Breynia vitis-idaea

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Breynia vitis-idaea
Breynia rhamnoides 06.JPG
Breynia vitis-idaea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Phyllanthaceae
Tribe: Phyllantheae
Subtribe: Flueggeinae
Genus: Breynia
Species: B. vitis-idaea
Binomial name
Breynia vitis-idaea
Burm.f.
Synonyms[1]

Breynia vitis-idaea (Burm.f.) C.E.C. Fischer or officinal breynia is a perennial tree-like species of Phyllanthaceae (Euphorbiaceae s.l.), found from India east to Taiwan and Okinawa and south to Indonesia. It is a shrub or treelet with egg-shaped leaves that can reach up to 3 m tall. It has staminate flowers and spherical, red fruit.

It contains the saponin breynin and terpenic and phenolic glycosides.[2] It is marketed in Taiwan as Chi R Yun.

Toxicity[edit]

B. vitis-idaea poisoning causes hepatocellular liver injury.[2]

Other names[edit]

B. officinalis Hemsley and B. officinalis var. accrescens (Hayata) M.J.Deng & J.C.Wang are synonyms of B. vitis-idaea.

Other variants include:

  • Breynia formosana (Hayata) Hayata
  • Breynia officinalis Hemsley var. officinalis
  • Breynia stipitata Muell. -Arg. var. formosana Hayata
  • Breynia stipitata Muell. -Arg. var. formosana Hayata

Other common names in English include:[3]

  • Formosan breynia
  • Large calyx breynia
  • Medicinal breynia

Common names in other languages include:

  • Vietnamese: Cù đề
  • Taiwanese Hokkien: 紅心仔 Âng-sim-á, 紅珠仔 Âng-chu-á, 紅仔珠 Âng-á-chu
  • Chinese: 七日暈; literally: "7-day dizziness"
  • Paiwan: Takaha'do
  • Malay: Hujan panas, semomah, seruyan
  • Tagalog: Matangulang
  • Cebuano: Sungut-olang
  • Tausug: Santing
  • Thai: เพี้ยะฟาน (phiafān; Thai pronunciation: [pʰíaʔ faːn]), ดับพิษ (dapphit; Thai pronunciation: [dàp pʰít]) (northern), ก้างปลาทะเล (kāngplāthalē; Thai pronunciation: [kâːŋ plaː tʰáʔ leː]), ผักหวานตัวผู้ (phakwāntūaphū; Thai pronunciation: [pʰàk wǎːn tuːa pʰûː]) (central)[4]
  • Japanese: 大島小判の木 / オオシマコバンノキ / おおしまこばんのき (Ōshima kobannoki), 台湾小判の木 / タイワンコバンノキ / たいわんこばんのき (Taiwan kobannoki), 姫小判の木 / ヒメコバンノキ / ひめこばんのき (Hime kobannoki), 高砂小判の木 / タカサゴコバンノキ / こばんのき (Takasago kobannoki)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved April 3, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b J. K. Aronson. Meyler's Side Effects of Herbal Medicines. Elsevier, 2008. p. 119. ISBN 978-0-444-53269-5
  3. ^ Breynia officinalis Hemsley at Plants of Taiwan.
  4. ^ ค้นหาข้อมูลพืช (Thai)

External links[edit]