Brewster, Washington

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Brewster
City
City of Brewster
The outskirts of Brewster
The outskirts of Brewster
Location of Brewster, Washington
Location of Brewster, Washington
Coordinates: 48°5′55″N 119°46′54″W / 48.09861°N 119.78167°W / 48.09861; -119.78167Coordinates: 48°5′55″N 119°46′54″W / 48.09861°N 119.78167°W / 48.09861; -119.78167
Country United States
State Washington
County Okanogan
Area[1]
 • Total 1.19 sq mi (3.08 km2)
 • Land 1.19 sq mi (3.08 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 814 ft (248 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 2,370
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 2,361
 • Density 1,991.6/sq mi (769.0/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 98812
Area code(s) 509
FIPS code 53-07835
GNIS feature ID 1516938[4]
Website www.cityofbrewsterwashington.org

Brewster is a city in Okanogan County, Washington, United States. The population was 2,370 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

In 1811, John Jacob Astor's Pacific Fur Company established Fort Okanogan just north of the present site of Brewster, which was the first American post in Washington. In 1859, the area experienced a gold rush, and by 1880, steamboats had become a common sight on the Columbia River as far north as Brewster. Most of the settlers in the area were cattle and sheep ranchers. Brewster was officially incorporated on April 29, 1910. The construction of the railroad through Brewster in 1914 created more opportunities for the region, including mining and logging.

The economy of Brewster currently depends on the fruit industry. Four warehouses in the town pack several million boxes of fruit annually. These warehouses are supported by thousands of acres of orchards in the surrounding countryside.

Geography[edit]

Brewster is located on the confluence of the Okanogan and Columbia Rivers.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.19 square miles (3.08 km2), all of it land.[1] The 30–bed Three Rivers Hospital serves the city as the largest hospital in the county. The radio telescope located in Brewster is the northernmost of ten dishes comprising the Very Long Baseline Array.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Brewster, Washington
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 57
(14)
64
(18)
78
(26)
93
(34)
103
(39)
108
(42)
110
(43)
110
(43)
103
(39)
86
(30)
75
(24)
59
(15)
110
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 35
(2)
42
(6)
55
(13)
65
(18)
74
(23)
81
(27)
90
(32)
90
(32)
80
(27)
63
(17)
45
(7)
34
(1)
62.8
(17.1)
Average low °F (°C) 23
(−5)
26
(−3)
32
(0)
38
(3)
45
(7)
52
(11)
58
(14)
57
(14)
48
(9)
37
(3)
30
(−1)
22
(−6)
39
(3.8)
Record low °F (°C) −19
(−28)
−19
(−28)
2
(−17)
19
(−7)
26
(−3)
33
(1)
35
(2)
35
(2)
29
(−2)
10
(−12)
−9
(−23)
−19
(−28)
−19
(−28)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.38
(35.1)
1.09
(27.7)
0.90
(22.9)
0.55
(14)
0.96
(24.4)
0.90
(22.9)
0.56
(14.2)
0.26
(6.6)
0.39
(9.9)
0.60
(15.2)
1.43
(36.3)
1.86
(47.2)
10.88
(276.4)
Source: [5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 296
1920 394 33.1%
1930 413 4.8%
1940 447 8.2%
1950 851 90.4%
1960 940 10.5%
1970 1,039 10.5%
1980 1,337 28.7%
1990 1,633 22.1%
2000 2,189 34.0%
2010 2,370 8.3%
Est. 2012 2,361 −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2012 Estimate[7]
An aerial view of Brewster, adjacent to the Columbia River.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 2,370 people, 699 households, and 535 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,991.6 inhabitants per square mile (769.0 /km2). There were 730 housing units at an average density of 613.4 per square mile (236.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 50.8% White, 0.3% African American, 2.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 43.0% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 73.0% of the population.

There were 699 households of which 54.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 8.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 23.5% were non-families. 20.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.31 and the average family size was 3.81.

The median age in the city was 27.6 years. 35.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.4% were from 25 to 44; 17.2% were from 45 to 64; and 10% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.4% male and 49.6% female. For population 25 years and older, 50.2% have a high school diploma or higher, 8.1% have a bachelor's degree or higher, and 3.4% have a graduate or professional degree.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,189 people, 662 households, and 485 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,828.0 people per square mile (704.3/km2). There were 739 housing units at an average density of 617.1 per square mile (237.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 54.91% White, 0.37% African American, 2.28% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 38.78% from other races, and 3.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 59.5% of the population.

There were 662 households out of which 49.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.6% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.23 and the average family size was 3.80.

In the city the population was spread out with 35.3% under the age of 18, 11.7% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 14.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,556, and the median income for a family was $22,381. Males had a median income of $15,652 versus $16,154 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,555. About 29.1% of families and 31.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.0% of those under age 18 and 16.4% of those age 65 or over.

Sister city[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-01. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "weather.com". Retrieved November 15, 2011. 
  6. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved October 4, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved October 4, 2013.