Brian Charlesworth

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Brian Charlesworth
Born Brian Charlesworth
(1945-04-29) 29 April 1945 (age 70)[1]
Nationality British
Fields Evolutionary biology
Institutions
Alma mater University of Cambridge (BA, PhD)
Thesis Genetic variation in viability in drosophila melanogaster
Doctoral students
Other notable students
Notable awards
Spouse Deborah Charlesworth
Children 1 daughter

Professor Brian Charlesworth FRS (born 29 April 1945)[1] is a British evolutionary biologist at the University of Edinburgh,[8] and editor of Biology Letters. Since 1997, he has been Royal Society Research Professor at the Institute of Evolutionary Biology (IEB) in Edinburgh.[9][10][11][12]

Education[edit]

Charlesworth gained a Bachelor of Arts degree in Natural Sciences from Queens' College, Cambridge,[1] followed by a PhD in genetics in 1969 for research into genetic variation in viability in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster.[13]

Career[edit]

Following his PhD, Charlesworth did postdoctoral research at the University of Chicago, University of Liverpool 1971-1974 and the University of Sussex under John Maynard Smith[14] 1974-82. He returned to Chicago, to be professor of ecology and evolution from 1985 to 1997 after which he moved to Edinburgh.[8]

Research[edit]

Charlesworth has worked extensively on understanding sequence evolution,[15] using the fruit fly as a model species, and has also contributed theoretical work on aging, the evolution of recombination and the evolution of sex chromosomes.[16]

In April 2010, the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B was dedicated to honour Brian's contribution to the field of population genetics.[17]

Awards and honours[edit]

Charlesworth was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1991,[7] and won its Darwin Medal in 2000. He won the 2006 Frink Medal, of the Zoological Society of London and in 2010 was awarded the Darwin-Wallace Medal of the Linnean Society. His nomination for the Royal Society reads:

In 2015, the Genetics Society of America awarded Charlesworth its Thomas Hunt Morgan Medal. This award is give to recognize "lifetime achievement in the field of genetics. It recognizes the full body of work of an exceptional geneticist," according to the Thomas Hunt Morgan Medal webpage.

Personal life[edit]

Charleswroth is married to Deborah Charlesworth (née Maltby) in 1969,[1] and has one daughter.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d CHARLESWORTH, Prof. Brian. Who's Who 2015 (online Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc.  (subscription required)
  2. ^ Charlesworth, D.; Charlesworth, B.; McVean, G. (2001). "Genome sequences and evolutionary biology, a two-way interaction". Trends in ecology & evolution 16 (5): 235–242. doi:10.1016/S0169-5347(01)02126-7. PMID 11301152. 
  3. ^ McVean, G. A.; Charlesworth, B (2000). "The effects of Hill-Robertson interference between weakly selected mutations on patterns of molecular evolution and variation". Genetics 155 (2): 929–44. PMC 1461092. PMID 10835411. 
  4. ^ Andolfatto, P; Scriber, J. M.; Charlesworth, B (2003). "No association between mitochondrial DNA haplotypes and a female-limited mimicry phenotype in Papilio glaucus". Evolution; international journal of organic evolution 57 (2): 305–16. PMID 12683527. 
  5. ^ Cutter, A. D.; Baird, S. E.; Charlesworth, D (2006). "High nucleotide polymorphism and rapid decay of linkage disequilibrium in wild populations of Caenorhabditis remanei". Genetics 174 (2): 901–13. doi:10.1534/genetics.106.061879. PMC 1602088. PMID 16951062. 
  6. ^ Lande, R (2007). "2006 Sewall Wright Award. Brian Charlesworth". The American Naturalist 169 (1): iii. doi:10.1086/510731. PMID 17209244. 
  7. ^ a b c "EC/1991/08: Charlesworth, Brian". London: The Royal Society. Archived from the original on 2015-01-09. 
  8. ^ a b "Brian Charlesworth at the University of Edinburgh". University of Edinburgh. 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-01-09. 
  9. ^ Viegas, J (2015). "Profile of Brian Charlesworth". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112 (6): 1652–3. doi:10.1073/pnas.1423862112. PMC 4330764. PMID 25564667. 
  10. ^ Charlesworth, B. (1994). "Evolution in Age-Structured Populations". doi:10.1017/CBO9780511525711. ISBN 9780511525711. 
  11. ^ Evolution: A Very Short Introduction (with Deborah Charlesworth) Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-280251-8
  12. ^ Elements of Evolutionary Genetics (with Deborah Charlesworth) ISBN 978-0-9815194-2-5
  13. ^ Charlesworth, Brian (1969). Genetic variation in viability in drosophila melanogaster (PhD thesis). University of Cambridge. 
  14. ^ Charlesworth, B.; Harvey, P. (2005). "John Maynard Smith. 6 January 1920 - 19 April 2004: Elected F.R.S. 1977". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 51 (3): 253–265. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2005.0016. PMC 1448785. PMID 15579672. 
  15. ^ Brian Charlesworth's publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database, a service provided by Elsevier.
  16. ^ "Evolution - the Molecular Landscape Interview with BRIAN CHARLESWORTH interviewed by Matt Ridley", Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, June 23, 2009
  17. ^ Loewe, L.; Hill, B. (2010). "Mutations and Brian Charlesworth". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 365 (1544): 1151–1151. doi:10.1098/rstb.2009.0319.