Breguet Vultur

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Vultur
Role ground attack aircraft
Manufacturer Breguet Aviation
First flight 3 August 1951
Number built 2
Developed into Breguet Alizé

The Breguet Br.960 Vultur was a French prototype carrier-based attack aircraft that first flew on 3 August 1951. Only two examples were built, but the work done on them later proved useful in the development of the Breguet Alizé anti-submarine warfare aircraft.

Design and development[edit]

The Vultur was a mixed-power design, combining an Armstrong Siddeley Mamba turboprop in the nose with a Rolls-Royce Nene turbojet in the tail. It was a low-wing aircraft, with the wing featuring a swept leading edge and a straight trailing edge, and folding at the middle. The aircraft had tricycle landing gear, with the main gear hinged in the wings just inside the wing fold and retracting towards the fuselage, and the nose gear retracting backwards.

The Vultur accommodated a pilot and copilot sitting side-by-side in a framed canopy. A typical payload was a single 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) bomb and eight rockets. It was fitted with radar in a pod on the right wingtip, balanced by a fuel tank on the left wingtip. A large search radar could also be attached under the fuselage.

When the Aéronavale lost interest in a turboprop attack aircraft, but was keen to purchase a new anti-submarine warfare platform, Breguet modified the second prototype as a demonstrator. Now known as the Breguet Br.965 Épaulard ("Killer Whale"), this aircraft was the immediate fore-runner of the Breguet Alizé.

Specifications (Br.960, second prototype)[edit]

Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1953–54[1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 15.35 m (50 ft 4 in)
  • Wingspan: 18.7 m (61 ft 4 in)
  • Height: 5.17 m (17 ft 0 in)
  • Wing area: 36.6 m2 (394 sq ft)
  • Max takeoff weight: 9,800 kg (21,605 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Armstrong Siddeley A.S.Ma.3 Mamba turboprop, 985 kW (1,321 hp)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Rolls-Royce Nene 103 turbojet, 22.3 kN (5,000 lbf) thrust

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 900 km/h (559 mph; 486 kn) turboprop and jet
  • Maximum Speed: 400 km/h (249 mph) on turboprop power only
  • Endurance: 4 hr 30 min (turboprop only)
  • Service ceiling: 13,000 m (42,651 ft)

Armament

  • Bombs and rockets carried underwing

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Bridgman 1953, pp. 127–128.
  • Bridgman, Leonard. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1953–54. London: Jane's All The World's Aircraft Publishing Ltd, 1953.

The initial version of this article was based on a public domain article from Greg Goebel's Vectorsite.

External link[edit]