Brentwood railway station

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Brentwood National Rail
Brentwood station building1.JPG
Brentwood is located in Essex
Brentwood
Brentwood
Location of Brentwood in Essex
Location Brentwood
Local authority Brentwood
Grid reference TQ593930
Managed by Abellio Greater Anglia
Station code BRE
Number of platforms 4
Fare zone B
National Rail annual entry and exit
2007–08 Increase 2.520 million[1]
2008–09 Increase 2.560 million[1]
2009–10 Decrease 2.328 million[1]
2010–11 Increase 2.421 million[1]
2011–12 Increase 2.495 million[1]
2012–13 Increase 2.702 million[1]
Railway companies
Original company Eastern Counties Railway
Pre-grouping Great Eastern Railway
Post-grouping London and North Eastern Railway
Key dates
1 July 1840 (1840-07-01) Opened as Brentwood
1 November 1882 Renamed Brentwood & Warley for Billericay
1 January 1889 Renamed Brentwood & Warley
20 February 1969 Renamed Brentwood
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
Portal icon London Transport portal
Portal icon UK Railways portalCoordinates: 51°36′49″N 0°18′00″E / 51.6136°N 0.3°E / 51.6136; 0.3

Brentwood railway station is on the Great Eastern Main Line in the East of England, serving the town of Brentwood, Essex. It is approximately 18 miles (29 km) north-east of London Liverpool Street and is situated between Harold Wood and Shenfield. Its three-letter station code is BRE.

The station was opened in 1840 by the Eastern Counties Railway. It is currently managed by Abellio Greater Anglia. The majority of services call at Brentwood as part of the Shenfield-Liverpool Street stopping "metro" service. From 2018, Brentwood will be fully served by Crossrail, linking it to additional stations in central London, as well as Reading and London Heathrow Airport. The Crossrail service will initially replace the Shenfield-Liverpool Street "metro" from May 2015.

History[edit]

Brentwood station was opened on 1 July 1840 as a temporary terminus by the Eastern Counties Railway (ECR) on what was to become the Great Eastern Main Line, until 1843, when the line was extended towards Colchester.

View of Brentwood & Warley station in 1961

The Great Eastern Railway (GER) took over in 1862 and renamed the station as Brentwood & Warley for Billericay in 1882, shortened to Brentwood & Warley in 1889. After the grouping of 1921 the station passed to the London and North Eastern Railway (LNER), which quadrupled the number of tracks passing through in 1934. In 1969 the station's name was changed back to simply Brentwood.

The station is sited at the bottom of a bank which ascends to the east towards Shenfield. This presented a significant climb to down-steam trains. Until 2001, embankment ladders were present to allow workmen to access the tracks but these were replaced with a walkway along the tracks.

In 2010, National Express East Anglia, then the operating company for the line, commenced a £1.5 million improvement programme at the station, including the expansion of the entrance and ticket hall, refurbishment of waiting rooms and provision for the installation of customer lifts to the platforms.[2]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 19 September 1850, nine workmen were killed when they were struck by a train at Brentwood station in dense fog. ECR was criticised by the coroner's jury for not adequately protecting the men.
  • On 20 November 1902, approximately 80 passengers were injured on an Ipswich-London service waiting at Brentwood & Warley station when it was rear-ended by a train that was not in service. A Board of Trade report stated that the empty train's speed "was not more than four or five miles an hour".[3]
  • On 8 July 1926, 12 people were injured when a passenger and mail train from London was approaching Brentwood & Warley and collided head-on with a train pilot engine. At the moment of impact the speed of the passenger train had been about 10 mph, whilst the light engine was almost or completely stationary. The primary causes of the accident were recorded as driver and shunter errors, as well as excessive speed.[4]
  • On 10 February 1941, six passengers and one crew member were killed in a collision on the Brentwood bank, between Harold Wood and Brentwood stations. An express train travelling from London to Norwich came to a stand, unable to ascend the bank due to a shortage of steam, and was run into from the rear by a London-Southend service which had passed a red signal. The speed of the Southend train was reported to have been around 30 mph, resulting in a violent collision. The driver of the Southend-bound train was fully fit, highly experienced and should have noticed both the red signal and the stopped train ahead. He "fully admitted his responsibility for the collision" and according to a Ministry of War Transport investigation: "Such a grave lapse on the part of an experienced main line driver is difficult to explain."[5]

Services[edit]

Trains serving Brentwood are currently operated by Abellio Greater Anglia. The typical off-peak service from the station sees six trains per hour in both directions on the all-stops "metro" service between Shenfield and Liverpool Street.

From May 2015, Brentwood will be served by Crossrail trains between Shenfield and Liverpool Street, and then from 2018 the Crossrail services will run to Reading and London Heathrow Airport via central London, including stops at Farringdon and Paddington.[6]

The following services currently call at Brentwood:

Operator Route Material Typical frequency Notes
Abellio Greater Anglia London Liverpool Street - Stratford - Maryland - Forest Gate - Manor Park - Ilford - Seven Kings - Goodmayes - Chadwell Heath - Romford - Gidea Park - Harold Wood - Brentwood - Shenfield Class 315 6x per hour
Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Abellio Greater Anglia
  Future Development  
Crossrail
Line 1
Terminus
Shenfield Metro

London Liverpool Street
Stratford
Maryland
Forest Gate
Manor Park
Ilford
Seven Kings
Goodmayes
Chadwell Heath
Romford
Gidea Park
Harold Wood
Brentwood
Shenfield

References[edit]

External links[edit]