Breaza

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For other uses, see Breaza (disambiguation).
Breaza
Town
Skyline of Breaza
Coat of arms of Breaza
Coat of arms
Location of Breaza
Location of Breaza
Coordinates: 45°11′14″N 25°39′44″E / 45.18722°N 25.66222°E / 45.18722; 25.66222Coordinates: 45°11′14″N 25°39′44″E / 45.18722°N 25.66222°E / 45.18722; 25.66222
Country  Romania
County Prahova County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor George Mărăcineanu (Social Democratic Party)
Area
 • Total 50.69 km2 (19.57 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 18,863
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.primariabreaza.ro/

Breaza (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈbre̯aza]) is a town in Prahova County, Romania, with a population of 18,863.

Name[edit]

The town's name is derived from a Slavic word, breza, meaning "birch tree".[1]

History[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1956 11,122 —    
1966 12,733 +14.5%
1977 17,583 +38.1%
1992 19,329 +9.9%
2002 18,863 −2.4%
2011 15,558 −17.5%
Source: Census data

The town was first documented in an act of 1503, mentioning a certain trader of Breaza called "Neagoe". In 1622 the land of Breaza was divided between four boyars and in 1717, the new ruler of Wallachia, Nicolae Mavrocordat gave the Breaza estate to boyar Iordache Creţulescu. The land was divided by the agrarian reform of 1921 and in 1935 it was declared a spa.

Geography[edit]

It consists of at least two villages, Podu Vadului and Breaza de Sus, which merged. Today, ten villages are administratively part of the town: Breaza de Jos, Breaza de Sus, Frăsinet, Gura Beliei, Irimeşti, Nistoreşti, Podu Corbului, Podu Vadului, Surdeşti and Valea Târsei. One of the main occupations is farming, and traditional needlework, but many inhabitants also commute to work in the neighboring towns of Comarnic and Câmpina. Tourism is also important for the local economy, and many locals rent out rooms in the summer months.

Due to its naturally beautiful surroundings, being located among rolling hills, the town has long been popular with inhabitants of Bucharest, who tend to have vacation homes here. Among the people who are rumored to have second residences in Breaza are Adrian Păunescu[2] and Valentin Ceauşescu.

It is also the site of a folk art museum and a military high school.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Iordan, Iorgu (1963). Toponimia romînească. Bucharest: Editura Academiei Republicii Populare Romîne. p. 80. OCLC 460710897. 
  2. ^ Senat.ro, Păunescu's list of assets (self-declared), accessed June 29, 2008