Brazil national football team

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This article is about Brazil's men's national football team. For the women's team, see Brazil women's national football team.
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s) Canarinho (Little Canary)
Verde-Amarela (The Green and Yellow)
Pentacampeões (The Five Time Champions)
Association Confederação Brasileira de Futebol (CBF)
Confederation CONMEBOL (South America)
Head coach Dunga
Asst coach Vacant
Captain Thiago Silva
Most caps Cafu (142)[1][2]
Top scorer Pelé (77)[2]
FIFA ranking 7 Decrease 4 (17 July 2014)
Highest FIFA ranking 1 (151 times on 7 occasions[3])
Lowest FIFA ranking 22 (June 2013)
Elo ranking 6 Decrease 5 (17 July 2014)
Highest Elo ranking 1 (7,708 days on 38 occasions[4])
Lowest Elo ranking 18 (November 2001)
First colours
Second colours
First international
 Argentina 3–0 Brazil Brazil
(Buenos Aires, Argentina; 20 September 1914)[5]
Biggest win
Brazil Brazil 14–0 Nicaragua 
(Mexico 17 October 1975)[6]
Biggest defeat
Brazil Brazil 0–6 Uruguay 
(Viña del Mar, Chile; September 18, 1920)
Brazil Brazil 1–7 Germany 
(Belo Horizonte, Brazil; 8 July 2014)
World Cup
Appearances 20 (all) (First in 1930)
Best result Champions, 1958, 1962,
1970, 1994 and 2002
Copa América
Appearances 33 (First in 1916)
Best result Champions, 1919, 1922,
1949, 1989, 1997, 1999,
2004 and 2007
Appearances 3 (First in 1996)
Best result Runners-up, 1996 and 2003
Confederations Cup
Appearances 7 (First in 1997)
Best result Champions, 1997, 2005, 2009 and 2013

The Brazil national football team (Portuguese: Seleção Brasileira) represents Brazil in international men's association football. Brazil is administered by the Brazilian Football Confederation (CBF), the governing body for football in Brazil. They have been a member of the International Federation of Association Football (FIFA) since 1923 and member of the South American Football Confederation (CONMEBOL) since 1916.

Brazil is the most successful national football team in the history of the FIFA World Cup, with five championships: 1958, 1962, 1970, 1994 and 2002. Brazil also has the best overall performance in World Cup history in both proportional and absolute terms with a record of 70 victories in 104 matches played, 119 goal difference, 227 points achieved and only 17 losses.[8][9][10][11] Brazil is the only national team to have played in all FIFA World Cup editions without any absence and have also qualified without the need for playoffs.[12] The seleção is also the most successful team in the FIFA Confederations Cup with four titles: 1997, 2005, 2009 and 2013, being the holder of the last title of the tournament. Brazil have won a total of 62 official international titles to professional and grassroots level selections, what constitutes an unparalleled world record.[13][14] [15] Its achievements have led CONMEBOL to consider it as The most glorious and successful of all national teams from South America and the World.[16]

Brazil national football team has the all-time highest average Football Elo Ranking in the world with 2013.3, and the third all-time highest Football Elo Ranking in the world, with 2153 in 1962, only behind the Hungarian Golden Team of 1954 and the Germany national football team of 2014. Many distinguished commentators consider the Brazil team of 1970 to be the greatest association football team ever, although some argue the case for other teams, such as the Brazil team of 1958 and 1962, with honorary mentions being held for the gifted 1982 side.[17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25]

Following the conclusion of the 2014 FIFA World Cup, the national team is ranked number 6 in the World Football Elo Ratings[26] and 7 in the FIFA World Ranking. Brazil is the only national team to have won the world cup on four different continents: Europe (1958 Sweden), South America (1962 Chile), North America (1970 Mexico and 1994 United States) and Asia (2002 Korea/Japan). They also share with Spain a record of 35 consecutive official matches undefeated.[27][28][29]


Further information: Football in Brazil

Early history (1914–57)[edit]

The first Brazil national team ever, 1914.
Brazil's first match at home against Exeter City in 1914.

It is generally believed that the first game of the Brazilian national football team was a 1914 match between a Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo select team and the English club Exeter City, held in Fluminense's stadium.[30][31] Brazil won 2–0 with goals by Oswaldo Gomes and Osman,[30][31][32] though it is claimed that the match was a 3–3 draw.[33][34] The line-up for that first match was: Nélson I, Pennaforte, Alemão, Mica, Nesi, Dino I, Paschoal, Torteroli, Nilo, Coelho, Amaro.[35]

In contrast to its future success, the national team's early appearances were not brilliant, partly because of an internal strife between Brazilian football associations over professionalism, which rendered the Brazilian Football Confederation unable to field full-strength teams.

Other early matches played during that time include several friendly games against Argentina (being defeated 3-0), Chile (first in 1916) and Uruguay (first on July 12, 1916).[35]

After its debut against Exeter City, Brazil did not play against a European team until 1928, when the squad smashed Motherwell F.C. of Scotland by 5–0 on 24 June 1928. Other European teams that Brazil played included Ferencvárosi TC.[36]

In 1930, Brazil travelled to play in the first World Cup, held in Uruguay. The squad defeated Bolivia but lost to Yugoslavia, being eliminated from the competition.

Brazil first achieved international prominence when it hosted the 1950 FIFA World Cup. The team went into the last game of the final round, against Uruguay at Estádio do Maracanã in Rio, needing only a draw to win the World Cup. Prior to the match, Brazilian newspaper O Mundo prematurely declared Brazil "the world champions". However, in one of the biggest upsets in football history, Uruguay scored with only 11 minutes remaining to win the match, and the Cup, in a game infamously known as "the Maracanzo." The match led to a period of national mourning, with Brazilian playwright Nelson Rodrigues later saying, "Everywhere has its irremediable national catastrophe, something like a Hiroshima. Our catastrophe, our Hiroshima, was the defeat by Uruguay in 1950."[37]

For the 1954 FIFA World Cup in Switzerland, the Brazilian team was then almost completely renovated, with the team colours changed from all white to the yellow, blue and green of the national flag, so as to forget the Maracanazo, but still had a group of star players, including Nílton Santos, Djalma Santos, and Didi. Brazil reached the quarter-final, where they were beaten 4–2 by tournament favourites Hungary in one of the ugliest matches in football history, which would also become infamous as the Battle of Berne.[38]

The Golden Era with Pelé (1958–70)[edit]

Brazil's head, Vicente Feola, imposed strict rules on the squad for the 1958 FIFA World Cup, held in Sweden. The players were given a list of forty things that they were not allowed to do, including wearing hats or umbrellas, smoking while wearing official uniforms and talking to the press outside of allocated times. They were the only team to bring a psychologist to the training camp (as the memories of 1950 still affected some players) or a dentist (for, because of their humble origins, many players had dental problems, which caused them infections and also had a negative impact on their performance), and had sent a scout to Europe to watch the qualifying matches a year before the tournament had begun.

The Brazil national team at the 1959 Copa América.

Brazil were drawn in the toughest group, with England, the USSR and Austria. They beat Austria 3–0 in their first match, then drew 0–0 with England. The Brazilians had been worried about their match with the USSR, who had exceptional fitness and were one of the favourites to win the tournament; their strategy was to take risks at the beginning of the match to try to score an early goal. Before the match, the leaders of the team, Bellini, Nílton Santos, and Didi, spoke to coach Vicente Feola and persuaded him to make three substitutions that were crucial for Brazil to defeat the Soviets and win the Cup: Zito, Garrincha and Pelé, who is widely regarded as the greatest footballer of all time, would start playing against the USSR. From the kick off, they passed the ball to Garrincha, who beat three players before hitting the post with a shot. They kept up the pressure relentlessly, and after three minutes, which were later described as "the greatest three minutes in the history of football",[39] Vavá gave Brazil the lead. They won the match by 2–0. Pelé scored the only goal of their quarter-final match against Wales, and they beat France 5–2 in the semi-final. Brazil then beat the host, Sweden, in the final by 5–2, winning their first World Cup and becoming the first nation to win a World Cup title outside of its own continent. A celebrated fact was that Feola would sometimes take naps during training sessions and close his eyes during matches, giving the impression that he was asleep. Because of this, Didi was sometimes said to be the real coach of the team, as he commanded the midfield.

In the 1962 FIFA World Cup, Brazil earned its second title with Garrincha as the star player, a mantle and responsibility laid upon him after the regular talisman, Pelé, was injured during the second group match against Czechoslovakia and unable to play for the rest of the tournament.[40][41]

In the 1966 FIFA World Cup, the preparation of the team was affected by political influences. All the major Brazilian clubs wanted their players included in the Brazilian team, to give them more exposure. In the final months of preparation for the World Cup, the coach Vicente Feola was working with 46 players, of which only 22 would go to England; this caused lots of internal dispute and psychological pressure on the players and managing staff. The result was that, in 1966, Brazil had their worst performance in a World Cup. Another perhaps bigger issue was that Pelé, who had possibly been at the height of his career at this stage, was being chopped off at seemingly every opportunity in the group matches. The 1966 tournament was remembered for its excessivly physical play, and Pelé was one of the players most affected by such play. After becoming the first player ever to score in three World Cups, with a direct free kick against Bulgaria, he had to rest, because of fatigue, for the match against Hungary, which Brazil lost. He then faced Portugal, and several violent tackles by the Portuguese defenders caused him to leave the match and the tournament. Brazil also lost this match and was eliminated in the first round of the World Cup for the first time since 1934. After the tournament, Pelé declared that he did not wish to play in the World Cup again. Nonetheless, he returned in 1970.

Brazil won its third World Cup in Mexico, with the 1970 FIFA World Cup. It fielded what has since then often been considered the best association football squad ever,[17][18][19][20][21] led by Pelé in his last World Cup finals, captain Carlos Alberto Torres, Jairzinho, Tostão, Gérson and Rivelino.

Brazil's results in 1970 were as follows:

Group 3
Brazil 4–1 Czechoslovakia
Brazil 1–0 England
Brazil 3–2 Romania
Brazil 4–2 Peru
Brazil 3–1 Uruguay
Brazil 4–1 Italy

They won all six of their games. Jairzinho was the second top scorer with seven goals; Pele finished with four goals. As a result, Brazil lifted the Jules Rimet trophy for the third time (the first nation to do so), which meant that they were allowed to keep it, as had been stipulated at the time of the World Cup's inception in 1930. A replacement was then commissioned, though it would be 24 years before Brazil won it.

The dry spell (1970–94)[edit]

The 1970 FIFA World Cup-winning Brazil team.

After the international retirement of Pelé and other stars from the 1970 squad, Brazil was not able to overcome the Netherlands' Total Football in the 1974 FIFA World Cup. The generation of 1974 could not defend their title, finishing in fourth place after failing to achieve victory against a strong Polish side.[42]

In the second group stage of the 1978 FIFA World Cup, Brazil was competing with tournament host Argentina for top spot and a place in the finals. In their last group match, Brazil defeated Poland 3–1 to go to the top of the group with a goal difference of +5. Argentina had only had a goal difference of +2, but in its last group match, it managed to defeat Peru by 6–0 and thus qualify for the final, in a match accused of ultimately-unproven match fixing. The Brazilian team was forced to settle for the third place match, in which they defeated Italy by 2–1.

In the 1982 FIFA World Cup, the tournament favorites Brazil easily moved through the early part of the draw, but a 3–2 defeat to Italy, in one of the classic games in World Cup finals history, eliminated them from the tournament. Paolo Rossi scored all three of Italy's goals. The team was defeated in the match that they still refer to as "Sarriá's Disaster", referencing the stadium's name, and manager Telê would be much blamed by the Brazilian media for using an attacking system when a draw was enough. The 1982 team, with players like Sócrates, Zico, Falcão and Éder, is best remembered as one of the greatest teams never to win a World Cup.

Telê Santana and several players from 1982 returned to play in the 1986 World Cup, hosted by Mexico. The players of 1986 were older but still capable of an enchanting performance. They were troubled, however, by an injury Zico picked up before the tournament. Incessant questions about whether and when he could play undoubtedly had some negative effect on the team. Brazil met France in the quarter-finals, in a match considered an absolute classic of Total Football. Neither side deserved to lose but when Zico finally came on in the second half (with the score 1–1), and Brazil was awarded a penalty late in the game, Brazil seemed set to win. But Zico, the hero of a whole generation of Brazilian football fans, missed the penalty, and after a goalless but exciting extra time, it all came down to a penalty shoot-out. Zico managed to score from his penalty but Júlio César da Silva and Sócrates missed the goal in their turns, and though French captain Michel Platini sent his effort over the crossbar, Brazil was nevertheless eliminated 4–3.

In the 1990 FIFA World Cup, Brazil was coached by Sebastião Lazaroni, who was hardly known before the Cup. With a defensive scheme, whose main symbol was midfielder Dunga, and three full-backs, the team lacked creativity but made it to the second round. Against a weaker Argentine side, the Brazilians applied heavy pressure and had numerous chances to score, but Claudio Caniggia eventually found Brazil's net, eliminating them, after a brilliant assist from Maradona.

Return to winning ways (1994–2002)[edit]

1994 World Cup[edit]

Brazil, to the surprise of many, went 24 years without winning a World Cup or even participating in a final. This included 16 years without even making the round of eight. Their struggles ended at the 1994 tournament in the United States, where a solid, if unspectacular, side headed by Romário, Bebeto, Dunga, Taffarel, and Jorginho won the World Cup for a then-record fourth time. Highlights of their campaign included a 1–0 victory over the host in the round of 16, a sensational 3–2 win over the Netherlands in the quarter-finals (often cited as the game of the tournament)[citation needed] and a 1–0 win over Sweden in the semi-finals. This set up a classic confrontation, Brazil vs. Italy, in the final. After a dour and unexciting 0–0 draw, penalty kicks loomed, and when Roberto Baggio lifted his penalty kick over the crossbar, Brazil was the champion once again. A new era of dominance had begun.

1998 World Cup[edit]

Entering the tournament as defending champions, Brazil finished runner-up in the 1998 FIFA World Cup. After a very respectable campaign during which they beat the Netherlands on penalties in the semi-final following a 1–1 draw with goals from Ronaldo and Patrick Kluivert, the team lost to the host France 3–0 in the final game. Brazilian marking at defensive set pieces was poor, and Zinédine Zidane was able to score two headed goals from France's corner kicks. Also, Brazilian star Ronaldo suffered an epileptic seizure a few hours before the match. Many criticized the decision to reinstate him into the starting line-up as he put on a poor performance. Another reason that was given for Brazil's poor performance was lack of preparation. Brazil had not played in the play-offs and the team selection was made based on friendly matches without real competition. In addition, the injury to Romario, Ronaldo's preferred starting partner, prior to the tournament may have also played a key factor.

2002 World Cup[edit]

Brazilian national football airplane in 2002.

Fuelled by the "Three R's" (Ronaldo, Rivaldo and Ronaldinho), Brazil won its fifth championship at the 2002 FIFA World Cup, held in South Korea and Japan. This happened despite a rather shaky qualifying tournament, which saw the national team drop to its lowest-ever FIFA ranking and only secure automatic qualification in the final round of group matches, largely because Paraguay and Uruguay both failed to win their own final matches.

The groupings appeared at first glance to favour the Brazilian team; their adversaries would be Turkey, China and Costa Rica. In the end, a stronger-than-expected Turkey finished the tournament in third place. Brazil went on to beat all three opponents, scoring 11 goals and conceding only three, and topping the group. In Brazil's opening game against Turkey, Rivaldo fell to the ground clutching his face after Turkey's Hakan Ünsal had kicked the ball at his legs. Ünsal, who had already been booked, was sent off while Rivaldo jumped to his feet and continued playing. Rivaldo escaped suspension but was fined £5,180 for play-acting. He became the first player ever to be punished in FIFA's crackdown on diving. Brazil followed with a 4–0 win over China and a 5–2 win over Costa Rica.

Next, Brazil defeated Belgium 2–0, in the round of 16. Against England in the quarter-finals, it won 2–1. Ronaldinho scored the winner with a free kick and also assisted team-mate Rivaldo for Brazil's first goal, but was sent off for stamping on the right ankle of England's Danny Mills. The semi-final was against Turkey, which Brazil had faced in its group. Again, this match was difficult, but Brazil won 1–0 with a goal by Ronaldo. Rivaldo had scored one goal in each of his preceding five games, but did not manage to hit the target in the sixth, and so couldn't repeat Jairzinho's great achievement in 1970 of scoring in every game of a World Cup.

The final was between two of the most successful teams in the competition's history: Germany and Brazil. Incredibly, the teams had never played each other in the World Cup before besides a match between Brazil and East Germany in the 1974 FIFA World Cup. German goalkeeper Oliver Kahn had been the tournament's best keeper, but was not able to maintain his post unscathed in this match, as Ronaldo vanquished his demons from the previous Cup and scored both goals in the Brazilian 2–0 triumph.[43] Ronaldo also won the Golden Shoe as the tournament's leading scorer, though Kahn won the Golden Ball as the most outstanding player.

Parreira returns (2002–06)[edit]

On 29 June 2005, Brazil won the Confederations Cup for the second time with an emphatic 4–1 victory over arch-rivals Argentina in Frankfurt, Germany.[44] They also won another championship, the 2004 Copa América, in which they also defeated Argentina, this time in a penalty shoot-out.[45]

2006 World Cup[edit]

Brazil against Japan at the 2006 FIFA World Cup at Signal Iduna Park in Dortmund, Germany.

Manager Carlos Alberto Parreira built his side through a 4-2-2-2 formation. Nicknamed the "Magic Square" by Brazilian sport journalists, the attack was built around four extremely talented players: Ronaldo, Adriano, Kaká, and Ronaldinho.

During the build-up to the tournament, star striker Ronaldo was suffering with several problems, most notably his fitness. After a two-month injury lay-off earlier in the season, the Real Madrid forward had gained a noticeable amount of weight, and was not as sharp and quick as he had been in the previous decade. He also suffered from blisters on his feet and a fever during training.[46]

Despite winning the first two games, against Croatia (1–0) and Australia (2–0), the Magic Square did not show anything close to the flair and imagination that it had promised. Despite the reputation of the four attacking players, Brazil was struggling to break down their opponents and create chances, and only two of the forwards, Kaká and Adriano, had found themselves on the score-sheet. In the final group game against Japan, Parreira made several changes, dropping several experienced players and bringing in relative youngsters, including Robinho and Cicinho, and dropped the Magic Square in favour of a more balanced formation. The changes were successful, and Brazil strolled to a comfortable 4–1 win against Japan. Ronaldo seemed to be finding his fitness and form, scoring twice and equalling the record for the most goals scored across all World Cups.

In the round of 16, Brazil beat Ghana 3–0; with the Magic Square restored, Ronaldo and Adriano both scored. Ronaldo's goal was his 15th in World Cup history, breaking the record. However, despite Ronaldo's landmark and the comfortable scoreline, it was another unconvincing performance. Despite Perreira's reversion once again to a more balanced formation, with Ronaldo a lone striker supported by Kaká and Ronaldinho, Brazil was eliminated in the quarter-finals against France, losing 1–0 to a Thierry Henry goal in the second half. Led by a rejuvenated Zinedine Zidane and guarded by a resolute defence, France was barely threatened by Brazil; despite Ronaldo's best efforts, the striker's second half effort was the only shot on target that Brazil managed. The game was also notable for being the first time that the Brazil team had been shut out in three consecutive matches against France, which now had a 2–1–1 all-time record including 1986, 1998 and 2006 World Cup matches.

After their early elimination, the defeated world champions were harshly criticized by the press and the fans. The media circulated images of the left wing-back Roberto Carlos tying his shoes while Thierry Henry ran unmarked to score the winning goal. Pelé blamed Parreira and the under-performing Ronaldinho for the team's early elimination.[47]

Dunga period (2006–10)[edit]

1994 World Cup–winning captain Dunga was hired as Brazil's new team manager on 24 July 2006, almost right after the World Cup was over.[48] Dunga's former teammate, Jorginho, was hired as his assistant. His first match in charge was against Norway, played in Oslo on 16 August 2006; it ended in a 1–1 draw.[49] His second match was held against Argentina on September 3 in Arsenal's then-new Emirates Stadium in London, in which Brazil defeated Argentina by 3–0.[50] On September 5, they won over Wales by 2–0 at Tottenham Hotspur's White Hart Lane ground. They later defeated Kuwait club Kuwait SC by 4–0, Ecuador by 2–1, and had a 2–1 away win against Switzerland.

Dunga's first defeat as Brazil's manager was on 6 February 2007 in a friendly match against Portugal, which at that time was coached by former Brazil coach Luiz Felipe Scolari.[51] In March 2007, Brazil bounced back from this with wins in friendly matches against Chile (4–0) and Ghana (1–0) in Sweden.[52]

Unlike Parreira, Dunga focused on de-emphasizing individual players and treating them as equals. He did not only seek players in popular clubs such as Milan, Barcelona and Real Madrid, but searched the whole scope of Europe, finding individual talents such as Vágner Love and Dudu Cearense, who were playing for Russian club CSKA Moscow, and Elano, who was playing for Ukrainian club Shakhtar Donetsk. Of the four players who had been dubbed the Magic Square, Ronaldinho and Kaká were the only players who had a regular place in the Brazil squad. Adriano was called back into the squad for a friendly against Portugal in February 2007, which Brazil lost 0–2. Dunga did not select the last member of the Magic Square, Ronaldo. Instead, Luís Fabiano made the majority of appearances in the striker position.

2007 Copa América[edit]

Brazil participated in the 2007 Copa América which was hosted by Venezuela. The team was placed in Group B with Mexico, Ecuador, and Chile. Brazil surprisingly lost to Mexico 2–0 in their opening match, then bounced back with a comfortable 3–0 victory over Chile with three goals from Robinho, and won 1–0 against Ecuador, Robinho scoring on a penalty kick. They advanced to the quarter-finals, where they defeated Chile again, this time 6–1. The semi-final was against Uruguay, and after a 2–2 draw, Brazil won 5–4 on penalties. Their opponent in the final was Argentina, which had been the favorite to win, having won all its matches on the way to the final. However, Brazil scored early in the 4th minute with Júlio Baptista, and then in the 45th minute, when defender Roberto Ayala scored on an own goal. Later, in the 69th minute, substitute Dani Alves scored Brazil's third goal, with the scoreline becoming 3–0. After the tournament, Robinho was awarded the Golden Boot in addition to being named the best player in the tournament.

2009 FIFA Confederations Cup[edit]

The Brazilian team won the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup in South Africa. They started with a shaky 4–3 victory over Egypt, scoring a last-minute penalty – they had led 3–1 at half-time only for Egypt to pull level with two quick goals at the start of the second half. Egypt is credited as the only African team to score three goals against Brazil. Brazil comfortably beat the USA, as well as Italy, both with a 3–0 scoreline. After beating South Africa in the semi-final with a late free kick, they went on to a rematch against the USA in the final, where they had a massive comeback and won 3–2 after lagging 2–0 at half-time, to seal their third Confederations Cup title.[53] Kaká was named as the player of the tournament and Luís Fabiano won the top goalscorer award with five goals in five matches.

2010 FIFA World Cup qualification[edit]

After a 3–1 victory over Argentina in Rosario, on 5 September 2009, Brazil qualified for the 2010 FIFA World Cup.[54] Brazil topped the CONMEBOL qualification with nine wins, seven draws and two losses. The two losses came during away matches in Bolivia and Paraguay. Brazil also went undefeated at home during the qualification.

2010 FIFA World Cup[edit]

The Brazilian and Chilean teams in 2010.

On 4 December, Brazil was drawn into Group G, dubbed the group of death. They played their first match against North Korea on 15 June 2010 and won 2–1. On 20 June, they played their second game against Ivory Coast and won 3–1, qualifying for the next round. Their last match against Portugal ended in a 0–0 draw. They faced Chile in the round of 16. Juan, Luís Fabiano and Robinho scored goals to give Brazil a 3–0 win. In the quarter-final, they lost to the Netherlands 2–1 despite having gained an early lead.

After the 2010 World Cup (2010–12)[edit]

On 24 July 2010, Mano Menezes was named as the new Brazil coach, replacing Dunga, whose contract was not renewed following Brazil's World Cup campaign.[55]

On 26 July 2010, Menezes announced his first 24 man squad, including ten debutants. Only four players from the 2010 FIFA World Cup team were named in the squad (Robinho, Daniel Alves, Ramires and Thiago Silva). Players included in that squad but left out of the 23-man in the World Cup included Alexandre Pato of Milan, Lucas Leiva of Liverpool, Ganso of Santos, and Sandro of Tottenham Hotspur. Menezes' first match was a 2–0 win over the United States. Neymar scored on his debut for the national team, and also won the man of the match award.[56]

2011 Copa América[edit]

At the 2011 Copa América, Brazil was put in Group B with Venezuela, Paraguay, and Ecuador. In their first two games they drew with Venezuela and Paraguay. In their last game, Brazil beat Ecuador 4–2 to advance to the quarter-finals as well finishing first in their group. Eventually, Brazil lost 3–0 in the penalty shootout against Paraguay and was eliminated in the quarter-finals.

Post-Copa América[edit]

After receiving much criticism from Brazil's failure at the Copa América, Mano Menezes decided to call up the likes of Marcelo, Hulk and Ronaldinho, which appeared to signal a return to the old Joga Bonito style.

In preparation for the 2012 Summer Olympics, the new look Brazil team was on an undefeated streak since August 2011 until recently they lost back-to-back games to Mexico 2–0 and Argentina 4–3, both of which were played in the United States. This includes nine wins and impressive victories over Ghana, Argentina and the United States, while only finishing one game with a draw other than the recent losses to Mexico and Argentina.

On 4 July 2012, due to a lack of competitive matches, as the team automatically qualified for the 2014 FIFA World Cup as hosts, Brazil was ranked 11th in the FIFA ranking, being the first time the Seleção was ruled out the top ten and also the lowest position at the time, since the ranking was created, in 1993.[57]

Return of Luiz Felipe Scolari (2013–14)[edit]

Although Brazil won the 2012 Superclásico de las Américas, on 23 November 2012, following bad results in 2012, coach Mano Menezes was sacked.[58] CBF would announce a replacement by January 2013,[59] but on 28 November, Luiz Felipe Scolari was appointed as Brazil's new manager.[60]

In the first match being coached by Scolari, on 6 February 2013, Brazil suffered a 2–1 defeat to England in Wembley Stadium.[61]

On 6 June 2013, Brazil was ranked 22nd in the FIFA ranking, making it their worst rank ever.[62]

Brazil won the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup with 5 wins in 5 matches.

On 9 June 2013, in the last match before the Confederations Cup, Brazil beat France in the Arena do Grêmio in Porto Alegre by 3–0, ending a 21–year winless run against Les Bleus, and it was also the first victory over a former World Cup champion in nearly four years.[63]

2013 FIFA Confederations Cup[edit]

Brazil entered the tournament with the objective of defending their title, and did it successfully. With a good start in a 3–0 victory against Japan, Brazil beat Mexico (2–0) and Italy (4–2) to qualify for the semi-final. After a somewhat troublesome match against Uruguay, with Paulinho scoring the winning goal in the dying moments, Brazil went to face Spain for the first time in a FIFA tournament in nearly 27 years.[64] Brazil won comfortably by 3–0, sealing their fourth Confederations Cup title and ending their opponent's run of 29 unbeaten matches in competitive football.[65][66] Neymar was named player of the tournament and received the Golden Ball Award, whilst Fred won the Silver Shoe Award with five goals in five matches and Júlio César won the Golden Glove Award for the best goalkeeper of the tournament.[67]

2014 FIFA World Cup[edit]

Brazil was drawn into Group A of the 2014 FIFA World Cup, alongside Croatia, Mexico and Cameroon. In the opening match of the tournament, Marcelo gave the Croatians an early lead with an own goal. However, two goals from Neymar and one from Oscar turned the game around to get the Seleção off to a winning start in their first World Cup on home soil in 64 years.[68] The team then drew 0–0 with Mexico, as Guillermo Ochoa produced a man of the match performance in the Mexican goal.[69] Brazil confirmed qualification to the knockout stage by defeating Cameroon 4–1 – with Neymar again scoring twice, and Fred and Fernandinho providing further goals.[70]

Brazil faced Chile in the round of 16, taking an 18th minute lead through David Luiz's first goal for the Seleção. With no further scoring after Alexis Sánchez's equaliser, the match went to a penalty shootout. Brazil prevailed 3–2, with Neymar, Luiz and Marcelo converting their kicks, and goalkeeper Júlio César saving from Chileans Alexis and Mauricio Pinilla.[71] The team again faced South American opposition in the quarter-final, defeating Colombia 2–1 with goals from central defenders David Luiz and the team captain Thiago Silva. Late in the match, Neymar was substituted on a stretcher after Juan Camilo Zúñiga's knee had made contact with the forward's back. Neymar was taken to hospital and later diagnosed with a fractured vertebra, which ruled him out for the remainder of the tournament.[72] Prior to this, Neymar had scored four goals, provided one assist, and been named man of the match twice. Brazil faced further problems ahead of their semi-final against Germany, as Thiago Silva was to serve a one-match suspension for receiving his second yellow card of the tournament in the quarter-final.[73] The Seleção went on to lose 1-7 to the Germans – their biggest ever defeat at the World Cup and first home loss in a competitive match since 1975.[74] Towards the end of the match, the home crowd began to "olé" each pass from the German team, and booed their own players off the pitch after the final whistle.[75] The match has been nicknamed the Mineirazo, making reference to the nation's previous World Cup defeat on home soil, the Maracanazo against Uruguay in 1950, and the Estádio do Mineirão where the match took place.[76]

Brazil finished the World Cup in fourth place, losing to the Netherlands 0–3 in the third-place match. The team ended the tournament with the worst defensive record of the 32 competing nations, having conceded 14 goals.[77] The only other countries to concede 12 or more goals in the current World Cup format are North Korea and Saudi Arabia.[78] Following these results, Scolari announced his resignation.[79]

Return of Dunga (2014–)[edit]

On 22 July 2014, Dunga was announced as the new manager of Brazil.[80]


The Olympic football tournament is the only international competition in football organized by FIFA that Brazil has never won, although they have won three silver medals (1984, 1988 and 2012) and two bronze medals (1996, 2008).[81] The Brazilian Olympic team is often coached by the national team coach, such as Mário Zagallo in 1996, Dunga in 2008 and Mano Menezes in 2012.


The Brazilian national team has many nicknames and are known in different parts of the world by various nicknames. The most common one used to refer to them, especially in Brazil, is a seleção, which literally means the selection. Brazilians call any national team from any country or sport a seleção and because of this it has become common for the national team to be referred to as the Seleção Brasileira or, more specifically in the case of the national football team, the Seleção Brasileira de Futebol.[82] Although the Brazilian media have popularized seleção, other nicknames for the squad in Brazil include Canarinho, meaning "Little Canary", a phrase that was popularized by the late cartoonist Fernando "Mangabeira" Pieruccetti during the 1950 World Cup.[83] Other names like Amarelinha, "Little Yellow One", Verde-amarelo, or "Green-Yellow", Pentacampeão, "Five-time Champions",[84] Esquadrão de Ouro (the Golden Squad), some Latin American commentators often refer to the Brazil National team El Scratch (The Scratch),[85] among others.


Granja Comary complex in Teresópolis, Rio de Janeiro is home of the national team.
The main entrance of the training camp.

The training camp is located in the mountain city of Teresópolis, about 90 kilometres (55 miles) away from the city of Rio de Janeiro.[86]

Renovations in 2013 and 2014 in the approximately 8.5 thousand m² built-up area at Granja Comary, which sits in a 149 thousand m² plot of land. Only players and technical staff will have access to Sector 1. There, only the foundations were kept, as almost everything was rebuilt. Now, the 22 double rooms have turned into 30 individual en-suite rooms and six doubles. Sector 1 also has a living room, where players may host their family members. In addition, there is also a games room, videogame room, exclusive gym, special medical room and another for physiotherapy, barber, dentist, podiatrist, pharmacy, service area with launderette, stockroom, print works and restaurant.

Sector 2 is where are located the dressing rooms, fields and gym next to the pitch, which have also been renovated. The dressing room has a separate area for the technical staff and another for the players, a spa with jacuzzis, cryotherapy baths and saunas. Still in Sector 3, we have three fields that have been prepared for pre-World Cup training. The same company that has laid down the pitches for the World Cup was in charge of renovations, following the same standards for the pitch and irrigation. Sector 3 is where we find the multi-purpose gym, which has also been renovated. The floorboard has been changed, the roof was rebuilt to fix some problems and the male and female lavatories totally remodelled.

In Sector 4 is located some interesting new things in relation to the recovery and treatment of injured players. Sector 5 stands out because of the stand facing Brazil's training pitches, which now is able to cater for 180 people. In addition, an exclusive car park was also put in to supply for the press, measuring 1,800m², as well as another lot where guests and service providers may park, measuring 600m². Throughout its 27 year long history, Granja Comary has served as temporary home to many great players. It was opened on 31 January 1987.[87]

Brazil does not have a home national stadium like many other national teams and as such rotate their home World Cup qualifying matches through various venues including the Estádio do Maracanã in Rio de Janeiro, the Estádio do Pacaembu in São Paulo, the Mineirão in Belo Horizonte and the Estádio Beira-Rio in Porto Alegre. Many other stadiums were used in World Cup qualifying campaigns and some of the venues built for the 2014 FIFA World Cup are expected to be used after the tournament.

Since September 2006, Brazil have played many international friendlies at Arsenal's Emirates Stadium in London. After their initial 3–0 win over Argentina drew a near sell-out attendance and was screened live on BBC Two, Brazil have returned to the ground regularly, facing Portugal, Sweden, Italy, Republic of Ireland and most recently against Scotland.

Kit evolution[edit]

Brazil's first team colors were white with blue collars, but following defeat in the Maracanã at the 1950 World Cup, the colors were criticised for lacking patriotism. With permission from the Brazilian Sports Confederation, the newspaper Correio da Manhã held a competition to design a kit incorporating the four colors of the Brazilian flag.[88] The winning design was a yellow jersey with green trim and blue shorts with white trim drawn by Aldyr Garcia Schlee, a nineteen-year-old from Pelotas.[89] The new colors were first used in March 1954 in a match against Chile, and have been used ever since.[90]

The use of blue as the away kit color dates from the 30s, but it became the permanent second choice accidentally in the 1958 World Cup Final. Brazil's opponents was Sweden, who also wear yellow, and a draw gave the home team, Sweden, the right to play in yellow. Brazil, who travelled with no spare kit, hurriedly purchased a set of blue shirts and sewed on emblems cut from their yellow shirts.[91]

Brazil's kit supplier since 1997 has been Nike and will continue to do so until 2018.

Home kit[edit]


Special cases[edit]

1916 1
1917 2
1917-18 3
  • 1 Worn in the 1916 South American championship.[92]
  • 2 Worn in the 1917 South American championship.[92]
  • 3 Worn in some matches v. Argentine and Uruguayan teams during 1917-18.[92]

Competitive record[edit]

FIFA World Cup[edit]

Brazil has qualified for every FIFA World Cup, never requiring a qualifying play-off. With five titles, they have won the tournament on more occasions than any other national team. Brazil is the only national team to have played in all FIFA World Cup editions without having any absence.

FIFA World Cup record FIFA World Cup qualification record
Year Round Position Pld W D * L GF GA Pld W D L GF GA
Uruguay 1930 Group Stage 6th 2 1 0 1 5 2
Italy 1934 Round 1 14th 1 0 0 1 1 3
France 1938 Third Place 3rd 5 3 1 1 14 11
Brazil 1950 Runners-up 2nd 6 4 1 1 22 6 Qualified as hosts
Switzerland 1954 Quarter-Finals 5th 3 1 1 1 8 5 4 4 0 0 8 1
Sweden 1958 Champions 1st 6 5 1 0 16 4 2 1 1 0 2 1
Chile 1962 Champions 1st 6 5 1 0 14 5 Qualified as defending champions
England 1966 Group Stage 11th 3 1 0 2 4 6 Qualified as defending champions
Mexico 1970 Champions 1st 6 6 0 0 19 7 6 6 0 0 23 2
West Germany 1974 Fourth Place 4th 7 3 2 2 6 4 Qualified as defending champions
Argentina 1978 Third Place 3rd 7 4 3 0 10 3 6 4 2 0 17 1
Spain 1982 Round 2 5th 5 4 0 1 15 6 4 4 0 0 11 2
Mexico 1986 Quarter-Finals 5th 5 4 1 0 10 1 4 2 2 0 6 2
Italy 1990 Round of 16 9th 4 3 0 1 4 2 4 3 1 0 13 1
United States 1994 Champions 1st 7 5 2 0 11 3 8 5 2 1 20 4
France 1998 Runners-up 2nd 7 4 1 2 14 10 Qualified as defending champions
South Korea Japan 2002 Champions 1st 7 7 0 0 18 4 18 9 3 6 31 17
Germany 2006 Quarter-Finals 5th 5 4 0 1 10 2 18 9 7 2 35 17
South Africa 2010 Quarter-Finals 6th 5 3 1 1 9 4 18 9 7 2 33 11
Brazil 2014 Fourth Place 4th 7 3 2 2 11 14 Qualified as hosts
Russia 2018 To Be Determined
Qatar 2022
Total 5 titles 20/20 104 70 17 17 221 102 92 56 25 11 199 59
*Denotes draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
**Gold background color indicates that the tournament was won.
***Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.

Results and fixtures[edit]

The following are Brazil's results over the past 12 months, as well as Brazil's upcoming fixtures during the next 6 months.[95]

      Win       Draw       Loss


Current squad[edit]

The following 23 players were called for the 2014 FIFA World Cup.[96] Neymar suffered a fractured vertebra following a foul by Colombia defender Juan Camilo Zúñiga in the quarter-final; it was announced that Neymar would miss the remainder of the tournament.[97]
Caps and goals as of July 12, 2014, subsequent to the match against Netherlands.

0#0 Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1 1GK Jefferson (1983-01-02) January 2, 1983 (age 31) 9 0 Brazil Botafogo
12 1GK Júlio César RET (1979-09-03) September 3, 1979 (age 34) 87 0 England Queens Park Rangers
22 1GK Victor (1983-01-21) January 21, 1983 (age 31) 6 0 Brazil Atlético Mineiro
2 2DF Dani Alves (1983-05-06) May 6, 1983 (age 31) 79 6 Spain Barcelona
3 2DF Thiago Silva (Captain) (1984-09-22) September 22, 1984 (age 29) 52 3 France Paris Saint-Germain
4 2DF David Luiz (Vice-captain) (1987-04-22) April 22, 1987 (age 27) 43 2 France Paris Saint-Germain
6 2DF Marcelo (1988-05-12) May 12, 1988 (age 26) 37 4 Spain Real Madrid
13 2DF Dante (1983-10-18) October 18, 1983 (age 30) 13 2 Germany Bayern Munich
14 2DF Maxwell (1981-08-27) August 27, 1981 (age 32) 10 0 France Paris Saint-Germain
15 2DF Henrique (1986-10-14) October 14, 1986 (age 27) 6 0 Italy Napoli
23 2DF Maicon (1981-07-26) July 26, 1981 (age 32) 75 7 Italy Roma
5 3MF Fernandinho (1985-05-04) May 4, 1985 (age 29) 12 2 England Manchester City
8 3MF Paulinho (1988-07-25) July 25, 1988 (age 25) 32 5 England Tottenham Hotspur
11 3MF Oscar (1991-09-09) September 9, 1991 (age 22) 38 11 England Chelsea
16 3MF Ramires (1987-03-24) March 24, 1987 (age 27) 49 4 England Chelsea
17 3MF Luiz Gustavo (1987-07-23) July 23, 1987 (age 27) 25 1 Germany Wolfsburg
18 3MF Hernanes (1985-05-29) May 29, 1985 (age 29) 27 2 Italy Internazionale
19 3MF Willian (1988-08-09) August 9, 1988 (age 25) 12 2 England Chelsea
20 3MF Bernard (1992-09-08) September 8, 1992 (age 21) 14 1 Ukraine Shakhtar Donetsk
7 4FW Hulk (1986-07-25) July 25, 1986 (age 27) 41 9 Russia Zenit Saint Petersburg
9 4FW Fred RET (1983-10-03) October 3, 1983 (age 30) 39 18 Brazil Fluminense
10 4FW Neymar INJ (1992-02-05) February 5, 1992 (age 22) 54 35 Spain Barcelona
21 4FW (1987-03-20) March 20, 1987 (age 27) 20 5 Brazil Atlético Mineiro
  • INJ = Injured player
  • (RET.) Retired from the national team

Recent call-ups[edit]

The following players have been called up to the Brazil squad in last 12 months.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Diego Cavalieri (1982-12-01) December 1, 1982 (age 31) 3 0 Brazil Fluminense 2014 FIFA World Cup (standby)
DF Miranda (1984-09-07) September 7, 1984 (age 29) 7 0 Spain Atlético Madrid 2014 FIFA World Cup (standby)
DF Filipe Luís (1985-08-09) August 9, 1985 (age 28) 4 0 England Chelsea 2014 FIFA World Cup (standby)
DF Rafinha (1985-09-07) September 7, 1985 (age 28) 2 0 Germany Bayern Munich 2014 FIFA World Cup (standby)
DF Dedé (1988-07-01) July 1, 1988 (age 26) 9 1 Brazil Cruzeiro v.  Chile, November 19, 2013
DF Marquinhos (1994-05-14) May 14, 1994 (age 20) 1 0 France Paris Saint-Germain v.  Chile, November 19, 2013
DF Marcos Rocha (1988-12-11) December 11, 1988 (age 25) 2 0 Brazil Atlético Mineiro v.  Portugal, September 10, 2013
MF Lucas Moura (1992-08-13) August 13, 1992 (age 21) 31 4 France Paris Saint-Germain 2014 FIFA World Cup (standby)
MF Lucas Leiva (1987-01-09) January 9, 1987 (age 27) 24 0 England Liverpool 2014 FIFA World Cup (standby)
MF Fernando (1992-03-03) March 3, 1992 (age 22) 8 0 Ukraine Shakhtar Donetsk v.  Portugal, September 10, 2013
MF Jean (1986-06-24) June 24, 1986 (age 28) 6 0 Brazil Fluminense v.   Switzerland, August 14, 2013
FW Alan Kardec (1989-01-12) January 12, 1989 (age 25) 0 0 Brazil São Paulo 2014 FIFA World Cup (standby)
FW Robinho (1984-01-25) January 25, 1984 (age 30) 92 27 Italy Milan v.  Chile, November 19, 2013
FW Alexandre Pato (1989-09-02) September 2, 1989 (age 24) 27 10 Brazil São Paulo v.  Zambia, October 15, 2013

Most capped players[edit]

Cafu is the most capped player in the history of Brazil with 142 caps.
As of July 12, 2014[2]
Players in bold are still active, at least at club level.
# Name Caps Goals First cap Latest cap
1 Cafu 142 5 September 12, 1990 July 1, 2006
2 Roberto Carlos 125 11 February 26, 1992 July 1, 2006
3 Lúcio 105 4 November 15, 2000 September 5, 2011
4 Taffarel 104 0 July 7, 1988 July 12, 1998
5 Djalma Santos 98 3 April 10, 1952 June 9, 1968
Ronaldo 98 62 March 23, 1994 June 7, 2011
Ronaldinho 98 33 June 26, 1999 April 24, 2013
8 Gilmar 94 0 March 1, 1953 June 12, 1969
9 Gilberto Silva 93 3 November 7, 2001 July 2, 2010
10 Pelé 92 77 July 7, 1957 July 18, 1971
Rivelino 92 26 November 16, 1965 June 24, 1978
Robinho 92 27 July 13, 2003 November 19, 2013

Top goalscorers[edit]

Pelé is the top scorer in the history of Brazil with 77 goals.
As of July 12, 2014[2]
Players in bold are still active, at least at club level.
# Name Goals Caps Average First cap Latest cap Position
1 Pelé 77 92 0.84 July 7, 1957 July 18, 1971 FW
2 Ronaldo 62 98 0.63 March 23, 1994 June 7, 2011 FW
3 Romário 55 70 0.79 May 23, 1987 April 27, 2005 FW
4 Zico 48 71 0.67 February 25, 1976 June 21, 1986 MF
5 Bebeto 39 75 0.52 April 28, 1985 July 12, 1998 FW
6 Neymar 35 54 0.65 August 10, 2010 July 4, 2014 FW
7 Rivaldo 34 74 0.46 December 16, 1993 November 19, 2003 MF
8 Jairzinho 33 81 0.40 June 7, 1964 March 3, 1982 MF
Ronaldinho 33 98 0.33 June 26, 1999 April 24, 2013 MF
10 Ademir 32 39 0.82 January 21, 1945 March 15, 1953 FW
Tostão 32 54 0.59 May 15, 1966 July 9, 1972 FW

Notable players[edit]

IFFHS Player of the Century[edit]

Below are the results of a poll by International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS) for the best Brazilian player of the 20th century.[98][99]

Brazilian Football Museum – Hall of Fame[edit]

The following Brazilians players have been inducted into the Pacaembu and Maracanã Brazilian Football Museum Hall of Fame.[100]

Previous squads[edit]


World Cup winning coaches in bold.


Current coaching staff[edit]

Head Coach Dunga
General Coordinator Gilmar Rinaldi


Senior team[edit]

Official titles[edit]

Friendly titles[edit]

Olympic team[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Marcos Evangelista de Morais "CAFU" – Century of International Appearances". RSSSF. July 23, 2006. Retrieved January 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Brazil – Record International Players". RSSSF. November 7, 2008. Retrieved May 10, 2009. 
  3. ^ September 23, 1993 until November 19, 1993, April 19, 1994 until June 14, 1994, July 21, 1994 until May 16, 2001, July 3, 2002 until February 14, 2007, July 18, 2007 until September 19, 2007, July 1, 2009 until November 20, 2009, April 28, 2010 until July 14, 2010
  4. ^ 1958–63, 1965–66, 1970–74, 1978–79, 1981–83, 1986–87, 1990, 1992, 1994–00, 2002–10
  5. ^ "Argentina versus Brazil". (Fédération Internationale de Football Association). Retrieved January 5, 2009. [dead link]
  6. ^
  7. ^ After 1988, the tournament has been restricted to squads with no more than 3 players over the age of 23, and these matches are not regarded as part of the national team's record, nor are caps awarded.
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^ In portuguese, please use a translator -
  14. ^ In portuguese, please use a translator -
  15. ^
  16. ^ In spanish, please use a translator -
  17. ^ a b "Beckenbauer diz que Brasil de 1970 foi melhor seleção de todos os tempos". Beckenbauer diz que Brasil de 1970 foi melhor seleção de todos os tempos. Gazeta do Povo. Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  18. ^ a b "Soccer great Zico: Brazil '58 best team ever". Zico (CNN). July 5, 2012. Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  19. ^ a b Pitt-Brooke, Jack (July 3, 2012). "The greatest team of all time: Brazil 1970 v Spain 2012". The Independent (London: The Independent). Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  20. ^ a b "Spain vs. Italy: Euro 2012 Final Not Enough to Crown Spain Best Ever". Bleacher Report. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  21. ^ a b Metcalfe, Nick. "THE LIST: The 10 greatest football teams of all time". Mail Online (London: Daily Mail (UK)). Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  22. ^ "The 30 greatest international teams of all time". Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  23. ^ "Phenomenal goals, silky skills and tight blue shorts - Why Brazil 1982 was the best World Cup team ever". Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  24. ^ "World Cup 2014: This is not the Brazil of 1970 or 1982 - substance over style is key". Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  25. ^ "The cult World Cup teams we loved: Brazil 1982". Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  26. ^
  27. ^ In portuguese, please use a translator -
  28. ^ "Spain win again to extend unbeaten streak". CNN. June 20, 2009. 
  29. ^ In portuguese, please use a translator -
  30. ^ a b Dart, Tom (May 15, 2009). "Magic of Brazil comes to a corner of Devon". The Times (London). 
  31. ^ a b Bellos, Alex (May 31, 2004). "Grecians paved way despite kick in teeth". The Guardian (London os). Retrieved May 15, 2009. 
  32. ^ Bellos, Alex (2002). Futebol: the Brazilian way of life. London: Bloomsbury. p. 37. ISBN 0-7475-6179-6. 
  33. ^ "Exeter fix dream date against Brazil". London: The Daily Telegraph. April 23, 2004. Retrieved May 20, 2009. 
  34. ^ Demetriou, Danielle (May 31, 2004). "Brazil's past masters out-samba Exeter in 90-year rematch". The Independent (London). Retrieved May 20, 2009. 
  35. ^ a b Seleção Brasileira (Brazilian National Team) 1914-1922 at RSSSF
  36. ^ Seleção Brasileira (Brazilian National Team) 1923-1932
  37. ^ "Ghosts of Uruguay’s 1950 World Cup upset still haunt some in Brazil". The Washington Post. accessdate=11 July 2014. 
  38. ^ "World Cup and U.S. soccer history: 1950–1970". USA Today. May 9, 2006. Retrieved February 12, 2009. 
  39. ^ Garrincha 122.
  40. ^ "FIFA Classic Player". October 23, 1940. Retrieved August 11, 2012. 
  41. ^ "PELE – International Football Hall of Fame". October 23, 1940. Retrieved August 11, 2012. 
  42. ^ "Brazil not too comfortable as World Cup favorite". USA Today. May 23, 2006. Retrieved February 12, 2009. 
  43. ^ "Brazil crowned world champions". BBC Sport. June 30, 2002. Retrieved August 22, 2009. 
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  46. ^ Bellos, Alex (June 15, 2006). "One more bad game and Ronaldo's tournament is over". London os: Retrieved August 1, 2009. 
  47. ^ "Pelé culpa Ronaldinho e Parreira por eliminação precoce" (in Portuguese). Terra Esportes. July 4, 2006. Retrieved July 4, 2006. 
  48. ^ "Dunga completa dois anos na seleção garantindo ser um desafio ganhar o ouro" (in Portuguese). Globo Esporte. July 24, 2009. Retrieved January 5, 2009. 
  49. ^ "Na estreia de Dunga, Brasil empata com Noruega" (in Portuguese). Globo Esporte. August 16, 2006. Retrieved January 27, 2009. 
  50. ^ "Dunga fica surpreso com atuação do Brasil contra Argentina" (in Portuguese). UOL. September 3, 2006. Retrieved January 27, 2009. 
  51. ^ "Portugal impõe a Dunga sua primeira derrota à frente da seleção" (in Portuguese). Universo Online. February 6, 2007. Retrieved January 5, 2009. 
  52. ^ "Seleção Brasileira embarca para Frankfurt" (in Portuguese). Terra. March 28, 2007. Retrieved January 5, 2009. 
  53. ^ Dawkes, Phil (June 28, 2009). "USA 2–3 Brazil". BBC Sport. Retrieved June 28, 2009. 
  54. ^ "Brazil ensure qualification, Argentina in distress". ESPN. September 5, 2009. Retrieved October 15, 2009. 
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  56. ^
  57. ^ "Heard the joke about England being better than Italy? Just ask FIFA...". London: DailyMail. July 4, 2012. Retrieved July 4, 2012. 
  58. ^ "Mano Menezes sacked as Brazil coach". November 23, 2012. Retrieved November 23, 2012. 
  59. ^ "Mano deixa o comando da Seleção: CBF anunciará substituto em janeiro" (in Portuguese). November 23, 2012. Retrieved November 23, 2012. 
  60. ^ "Felipão é o novo técnico da Seleção, e Andrés deixa cargo na CBF" (in Portuguese). November 28, 2012. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 
  61. ^ "England 2–1 Brazil: Rooney & Lampard secure Wembley win". February 6, 2013. Retrieved February 7, 2013. 
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  63. ^ "Brazil beats France 3–0 at home in last match before Confederations Cup". FOX News. June 9, 2013. Retrieved June 10, 2013. 
  64. ^ "Brazil-Spain: a showdown 27 years in the making". Marca. June 28, 2013. Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  65. ^ "Fred and Neymar claim Confeds for Brazil". July 1, 2013. Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
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  67. ^ "Neymar breaks through for top award". July 1, 2013. Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  68. ^ "Brazil 3-1 Croatia". BBC Sport. 12 June 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  69. ^ "Brazil 0–0 Mexico". 17 June 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  70. ^ "Cameroon 1-4 Brazil". BBC. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  71. ^ Ornstein, David (28 June 2014). "Brazil 1-1 Chile". BBC Sport. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  72. ^ "Neymar: Injured Brazil forward ruled out of World Cup". BBC Sport. 4 July 2014. Retrieved 5 July 2014. 
  73. ^ "World Cup 2014: Brazil fail to have Thiago Silva booking rescinded". BBC Sport. 7 July 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  74. ^ "The greatest half hour in World Cup history?". Eurosport. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
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  78. ^ "Netherlands ensure miserable end for hosts". Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
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  81. ^ a b Since 1992, squads for Football at the Summer Olympics have been restricted to three players over the age of 23. The achievements of such teams are not usually included in the statistics of the international team.
  82. ^ "Use of Seleção and Canarinho". FIFA. Archived from the original on September 4, 2006. Retrieved October 6, 2006. 
  83. ^ "Fernando Pieruccetti creates the Canarinhos". Terra. Retrieved October 6, 2006. 
  84. ^ "Reference to Pentacampeão". BBC Brasil. Retrieved October 6, 2006. 
  85. ^ "Reference to the Scratch". Guilherme Soares. 
  86. ^ Brazil's national team begins preparations for World Cup (English)
  87. ^ Granja Comary reopened (English)
  88. ^ Futebol, p64
  89. ^ Ibid
  90. ^ Ben Smith (28 June 2014). "The story of Brazil's 'sacred' yellow and green jersey". BBC News. Retrieved 28 June 2014. 
  91. ^ Futebol, p67
  92. ^ a b c d "Referente a Seleção Brasileira de Futebol"
  93. ^ a b c "Historias curiosas de camisetas mundialistas" at
  94. ^ a b "Desde 1954 Brasil usa la tradicional y multicampeona camiseta amarilla", El Universo, 26 Ene 2014
  95. ^ – Brazil: Fixtures and Results
  96. ^ "Felipão convoca os 23 da Copa do Mundo Brasil 2014". CBF. May 7, 2014. Archived from the original on May 8, 2014. Retrieved February 11, 2014. 
  97. ^ Daly, Jim (July 4, 2014). "Neymar OUT of the World Cup with a 'fractured vertebrae' suffered in quarter-final win over Colombia". Daily Mirror. Archived from the original on July 5, 2014. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  98. ^ "Brazil – Player of the Century". RSSSF. January 30, 2000. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  99. ^ "Brazil – Player of the Century". RSSSF. January 30, 2000. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  100. ^ "Anjos Barrocos" (in Portuguese). Museu do Futebol. Retrieved December 18, 2010. 
  101. ^ "Sala de Troféus da CBF" (in Portuguese). Confederação Brasileira de Futebol (CBF). Retrieved January 5, 2009. 


  • Ruy Castro, Andrew Downie (translator) (2005). Garrincha – The triumph and tragedy of Brazil's forgotten footballing hero. Yellow Jersey Press, London. ISBN 0-224-06433-9. 

External links[edit]