Bretforton

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Coordinates: 52°05′42″N 1°52′00″W / 52.094963°N 1.866768°W / 52.094963; -1.866768

Bretforton
Bretforton post office - geograph.org.uk - 803570.jpg
Bretforton post office, now closed
Bretforton is located in Worcestershire
Bretforton
Bretforton
 Bretforton shown within Worcestershire
Population 1,023 [1]
OS grid reference SP092440
    - London  86 miles (138 km) 
District Wychavon
Shire county Worcestershire
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town EVESHAM
Postcode district WR11
Dialling code 01386
Police West Mercia
Fire Hereford and Worcester
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
List of places
UK
England
Worcestershire

Bretforton is a rural village in Worcestershire, England. Bretforton is 4.4 miles (7.1 km) east of Evesham, in the Vale of Evesham. It is the largest farming village around Evesham. At the 2001 census, Bretforton had a population of 1,023 in 428 households. The area of the parish is 7.33 square kilometres.[2]

There is a village hall, a garage, a sports and social club and a Royal British Legion club.[3] Bretforton is also home to the Bretforton Silver Band that can trace its roots back to 1895 when it was known as Bretforton Temperance Band.[4] Unusually for a village of its size, Bretforton has three substantial large gentry dwellings with large Jacobean manor house, a Gothic hall and a grange.

History[edit]

The Planet Produce warehouse in Bretforton. Planet Produce is a fresh produce provider. (2010)

The village name has changed little over the centuries: the earliest documented record of the town, a charter of 709, records it as Bretforton, the Saxon 'Ton' a modern spelling of the Saxon (Germanic) 'tun' which meant enclosure or village.[2] It has also been recorded as Brotfortun in a Saxon deed from 714, which states the town's name as 'Brotfortun', meaning 'the ford with planks', possibly referencing the footbridge which stands alongside the ford.[5]

The village was owned as outlying farmland of Evesham Abbey.

The settlement is distinguished historically by an unusual system of land ownership. In the 16th century, following the dissolution of the monasteries (and Evesham Abbey) in the 1540s, the Manor was sold to the tenants and a new class of land-owning yeomen was set up. Some of them built the houses still standing here, either of stone with mullioned windows or timber-framed. One of the yeomen became Auditor to Catherine of Aragon.

Other noteworthy features of the settlement are several dovecotes, one dating to 1630 and another containing some 800 holes.

Local legends[edit]

The village has several local legends of ghosts.

  • Spot Loggins Well is an old water well, about four hundred years old and is named after a cattle driver called Spot Loggins who drowned in a cattle spring in the 17th century. Local legend states that any who runs around the well three times while blindfolded will lose anything they are carrying.[6] The Water Well is located on the old Bretforton House Farm of the Appleby family and the Spot Loggin ghost is celebrated locally in November at the local Fleece Inn.[6]
  • The ghost of Lola Taplin, former landlady of the Fleece Inn, is said to haunt the bar, throwing food and other objects.[7][8]
  • A phantom funeral procession arrives at the church, though for whom it represents is a mystery.[7][8]
  • Fields on either side of the church are said to be haunted by a decapitated woman, carrying her head under arm.[7][8]

Murders[edit]

  • Murder of Ann Cormell,[9] on 4 February 1707 by John Allen of Bretforton, Giles Hunt, Tom Dun, Thomas Palmer and Thomas Symonds. John Allen was later hung in a gibbet in Bretforton at what is now known as "Allen's Barn".[10] This story is also the source of local couplet "Allen, Symounds, Palmer and Dun, the four biggest rogues under the sun".
  • Murder of a black US Soldier Private Walter F. Shaw on the night of 16/17 June 1945.[11] Albert Leslie Tomkins, Dennis William Tomkins and Royston Hay were later acquitted on the lesser charge of manslaughter.[12]
  • Murder of Brenda Dawn Hirons in January 1976.[13] Hirons was bludgeoned to death at Fallon Bank by her husband Fred Hirons.[14]

Education[edit]

Dating from the late 19th century, the village school faces the churchyard and has a bellcote.[5] There are two schools in Bretforton: Bretforton Pre-School and Bretforton First School. Opened in 1877 as Bretforton Board School by Fanny Patterson, and extended in 1984, Bretforton First School (pupils aged 4–10) is a local authority school with no ex-officio governorship responsibility. There is also a pre-school nursery group held in the village hall.[3][15]

Sport[edit]

Cricket[edit]

Bretforton also has a Cricket Club which runs two teams on a Saturday in the Cotswold Hills Cricket League (The Cotswold Hills League covers a wide area of Warwickshire, Gloucestershire and Worcestershire) and one team on a Sunday in the Fearnley Worcestershire Sunday Cricket League. Bretforton Cricket Club won the Cotswold Hills League Premier in 2009. It is their third Premier League title in 3 years (2006, 2007 and 2009) after winning the Cotswold Hills Division One in 2005. The 2nd Team plays in the Cotswold Hills League Division Three title after being promoted in 3 consecutive years (2006, 2007 and 2008).[16]

Places in Bretforton[edit]

The Fleece Inn[edit]

The Fleece Inn during filming in 1993.
The Fleece Inn during filming in 1993.

Owned by the National Trust, The Fleece Inn was originally built in the early 15th century as a longhouse by a prosperous yeoman farmer called Byrd.[17][5] A longhouse is an early type of farmhouse which incorporated accommodation for livestock on the ground floor, alongside the family's living quarters. This particular longhouse later became a pub and was rebuilt in the 17th century, but remained in the Byrd family until 1977 when Lola Taplin bequeathed it to the National Trust. Lola was a direct descendant of Mr Byrd and lived her entire life at the Fleece. She died at 83, having run the pub on her own for the last 30 years of her life. The Inn suffered serious fire damage in February 2005 and has now been completely restored.[18][19]

A curious mediaeval tradition also survives at the Fleece, preserved in accordance with Lola's wishes. This is the practice of chalking "witch circles" on the floor in front of each hearth to prevent witches from getting in through the chimneys. There are "witch marks" on the inside of the door as well to ward off evil spirits,[5][19]

The BBC has also used The Fleece Inn and the surrounding village green for its 1993 £5 million production of Charles Dickens' Martin Chuzzlewit where the pub was renamed the "Green Dragon" for the duration of shooting.[20][21]

Reputedly Oliver Cromwell’s pewter dinner service was exchanged on the way to the battle of Worcester and this is on display at the pub. Even if this account is not true, it is an example of 17th century Jacobean English Pewter ware.[5]

Bretforton Manor[edit]

Bretforton Manor from Main Street in 1993.
Bretforton Manor from side with Cider Mill in 1993.

Although of earlier, medieval origin, the gabled manor house, listed Grade II, was originally built in the 14th century but was rebuilt of local stone in 1605 and substantially remodelled in 1877 by the long standing Ashwin family.[3] It also has a secret priest-hole in the library. Popular legend describes the panelling in the hall to a Spanish galleon wrecked in the Armada of 1588.[22][23]

Bretforton Manor has four reception rooms, six bedrooms, five bathrooms and a flat for staff. Its estate covers 7.3 acres (30,000 m2) of grounds next to the church with outbuildings including; stabling, a dovecote from the 15th century, a cider house and an indoor swimming pool.[22][23]

Bretforton Hall[edit]

Built in the 1830 in neo-Gothic style, Bretforton Hall is a Grade II listed property, standing in 3.5 acres (14,000 m2) opposite the manor. Notable features include a full octagonal 3 storey Gothic tower with crenellated parapet, ogee headed windows, and battlements.[5][24]

St Leonards Church[edit]

St Leonards in the snow in 1993.

Partially inspired by the decorations at Wells Cathedral, the Grade I listed church building dates from the late 13th century onwards with medieval and some later additions; it seats 140. There is a band of bell ringers and a flower guild and a church and brass cleaning rota.[3][5] Some of the most striking features are Victorian Glass but fragments of medieval glass also survive.[3][25] One window was designed by Frederick Preedy, one of the most renowned of Victorian church architects. He was born in 1820 at Offenham, near Evesham, and worked in Worcester before moving to London.[25]

Bretforton House Farm[edit]

Bretforton House Farm is a farm, house and bed and breakfast in Bedforton, built from Cotswold stone in the 15th century and refurbished in the Georgian period to give it a Georgian appearance.[26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2001 Census Worcestershire County Population Report" (pdf). Retrieved 31 August 2007. 
  2. ^ a b "Eve Villages". Retrieved 22 August 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "St. Leonards, Bretforton". Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  4. ^ http://www.bretfortonsilverband.co.uk
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Adams, Richards; Arlott, John; Baker, Anne; et al (1990). Book of British Villages (in British English). The Readers' Digest Association Limited. pp. 88, 89. ISBN 9780276420184. Retrieved 20 February 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "Spot Loggins Day - Bretforton's own Bank Holiday". Cotswold News. Retrieved 22 August 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c "myths and mysteries of britain - from the paranormal database". Retrieved 22 August 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c "UK Paranormal". Retrieved 22 August 2011. 
  9. ^ http://www.badsey.net/places/bmurder.pdf
  10. ^ http://www.badsey.net/places/roads/bap7.htm
  11. ^ Evesham Journal 23 June 1945 "American Soldier's Death"
  12. ^ Evesham Journal 27 October 1945 "Bretforton Manslaughter Charge"
  13. ^ Evesham Journal 30 September 1976, Pages 1 & 32 "Life Sentence for Bretforton Murderer
  14. ^ General Register Office: Death Certificate for Brenda Dawn Hirons, Application Number PAS11557009, Ref:QBDX 7654584"
  15. ^ "Histor". Retrieved 22 August 2011. 
  16. ^ http://bretfortoncc.play-cricket.com/home/home.asp
  17. ^ The Fleece Inn Official Website
  18. ^ "BBC - Hereford and Worcester - In Pictures Fire at The Fleece Inn". BBC Online. Retrieved 22 August 2011. 
  19. ^ a b "The Fleece Inn - History of The Fleece Inn". Retrieved 22 August 2011. 
  20. ^ "BBC - Hereford and Worcester Culture - Fleece Inn plea for real-life ghost busters". BBC Online. Retrieved 22 August 2011. 
  21. ^ "Martin Chuzzlewit (1994) - Filming locations". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 22 August 2011. 
  22. ^ a b "Worcestershire". Retrieved 22 August 2011. 
  23. ^ a b "Cream of Cotswolds Property". Country Life. Retrieved 22 August 2011. 
  24. ^ "Bretforton Hall - Bretforton - Worcestershire - England". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 22 August 2011. 
  25. ^ a b "Bretforton Church - Stained Glass". Retrieved 22 August 2011. 
  26. ^ "Bretforton House Farm". Retrieved 22 August 2011.