Breguet 1100

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Breguet 1100
Breguet 1100 fighter on the ground c1958.jpg
Role Single seat light tactical fighter and ground attack aircraft
National origin France
Manufacturer Breguet Aviation
First flight 31 March 1957
Number built 1

The Breguet 1100 was a twin engine French light fighter also suitable for ground attack and built for the French armed forces. First flown in 1957, only one was completed as budget cuts led to cancellation of the programme.

Design and development[edit]

The single engine Breguet 1001 Taon was designed and built for a NATO fast ground attack fighter competition. The Breguet 1100 was a development designed instead to a French Ministère de l'Air (English: Air Ministry) specification, which called for two engines and a pressurised cockpit in an aircraft performing a similar role.[1] The 1100 flew before the Taon as the latter was delayed to incorporate the new area rule late in its construction.[2]

The Breguet 1100 was built entirely from bonded alloy and included many honeycomb structures.[1] Its swept wing was about 15% greater in span and 35% greater in area than that of the Taon, though it was intended that production Taons would share the 1100's wing.[2] The 1100 had broad chord, short span ailerons and narrow, long span flaps with spoilers in front of them.[1] The two types had similar side air intakes but the 1100's twin mid-fuselage engines and jet pipes meant the fuselage was broader and lacked any area rule waisting, as well as being rather longer. They also shared similar swept, straight edged tail surfaces, cockpits in the nose with narrow fairings running over the length of the upper fuselage and tricycle landing gear.[2]

Sixteen different armament packages were available, including four 13 mm (0.5 in) Browning machine guns, two 30 mm (1.2 in) DEFA cannon, thirty-five Matra unguided rockets or a pack of fifteen 68 mm (2.7 in) SNEB 22 rockets.[1][2]

The 1100 first flew on 31 March 1957, exceeding Mach 1. This first prototype was the only one to fly as the second was abandoned when 80% complete and an ordered third prototype, a navalized version designated 1100M, was not begun.[2] Before mid-1959 the Breguet 1100 programme had been cancelled due to government spending cuts.[3]

Variants[edit]

Breguet 1100
First two prototypes, second unfinished.
Breguet 1100M
Navalized third prototype: not built.

Specifications (1100)[edit]

Data from The Complete Book of Fighters[2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: One
  • Length: 12.52 m (41 ft 1 in)
  • Wingspan: 7.83 m (25 ft 8 in)
  • Height: 4.35 m (14 ft 3 in)
  • Wing area: 19.52 m2 (210.1 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 3,793 kg (8,362 lb) equipped
  • Gross weight: 6,545 kg (14,429 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Turbomeca Gabizo Axial flow turbojet, 11.87 kN (2,668 lbf) thrust each dry, 14.71 kN (3,307 lbf) with afterburner

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 1,128 km/h (701 mph; 609 kn) at sea level
  • Maximum speed: Mach 0.92

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Bridgman, Leonard (1957). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1957-58. London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. Ltd. p. 140. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Green, William; Swanborough, Gordon (1994). The Complete Book of Fighters. Godalming, UK: Salamander Books. p. 89. ISBN 1-85833-777-1. 
  3. ^ "The French industry". Flight 75 (2629): p.795. 12 June 1959. 

External links[edit]