Bressay

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Bressay
Bressay Lighthouse at Kirkabister Ness overlooking Bressay Sound
Bressay Lighthouse at Kirkabister Ness overlooking Bressay Sound
Location
Bressay is located in Shetland
Bressay
Bressay
Bressay shown within the Shetland Islands
OS grid reference HU507406
Names
Norse name Breiðey/Brusey
Meaning of name Old Norse for 'broad island' or 'Brusi's island'
Physical Geography
Island group Shetland
Area 2,805 hectares (10.8 sq mi)
Area rank 30[1]
Highest elevation Ward of Bressay 226 metres (741 ft)
Political Geography
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country Scotland
Council area Shetland Islands
Demographics
Population 368[2]
Population rank 25[1]
Pop. density 13 people/km2[2][3]
Main settlement Maryfield
Lymphad3.svg
References [3][4][5]

Bressay is a populated island in the Shetland Islands of Scotland.

Geography and geology[edit]

Bressay lies due south of Whalsay, west of Noss, and north of Mousa. At 11 square miles (28 km2), it is the fifth largest island in Shetland. The population is around 360 people,[2] concentrated in the middle of the west coast, around Glebe, Fullaburn and Maryfield.

The island is made up of old red sandstone with some basaltic intrusions. Bressay was quarried extensively for building materials, used all over Shetland, especially in nearby Lerwick.[3] There are a number of sea caves and arches. The largest of eleven lochs on the island are the Loch of Grimsetter in the east, and the Loch of Brough.

Wildlife[edit]

Bressay has a large number of migrant birds, especially in the west. The Loch of Grimsetter is a haven for waders and whooper swans. In the far south, there is a colony of Arctic Skuas.[3]

History[edit]

The name of the island may have been recorded in 1263 as 'Breiðoy' (Old Norse "broad island"). In 1490 the island is referred to as "Brusoy" - "Brusi's island".[3]

The Bressay Stone is an outstanding example of Pictish art.

a slab of chlorite slate, about 16 inches wide at the top, tapering to less than a foot at the bottom.[5]

The slender sides are engraved with ogham, and the two faces with various examples of knotwork, and imagery. The top of each face has a cross. On one side, there is an engraving of two men with crosiers, as well as various animals including horses, pigs, and what appears to be someone in the process of being swallowed by two sea monsters. It has been suggested that this is Jonah.[5]

During World War I and II gun emplacements were built to guard Bressay Sound.

Infrastructure[edit]

Attractions on the island include Bressay Lighthouse. At Maryfield there is a heritage centre, a hotel and the old laird's mansion, Gardie House, built in 1724. The Northern Lights Spa Hotel at Uphouse is Britain's most northerly spa.[6][7]

Frequent car ferries sail from Maryfield to Lerwick on the Shetland Mainland. During the summer months, a passenger ferry service links the east coast of Bressay with the nature reserve island of Noss.

Lerwick and Bressay Parish Church (of the Church of Scotland) has three places of worship. The Bressay Church building is located close to the Marina, near the centre of the west coast of the island.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Area and population ranks: there are c. 300 islands >20ha in extent and 93 permanently inhabited islands were listed in the 2011 census.
  2. ^ a b c National Records of Scotland (15 August 2013) (pdf) Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland - Release 1C (Part Two). "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland’s inhabited islands". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d e Haswell-Smith, Hamish (2004). The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh: Canongate. ISBN 978-1-84195-454-7. 
  4. ^ Ordnance Survey. Get-a-map (Map). 1:25,000. Leisure. Ordinance Survey. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c Anderson, Joseph (Ed.) (1893) Orkneyinga Saga. Translated by Jón A. Hjaltalin & Gilbert Goudie. Edinburgh. James Thin and Mercat Press (1990 reprint). ISBN 0-901824-25-9
  6. ^ "bressay". Visit Shetland. Retrieved 01/03/13.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  7. ^ Visit Scotland - Northern Lights Spa Hotel Retrieved 30 June 2007.

Coordinates: 60°09′N 1°05′W / 60.150°N 1.083°W / 60.150; -1.083