Brentwood, New York

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Brentwood, New York
Hamlet and census-designated place
Nickname(s): The Jewel of Long Island
U.S. Census map
U.S. Census map
Brentwood, New York is located in New York
Brentwood, New York
Brentwood, New York
location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 40°46′54″N 73°14′39″W / 40.78167°N 73.24417°W / 40.78167; -73.24417Coordinates: 40°46′54″N 73°14′39″W / 40.78167°N 73.24417°W / 40.78167; -73.24417
Country United States
State New York
County Suffolk
Area
 • Total 11.0 sq mi (28.4 km2)
 • Land 11.0 sq mi (28.4 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 79 ft (24 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 60,664
 • Density 5,500/sq mi (2,100/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 11717
Area code(s) 631
FIPS code 36-08026
GNIS feature ID 0944688

Brentwood is a hamlet in the Town of Islip in Suffolk County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 Census, the population of Brentwood was 60,664.[1]

History[edit]

Early History[edit]

In 1844, Brentwood began as Thompson Station and Suffolk Station, two new stations on the expansion of the mainline of the Long Island Rail Road.[2]

Modern Times[edit]

On March 21, 1851, it became the socialist community named Modern Times. The colony was established on 750 acres (300 ha) of land by Josiah Warren and Stephen Pearl Andrews. In 1864, it was renamed Brentwood after the town of Brentwood, Essex, in England.

By contract, all the land in the colony was bought and sold at cost, with 3 acres (12,000 m2) being the maximum allowable lot size. The community was said to be based on the idea of individual sovereignty and individual responsibility. Individuals were encouraged to pursue their self-interest as they saw fit. All products of labor were considered private property. The community had a local private currency based upon labor exchange in order to trade goods and services (see Mutualism (economic theory)). All land was private property, with the exception of alleys which were initially considered common property but later converted to private property. Initially, no system of authority existed in the colony; there were no courts, jails or police. This appears to have given some credence to Warren's theories that the most significant cause of violence in society was most attributable to policies and law which did not allow complete individuality in person and property. However, the modest population of the colony might be considered a factor in this characteristic. The Civil War, as well as new residents that did not share the colony's philosophy, are said to have contributed to its eventual dissolution. Almost all of the original buildings that existed in Modern Times have been destroyed, aside from two Octagon houses,[where? ] the original schoolhouse and a residence.[citation needed]

Brentwood[edit]

During the first half of the 20th century, Brentwood was home to the Ross Health Resort Onehtah. Managed by Dr. William H. Ross, Onehtah was a place where a person could escape the pollution of the city. It was thought that the smell of pine needles brought a person good health.

Brentwood is the site of Pilgrim State Hospital (once one of the world's largest hospitals and psychiatric institutions), now known as Pilgrim Psychiatric Center.

Brentwood's Centennial Celebration was on June 16-17, 1950.[3] The 150th anniversary of the community was commemorated on May 9–11, 2007.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Brentwood is located at 40°46′54″N 73°14′39″W / 40.78167°N 73.24417°W / 40.78167; -73.24417 (40.781805, -73.244060).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 10.1 square miles (26.1 km²).[citation needed]

Demographics for the CDP[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2010, there were 60,664 people, 12,580 households, and 10,894 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 6028 per square mile (2,069.3/km²). There were 13,039 housing units at an average density of 1,295.6/sq mi (500.4/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 15% White, 20.06% African American, 0.57% Native American, 2.01% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 25.44% from other races, and 6.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 54.25% of the population. Brentwood over the years has become an ethnic enclave especially of/for Salvadoran Americans.[citation needed]

There were 12,580 households, out of which 46.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.2% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.4% were non-families. 9.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.23 and the average family size was 4.19.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 29.9% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 32.8% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 100.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.5 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $68,314, and the median income for a family was $57,047. Males had a median income of $31,022 versus $25,946 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $15,833. About 7.5% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2010, the population was as follows:[6]

  • 15.8% White
  • 65.1% Hispanic
  • 14.7% Black
  • 0.1% Native American
  • 2.6% Asian
  • 0.0% Native Hawaiian
  • 0.5% Some Other Race
  • 1.1% Two or More Races

Transportation[edit]

Brentwood is served by the Brentwood station on the Long Island Railroad. That station also serves as a hub for buses to feed into:[7]

  • 3A: Hauppauge - South Shore Mall via Manituck Road
  • 3B: Hauppauge - South Shore Mall via Broadway
  • 3D: Brentwood - Stony Brook
  • S27: Babylon - Hauppauage
  • S41: Bay Shore - Northport
  • S45: Bay Shore - Smithtown

The S33 (from Sunrise Mall to Hauppauge) also passes through the northwestern portion of Brentwood while serving Suffolk County Community College.

Notable residents[edit]

Churches[edit]

  • Christ Episcopal Church, circa 1850, Third Ave
  • Church of the Nazarene, Madison Ave
  • First Baptist Church of Brentwood, Suffolk Ave
  • Hope Baptist Church,[where? ]
  • Independent Fundamental Baptist Church of Bayshore,[where? ]
  • New Jerusalem Baptish Church, MacArthur Ave
  • Prince of Peace Lutheran Church, Candlewood Road
  • St. Anne's R.C. Church, Second Ave
  • St. Luke's R.C. Church, Wicks Rd
  • Spanish Church of God, Brentwood Rd

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Dyson, Verne (1950). A Century of Brentwood. Brentwood, Long Island, NY: Brentwood Village Press. 
  • Dyson, Verne (1953). A Century of Brentwood, with the Afterpiece: Supplement and Index. Brentwood, Long Island, NY: Brentwood Village Press. 
  • Freeman, Christian. 1852. Letter from Rev. B. F. Bowles. Brentwood History Collection Part 1, Part 2, and Part 3
  • Spurlock, John Calvin. “Anarchy and Community at Modern Times, 1851-1863,” Communal Societies 3 (1983), 29-47.
  • Wunderlich, Roger. Low Living and High Thinking at Modern Times, N.Y. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1992. ISBN 0-8156-2554-5
  1. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Brentwood CDP, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  2. ^ Dyson (1950) Chapter I = Before Brentwood, pp 1-23
  3. ^ Dyson (1953) pp 1-44 in the Supplement
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census data for BRENTWOOD, NY". Zip-codes.com. Datasheer, L.L.C. Retrieved 2014-03-24. 
  7. ^ http://www.sct-bus.org/assets/sct_systemmap.pdf

External links[edit]