USS Herzog (DE-178)

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Career (United States)
Name: USS Herzog
Namesake: William Ralph Herzog
Builder: Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, Newark, New Jersey
Laid down: 17 May 1943
Launched: 5 September 1943
Commissioned: 6 October 1943
Decommissioned: 1 August 1944
Struck: 20 July 1953
Fate: Leased to Brazil, 1 August 1944
Transferred to Brazil, 30 June 1953
Career (Brazil)
Name: Beberibe (D-19)
Acquired: 1 August 1944
Struck: 1968
Fate: Ran aground, February 1966
Scrapped, 1968
General characteristics
Class & type: Cannon-class destroyer escort
Displacement: 1,240 long tons (1,260 t) standard
1,620 long tons (1,646 t) full
Length: 306 ft (93 m) o/a
300 ft (91 m) w/l
Beam: 36 ft 10 in (11.23 m)
Draft: 11 ft 8 in (3.56 m)
Propulsion: 4 × GM Mod. 16-278A diesel engines with electric drive, 6,000 shp (4,474 kW), 2 screws
Speed: 21 knots (39 km/h; 24 mph)
Range: 10,800 nmi (20,000 km) at 12 kn (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Complement: 15 officers and 201 enlisted
Armament: • 3 × single Mk.22 3"/50 caliber guns
• 1 × twin 40 mm Mk.1 AA gun
• 8 × 20 mm Mk.4 AA guns
• 3 × 21 in (533 mm) torpedo tubes
• 1 × Hedgehog Mk.10 anti-submarine mortar (144 rounds)
• 8 × Mk.6 depth charge projectors
• 2 × Mk.9 depth charge tracks

USS Herzog (DE-178) was a Cannon-class destroyer escort built for the United States Navy during World War II. She served in the Atlantic Ocean and provided escort service against submarine and air attack for Navy vessels and convoys.

Herzog was named in honor of William Ralph Herzog who was posthumously awarded the Navy and Marine Corps Medal for his heroism in trying to save his shipmates in 1942. The ship was launched by Federal Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Newark, New Jersey, on 5 September 1943; sponsored by Mrs. Alice A. Herzog, mother of the namesake; and commissioned on 6 October 1943, Lt. Comdr. J. C. Toft, Jr., in command.

World War II Atlantic Ocean operations[edit]

After conducting shakedown operations out of Bermuda, Herzog steamed from New York on 29 November 1943 on her first escort mission, accompanying USS Ariel (AF-22) to the West Indies and back to New York. Arriving on 18 December, she got underway as part of the escort for a merchant convoy. Protecting the ships through the dangerous Caribbean passages, Herzog arrived at the Panama Canal Zone on 27 December. Subsequently she served as escort ship on shorter voyages between Recife, Brazil, and Trinidad.

From 14 April until 14 July 1944 Herzog served with Task Group 41.6 on patrol in the South Atlantic. Working with escort carrier USS Solomons (CVE-67) she searched the seas in the never-ending battle against German submarines. On 15 June she was detached to pick up survivors from a German submarine sunk by aircraft, and after returning to the group steamed to Recife, arriving on 23 June. After another brief cruise with the Task Group, she returned to Recife on 16 July. She sailed to the Brazilian Naval Base at Natal, Brazil, on 28 July and was placed out of commission and loaned to the Brazilian Navy under lend-lease on 1 August 1944. The ship served Brazil as Beberibe (D-19) and on 30 June 1953 was transferred outright to that country under the Mutual Defense Assistance Program. The ship ran aground in February 1966, and was stricken and scrapped in 1968.

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