Brian William Haw (7 January 1949 – 18 June 2011) was an English protester and peace campaigner who lived for almost ten years in a peace camp in London's Parliament Square from 2001, in a protest against UK and US foreign policy. He began the Parliament Square Peace Campaign before the 2001 United States attacks, and became a symbol of the anti-war movement over the policies of both the United Kingdom and the United States in Afghanistan and later Iraq. At the 2007 Channel 4 Political Awards he was voted Most Inspiring Political Figure.
 Early life
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Haw was born in Woodford Green, Redbridge, a twin and the eldest of five. He grew up in neighbouring Barking and in Whitstable, Kent. His father, who had been one of the first British soldiers to enter the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, worked in a betting office. He committed suicide by gassing himself when Haw was 13. Haw was apprenticed to a boat-builder from the age of 16 and then entered the Merchant Navy as a deckhand.
 Personal life
As an evangelical Christian, Haw visited Northern Ireland during The Troubles as well as the Killing Fields of Cambodia. Haw worked with troubled youngsters in Redditch, Worcestershire, where he lived with his wife Kay and their seven children until he left them in 2001 to begin his Parliament Square protest. The couple divorced in 2003.
 Parliament Square protests
On 2 June 2001, he began camping in Parliament Square in central London in a one-man political protest against war and foreign policy (initially, the sanctions against Iraq). By his own account, he was first inspired to take up his vigil after seeing the images and information produced by the Mariam Appeal, an anti-sanctions campaign. Haw justified his campaign on a need to improve his children's future. He only left his makeshift campsite in order to attend court hearings, surviving on food brought by supporters. Support for Haw's protest came from former Labour cabinet minister Tony Benn and activist/comedian Mark Thomas. Among the artwork displayed was a Banksy stencil of two soldiers painting over a peace sign and Leon Kuhn's anti-war political caricature 3 Guilty Men, which, together with Kuhn's The Proud Parents, Mark Wallinger later displayed in his recreation at the Tate in 2007.
In October 2002 Westminster City Council attempted to prosecute Haw for causing an obstruction to the pavement, but the case failed as Haw's banners did not impede movement. The continuous use of a megaphone by Haw led to objections by Members of Parliament who had offices close to Haw's protest camp. The House of Commons Procedure Committee held a brief inquiry in summer 2003 which heard evidence that permanent protests in Parliament Square could provide an opportunity for terrorists to disguise explosive devices, and resulted in a recommendation that the law be changed to prohibit them. The Government passed a provision banning all unlicensed protests, permanent or otherwise, in the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005 (sections 132 to 138); however, because Mr Haw's protest was on-going and residing on Parliament Square prior to the enactment of the Act, it was unclear whether the Act applied to him (see Legal Action, below).
In the 2005 general election Haw stood as a candidate in the Cities of London and Westminster in order to further his campaign and oppose the Act which was yet to come into force. He won 298 votes (0.8 percent), making a speech against the ongoing presence of UK troops in Iraq at the declaration of the result.
 Legal action
As preparation for implementing the new Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005 began, Haw won an application for judicial review on 28 July 2005, successfully arguing that a technical defect in the act meant it did not apply in his case. The act states that demonstrations must have authorisation from the police "when the demonstration starts", and Haw asserted that his demonstration had begun before the passage of the act, which was not made retroactive. Although the commencement order made to bring the act into force had made reference to demonstrations begun before the act came into force, there was no power for the commencement order to extend the scope of the act.
Haw was joined in December 2005 by Australian born Barbara Grace Tucker who since his death in June 2011 has continued her presence opposite the Houses of Parliament. In the seven years or so since her arrival she has been arrested a remarkable 47 times – usually on a charge of `unauthorised demonstration`.
The government appealed against the judgement, and on 8 May 2006 the Court of Appeal allowed the appeal and therefore declared that the act did apply to him. The court found that the intent of parliament was clearly to apply to all demonstrations in Parliament Square regardless of when they had begun:
The only sensible conclusion to reach in these circumstances is that Parliament intended that those sections of the Act should apply to a demonstration in the designated area, whether it started before or after they came into force. Any other conclusion would be wholly irrational and could fairly be described as manifestly absurd.
In the meantime Haw had applied for permission to continue his demonstration, and received it on condition that his display of placards is no more than 3 m wide (among other things). Haw was unwilling to comply and the police referred his case to the Crown Prosecution Service; a number of supporters began camping with him in order to deter attempts to evict him.
In the early hours of 23 May 2006, 78 police arrived and removed all but one of Haw's placards citing continual breached conditions of the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005 as their reason for doing so. Ian Blair (head of the Met. police at the time) later admitted that the operation to remove Haw's placards had cost £27,000 The actions of the police were criticised by members of the Metropolitan Police Authority at its monthly meeting on 25 May 2006. Haw appeared at Bow Street Magistrates' Court on 30 May, when he refused to enter a plea. The court entered a not guilty plea on his behalf, and he was bailed to return to court on 11 July 2006. At a licensing hearing at Westminster City Council on 30 June 2006, Haw was granted limited permission to use a loudspeaker in the space allowed to him.
On 22 January 2007 Haw was acquitted on the grounds that the conditions he was accused of breaching were not sufficiently clear, and that they should have been imposed by a police officer of higher rank. District Judge Purdy ruled: "I find the conditions, drafted as they are, lack clarity and are not workable in their current form."
Brian Haw was featured in several documentaries including 2003's "As Long As It Takes" (Raj Yagnik) and the 2006 documentary, TerrorStorm. Director and narrator Alex Jones interviewed Haw and even joined in his protest of Parliament by answering Haw's inquiry, via megaphone, about the Statue of Liberty by saying she had been picked up on suspicion that she was a member of Al-Qaeda. Haw (played by an actor) also appeared briefly in the 2007 drama The Trial of Tony Blair. There is also a documentary film made about him by Mahmoud Shoolizadeh, A Man Called Brian, which shows interviews with him and analysed the Iraq war. This film has participated in some international film festivals.
 Director of Public Prosecutions v Haw
In the case of Director of Public Prosecutions v Haw, the judgement of the court, delivered by Lord Phillips CJ, included the following:
- 3. The issues raised by the case stated are as follows:
- i) Whether the statutory powers available to the Commissioner of Police under Section 134 of SOCA can be exercised by a subordinate on his behalf;
- ii) Whether the conditions imposed on Mr Haw were ultra vires, or incompatible with Articles 10 and 11 of the European Convention on Human Rights ('ECHR'), as unreasonable or insufficiently clear.
This was an adjourned hearing of an appeal by way of case stated by the Director of Public Prosecutions against a decision of District Judge Purdy in the City of Westminster Magistrates Court on 22 January 2007. The judge ruled that there was no case for the Respondent, Brian Haw, to answer on a charge of knowingly failing to comply with a condition imposed under Section 134 of the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005 ('SOCA') in respect of a demonstration in Parliament Square. The hearing before the Administrative Court was adjourned because Mr Haw had not been served with relevant documents in time to give them proper consideration.
 Directions hearing, 18 November 2008
Haw sought a large number of directions from the court on 18 November 2008. Afer some delay the directions of the court were eventually published in March 2009:
- Haw, R (on the application of) v Southwark Crown Court & Ors  EWHC 379 (Admin) (3 March 2009) 
The court was un-persuaded that a full transcript of the hearing was necessary, even though Haw claimed that it would show that the court sidestepped the issue as to the legality of the seizure.
 Tucker v Director of Public Prosecutions
The case of Tucker v Director of Public Prosecutions, 2007 was an appeal by way of case stated. The appellant, Barbara Tucker, was convicted under Section 132 (1)(c) of the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005 (SOCPA), of being within the jurisdiction of the Central Criminal Court, and carrying on unauthorised demonstration by herself in a public place in a designated area, namely Parliament Square. Her defence was that Haw had invited her to join him in his demonstration. He gave evidence on her behalf to that effect. The magistrate said: "Had I accepted this evidence (which I did not) it would have been argued that the allegation that she had 'carried on an unauthorised demonstration by herself ..... ' could not have been made out, and further more (in my view incorrectly) that it would provide a defence by saying that as Mr Haw is safe from prosecution anyone who joins him is also safe." The question posed by the magistrate was: "Was it lawful under section 6 (1) HRA to convict the appellant?" The Administrative Court held that SOCPA was not incompatible with the European Convention on Human Rights (specifically, Articles 10 (freedom of expression) and 11 (freedom of assembly)), and that Tucker's conviction was therefore lawful.
 January 2008 injury and arrest
On 12 January, Haw was observing a protest against the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act, outside Downing Street. Seven people were arrested (including Haw), who said "I was filming the students lying down in the road when one officer stepped forward, as I was walking back, and pushed the camera with his hand. It struck my face." He accused the police of using "violent and humiliating force".
 2008 London mayoral elections
In December 2007 press releases stated that Haw had declared himself a candidate in the London Mayoral Elections in May 2008, but eventually he did not stand. On 17 April 2008 he joined Frank Maloney and Winston McKenzie in support of the Christian Choice candidate Alan Craig.
 25 May 2010 arrest
 Illness and death
In September 2010 Haw was diagnosed with lung cancer. On 1 January 2011 he left England to receive treatment in Berlin. Haw, who was described as a chain smoker, continued to smoke cigarettes until his death. Haw died in Germany in the early hours of 18 June 2011 of lung cancer. He is survived by seven children.
Reacting to news of Haw's death, Tony Benn said "Brian Haw was a man of principle [...] his death marks the end of a historic enterprise by a man who gave everything to support his beliefs". At his death Al Jazeera described him as an "unsung hero". Mark Wallinger said "I admired [Haw's] single-minded tenacity. His rectitude was a mirror that the people in the building opposite couldn't bear. [...] Now that he's gone, who else have we got?". The British MP John McDonnell has called for a statue of Haw to be assembled to celebrate peace. British artist Banksy honoured Haw with a tribute on his website.
London Assembly Member Jenny Jones called for Westminster Council to erect a blue plaque for Brian Haw immediately, bypassing English Heritage's criteria that the person commemorated should have been dead for two decades or passed the centenary of their birth, whichever is the earlier.
 In culture
In January 2007, former Turner Prize nominee Mark Wallinger recreated Brian Haw’s Parliament Square protest in its entirety as an exhibition at Tate Britain, titled State Britain. Running the length of the Duveen Gallery, State Britain was a painstaking reconstruction of the display confiscated by the Metropolitan Police in 2006. It included 500 weather-worn banners, photos, peace flags, and messages from well-wishers collected by Haw over the duration of the Peace Protest, as well as his self-constructed shelter. In December 2007 Wallinger's work won the Turner Prize.
The London-based band XX Teens recorded a song "For Brian Haw", which was included on their 2008 album Welcome To Goon Island. The track incorporated a statement by Haw himself about his motivations for the protest.
Haw was featured in the short length documentary Maria: 24hr Peace Picket by Iranian film director Parviz Jahed, about fellow peace campaigner Maria Gallastegui.
In 2009 Youth Music Theatre: UK developed the music theatre production According to Brian Haw... based on reactions by young people to Haw's life, 9/11 and the Iraq war. This was performed at the Barbican Theatre, Plymouth. This production was again performed in 2012 at Square Chapel Centre for the Arts in Halifax with a new cast of young people.
Zia Trench's debut play, The State We're In, based on Haw's life, was performed for the first time at the 2009 Edinburgh Fringe, featuring Michael Byrne in the lead role and directed by Justin Butcher. Trench said: "There is a messianic illusion around him, something so Jesus-like about him. "He has taken on our fight but what has this cost him? The play looks at the man behind the protest and how battles fought for liberty can cost a man his wife, home and sanity."
 See also
- Thomas, an American anti-nuclear activist who undertook a 27-year peace vigil in front of the White House
- Mark Thomas
- Iraq sanctions
- List of peace activists
- "Parliament Square peace campaigner Brian Haw dies". BBC Online. 19 June 2011. Retrieved 19 June 2011.
- Jerome Taylor, "3,000 days and counting... The lonely life of Brian", The Independent, 19 August 2009, p. 14.
- Dennis Hevesi (21 June 2011). "Brian Haw, 62, Dies; Camped in Front of Parliament to Protest War". The New York Times.
- Channel 4 award for Brian Haw, The Daily Telegraph, 8 February 2007
- Telegraph obituary
- Anna Pukas, "I'm staying I won't let Blair bully me'", The Express, 11 May 2006.
- "http://www.casa.ucl.ac.uk/andy/qt/ParProtest.html" (Quicktime). Retrieved 28 November 2009.
- Dalton, Paisley (7 January 2008). "Anarchy Goes Etablissement". Zeitgeistworld. Retrieved 27 November 2009. "two infinitely more powerful paintings by celebrated anti-war cartoonist Leon Kuhn- The Proud Parents and 3 Guilty Men"
- endaya, indi (3 July 2007). "state britain @ tate britain". Flickr. Retrieved 28 November 2009.
- Kennedy, Maev (15 January 2007). "Welcome to State Britain". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved 28 November 2009.
- Chris Atkins (8 June 2007). Taking Liberties (DVD). London: Revolver Entertainment. Event occurs at 19m 02s. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. http://classic-web.archive.org/web/20071011015712/http://www.noliberties.com/. Retrieved 19 June 2011.
- "Anti-war campaigner Brian Haw, who camped in Parliament Square for a decade, has died". The Daily Telegraph. 19 June 2011.
- Haw, R (on the application of) v Secretary of State for the Home Department & Anor  EWCA Civ 532. England and Wales Court of Appeal (Civil Division) Decisions. 8 May 2006.
- Anti-war signs seized by police. BBC News Online. 23 May 2006.
- Tempest, Matthew (23 May 2006). Police seize Parliament Square protester's placards. The Guardian.
- Muir, Hugh (31 May 2006). "Farce as peace campaigner has another day in court". The Guardian (London).
- Met criticised for sending 78 officers to protester raid. The Daily Mail. 25 May 2006.
- Parliament protester's legal win. BBC News Online. 22 January 2007.
- Director of Public Prosecutions v Haw EWHC 1931 (Admin) (6 August 2007)
- Tucker v Director of Public Prosecutions, EWHC 3019 (Admin) (30 November 2007)
- "Peace protester injured in demo". BBC News. 14 January 2008. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- UK Indymedia – London Mayor 2008
- City Mayors: London elections May 2008
- The Christian Choice – news
- Tran, Mark (25 May 2010). "Protester Brian Haw arrested before Queen's Speech". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 25 May 2010.
- "Parliament Square anti-war protester Brian Haw arrested". BBC News. 25 May 2010. Retrieved 25 May 2010.
- "Mr. Haw who camped for 10 years in London’s Parliament Square; dies at age 62 years", by Nadeem Iftekhar at The Lahore Times
- "Brian Haw". The Daily Telegraph. 19 June 2011. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
- Tony Benn (20 June 2011). "Brian Haw sacrificed his life for peace". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
- "'Unsung hero' Brian Haw, 1949–2011". Al Jazeera. 20 June 2011. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
- Laura Barnett (20 June 2011). "Mark Wallinger on Brian Haw: 'It took a while to earn his trust'". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
- "New Banksy Street Art Mentions Tox". Londonist. 28 June 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
- "Brian Haw: Blue Plaque call for anti-war campaigner". BBC News. 20 June 2011. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
- BBC online
- Tate Gallery
- "Mark Wallinger wins Turner Prize". BBC News. 3 December 2007. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Brian Haw|
- Brian Haw No Longer Allowed to do Peaceful Protest at Parliament Square 
- Not the Queen's Speech
- Parliament Square Brian Haw's supporter's site
- Brian Haw: Veteran peace campaigner who occupied Parliament Square for a decade in protest at war (The Independent 20 June 2011) 
- Rebel with a Cause (The Independent 20 June 2011) 
- Death of Brian Haw prompts rallying to the peace cause (The Independent 20 June 2011) 
- Mark Wallinger: Brian Haw was the conscience of a nation grown quiescent (The Independent 20 June 2011) 
- Serious Organised Crime and Police Act, sections 132 et seq
- List of votes relating to Protesting in Parliament Square from Public Whip
- Brian Haw speaking about his 2000 days of protest (45mins approx) from Dissident Vox
- 3D Panorama of the peace protest (requires QuickTime)
- Metropolitan Police map of the exclusion zone
- Video showing his January 2008 arrest
- FredsVagt Christiansborg, the parallel demonstration in Copenhagen, Denmark
- Video interview – Brian Haw in his own words
- A tribute to Brian Haw on RechargedMagazine.com (includes 30 minutes of previously unreleased interview footage)