Brewham

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Brewham
Brewham Baptist Chapel - geograph.org.uk - 402421.jpg
Brewham Baptist Chapel
Area of still water surrounded by trees and grass.
Duckpond at South Brewham
Brewham is located in Somerset
Brewham
Brewham
 Brewham shown within Somerset
Population 441 [1]
OS grid reference ST720364
District South Somerset
Shire county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district BA10
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Somerton and Frome
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Coordinates: 51°07′34″N 2°24′03″W / 51.1261°N 2.4009°W / 51.1261; -2.4009

Brewham is a civil parish in Somerset, England, consisting of the villages of North Brewham and South Brewham, on either side of the river in the Brue Valley 3 miles (4.8 km) east of Bruton and 9 miles (14.5 km) south-west of Frome in the South Somerset district. The parish has a population of 441.[1]

History[edit]

The name of the villages comes from the settlement on the River Brue. In 1066 it was held by Robert son of Wimarc the Staller but after the Norman Conquest was given to William de Moyon is mentioned as a manor belonging to William de Moyon[2] who gave it to his son, William de Mohun of Dunster. Later the manor was given to Bruton Abbey until the Dissolution of the Monasteries when it was granted to Sir Maurice Berkeley.[3]

In 1251 Robert de Musgrove was granted a licence by the king to enlarge Brewham Park, which had previously been held by William de Montacute.[4]

Brewham was part of the hundred of Bruton.[5]

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council's operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of South Somerset, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Wincanton Rural District.[6] The district council is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

It is also part of Somerton and Frome county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Geography[edit]

North Brewham Meadows is a biological Site of Special Scientific Interest because of the traditionally-managed species-rich meadows which support a neutral grassland community of the nationally rare Common Knapweed Crested Dog's-tail type. Breeding butterflies typical of unimproved neutral grassland include Small Copper (Lycaena phaeas), Meadow Brown (Maniola jurtina), Grayling (Hipparchia semele) and Ringlet (Aphantopus hyperantus).[7]

Landmarks[edit]

Within the parish and close to the border with Wiltshire is the 49 metres (161 ft) high King Alfred's Tower, a grade I listed building,[8] designed in 1765 by Henry Flitcroft.

Religious sites[edit]

The Church of Saint John the Baptist in South Brewham has 13th-century origins, however the current building is largely from the late 19th century.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Statistics for Wards, LSOAs and Parishes — SUMMARY Profiles" (Excel). Somerset Intelligence. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7 p.266
  3. ^ Bush, Robin (1994). Somerset: The complete guide. Wimbourne: Dovecote Press. p. 185. ISBN 1-874336-26-1. 
  4. ^ Bond, James (1998). Somerset Parks and Gardens. Somerset Books. p. 25. ISBN 978-0861834655. 
  5. ^ "Bruton Hundred". A History of Britain. Retrieved 23 September 2011. 
  6. ^ "Wincanton RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "North Brewham Meadows". English Nature. Retrieved 18 August 2006. 
  8. ^ "Alfred's Tower". Images of England. Retrieved 1 April 2008. 
  9. ^ "Church of Saint John the Baptist". Images of England. Retrieved 28 November 2008. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Brewham at Wikimedia Commons