Brazilian firearms and ammunition referendum, 2005

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On October 23, 2005, Brazil held a country-wide referendum on article 35 of the Disarmament Statute to determine whether to approve or disapprove the article, which states in full, "The sale of firearms and ammunition is prohibited in the entire national territory, except to those entities provided in article 6 of this Law." ("Art. 35. É proibida a comercialização de arma de fogo e munição em todo o território nacional, salvo para as entidades previstas no art. 6o desta Lei."[1]) The referendum failed by nearly ⅔ and that part of the statute was not enacted.

The referendum and its date had been provided by the Disarmament Statute itself (art. 35, §1o).[1] During the drafting and development of the law, it had been decided that article 35 should be submitted to a referendum because of the importance of its subject. On July 7, 2005, the Federal Senate of Brazil promulgated legislative decree 780, which authorized the referendum. Article 2 of its decree stipulated that the public consultation should employ the following question: "Should commerce in firearms and ammunition be prohibited in Brazil?" ("O comércio de armas de fogo e munição deve ser proibido no Brasil?"[2])

Results[edit]

No: 59,109,265 (63.94%) Yes: 33,333,045 (36.06%)

[citation needed]

Electoral Court
2005 Referendum
Should commerce in firearms and ammunition be prohibited in Brazil?
Count performed at the TSE as of 10:29 October 25, 2005
Overall Results
No Yes Blank Invalid Present Absent
Brazil 59,109,265
(63.94%)
33,333,045
(36.06%)
1,329,207
(1.39%)
1,604,307
(1.68%)
95,375,824
(78.15%)
26,666,791
(21.85%)



Results by Region
No Yes Blank Invalid Present Absent
Center-West 4,308,155
(68.60%)
1,971,506
(31.40%)
77,222
(1.20%)
84,354
(1.31%)
6,441,237
(75.38%)
2,103,766
(24.62%)
North 4,232,295
(71.13%)
1,718,131
(28.87%)
54,106
(0.89%)
65,419
(1.08%)
6,069,951
(72.10%)
2,348,997
(27.90%)
Northeast 13,735,686
(57.51%)
10,147,793
(42.49%)
341,464
(1.38%)
446,868
(1.81%)
24,671,811
(74.78%)
8,319,598
(25.22%)
South 11,812,085
(79.59%)
3,028,661
(20.41%)
184,090
(1.21%)
157,011
(1.03%)
15,181,847
(81.78%)
3,382,267
(18.22%)
Southeast 25,021,044
(60.31%)
16,466,954
(39.69%)
672,325
(1.56%)
850,655
(1.98%)
43,010,978
(80.36%)
10,512,163
(19.64%)



Results by State
No Yes Blank Invalid Present Absent
Acre 221,828
(83.76%)
43,025
(16.24%)
2,233
(0.83%)
3,328
(1.23%)
270,414
(69.49%)
118,723
(30.51%)
Alagoas 690,448
(54.86%)
568,083
(45.14%)
15,214
(1.17%)
22,757
(1.76%)
1,296,502
(73.05%)
478,412
(26.95%)
Amazonas 839,007
(69.16%)
374,090
(30.84%)
9,697
(0.79%)
12,336
(1.00%)
1,235,130
(73.16%)
453,157
(26.84%)
Amapá 181,764
(73.48%)
65,593
(26.52%)
1,782
(0.71%)
2,334
(0.93%)
251,473
(75.61%)
81,116
(24.39%)
Bahia 3,448,907
(55.45%)
2,770,718
(44.55%)
91,424
(1.42%)
140,867
(2.18%)
6,451,916
(72.07%)
2,500,207
(27.93%)
Ceará 2,090,103
(54.70%)
1,730,922
(45.30%)
57,806
(1.47%)
58,271
(1.48%)
3,937,102
(76.53%)
1,207,414
(23.47%)
Distrito Federal 695,328
(56.83%)
528,169
(43.17%)
16,249
(1.29%)
16,434
(1.31%)
1,256,180
(80.29%)
308,320
(19.71%)
Espírito Santo 952,056
(56.38%)
736,510
(43.62%)
28,458
(1.64%)
22,512
(1.29%)
1,739,536
(77.19%)
513,908
(22.81%)
Goiás 1,776,072
(67.90%)
839,508
(32.10%)
36,281
(1.35%)
41,675
(1.55%)
2,693,536
(74.39%)
927,432
(25.61%)
Maranhão 1,565,845
(61.13%)
995,849
(38.87%)
31,505
(1.19%)
48,188
(1.82%)
2,641,387
(70.72%)
1,093,744
(29.28%)
Minas Gerais 6,155,748
(61.28%)
3,889,398
(38.72%)
174,127
(1.67%)
208,241
(2.00%)
10,427,514
(78.28%)
2,893,108
(21.72%)
Mato Grosso do Sul 820,467
(73.33%)
298,372
(26.67%)
11,016
(0.96%)
12,007
(1.05%)
1,141,862
(75.87%)
363,196
(24.13%)
Mato Grosso 1,016,288
(76.89%)
305,457
(23.11%)
13,676
(1.01%)
14,238
(1.05%)
1,349,659
(72.78%)
504,818
(27.22%)
Pará 1,894,619
(67.12%)
928,006
(32.88%)
27,414
(0.95%)
31,452
(1.09%)
2,881,491
(72.04%)
1,118,372
(27.96%)
Paraíba 1,183,463
(63.14%)
690,751
(36.86%)
28,348
(1.47%)
31,481
(1.63%)
1,934,043
(78.34%)
534,590
(21.66%)
Pernambuco 2,296,510
(54.49%)
1,918,048
(45.51%)
64,458
(1.48%)
68,283
(1.57%)
4,347,299
(76.85%)
1,309,371
(23.15%)
Piauí 925,883
(62.91%)
545,828
(37.09%)
21,065
(1.38%)
33,377
(2.19%)
1,526,153
(76.65%)
464,840
(23.35%)
Paraná 3,988,689
(73.15%)
1,463,776
(26.85%)
72,281
(1.29%)
65,217
(1.17%)
5,589,963
(80.45%)
1,358,474
(19.55%)
Rio de Janeiro 5,124,572
(61.89%)
3,155,897
(38.11%)
147,610
(1.71%)
212,872
(2.46%)
8,640,951
(81.17%)
2,004,229
(18.83%)
Rio Grande do Norte 938,514
(61.98%)
575,783
(38.02%)
18,492
(1.19%)
24,354
(1.56%)
1,557,143
(76.99%)
465,473
(23.01%)
Rondônia 519,425
(78.28%)
144,117
(21.72%)
6,043
(0.89%)
6,326
(0.94%)
675,911
(70.83%)
278,397
(29.17%)
Roraima 132,928
(85.00%)
23,453
(15.00%)
1,079
(0.68%)
1,297
(0.82%)
158,757
(73.49%)
57,265
(26.51%)
Rio Grande do Sul 5,353,854
(86.83%)
812,207
(13.17%)
72,184
(1.15%)
55,090
(0.88%)
6,293,335
(82.88%)
1,300,172
(17.12%)
Santa Catarina 2,469,542
(76.64%)
752,678
(23.36%)
39,625
(1.20%)
36,704
(1.11%)
3,298,549
(82.01%)
723,621
(17.99%)
Sergipe 596,013
(62.88%)
351,811
(37.12%)
13,152
(1.34%)
19,290
(1.97%)
980,266
(78.68%)
265,547
(21.32%)
São Paulo 12,788,668
(59.55%)
8,685,149
(40.45%)
322,130
(1.45%)
407,030
(1.83%)
22,202,977
(81.32%)
5,100,918
(18.68%)
Tocantins 442,724
(75.99%)
139,847
(24.01%)
5,858
(0.98%)
8,346
(1.40%)
596,775
(71.15%)
241,967
(28.85%)



See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "LEI No 10.826, DE 22 DE DEZEMBRO DE 2003.". Retrieved 2011-10-06. 
  2. ^ "Decreto Legislativo no 780, de 2005". Retrieved 2011-10-06. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Information (in Portuguese)
Opinions against the referendum (in Portuguese)
Opinions in support of the referendum (in Portuguese)