Bread and Roses
The slogan "Bread and Roses" originated in a speech given by Rose Schneiderman; a line in that speech ("The worker must have bread, but she must have roses, too.") inspired the title of the poem Bread and Roses by James Oppenheim, published in The American Magazine in December 1911, which attributed it to "the women in the West." It is commonly associated with a textile strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts during January–March 1912, now often known as the "Bread and Roses strike".
The slogan appeals for both fair wages and dignified conditions.
The 1912 Lawrence Textile Strike, which united dozens of immigrant communities under the leadership of the Industrial Workers of the World, was led to a large extent by women. The popular mythology of the strike includes signs being carried by women reading "We want bread, but we want roses, too!", though the image is probably ahistorical. A 1915 labor anthology, The Cry for Justice: An Anthology of the Literature of Social Protest by Upton Sinclair, is the first known source to attribute the phrase to the Lawrence strikers. A republication of Oppenheim's poem in 1912, following the strike, attributed it to "Chicago Women Trade Unionists". To circumvent an injunction against loitering in front of the mills, the strikers formed the first moving picket line in the US.
The strike was settled on March 14, 1912 on terms generally favorable to the workers. The workers won pay increases, time-and-a-quarter pay for overtime, and a promise of no discrimination against strikers.
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The strike and slogan have been the inspiration for the names of a diverse collection of organisations and publications.
- The use of the rose by the Irish Labour Party—and its sister parties around the world—owes it its origins to the slogan.
- The poem was partially reproduced and its title borrowed in an early second-wave feminist article on women's liberation by Kathy McAfee and Myrna Wood published in the American New Left magazine Leviathan in June 1969.
- Oppenheim's poem was set to music in 1974 by Mimi Fariña and has been recorded by various artists, including Judy Collins, Ani DiFranco, Utah Phillips, John Denver, and Josh Lucker.
- An earlier musical setting of the poem by Caroline Kohlsaat appears in the Unitarian Universalist hymnal, Singing the Living Tradition.
- New Zealand Labour Party Member of Parliament, Union leader, and women's rights campaigner Sonja Davies called her autobiography Bread and Roses, after the poem. This autobiography was the basis of a successful New Zealand mini-series directed by Gaylene Preston, which concentrates upon Davies's early life as a single mother organiser of protest action to keep her local railway line open.
- In 2000 British director Ken Loach titled a movie Bread and Roses. The film is about the struggle of two Mexican labourers in Los Angeles, performed by Pilar Padilla and Elpidia Carrillo, for the right to form a union. It depicts an episode in the ongoing Justice for Janitors campaign, which is run by the Service Employees International Union.
- A quarterly journal produced by the UK section of the Industrial Workers of the World ('Wobblies') 
- A Labor Day celebration, Bread and Roses Heritage Festival, in Lawrence, Massachusetts.
- Mount Holyoke College seniors sing a song titled "Bread and Roses" during their Laurel Parade at graduation.
- Bryn Mawr College seniors sing the same song at the conclusion of their three annual traditions' nights.
- A memorial to Julius and Ethel Rosenberg in Havana, Cuba reads: "For Peace Bread And Roses We Will Face The Executioner. Ethel And Julius Rosenberg. Murdered June 19, 1953."
- A feminist radio show on KBOO in Portland, Oregon.
- A Catholic Worker advocacy center in Olympia, Washington.
- A feminist group from Argentina (Pan y Rosas) associated with a political party called "Partido de los Trabajadores Socialistas" (PTS, Socialist Workers Party)
- A community fund  in Philadelphia.
- 'Bread + Roses' is the title of song seven on Mr Hudson & The Library's album A Tale of Two Cities.
- A feminist magazine from Zagreb, Croatia. Original title "Kruh & Ruže". Published by Ženska infoteka between Autumn 1993 and March 2009.
- A free cafe feeding homeless people and those living in poverty in Venice, California, a project of St. Joseph Center.
- A food cooperative, nonprofit grocery store, in Tallahassee, FL.
- In 2013, Marc Ribot's Ceramic Dog release the song Bread And Roses on the album Your Turn.
Poem and song lyrics
- Anna LoPizzo, woman striker killed during the Lawrence textile strike
- William M. Wood Co-founder of the American Woolen Company
- Bruce Watson, Bread and Roses: Mills, Migrants, and the Struggle for the American Dream (New York: Viking, 2005), ISBN 0-670-03397-9.
- Eisenstein, Sarah, Give us bread but give us roses. Working women's consciousness in the United States, 1890 to the First World War, Routledge, London 1983, p. 32, ISBN 0-7100-9479-5
- Sider, Gerald M. (1997). Between history and histories: the making of silences and commemorations. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-0-8020-7883-4.
- Watson, Bruce (2006 (reprint)). Bread and Roses: Mills, Migrants, and the Struggle for the American Dream. Penguin. ISBN 978-0-14-303735-4.
- Gabaccia, Donna R.; Fraser M. Ottanelli (2001). Italian workers of the world: labor migration and the formation of multiethnic states. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 978-0-252-02659-1.
- Moran, William (2004 (reprint)). The Belles of New England: The Women of the Textile Mills and the Families Whose Wealth They Wove. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-32600-5.
- "Bread and Roses". Iww.org.uk. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
- "Welcome to the Bread and Roses Festival! | Bread and Roses". Breadandrosesheritage.org. 2013-09-02. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
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- "Student Activites | Bryn Mawr College". Brynmawr.edu. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
- "Bread and Roses | KBOO". Kboo.fm. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
- "Bread and Roses Olympia". Breadandrosesoly.blogspot.com. 2011-06-30. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
- "Pan y Rosas". Pyr.org.ar. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
- "Home | Bread & Roses Food Cooperative". Breadandrosesfoodcoop.com. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
- St. Joseph Center's Bread and Roses Cafe
- Industrial Workers of the World chronology
- Bread & Roses: The Strike Led and Won by Women
- The Boston Band called Bread and Roses[dead link]
- Bread and Roses Heritage Festival
- Bread and Roses Centennial Celebration
- Bread and Roses Centennial Online Exhibit
- Bread and Roses Pub London
- Bread & Roses Nonprofit founded by Mimi Fariña
- Bread & Flowers Nonprofit founded by Genevieve Kang & Yun Kang
- Bread & Roses Community Fund in Philadelphia
- Resources for teaching about the Bread and Roses Strike in K-12 Classrooms listed on the Zinn Education Project website