Bretby

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Coordinates: 52°48′14″N 1°33′58″W / 52.804°N 1.566°W / 52.804; -1.566

Bretby
BretbyChurch.JPG
The Church at Bretby
Derbyshire UK parish map highlighting Bretby.svg
Bretby parish highlighted within Derbyshire
OS grid reference SK293230
District South Derbyshire
Shire county Derbyshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BURTON ON TRENT
Postcode district DE15
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire

Bretby is a village in the south of Derbyshire, England, north of Swadlincote and east of Burton upon Trent, on the border between Derbyshire and Staffordshire. The name means "dwelling place of Britons". There is a secondary settlement known as Stanhope Bretby - this was the site of a colliery.[1]

History[edit]

Bretby is believed to be the site of a major battle between the Danes and Kingdom of Mercia in AD880.

This manor (Bretebi) was in the Domesday Book in 1086. Under the title of “The land of the King (in Derbyshire[2]” it said:

In Newton Solney and Bretby Ælfgar had seven carucates of land to the geld. There is land for six ploughs. There the king has one plough and nineteen villans and one bordar with five ploughs. There are 12 acres (49,000 m2) of meadow, woodland pasture two leagues long and three furlongs broad. TRE[3] as now worth one hundred shillings.[4]

Bretby ponds are nearby
The former Bradby School - 2007

In 1209, Ranulph de Blondeville, 4th Earl of Chester granted the manor of Bretby to Stephen de Segrave[5] who built a church and a mansion there. There was also Bretby Castle which was destroyed during the reign of King James I of England to make way for the construction of Bretby Hall.[1]

In 1585, Thomas Stanhope bought the manor house which was known as Bretby Hall and from then on was the home of the Earls of Chesterfield. This house had a formal garden that rivalled the garden of the Palace of Versailles in the 1640s. Lord Carnarvon sold the property in the 1920s to pay for the Tutankamun expedition.

Today[edit]

Today the village is centred by a village green. Overlooking the green is a residential house which records that it was called 'Bradby School' when it was built. A stone records "BRADBY SCHOOL/OPENED FOR THE ADMISSION OF SCHOLARS/OCTOBER 20th 1806."

The school building is a grade 2 listed building.[6]

Notable residents[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bretby at DerbyshireUK
  2. ^ The King had a number of manors in Derbyshire. Besides Bretby and Newton Solney he had a list that included Repton, Milton, Wirksworth, Weston-on-Trent, Walton-on-Trent and Ashbourne.
  3. ^ TRE in Latin is Tempore Regis Edwardi. This means in the time of King Edward before the Battle of Hastings.
  4. ^ Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7 p.744
  5. ^ In 1209.PDF South Derbyshire site - Grant of Bretby, p.1
  6. ^ Images of England
  7. ^ [1] Burial location of VC holders - Derbyshire.