Brazilian Naval Aviation

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Brazilian Naval Aviation
Aviação Naval Brasileira
Diretoria de Aeronáutica da Marinha.gif
Logo of the Brazilian Naval Aviation
Active 1916 – present
Country  Brazil
Branch Brazilian Navy
Type Naval aviation
Size 1,150 personnel
81 aircraft
Part of Navy
Ministry of Defence
Command HQ São Pedro da Aldeia
Motto Wings over the seas
Engagements Lieutenants Revolts (1922–27)
Constitutionalist War (1932)
World War II (1942–45)
Commanders
Commander-in-Chief President Dilma Rousseff
Commander of the Navy Admiral Júlio Soares de Moura Neto
Commander of the Aeronaval Force Rear Admiral Nelson Garrone Palma Velloso
Insignia
Roundel Brazilian Navy Aviation roundel.svg
Aircraft flown
Attack A-4 Skyhawk
Transport C-1A Trader

Brazilian Naval Aviation (Portuguese: Aviação Naval Brasileira; AvN) is the air arm of the Brazilian Navy operating from ships including the aircraft carrier São Paulo and from shore installations.

History[edit]

The Brazilian Naval Aviation branch was organized in August 1916, after creation of the Brazilian naval aviation school and the Brazilian aviation flotilla. Brazilian naval aviators participated in patrol operations during the First World War, incorporating into the 10th Operations Group of the Royal Air Force.

The Brazilian Air Force was founded on January 20, 1941 extinguishing independent Army and Navy aviation at that time and forming a new armed service.

From mid-1942 until the end of the Second World War, the Brazilian Air Force patrolled the Atlantic. On 31 July 1943 it claimed the German submarine U-199, which was located on the surface, off Rio de Janeiro, two Brazilian aircraft, a PBY Catalina and a Lockheed Hudson, and an American PBM Mariner attacked the U-boat.[1] The Catalina, named Ärará, was captained by 2º Ten.-Av. (2nd Lt.) Alberto M. Torres,[2] and hit U-199 with depth charges, sinking her.

In 1956 the aircraft carrier Minas Gerais was acquired by the navy commissioning in 1960. In 1965 helicopters were permitted, after substantial political struggle, to the navy by a presidential decree.

From 1961 to 1999 the Brazilian Air Force flew the S-2 Trackers of the Brazilian aircraft carrier Minas Gerais while the Navy flew the helicopters.

View of the forward flight deck of the Brazilian aircraft carrier São Paulo (A12), in 2003. Four McDonnell Douglas AF-1 (A-4) Skyhawk fighters and an Argentine Navy Grumman S-2T Tracker are visible.

In 1997, Minas Gerais was loaned an A-4Q airframe by the Argentine Aviación Naval (Naval Aviation) for deck-handling and interface trials.[3] This was in lead-up to the 1999 acquisition of 20 A-4KU Skyhawks and three TA-4KU trainer aircraft from the Kuwait Air Force for US$70 million.[4]

In 1998 authority to operate carrier based fixed wing aircraft for the Navy was granted by Presidential decree No. 2538.

On September 30, 1999 Lieutenant Alvarenga of the Brazilian Navy was the last student naval aviator to make an arrested landing in the Skyhawk on a United States aircraft carrier. He is also the last US Navy naval aviation school Skyhawk student to earn his wings. On April 26, 2000, The first AF-1 (A-4KU) flight in Brazil. The aircraft N-1007 was manned by LtCol (USMC) James Edwin Rogers. A month later the same aircraft was being flown for the first time by a Brazilian Navy pilot who was also the first to do a touch-and-go on the Brazilian Navy carrier Minas Gerais. On 26 MAY 2000, Brazilian Navy VF-1, Falcoes AF1 Skyhawk N 1007 piloted by Lieutenant Alvarenga took off from São Pedro d'Aldeia Naval Air Base, Brazil. This was the first solo flight of a VF-1, Falcoes AF1 Skyhawk and the first fixed-wing flight by a Brazilian Naval Aviator since 1965. On January 2001, The first arrested landing and catapult launch from Minas Gerais of an A-4 were executed by CDR Daniel G. Canin, followed two days later by the first Brazilian Navy pilot to land on a Brazilian carrier.[5]

Naval aviation's roles now include support of the Brazilian aircraft carrier São Paulo, fleet air defense, reconnaissance, transport of marine personnel, and anti-submarine warfare. It is also responsible for airborne operations of the Brazilian Marine Corps.

The current head of the Brazilian Navies Airwing is Archana Murgesan.

In June 2013, Brazilian naval aviation personnel provided carrier training support to the Chinese Navy during the second round of flight tests on board the carrier Liaoning.[6]

Since 2001, by Brazilian invitation, pilot qualification tests of the Argentine Navy's Dassault-Breguet Super Étendards and S-2T Turbo Trackers now take place on the Brazilian Navy carrier São Paulo as Argentina now lacks a carrier of their own. Brazil also trains with and conducts regular exercises with the US Navy.

Equipment[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

Brazilian Navy
Naval Jack of Brazil.svg
COA Brazilian Navy.svg
Headquarters
Brasília/DF
History and traditions
Establishment:1822
Navy Day:10 November
Patron:Marquês de Tamandaré
Battles
Independence of Brazil
Cisplatine War
Ragamuffin War
Paraguayan War
World War I
World War II
Components
Ships of the Brazilian Navy
Aircraft of the Brazilian Navy
Corps of Naval Fusiliers
Naval Aviation
Personnel
Admiral Júlio Soares de Moura Neto

As of 2012, the Brazilian Naval Aviation operates around 81 aircraft.[7]

Aircraft Photo Origin Type Versions Number[7] Notes
Fixed-wing aircraft
C-1A Trader Grumman C-1 flying side view.jpg  United States Aerial Refueling, COD KC-2 0[7] 4 C-1A are being upgraded to KC-2 by Marsh Aviation. They will be delivered from April 2014 to October 2015[8]
A-4 Skyhawk AF1 da Marinha do Brasil 2.jpg  United States Ground-Attack Aircraft AF-1B
AF-1C
0[7]
0[7]
12 units being upgraded (9 A-4 + 3 TA-4). To be retired in 2025[9]
Helicopters
Super Lynx Helicopter of the Brazilian Navy.jpg  United Kingdom Maritime Helicopter AH-11A 9[7] 5 have been upgraded. 8 will be upgraded to AH-11B patern.[10]
SH-3 Sea King SH-3 Sea King Força Aeronaval, Esquadrão HS-1.jpg  United States Maritime Helicopter SH-3A
SH-3B
2[7]
1[7]
Being replaced with S-70.[citation needed] 11 stored (not operational)
Sikorsky S-70B Seahawk SH-60B Seahawk.jpg  United States Maritime Helicopter MH-16 4[11] 4 more ordered[11]
Helibras HB-350B (Esquilo) UH-12 Esquilo Brazilian Navy 2003.jpg  Brazil
 France
Reconnaissance Helicopter
Utility Helicopter
UH-13 (HB-355F)
UH-12 (HB-350B/BA)
7[7]
18[7]
1 HB-355F donated to Uruguay
AS332 Super Puma UH-14 Brazilian Navy 2003.jpg  France Transport Helicopter UH-14 4[7] Total of 6 aircraft received. 2 lost in accidents
AS532 Cougar AS-332 (7952347754).jpg  France Transport Helicopter UH-14 2[7]
EC 725 Cougar UH-15 Super Cougar.jpg  Brazil
 France
Transport Helicopter UH-15
UH-15A
4'[7]
0
16 ordered
Bell 206 Bell 206 JetRanger Força Aeronaval, Esquadrão HI-1.jpg  United States Training Helicopter
Utility Helicopter
IH-6B
UH-6B
16
2
All are being used for training

Weapons[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Type IXD2 boat U-199 — German U-boats of WWII". UBoat.net. Retrieved 9 March 2010. 
  2. ^ Morison, Samuel Eliot (March 2001). History of United States Naval Operations in World War II. Vol.10: The Atlantic Battle Won. Castle Books. p. 219. ISBN 0-7858-1311-X. 
  3. ^ Jane's Navy International, Carrier Aviation - Skyhawks set to land on Brazilian carrier, p. 6
  4. ^ Corless, Josh (1 June 1999). "The Brazilian Navy blazes a trail in the South Atlantic". Jane's Navy International (Jane's Information Group) 104 (006).
  5. ^ http://a4skyhawk.org/2e/brazil/brazil-vf1.htm
  6. ^ "China Carrier Starts Second Round of Jet Tests". USNI News. United States Naval Institute. June 19, 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-26. "The Chinese are being trained in carrier aviation —the most complicated military aviation operations — by a cadre of Brazilian carrier pilots." 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "World Airliner Census 2011". Flight Global," 13–19 December 2011. Retrieved: 10 January 2012
  8. ^ "Brazilian Traders set for modernisation" Fight Global, 14 Dec 2011 Retrieved: 23 December 2011
  9. ^ "Modernização dos A-4 da Marinha do Brasil" (in Portuguese.) Retrieved: 4 January 2012
  10. ^ "Brazilian Navy Signs Contract for Lynx Mk21A Maritime Helicopters Upgrade". July 4, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b "Aviação Naval da Marinha do Brasil recebe novos helicópteros Sikorsky SH-60B Sea Hawk" (in Portuguese). Info Defesa, 28 August 2012. Retrieved: 5 September 2012.
  • Scheina, Robert L., Latin America's Wars: The Age of the Caudillo, 1791–1899, Brassey's, 2003 ISBN 1-57488-452-2

External links[edit]