Brewster Hospital was the first African American hospital in the U.S. It served African Americans in Jacksonville from 1901 to 1966. The hospital was founded because the healthcare facilities in Jacksonville and surrounding areas denied treatment to African-Americans until the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Faced with competition from previously segregated facilities, Brewster Hospital was closed in 1966. The original Brewster Hospital building was recently moved and is being preserved.