Brest Region

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Brest Region
Брэсцкая вобласць (Belarusian)
Брестская область (Russian)
Flag of Brest Region
Flag
Coat of arms of Brest Region
Coat of arms
Location of Brest Region
Administrative center Brest
Largest cities Brest - 298,300
Baranovichi - 168,600
Pinsk - 130,500
Raions 16
Cities: 20
Urban localities: 9
Villages: 2,178
Established 1939
Government
 • Chairman Kostantin Andreyevich Sumar
Area
 • Total 32,790.68 km2 (12,660.55 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 1,389,782
 • Density 43/km2 (110/sq mi)
Website www.brest-region.by

Brest Region or Brest Oblast or Brest Voblast (Belarusian: Брэ́сцкая во́бласць; Bresckaja vobłaść; Russian: Бре́стская о́бласть; Brestskaya Oblast) is one of the regions of Belarus. Its administrative center is Brest.

Important cities within the region include: Baranovichi, Brest, and Pinsk.

Geography[edit]

It is located in the southwestern part of Belarus, bordering the Podlasie and Lublin voivodships of Poland on the west, the Volyn Oblast and Rivne Oblast of Ukraine on the south, the Grodno Region and Minsk Region on the north, and Gomel Region on the east. The region covers at total area of 32,800 km²,[1] about 15,7% of the national total.

Kametnets District of Brest Region in few kilometers to the South-West from Vysokaye town on the Bug River the western extreme point of Belarus is situated.[2] 2,7% of the territory are covered with Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park, 9,8% are covered with 17 wildlife preserves of national importance.[3]

It is often dubbed the Western gateway to Belarus. Geographically, the Brest Region belongs to the area known as Polesia. The area of the region was part of the Second Polish Republic from 1921 until 1939 largely as the Polesie Voivodeship, when it was joined to the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic. Northeastern part of it was administrated as part of Nowogrodek Voivodeship.

Demographics[edit]

The Brest Region has a population of 1,394,800,[1] about 14,7% of the national total. About 47.2% of the region's population are men, and the remaining 52.8% are women. Number of inhabitants per 1 km2 is 43.[1]

Of the major nationalities living in the Brest Region, 1,262,600 are Belarusians (85%), 128,700 (8.6%) are Russians, 57,100 (3.8%) are Ukrainians, and 27,100 (1.8%) are Poles. 53.7% of the population speak Belarusian and 42.6% speak Russian as their native language.[4]

Brest is the province with the highest birth rate in all of Belarus. As of 2008, the birth rate was 12.0 per 1000 and death rate was 13.4 per 1000.[5]

Administrative territorial entities[edit]

The region was formed in 1939 after reunification of Western Belarus and the Byelorussian SSR. Today it comprises 16 districts (raions), 225 selsovets, 20 cities, 5 city municipalities, 9 urban-type settlements, and 2178 villages.

Districts of Brest Region[edit]

The sixteen raions (districts) of the Brest Region are:

Cities and towns[edit]

English Belarusian Russian Pop.
Brest Belarusian: Брэст Russian: Брест 298,300
Baranavičy Belarusian: Баранавiчы Russian: Барановичи 168,600
Pinsk Belarusian: Пінск Russian: Пинск 130,500
Kobryn Belarusian: Ко́брын, Ко́брынь Russian: Ко́брин 50,800
Biaroza Belarusian: Бяро́за, Бяро́за-Карту́ская Russian: Берёза 29,700
Ivacevičy Belarusian: Івацэвічы Russian: Ивацевичи 24,100
Łuńińec Belarusian: Лунінец Russian: Лунинец) 23,900
Pružany Belarusian: Пружаны Russian: Пружаны 19,800
Ivanava or Janava Belarusian: Іванава, Янава Russian: Иваново 16,300
Drahičyn Belarusian: Драгічын Russian: Дрогичин 15,000
Hancavičy Belarusian: Ганцавічы Russian: Ганцевичи 14,800
Mikaševičy Belarusian: Мікашэвічы Russian: Микашевичи 13,700
Biełaaźorsk Belarusian: Белаазёрск Russian: Белоозёрск 13,200
Žabinka Belarusian: Жабінка Russian: Жабинка 12,800
Stolin Belarusian: Сто́лін Russian: Сто́лин 12,500
Lachavičy Belarusian: Ляхавічы Russian: Ляховичи 11,600
Małaryta Belarusian: Маларыта Russian: Малорита 11,500
Kamiańec Belarusian: Камяне́ц Russian: Ка́менец 8,700
Davyd-Haradok Belarusian: Давыд-Гарадок Russian: Давид-Городок 7,100
Vysokaje Belarusian: Высокае Russian: Высокое 5,300
Kosava Belarusian: Косава Russian: Косово 2,400

Tourism[edit]

There are about 70 travel agencies in Brest Region, most of them provide both agent and operator activities.[6][7] Main tourist attractions in the region are Belovezhskaya Puscha and Brest Fortress.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Main Geographic Characteristics of the Republic of Belarus. Territory and population density of Belarus by region as of January 1, 2011". Land of Ancestors. The Scientific and Production State Republican Unitary Enterprise “National Cadastre Agency” of the State Property Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2011. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  2. ^ "Main Geographic Characteristics of the Republic of Belarus". Land of Ancestors. The Scientific and Production State Republican Unitary Enterprise “National Cadastre Agency” of the State Property Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2011. Retrieved 20 September 2013. 
  3. ^ "Nature reserves and national parks, wildlife preserves and nature sanctuaries". Land of Ancestors. Data of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus. 2011. Retrieved 29 November 2013. 
  4. ^ Downloadable - Ethnic Composition of the Population of the Republic of Belarus (Volume 3) pg.378
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ Ministry of Sports and Tourism of the Republic of Belarus. (2011). "Number of organizations engaged in tourist activities in 2010 in Belarus". Land of Ancestors. National Staistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 
  7. ^ Ministry of Sports and Tourism of the Republic of Belarus. (2011). "Number of organisations engaged in tourist activities in Belarus by region". Land of Ancestors. National Staistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 52°22′57″N 25°11′59″E / 52.38250°N 25.19972°E / 52.38250; 25.19972