Brazilian general election, 2014

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Brazilian presidential election, 2014
Brazil
2010 ←
5 October 2014 (2014-10-05) (First round)
26 October 2014 (2014-10-26) (Second round)
→ 2018

Turnout 78.90%
  Dilma Rousseff 2011.jpg Aécio Neves 2014-02-20.jpg
Nominee Dilma Rousseff Aécio Neves
Party PT PSDB
Alliance With the strength of the people Change Brazil
Home state Minas Gerais Minas Gerais
Running mate Michel Temer Aloysio Nunes
States carried 15 11+DF
Popular vote 54,501,119 51,041,155
Percentage 51.64% 48.36%

2014 Brazilian presidential election map - Municipalities (Round 2).svg

Second Round results

Municipalities where Dilma Rousseff was the most voted.       

Municipalities where Aécio Neves was the most voted.       

President before election

Dilma Rousseff
Workers' Party

Elected President

Dilma Rousseff
Workers' Party

General elections were held in Brazil on 5 October 2014 to elect the President, the National Congress, state governors and state legislatures.[1] Since no candidate in the presidential and several gubernatorial elections received more than 50% of the vote, a second-round runoff was held on 26 October.[1]

In the first round of voting Dilma Rousseff won 41.6% of the vote, ahead of Aécio Neves with 33.6% and Marina Silva with 21.3%.[2] Rousseff and Neves contested the runoff on 26 October with Rousseff being re-elected by a narrow margin, 51.6% to Neves' 48.4%.[3]

Presidential election[edit]

Incumbent President Dilma Rousseff of the Workers' Party (PT), Brazil's first female president, was challenged by 11 other candidates, of whom Minas Gerais Senator Aécio Neves from the Brazilian Social Democracy Party (PSDB) and Marina Silva from the Brazilian Socialist Party (PSB) were her main rivals. As none of the candidates obtained over 50% of the valid votes on 5 October, a second round was held on 26 October between Rousseff and Neves, who had finished first and second respectively in the 5 Oct vote.

In Brazil's closest presidential election results since 1989, Rousseff narrowly defeated Neves in the second round, taking 51.6% of the vote to Neves' 48.4%.

The original PSB candidate was Eduardo Campos. However, he died in a plane crash in Santos on 13 August 2014,[4] after which the party chose Silva, who had been his running mate, to replace him as the party's presidential candidate.[5]

Candidates[edit]

Candidate[6] Running mate[6] Electoral code[6] Coalition[6]
Dilma Rousseff - foto oficial 2011-01-09.jpg
Dilma Rousseff
PT
Michel Temer 1fev2012 no stf.jpg
Michel Temer
PMDB
13
With the strength of the people
PT / PMDB / PSD / PP / PR / PROS / PDT / PCdoB / PRB
Aécio Neves.jpg
Aécio Neves
PSDB
Aloysio nunes 2011.jpg
Aloysio Nunes
PSDB
45
Change, Brazil
PSDB / PMN / SD / DEM / PEN / PTN / PTB / PTC / PTdoB
Marina Silva cropped.png
Marina Silva
PSB
Beto Albuquerque
PSB
40
United for Brazil
PSB / PHS / PRP / PPS / PPL / PSL
Pastor everaldo abr.jpg
Everaldo Pereira
PSC
Leonardo Gadelha
PSC
20
Eduardojorge pv abr.jpg
Eduardo Jorge
PV
Célia Sacramento.jpg
Célia Sacramento
PV
43
Luciana genro 2007.jpg
Luciana Genro
PSOL
Jorge Paz em 2014.jpg
Jorge Paz
PSOL
50
Eymael.jpg
José Maria Eymael
PSDC
Roberto Lopes
PSDC
27
Zé Maria
PSTU
Cláudia Durans
PSTU
16
Levyfidelix.jpg
Levy Fidelix
PRTB
José Alves de Oliveira
PRTB
28
Mauro Iasi
PCB
Sofia Manzano
PCB
21
Rui Costa Pimenta
PCO
Ricardo Machado
PCO
29

Opinion polls[edit]

First Round

Date Poll source Candidate None Don't know
Dilma Rousseff (PT) Aécio Neves (PSDB) Marina Silva (PSB)[7] Everaldo Pereira (PSC) Luciana Genro (PSOL) Others
03-04/10/2014 Datafolha[8] 40% 24% 22% 1% 1% 1% 4% 5%
29-30/09/2014 Datafolha[9] 40% 20% 25% 1% 1% 1% 5% 5%
27-29/09/2014 Ibope[10] 39% 19% 25% 1% 1% <1% 7% 7%
20-22/09/2014 Ibope[11] 38% 19% 29% 1% <1% <1% 7% 5%
20-21/09/2014 Vox Populi[12] 40% 17% 22% 1% 1% 0% 6% 12%
17-18/09/2014 Datafolha[13] 37% 17% 30% 1% 1% 1% 7% 6%
13-15/09/2014 Ibope[14] 36% 19% 30% 1% <1% <1% 7% 6%
13-14/09/2014 Vox Poluli[12] 36% 15% 27% 1% 1% 0% 8% 12%
08-09/09/2014 Datafolha[15] 36% 15% 33% 1% 1% 1% 6% 7%
05-08/09/2014 CNI/Ibope[16] 39% 15% 31% 1% <1% <1% 8% 5%
1-03/09/2014 Datafolha[17] 35% 14% 34% 1% 1% <1% 6% 7%
31-02/09/2014 Ibope[18] 37% 15% 33% 1% 0% <1% 7% 5%
28-29/08/2014 Datofolha[19] 34% 15% 34% 2% <1% <1% 7% 7%
21-24/08/2014 CNT/MDA[20][21] 34.2% 16% 28.2% 1,3% 0,3% 0,9% 8,7% 10,4%
23-25/08/2014 Ibope[22] 34% 19% 29% 1% 1% 1% 7% 8%
14-15/08/2014 Datafolha[23] 36% 20% 21% 3% 0% 2% 8% 9%
13/08/2014 Death of Eduardo Campos, Marina Silva becomes PSB candidate
03-06/08/2014 Ibope[24] 38% 23% 9% 3% 1% 2% 13% 11%
18-21/07/2014 Ibope[25] 38% 22% 8% 3% 1% 3% 16% 9%
15-16/07/2014 Datafolha[26] 36% 20% 8% 3% 1% 4% 13% 14%
01-02/07/2014 Datafolha[27] 38% 20% 9% 4% 1% 4% 13% 11%
13-15/06/2014 Ibope[28] 39% 21% 10% 3% 0% 3% 13% 18%
04-07/06/2014 Ibope[29] 38% 22% 13% 3% 0% 2% 13% 7%
03-05/06/2014 Datafolha[30] 34% 19% 7% 4% 0% 3% 17% 13%
31/05-01/06/2014 Vox Populi[31] 40% 21% 8% 2% 0% 1% 14% 14%
15-19/05/2014 Ibope[32] 40% 20% 11% 3% 0% 2% 14% 10%
07-08/05/2014 Datafolha[33] 37% 20% 11% 3% 1% 2% 16% 8%
10-14/04/2014 Ibope[34] 37% 14% 6% 2% 1% 1% 24% 13%
06-08/04/2014 Vox Pouli[35] 40% 16% 8% 2% 0% 0% 15% 18%
02-03/04/2014 Datafolha[36] 38% 16% 10% 2% 0% 4% 20% 9%
13-17/03/2014 Ibope[37] 40% 13% 6% 3% 1% 0% 24% 12%
19-20/02/2014 Datafolha[38] 44% 16% 9% 3% 0% 2% 19% 7%
13-15/02/2014 Vox Populi[39] 41% 17% 6% 0% 0% 0% 20% 15%

Second Round

Rousseff vs. Neves

Date Poll source Candidate None Don't know
Dilma Rousseff (PT) Aécio Neves (PSDB)
20-22/10/2014 Ibope[40] 49% 41% 7% 3%
20/10/2014 Datafolha[41] 46% 43% 5% 6%
18-19/10/2014 CNT/MDA[42] 45,5% 44,5% 5,7% 4,3%
14-15/10/2014 Datafolha[43] 43% 45% 6% 6%
12-14/10/2014 Ibope[44] 43% 45% 7% 5%
11-12/10/2014 Vox Populi[45] 45% 44% 5% 5%
10/10/2014 Istoé/Sensus[46] 36,7% 52,4% 11%
09/10/2014 Ibope[47] 44% 46% 6% 4%
09/10/2014 Datafolha[48] 44% 46% 4% 6%
29-30/09/2014 Datafolha[9] 50% 41%
27-29/09/2014 Ibope[10] 45% 35%
25-26/09/2014 Datafolha[49] 50% 39% 8% 4%
20-22/09/2014 Ibope[11] 46% 35% 13% 7%
20-21/09/2014 Vox Populi[12] 49% 34% 10% 7%
17-18/09/2014 Datafolha[13] 49% 39% 8% 4%
13-15/09/2014 Ibope[14] 44% 37% 12% 6%
13-14/09/2014 Vox Populi[12] 47% 36% 12% 5%
01-03/09/2014 Datafolha[17] 49% 38% 10% 4%
31-02/09/2014 Ibope[50] 47% 41% 11% 8%
28-29/08/2014 Datafolha 48% 40% 9% 4%
21-24/08/2014 CNT/MDA [51] 43% 33.3%
23-25/08/2014 Ibope[52] 41% 35% 12% 12%
08/08/2014 Ibope 42% 35%

Rousseff vs. Silva

Date Poll source Candidate None Don't know
Dilma Rousseff (PT) Marina Silva (PSB)
29-30/09/2014 Datafolha[9] 49% 41%
27-29/09/2014 Ibope[10] 42% 38%
25-26/09/2014 Datafolha[53] 47% 43%
20-22/09/2014 Ibope[11] 41% 41% 12% 6%
20-21/09/2014 Vox Populi[12] 46% 39% 9% 6%
17-18/09/2014 Datafolha[13] 44% 46% 7% 3%
13-15/09/2014 Ibope[14] 40% 43% 11% 6%
13-14/09/2014 Vox Populi[12] 41% 42% 11% 6%
08-09/09/2014 Datafolha[15] 43% 47% 6% 4%
01-03/09/2014 CNI/Ibope[16] 42% 43% 6% 5%
01-03/09/2014 Datafolha[17] 41% 48% 6% 5%
31-02/09/2014 Ibope[54] 39% 46% 8% 6%
28-29/08/2014 Datafolha 40% 50% 7% 4%
21-24/08/2014 CNT/MDA 37.8% 43.7
23-25/08/2014 Ibope[55] 36% 45% 9% 11%

Silva vs. Neves

Date Poll source Candidate None Don't know
Marina Silva (PSB) Aécio Neves (PSDB)
20-22/09/2014 Ibope[11] 44% 31% 16% 9%
13-15/09/2014 Ibope[14] 48% 30% 15% 8%
01-03/09/2014 Datafolha[17] 56% 28% 10% 6%

Results[edit]

Candidate Running mate Coalition First round Second round
Valid Votes  % Valid Votes  %
Dilma Rousseff (PT) Michel Temer (PMDB) With the strength of the people 43,267,668 41.59 54,501,119 51.64
Aécio Neves (PSDB) Aloysio Nunes (PSDB) Change, Brazil 34,897,211 33.55 51,041,155 48.36
Marina Silva (PSB) Beto Albuquerque (PSB) United for Brazil 22,176,619 21.32
Luciana Genro (PSOL) Jorge Paz (PSOL) 1,612,186 1.55
Everaldo Pereira (PSC) Leonardo Gadelha (PSC) 780,513 0.75
Eduardo Jorge (PV) Célia Sacramento (PV) 630,099 0.61
Levy Fidelix (PRTB) José Alves de Oliveira (PRTB) 446,878 0.43
Zé Maria (PSTU) Cláudia Durans (PSTU) 91,209 0.09
José Maria Eymael (PSDC) Roberto Lopes (PSDC) 61,250 0.06
Mauro Iasi (PCB) Sofia Manzano (PCB) 47,845 0.05
Rui Costa Pimenta (PCO) Ricardo Machado (PCO) 12,324 0.01
Valid votes 104,023,543 90.36 105,542,274 93.66
Null votes 6,678,580 5.80 5,219,787 4.63
Blank votes 4,420,488 3.84 1,921,819 1.71
Total votes 115,122,611 100.00 112,683,879 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 142,822,046 80.61 142,822,046 78.90
Voting age population/turnout 150,803,268 76.34 150,803,268 74.72
Source: Tribunal Superior Eleitoral.

Gubernatorial elections[edit]

The Governors elected in 2014 were the following:[56]

Parliamentary election[edit]

Results have still not been counted in their entirety.
e • d Summary of the 5 October 2014 National Congress election results
Coalition Parties Chamber Senate
Votes % of votes Seats % of seats +/– Votes % of votes Elected seats Total seats % of seats +/–
Pro-government
Coalition With the
Strength of the People
(Coligação Com a Força do Povo)
  Worker's Party (Partido dos Trabalhadores, PT) 13.554.166 14,00% 70 13,65% –18 15.155.818 17,00% 2 12 14,81% –2
  Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro, PMDB) 10.791.949 11,15% 66 12,87% –13 12.129.969 13,61% 5 18 22,22% –2
  Social Democratic Party (Partido Social Democrático, PSD) 5.967.953 6,16% 37 7,21% New 7.147.245 8,02% 2 3 3,70% New
  Progressive Party (Partido Progressista, PP) 6.178.949 6,38% 36 7,02% –5 1.931.738 2,17% 1 5 6,17% ±0
  Republic Party (Partido da República, PR) 5.633.054 5,82% 34 6,63% –7 696.462 0,78% 1 4 4,94% ±0
  Brazilian Republican Party (Partido Republicano Brasileiro, PRB) 4.408.641 4,55% 21 4,09% +13 301.162 0,34% 0 1 1,23% ±0
  Democratic Labour Party (Partido Democrático Trabalhista, PDT) 3.469.168 3,58% 19 3,70% –9 3.609.643 4,05% 4 8 9,88% +4
  Republican Party of the Social Order (Partido Republicano da Ordem Social, PROS) 1.977.117 2,04% 11 2,14% New 2.234.132 2,51% 0 1 1,23% New
  Communist Party of Brazil (Partido Comunista do Brasil, PC do B) 1.913.015 1,98% 10 1,95% –5 803.144 0,90% 0 1 1,23% −1
Total 53.894.012 55,66% 304 59,26% +4 44.009.313 49,36% 15 53 65,43% +3
Opposition
Coalition Change Brazil
(Coligação Muda Brasil)
  Brazilian Social Democratic Party (Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira, PSDB) 11.071.772 11,43% 54 10,53% +1 23.880.078 26,79% 4 10 12,35% −1
  Brazilian Labour Party (Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro, PTB) 3.914.193 4,04% 25 4,87% +4 2.803.999 3,15% 2 3 2,47% −3
  Democrats (Democratas, DEM) 4.080.757 4,21% 22 3,94% –21 3.515.426 4,29% 3 5 6,17% −1
  Solidarity (Solidariedade, SD) 2.637.961 2,72% 15 2,92% New 370.507 0,42% 0 1 1,23% New
  National Labour Party (Partido Trabalhista Nacional, PTN) 720.878 0,74% 4 0,78% +4 2.741 0,00% 0 0 0,00% ±0
  Party of National Mobilization (Partido da Mobilização Nacional, PMN) 467.777 0,48% 3 0,58% –1 57.911 0,06% 0 0 0,00% −1
  National Ecologic Party (Partido Ecológico Nacional, PEN) 663.108 0,69% 2 0,39% New 65.597 0,07% 0 0 0,00% New
  Christian Labour Party (Partido Trabalhista Cristão, PTC) 338.117 0,35% 2 0,39% +1 21.993 0,02% 0 0 0,00% ±0
  Labour Party of Brazil (Partido Trabalhista do Brasil, PT do B) 812.206 0,84% 1 0,19% –2 11.300 0,01% 0 0 0,00% ±0
Total 24.706.769 25,52% 128 24,95% +3 30.729.552 34,47% 9 19 23,46% −5
Opposition
Coalition United for Brazil
(Coligação Unidos pelo Brasil)
  Brazilian Socialist Party (Partido Socialista Brasileiro, PSB) 6.267.878 6,47% 34 6,63% ±0 12.123.194 13,60% 3 7 8,64% +4
  Popular Socialist Party (Partido Popular Socialista, PPS) 1.955.490 2,02% 10 1,95% –2 0 0,00% 0 0 0,00% −1
  Humanist Party of Solidarity (Partido Humanista da Solidariedade, PHS) 917.647 0,95% 5 0,97% +3 0 0,00% 0 0 0,00% ±0
  Progressive Republican Party (Partido Republicano Progressista, PRP) 723.965 0,75% 3 0,58% +1 170.527 0,19% 0 0 0,00% ±0
  Social Liberal Party (Partido Social Liberal, PSL) 808.710 0,84% 1 0,19% ±0 0 0,00% 0 0 0,00% ±0
  Free Homeland Party (Partido Pátria Livre, PPL) 141.254 0,15% 0 0,0% New 29.366 0,03% 0 0 0,00% ±0
Total 10.814.944 11,17% 53 10,33% +2 12.323.087 13,82 3 7 8,64% +3
Out of coalition (Fora de coligação)   Social Christian Party (Partido Social Cristão, PSC) 2.448.898 2,53% 12 2,34% –5 19.286 0,02% 0 0 0,00% −1
  Green Party (Partido Verde, PV) 2.004.464 2,07% 8 1,56% –7 536.978 0,60% 0 1 1,23% +1
  Socialism and Freedom Party (Partido Socialismo e Liberdade, PSOL) 1.745.470 1,80% 5 0,97% +2 1.045.275 1,17% 0 1 1,23% −1
  Christian Social Democratic Party (Partido Social Democrata Cristão, PSDC) 500.021 0,52% 2 0,39% +2 31.011 0,03% 0 0 0,00% ±0
  Brazilian Labour Renewal Party (Partido Renovador Trabalhista Brasileiro, PRTB) 450.393 0,47% 1 0,19% –1 38.429 0,04% 0 0 0,00% ±0
  United Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista dos Trabalhadores Unificado, PSTU) 182.760 0,19% 0 0,00% ±0 345.200 0,39% 0 0 0,00% ±0
  Brazilian Communist Party (Partido Comunista Brasileiro, PCB) 66.615 0,07% 0 0,00% ±0 68199 0,08% 0 0 0,00% ±0
  Workers' Cause Party (Partido da Causa Operária, PCO) 12.969 0,01% 0 0,00% ±0 8.561 0,01% 0 0 0,00% ±0
Total valid votes 96.827.315 100,00% 513 100,00% ±0 89.154.621 100,00% 27 81 100,00% ±0
Sources: Chamber, Senate

198 (38.6%) of the elected candidates are new to the House of Representatives, the highest rate of newcomers in 16 years.[57] The number of parliamentary represented parties has also increased: from 22 parties after the 2010 election to 28 at the beginning of the new term.[58]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "TSE aprova calendário e divulga datas das eleições de 2014". Terra. 22 May 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
  2. ^ "Eleições 2014 - Resultados das Eleições 2014 para Presidente". 
  3. ^ "Dilma Rousseff re-elected Brazilian president". BBC Online. 26 October 2014. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  4. ^ "Presidenciável Eduardo Campos morre em acidente aéreo em Santos (SP)"
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  7. ^ Marina Silva, originally Eduardo Campos' running mate, appears as PSB's candidate after Campos' death in 13 August 2014.
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