Brentwood, New York
|Brentwood, New York|
|Hamlet and census-designated place|
|Nickname(s): The Jewel of Long Island|
U.S. Census map
|• Total||11.0 sq mi (28.4 km2)|
|• Land||11.0 sq mi (28.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||79 ft (24 m)|
|• Density||5,500/sq mi (2,100/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0944688|
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2012)|
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (July 2012)|
In 1844, Brentwood began as the new stations, Thompson Station and Suffolk Station, on the expansion of the mainline of the Long Island Rail Road. On March 21, 1851, it became the socialist community named Modern Times. The colony was established on 750 acres (300 ha) of land by Josiah Warren and Stephen Pearl Andrews. In 1864, it was renamed Brentwood after the town of Brentwood, Essex, in England.
By contract, all the land in the colony was bought and sold at cost, with 3 acres (12,000 m2) being the maximum allowable lot size. The community was said to be based on the idea of individual sovereignty and individual responsibility. Individuals were encouraged to pursue their self-interest as they saw fit. All products of labor were considered private property. The community had a local private currency based upon labor exchange in order to trade goods and services (see Mutualism (economic theory)). All land was private property, with the exception of alleys which were initially considered common property but later converted to private property. Initially, no system of authority existed in the colony; there were no courts, jails or police. This appears to have given some credence to Warren's theories that the most significant cause of violence in society was most attributable to policies and law which did not allow complete individuality in person and property. However, the modest population of the colony might be considered a factor in this characteristic. The Civil War, as well as new residents that did not share the colony's philosophy, are said to have contributed to its eventual dissolution. Almost all of the original buildings that existed in Modern Times have been destroyed, aside from two Octagon houses,[where?] the original schoolhouse and a residence.
During the first half of the 20th century, Brentwood was home to the Ross Health Resort Onehtah. Managed by Dr. William H. Ross, Onehtah was a place where a person could escape the pollution of the city. It was thought that the smell of pine needles brought a person good health.
Though Brentwood was founded as Modern Times, in 1851, the 150th anniversary of the community was commemorated on May 9–11, 2007.
Brentwood is located at (40.781805, -73.244060).
Demographics for the CDP
As of the census of 2010[update], there were 60,664 people, 12,580 households, and 10,894 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 6028 per square mile (2,069.3/km²). There were 13,039 housing units at an average density of 1,295.6/sq mi (500.4/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 15% White, 20.06% African American, 0.57% Native American, 2.01% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 25.44% from other races, and 6.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 54.25% of the population. Brentwood over the years has become an ethnic enclave especially of/for Salvadoran Americans.
There were 12,580 households, out of which 46.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.2% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.4% were non-families. 9.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.23 and the average family size was 4.19.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 29.9% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 32.8% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 100.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.5 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $68,314, and the median income for a family was $57,047. Males had a median income of $31,022 versus $25,946 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $15,833. About 7.5% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2010, the population was as follows:
- 14.1% White
- 68.5% Hispanic
- 13.8% Black
- 0.2% Native American
- 1.8% Asian
- 0.0% Native Hawaiian
- 0.4% Some Other Race
- 1.3% Two or More Races
- 3A: Hauppauge - South Shore Mall via Manituck Road
- 3B: Hauppauge - South Shore Mall via Broadway
- 3D: Brentwood - Stony Brook
- S27: Babylon - Hauppauage
- S41: Bay Shore - Northport
- S45: Bay Shore - Smithtown
The S33 (from Sunrise Mall to Hauppauge) also passes through the northwestern portion of Brentwood while serving Suffolk County Community College.
- Richard M. Dolan (1962-), UFO historian and television personality
- EPMD, hip-hop pioneers, raised in Brentwood
- Reggie Fils-Aime (1961-), President and chief operating officer of Nintendo of America (graduated Brentwood HS in 1979)
- Robert Gallucci (1946-), former US Ambassador at Large (1994–1996), currently Dean of the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University (graduated Brentwood HS in 1962) He is currently the President of the John D & Catherine MacArthur Foundation
- Andrew Jean-Baptiste (1992-), player for the Portland Timbers of Major League Soccer
- Mitch Kupchak (1954-), athlete and general manager of the NBA's Los Angeles Lakers
- Craig Mack (1971-), hip-hop musician
- Buddy McGirt (1964-), boxing champion and trainer
- Jef Raskin (Jeffrey Frank Raskin, 1943-2005), widely acknowledged as the "Father of the Macintosh", noted computer scientist and expert on the human/computer interface, inventor, conductor, artist, writer and businessman (graduated Brentwood HS 1960)
- Jai Rodriguez (1979-), actor and musician, born in Brentwood
- Leonard H. Tower, Jr. (1949-), free software activist, software hacker, and founding member of the Board of Directors of the Free Software Foundation (graduated Brentwood HS in 1967)
- Christ Episcopal Church, circa 1850, Third Ave
- Church of the Nazarene, Madison Ave
- First Baptist Church of Brentwood, Suffolk Ave
- Hope Baptist Church
- Independent Fundamental Baptist Church of Bayshore
- New Jerusalem Baptish Church, MacArthur Avenue
- Prince of Peace Lutheran Church, Candlewood Road
- St. Anne's R.C. Church, Second Avenue
- St. Beach's BA. 1st Church of Beachism
- St. Luke's R.C. Church, Wicks Rd.
- Spanish Church of God, Brentwood Rd.
- Academy of Saint Joseph
- Brentwood Fire Department
- Brentwood High School (Brentwood, New York)
- Maslow-Toffler School of Futuristic Education
- Brentwood Chamber of Commerce
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Brentwood CDP, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved 2012-12-24.
- Dyson, Verne. A Century of Brentwood. Brentwood Village Press, 1950, chapter I, pages 1-23
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (June 2009)|
- Dyson, Verne. A Century of Brentwood. Brentwood Village Press, 1950.
- Dyson, Verne. Supplement and Index: An After-piece to A Century of Brentwood. Brentwood Village Press, 1953. Brentwood History Collection Photo
- Freeman, Christian. 1852. Letter from Rev. B. F. Bowles. Brentwood History Collection Part 1, Part 2, and Part 3
- Spurlock, John Calvin. “Anarchy and Community at Modern Times, 1851-1863,” Communal Societies 3 (1983), 29-47.
- Wunderlich, Roger. Low Living and High Thinking at Modern Times, N.Y. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1992. ISBN 0-8156-2554-5
- Brentwood Historical Society
- Long Island History: Brentwood
- "A History of Modern Times". Brentwood Public Library.
- Elizabeth Moore. "An Experiment in Anarchy: Modern Times, the notorious and short-lived utopian village that preceded Brentwood".
- Carol Strickland (June 30, 1989). "Legacy of Modern Times, an L.I. Utopia". New York Times.