Breno

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For the village Breno in Switzerland, see Breno, Ticino. For the Brazilian footballer, see Breno Borges.
Breno
Bré
Comune
Comune di Breno
Breno panorama.jpg
Coat of arms of Breno
Coat of arms
Mappa breno.jpg
Breno is located in Italy
Breno
Breno
Location of Breno in Italy
Coordinates: 45°57′31″N 10°18′20″E / 45.95861°N 10.30556°E / 45.95861; 10.30556Coordinates: 45°57′31″N 10°18′20″E / 45.95861°N 10.30556°E / 45.95861; 10.30556
Country Italy
Region Lombardy
Province Brescia (BS)
Frazioni Astrio, Pescarzo, Mezzarro, Gaver, Campogrande, Degna, Montepiano, Ponte della Madonna
Government
 • Mayor Sandro Farisoglio (center-left)
Area
 • Total 58 km2 (22 sq mi)
Elevation 343 m (1,125 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 4,986
 • Density 86/km2 (220/sq mi)
Demonym Brenesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 25043
Dialing code 0364
Patron saint Saint Valentine
Saint day February the 14th
Website Official website , Official website

Breno (Bré in camunian dialect) is an Italian comune of 4,986 inhabitants[1] in Val Camonica, province of Brescia, in Lombardy.

Geography[edit]

It is bounded by other communes of Niardo, Bagolino, Bienno, Braone, Ceto, Cividate Camuno, Condino (TN), Daone (TN), Losine, Malegno, Niardo, Prestine.

The town of Breno stands in a north-south gorge, between the castle hill and the Corno Cerreto, on the left bank of the river Oglio. According to professor Fedele the gorge was once the bed of the Oglio.

BIM of Valle Camonica
Villa Ronchi
Castle of Breno
Ex voto in San Velentino

History[edit]

See also: Val Camonica

On top of the castle hill a house dating back to the Neolithic was discovered. In the locality Spinera, at the river Oglio, there is the Sanctuary of Minerva of the first century CE, which was ruined in the fifth century.

In the Middle Ages the Castle of Breno had two towers, one belonging to the Guelph family Ronchi, the other to the Ghibelline family Alberzoni. In the 1397 peace of Breno between Guelphs and Ghibellines, the representatives of the community of Breno sided both with the Ghibellines and the Guelphs.

During the Republic of Venice rule Breno was the seat of the Community of Val Camonica. Breno today is the seat of the Comunità montana di Valle Camonica.

The emblem of the province of Brescia is the group of five blazons: that of Brescia in the center, the town of Chiari, Breno, Verolanuova and Salò.

Monuments and places of interest[edit]

Religious architecture[edit]

  • Parish Church of San Salvatore (Duomo), the seventeenth-century structure located in the center of the country, with frescoes by Antonio Guadagnini. The altars are in marble of Ono San Pietro.
  • Church of Sant'Antonio Abate, preserves notable works of art: between them should be mentioned first of all the important cycle of frescoes realized by Romanino.
  • Church of St Maria at the Bridge (or Minerva), the'500, onto the structure is the temple of Minerva.
  • Church of San Carlo, the seventeenth century, with significant number of ex-voto.
  • Church of San Maurizio, an ancient parish.
  • Chapel of St. Apollonia, the road leading to St. Valentine.
  • Church of San Valentino, fifteenth construction, interior perhaps Giovanni Pietro da Cemmo.

Military architectures[edit]

The Castle of Breno rises over a hill inhabited already in prehistoric times. It was the main bastion for the control of Valle Camonica until the seventeenth century.

Demographics[edit]

Demographic trends[edit]

Culture[edit]

Traditions and folklore[edit]

The scütüm are in camunian dialect nicknames, sometimes personal, elsewhere showing the characteristic features of a community. The one which characterize the people of Breno is Maia càrte or Pèla pàsser

Museums[edit]

CaMus[edit]

The Museo Archeologico della Valle Camonica is located in Breno, also known as the Museo Camuna, and contains artifacts and artworks documenting the history of the region. Among the painting collection, are works by:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b ISTAT

Bibliography[edit]

  • Panazza, Gaetano; Araldo Bertolini (2004). Arte in Val Camonica - vol 5 (in Italian). Brescia: Industrie grafiche bresciane. 

External links[edit]