Брэсцкая вобласць (Belarusian)
Брестская область (Russian)
|Largest cities||Brest - 298,300
Baranovichi - 168,600
Pinsk - 130,500
Urban localities: 9
|• Chairman||Kostantin Andreyevich Sumar|
|• Total||32,790.68 km2 (12,660.55 sq mi)|
|• Density||43/km2 (110/sq mi)|
Brest Voblast (Province) or Brest Oblast (Belarusian: Брэ́сцкая во́бласць; Bresckaja vobłaść; Russian: Бре́стская о́бласть; Brestskaya Oblast) is a province (voblast) of Belarus with its administrative center being Brest.
It is located in the southwestern part of Belarus, bordering the Podlasie and Lublin Voivodships of Poland on the west, the Volyn and Rivne Oblasts of Ukraine on the south, the Hrodna and Minsk Voblasts on the north, and the Homyel Voblast on the east. The voblast' covers at total area of 32,800 km², about 15,7% of the national total.
Kametnets Raion of Brest Region in few kilometers to the South-West from Vysokaye town on the Bug River the western extreme point of Belarus is situated. 2,7% of the territory are covered with Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park, 9,8% are covered with 17 wildlife preserves of national importance.
It is often dubbed the Western gateway to Belarus. Geographically, the Brest Voblast belongs to the area known as Polesia. The area of the Voblast was part of the Second Polish Republic from 1921 until 1939 largely as the Polesie Voivodeship, when it was joined to the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic. Northeastern part of it was ruled as part of Nowogrodek Voivodeship.
The Brest Voblast has a population of 1,394,800, about 14,7% of the national total. About 47.2% of the voblast's population are men, and the remaining 52.8% are women. Number of inhabitants per 1 km2 is 43.
Of the major nationalities living in the Brest Voblast, 1,262,600 are Belarusians (85%), 128,700 (8.6%) are Russians, 57,100 (3.8%) are Ukrainians, and 27,100 (1.8%) are Poles. 53.7% of the population speak Belarusian and 42.6% speak Russian as their native language.
Brest is the province with the highest birth rate in all of Belarus. As of 2008, the birth rate was 12.0 per 1000 and death rate was 13.4 per 1000.
The region was formed in 1939 after reunification of Western Belarus and the Byelorussian SSR. Today it comprises 16 districts (raions), 225 selsovets, 20 cities, 5 city municipalities, 9 urban-type settlements, and 2178 villages.
Raions of Brest Voblast
Cities and towns
- Brest (Belarusian: Брэст; Russian: Брест) - 298,300
- Baranavičy (Belarusian: Баранавiчы; Russian: Барановичи ) - 168,600
- Pinsk (Belarusian: Пінск; Russian: Пинск) - 130,500
- Kobryn (Belarusian: Ко́брын, Ко́брынь; Russian: Ко́брин) - 50,800
- Biaroza (Belarusian: Бяро́за, Бяро́за-Карту́ская; Russian: Берёза) - 29,700
- Ivacevičy (Belarusian: Івацэвічы; Russian: Ивацевичи) - 24,100
- Łuńińec (Belarusian: Лунінец; Russian: Лунинец) - 23,900
- Pružany (Belarusian: Пружаны; Russian: Пружаны) - 19,800
- Ivanava or Janava (Belarusian: Іванава, Янава; Russian: Иваново) - 16,300
- Drahičyn (Belarusian: Драгічын; Russian: Дрогичин) - 15,000
- Hancavičy (Belarusian: Ганцавічы; Russian: Ганцевичи) - 14,800
- Mikaševičy (Belarusian: Мікашэвічы; Russian: Микашевичи) - 13,700
- Biełaaźorsk (Belarusian: Белаазёрск; Russian: Белоозёрск) - 13,200
- Žabinka (Belarusian: Жабінка; Russian: Жабинка) - 12,800
- Stolin (Belarusian: Сто́лін; Russian: Сто́лин) - 12,500
- Lachavičy (Belarusian: Ляхавічы; Russian: Ляховичи) - 11,600
- Małaryta (Belarusian: Маларыта; Russian: Малорита) - 11,500
- Kamiańec (Belarusian: Камяне́ц; Russian: Ка́менец) - 8,700
- Davyd-Haradok (Belarusian: Давыд-Гарадок; Russian: Давид-Городок) - 7,100
- Vysokaje (Belarusian: Высокае; Russian: Высокое) - 5,300
- Kosava or Mereszowszczyzna (Belarusian: Косава; Russian: Косово) - 2,400
- Subdivisions of Belarus
- Poland’s Polesie Voivodeship (1921–1939)
- Poland’s Nowogrodek Voivodeship (1919-1939)
- "Main Geographic Characteristics of the Republic of Belarus. Territory and population density of Belarus by region as of January 1, 2011". Land of Ancestors. The Scientific and Production State Republican Unitary Enterprise “National Cadastre Agency” of the State Property Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2011. Retrieved 24 September 2013.
- "Main Geographic Characteristics of the Republic of Belarus". Land of Ancestors. The Scientific and Production State Republican Unitary Enterprise “National Cadastre Agency” of the State Property Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2011. Retrieved 20 September 2013.
- "Nature reserves and national parks, wildlife preserves and nature sanctuaries". Land of Ancestors. Data of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus. 2011. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- Downloadable - Ethnic Composition of the Population of the Republic of Belarus (Volume 3) pg.378
- Ministry of Sports and Tourism of the Republic of Belarus. (2011). "Number of organizations engaged in tourist activities in 2010 in Belarus". Land of Ancestors. National Staistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
- Ministry of Sports and Tourism of the Republic of Belarus. (2011). "Number of organisations engaged in tourist activities in Belarus by region". Land of Ancestors. National Staistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
- (Russian)/(English) Brest Regional Executive Committee