Breaded cutlet

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Breaded cutlet dishes are popular around the world. Katsu is the Japanese name for breaded cutlet and tonkatsu refers to pork cutlet.

Breaded cutlet is a dish made from coating a cutlet of meat with breading or batter and deep frying it. Breaded cutlet is known as schnitzel in Germany, Austria and Israel, cotoletta or scaloppine in Italy, filete empanado in Spain, milanesa in Latin America, katsu in Japan and Korea, and kotlet schabowy in Poland.

Chicken fingers[edit]

Chicken fingers or chicken tenders are an American dish prepared by breading and deep frying the pectoralis minor muscle of the chicken, which is the smaller cut of the chicken breast located along its underside, attached to the ribs.

Chicken fried steak[edit]

Main article: Chicken fried steak

Chicken fried steak (also known as country fried steak) is an American breaded cutlet dish that may have originated with German and Austrian immigrants to Texas in the 19th century.[1] It is a piece of beef steak (tenderized cubed steak) coated with seasoned flour and fried. It is associated with Southern U.S. cuisine. Its name is likely related to the dish being prepared similarly to fried chicken. It is typically served with mashed potatoes with both the steak and potatoes covered with white, cracked pepper gravy.

Chicken Kiev[edit]

Main article: Chicken Kiev

Chicken Kiev (Ukrainian: Котлета по-київськи, kotleta po-kyivsky) is a popular breaded cutlet dish of boneless chicken breast pounded and rolled around cold garlic butter with herbs, then breaded and either fried or baked.

Cordon Bleu[edit]

Chicken Cordon Bleu is a breaded cutlet dish of boneless chicken breast pounded and rolled around a pork meat (such as ham or prosciutto) and a soft cheese (such as mozzarella, Swiss or bleu cheese) and then either fried or baked.

Cotoletta[edit]

Main article: Cotoletta
Cotoletta alla milanese

Cotoletta originates in Italy as cotoletta alla milanese is very similar to Wiener schnitzel. However, it is a cutlet rather than an escalope, and it is traditionally cooked with its rib. Originally from Milan, it can now be found all over the country.

In Spain, breaded cutlet is normally called escalope milanesa in restaurants when served with French fries and a slice of lemon. When eaten in a sandwich, it is simply called filete empanado. It is usually made of veal or beef. Chicken is called pollo empanado, and pork is not usual.

Cotoletta was first documented in 1148 (Saint Ambrose's archive, Milan) in Latin: "Lumbolos cum panicio".

Kotlet schabowy[edit]

Main article: Kotlet schabowy

Polish kotlet schabowy is similar to the traditional Austrian dish, but made with pork tenderloin. It is usually served with potatoes and a salad of either raw vegetables (surówka) or, most commonly, of pickled cabbage, the latter akin to coleslaw. Other versions are the kotlet z kurczaka, a variety of chicken cutlet coated in breadcrumbs, and the kotlet z indyka, a turkey cutlet coated in breadcrumbs.

Milanesa[edit]

Main article: Milanesa

South America[edit]

In Argentina, Uruguay, and Venezuela the milanesa, a dish similar to the schnitzel, is a typical dish.[2] Its name means 'of Milan'. The milanesa is made of beef or veal, dipped in egg, and then breadcrumbs, and fried. A milanesa napolitana is made with ham, melted mozzarella cheese and tomatoes.

Due to the strong influence of Italian culture in Brazil, breaded cutlets are known as filé à milanesa (Milanese steak) or bife à milanesa. It is found easily in street restaurants and often cooked at home. Servings often include white rice, salted brown or black beans, mashed potatoes or French fries, lettuce and tomato salad. Milanesa sandwiches are somewhat less common, and there is also the parmigiana version - filé à milanesa with tomato sauce, ham, and melted mozzarella cheese.

In Colombia, the dish is called milanesa or chuleta valluna, and is made with a thin cut of pork, breaded and fried.

In Chile, breaded cutlet is known as escalopa, and it is usually made of beef, pork or chicken. This dish is also known as milanesas, and it is prepared by breading and frying thin pieces of meat. Escalopas can be found from fancy to simple restaurants.

Central America[edit]

In Cuba, breaded cutlet is served as steak milanesa, made with a thin cut of sirloin, breaded and fried, with tomato sauce on top and sometimes melted cheese. It is usually served with traditional Cuban side dishes.

If not accompanied by the tomato sauce, it is merely known as bistec empanizado, bistec empanado or empanada. It is sometimes eaten with slices of lime or criollo lemon on the side to squirt on top.

In Mexico, thinly sliced meat, breaded and fried, known as milanesa, is a popular ingredient in tortas, the sandwiches sold in street stands and indoor restaurants in Mexico City.

In Panama, cutlet is known as milanesa, it is most commonly made of thinly sliced beef (usually sirloin steaks) but also thin chicken fillets. The meat is seasoned with salt and pepper, dipped in beaten eggs and covered with flour or bread crumbs and fried in vegetable oil. If breaded, they are normally covered with flour first before being dipped in the egg. Lime juice is then squeezed over the cutlets before serving or eating them, and they are also seasoned with hot sauce often. Milanesas are eaten with white rice and other common side dishes, such as salad, lentils or beans. The latter two are poured over the rice as they are usually served in Panama while the salad is served off to the side where there is still space left on the plate. When served as sandwiches, they are known as emparedado de milanesa or sandwich de milanesa when tomatoes, onions, lettuce, ketchup and/or American cheese (known as queso amarillo i.e. yellow cheese). Sandwich bread and pan flauta (a Panamanian type of baguette that is thicker and softer) are the types used to make these sandwiches.

Panado[edit]

In Portugal, breaded cutlet is called bife panado or just panado (which means "breaded" in Portuguese). Different varieties of panado can be made with chicken (panado de frango), turkey (panado de peru), pork (costeleta panada for pork chop, febra panada for pork without bone), or veal (escalope de vitela panado). The meat is usually seasoned with black pepper, garlic, and lemon juice. It is commonly served with spaghetti, fried potatoes, or rice (plain or with beans). It is also popular as a sandwich, served in a bun with lettuce (sandes de panado).

Scaloppine[edit]

Scaloppine, an Italian dish, consists of breaded cutlets of meat, commonly veal or chicken, which is pan fried and served with a pan sauce.

Schnitzel[edit]

Wiener schnitzel
Main article: Schnitzel

Schnitzel (German pronunciation: [ˈʃnɪtsəl]) is a breaded cutlet dish made with boneless meat thinned with a hammer (escalope-style preparation), coated in bread crumbs and fried. In Austria, the dish called Wiener Schnitzel (Viennese schnitzel) is from veal and is traditionally garnished with a slice of lemon and either potato salad or potatoes with parsley and butter.

In Austria and Germany, the term Wiener Schnitzel is protected by law and the schnitzel must be made from veal.[3] There are also regional versions of schnitzel, such as Salzburger schnitzel, which is stuffed with mushrooms, bacon, onions, and various other herbs.

Tonkatsu[edit]

Main article: Tonkatsu
Tonkatsu served with shredded cabbage, boiled rice and miso soup in Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan

Tonkatsu is popular in Japan, where either chicken or pork is used for meat and panko breadcrumbs are used (see Tonkatsu). In Hawai'i, "chicken katsu" is a popular component of local cuisine.

In Korea, pork cutlet is called "donkasu", derived from the Japanese tonkatsu. The most common types of donkasu are "kyeongyangsik"(Western-style) and "ilbonsik"(Japanese-style).

In China and Taiwan, the pork cutlets are called "Zhu-pai", and is a common cuisine found in many daily restaurants, but originated from Japanese influence. It is usually accompanied with rice and vegetables such as broccoli or bell peppers.

Another type cutlet found in Taiwan would be made of chicken, called "Ji-pai", and is well known in the region as a Taiwanese Night Market specialty.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chicken Fried Steak: One-third of the Big Three" from TexasCooking.com
  2. ^ "La verdad de la milanesa - 15.01.1999 - lanacion.com". Lanacion.com.ar. 1999-01-15. Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
  3. ^ Wiener Schnitzel