Brazilian Olympic Committee

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Brazilian Olympic Committee
Comitê Olímpico Brasileiro
Brazilian Olympic CommitteeComitê Olímpico Brasileiro logo
Brazilian Olympic Committee
Comitê Olímpico Brasileiro logo
National Olympic Committee
Country/Region  Brazil
Code BRA
Created June 8, 1914
Recognized June 8, 1935
Continental
Association
PASO
Headquarters Rio de Janeiro
President Carlos Arthur Nuzman
Secretary General Carlos Roberto Osório
Website http://www.cob.org.br/

The Brazilian Olympic Committee or BOC (Portuguese: Comitê Olímpico Brasileiro – COB) is the highest authority in Brazilian sport and the governing body of Brazilian Olympic sport. It was officially founded on June 8, 1914 but World War I caused its official activities to begin only in 1935. It was founded at the headquarters of the Brazilian Federation of Rowing Societies (Federação Brasileira das Sociedades de Remo) as an initiative from the Metropolitan League of Athletic Sports (Liga Metropolitana de Esportes Atléticos).

The BOC has multiple sources of income, but its principal means of funding is its 2% share of all the profits from the Brazilian National Lottery and other games of chance. The BOC is presided by Carlos Arthur Nuzman, and its principal project is the 2016 Summer Olympics, to be celebrated in Rio de Janeiro.

Attributions[edit]

The BOC is responsible for enrolling Brazilian athletes in every Olympic Games. The policy used by the institution is the "meritorious inclusion". This means that the BOC does not hold Olympic Trials; all Brazilian athletes that meet the requirements set forth by their sport's International Federation for participation in the Games are automatically enrolled by the BOC in their respective Olympic event — if the country has a limited number of berths in any given event in the Games and the number of athletes meeting the criteria for qualification exceeds it, the BOC will then respect the official rankings of the sport, or any other criterion used by the sport's Federation for ranking purposes, and enroll the top ranked athletes to the limit of berths assigned to the country in the Games. National teams may qualify through pre-Olympic tournaments and/or international events that award berths in the Games; individual athletes, depending on their sport, may also qualify by achieving a certain minimum performance or time for the Games (e.g. in Swimming, where athletes qualify when they swim their event in a certain time).

The BOC has a policy of never requesting "inclusion berths" in the Olympic Games: every country's Olympic Committee is entitled to request that the International Olympic Committee include athletes of that nationality in events to which they had not qualified, so long as the country in question had no athletes qualified when it had a right to enroll athletes in any given event; any national Olympic Committee may also request those berths if it has not reached the number of athletes that it had been assigned, which would cause the Olympic draws to diminish.

As an example, if no Brazilian athletes were to succeed in qualifying for the Olympic Weightlifting event, then no Brazilian athlete will participate in the given Olympics, because the BOC will not request the enrollment of any athlete that has not achieved qualification on his or her own merit. This could be observed, for instance, in the Weightlifting event of the 2004 Summer Games, when no Brazilian athlete participated, even though the BOC could have requested a special inclusion for representation purposes.

Olympic bids[edit]

Time Brasil (Brazil Team) logo

The Brazilian Olympic Committee has submitted official bids for hosting the Olympic Games. In Brazil, the BOC is the final authority for submitting a bid, and no Brazilian city may bid without BOC support. In recent times, the city of Rio de Janeiro has been the preferred candidate, having made bids for the 2004 and 2012 games. Rio failed to become a candidate city both times. Rio de Janeiro was elected to host the 2016 Games on its third bid submission in 2009.

In 2004, when it was time to submit the bids for the 2012 games (ultimately awarded to London, England), the city of São Paulo contested the automatic choice of Rio de Janeiro as the natural Brazilian candidate. São Paulo insisted that it could produce a bid that would be more competitive than that of Rio de Janeiro. The BOC could only submit one national bid and decided to settle the issue internally, through a vote in which all registered members of the BOC would participate. Both cities were required to present their bid for the Games (as if it were being presented to the IOC members) for evaluation by the delegates voting. The result was a landslide in favor of Rio de Janeiro, and the BOC then submitted the city's bid for the Games.

Confederations[edit]

The national Confederations whose sports are part of the Olympic Program are directly linked to the BOC, but the entity also works with many "Associated Confederations", which are those whose sports are not part of the Olympic Program in the present.

Directly linked[edit]

In June 2005, the International Olympic Committee announced that both Baseball and Softball would be excluded from the Olympic Program as of the 2012 Summer Olympic Games, to be held in London, United Kingdom. At this point, no change in status for the Baseball and Softball Confederation has been announced.

Associated[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]