from 1996.

Sydney is home to the highest proportion of Brazilian-born immigrants (2,490). Victoria comes second (780), with Queensland (670) and Western Australia (380) ranking third and fourth.

Brazilians themselves may be of varied European, South American, African, Arab, East Asian and Amerindian ethnicity/ethnic origins.

Notable Brazilian Australians[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Australian Government - Department of Immigration and Border Protection. "Brazilian Australians". Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "20680-Country of Birth of Person (full classification list) by Sex - Australia" (Microsoft Excel download). 2006 Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2008-06-02.  Total count of persons: 19,855,288.
  3. ^ "20680-Ancestry (full classification list) by Sex - Australia" (Microsoft Excel download). 2006 Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2008-06-02.  Total responses: 25,451,383 for total count of persons: 19,855,288.
  4. ^ The Australian people: an encyclopedia of the nation, its people, and their origins. Retrieved on 2009-06-16
  5. ^ A guide to the Brazilian community in Sydney . Retrieved on 2009-06-16