Provinces of Brazil

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The provinces of the Empire of Brazil were the primary subdivisions of the country from its establishment as the Empire of Brazil in 1822 until its end.

On February 28, 1821, provinces were established in the Kingdom of Brazil superseding the captaincies that were in place at the time.

In 1834 Rio de Janeiro City was not part of any province, but was named imperial capital and neutral municipality.

Provinces of 1821[edit]

Provinces of the Brazilian Empire in 1825.
Name Entity since Note
Alagoas Province
Bahia Province
Ceará Province 1822
Cisplatina Province 1821 1821 the Oriental Province (present-day Uruguay), was annexed by Brazil under the name of Província Cisplatina.)
Espírito Santo Province
Goiás Province 1744 1744 Capitania Geral de Goiás split from Capitania Geral de São Paulo
Grão-Pará Province
Maranhão Province
Mato Grosso Province 1748
Minas Gerais Province 1720
Paraíba Province
Piaui Province
Pernambuco Province
Rio de Janeiro Province
Rio Grande do Norte Province
Santa Catarina Province
São Paulo Province
São Pedro do Rio Grande do Sul Province
Sergipe Province
A map showing the Empire and its provinces
The Empire of Brazil (RN=Rio Grande do Norte, PB=Paraíba, PE=Pernambuco, AL=Alagoas, PR=Paraná), c. 1889. Cisplatina had been lost since 1828 and two new provinces had been created since then (Amazonas and Paraná)

Changes from 1821-1889[edit]

1828[edit]

Cisplatina Province became the independent state of Uruguay.

1850[edit]

Grão-Pará Province split into Amazonas Province and Pará Province.

1889[edit]

In 1889 the Empire of Brazil became the Republic of the United States of Brazil and the provinces became states again. Rio de Janeiro City became the Federal District, Brazil.