Breese, Illinois

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Coordinates: 38°36′37″N 89°31′36″W / 38.61028°N 89.52667°W / 38.61028; -89.52667
Breese
City
The Breese watertower.jpg
Breese watertower along Highway 50
Motto: "Proud of our past, planning for our future"
Country United States
State Illinois
County Clinton
Coordinates 38°36′37″N 89°31′36″W / 38.61028°N 89.52667°W / 38.61028; -89.52667
Area 2.64 sq mi (7 km2)
 - land 2.62 sq mi (7 km2)
 - water 0.02 sq mi (0 km2)
Population 4,221 (2010)
Density 1,877.1 / sq mi (725 / km2)
Founded April 1st, 1856
Mayor Charlie E. Hilmes
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 62230
Area code 618
Wikimedia Commons: Breese, Illinois

Breese is a small city in Clinton County, Illinois, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,221, the majority of which are of German ancestry. Breese is part of the Metro-East region of the Greater St. Louis metropolitan area.

History[edit]

The town is named after Sidney Breese, a United States Senator and a contemporary of President Abraham Lincoln.[1] Breese was founded in 1855.

Even though the area around Breese, Illinois was first settled in 1816, it was not until 1835 that Germans came to the town to farm because of the flat fertile land there. Twenty years after the German’s first immigration, the Mississippi and Ohio Railroad was completed. The early pioneers were enthralled by the thought of transportation by railroad. The Chicago based company Sanger Kamp & Co. bought 80 acres of land near the railroad. Twenty-four acres were laid out with the railroad splitting the original town with some acres on the north side and south side creating Breese Township, February 3, 1855. Today citizens of Breese use the terms north side and south side in determining a certain location. Also most roads in Breese are based on which side of the railroad the street is.

Late in 1855, forty Catholic immigrants, wanting to fulfill their religious needs, had the idea of constructing a church. Their desires were realized when two years later the Sanger Kamp & Co. gave half of one of its 80 acres (32 ha) to the Catholics’ project. By December 1869, St. Dominic’s Catholic Church was completed. Breese was first recognized as a town on April 11, 1871, and later became a village on September 23, 1876. As a result, the construction of the village hall had begun. This project was completed in 1885. Seven years later a volunteer fire department was organized. The ever-growing population was then acknowledged as a city on January 19, 1905. The mayor of this new city was Henry Hummert.

Realizing that Breese would need some improvements, the mayor authorized the construction of an electric light plant that was completed in 1906. The streets of Breese were also topped with road oil in 1911. The next year improvements to the city’s water works facility were also made.

However, things took a turn for the worse when, in 1914, a scarlet fever swept the community and its surrounding area and forced all the schools to close. Only four years later, still in the wake of the scarlet fever, the flu epidemic spread through the area. After the diseases ended, further improvements to the city were made and are still occurring.

Geography[edit]

Breese is located at 38°36′37″N 89°31′36″W / 38.61028°N 89.52667°W / 38.61028; -89.52667 (38.610317, -89.526705).[2]

According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 2.64 square miles (6.8 km2), of which 2.62 square miles (6.8 km2) (or 99.24%) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.052 km2) (or 0.76%) is water.[3]

Breese is located on U.S. Route 50 40 miles east of St. Louis, Missouri.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 4,048 people, 1,513 households, and 1,078 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,779.1 people per square mile (685.5/km²). There were 1,573 housing units at an average density of 691.3 per square mile (266.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.57% White, 0.10% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.54% from other races, and 0.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.28% of the population.

There were 1,513 households out of which 37.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.8% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.7% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $47,639, and the median income for a family was $54,242. Males had a median income of $37,979 versus $23,231 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,530. About 1.2% of families and 3.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over.

Schools[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]