Breña Alta offers a panoramic view of La Gomera to the southeast. The coastline and the valley areas are made up of farmland, while the mountainous areas are forested, or grassy in the west where much of the area has been deforested. The main industry is agriculture. Breña Alta has a fishing port, an artificial beach at Bajamar, and an industrial area. The municipality is known for its tobacco production.
Over the years, the population has steadily increased, except for a 10% drop between 1960 and 1970.
The 1991 and 2001 figures, taken from the census, are lower than the surrounding figures, taken from municipal records.