Brian Lane (RAF officer)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Brian Lane (pilot))
Jump to: navigation, search
Brian Lane
Brian Lane.jpg
Brian Lane, Centre, Battle of Britain
Birth name Brian John Edward Lane
Nickname(s) Sandy
Born (1917-06-18)18 June 1917
Harrogate
Died 13 December 1942(1942-12-13) (aged 25)
Missing In Action, North Sea
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  Royal Air Force
Years of service 1936–1942
Rank Squadron Leader
Commands held No. 19 Squadron RAF
Battles/wars
Awards Distinguished Flying Cross

Squadron Leader Brian "Sandy" Lane DFC (18 June 1917 – 13 December 1942), was a British Battle of Britain fighter pilot and author.

Born in Pannal, Harrogate, England,[1] Lane grew up in Pinner [2] before entering the RAF in 1936.[3] He was the son of Henry Fitzgerald William Lane and Bessie Elinor Lane (née Hall). After leaving school, Lane worked as a factory supervisor.[4]

Career[edit]

1936–1941[edit]

Memorial Plaque to Sqn Ldr Brian Lane DFC.

Lane joined the Royal Air Force in 1936, with service number 37859. After training at 3 E&RFTS Hamble in March 1936, he was posted to No. 11 Flying Training School at RAF Wittering on 1 June and was commissioned int the RAF General Duties Branch on 18 May 1936 on a short service commission. On completion of his training joined No. 66 Squadron RAF at RAF Duxford on 8 January 1937 at the rank of Pilot Officer. In June 1937 Lane moved to No. 213 Squadron RAF at RAF Northolt. He was promoted to Flying Officer on 23 December 1938. Shortly before the outbreak of war, Lane joined No. 19 Squadron RAF at RAF Duxford as an Officer Commanding "A" Flight, flying Spitfires.

In June 1940, Lane married famous racing driver Eileen Ellison in Cambridge.[5]

During the Dunkirk evacuation in May 1940 Lane was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) for his bravery[6] and his official rating as a fighter pilot classed ‘exceptional’. He became acting Squadron commander on 25 May 1940 when the incumbent CO was killed over Dunkirk.[7]

By September 1940, during the peak of the Battle of Britain, Lane’s abilities as a fighter pilot and leader were duly recognised and he was promoted to Squadron Leader.[8]

Lane's No. 19 Squadron RAF often operated with No. 242 Squadron RAF, and led by 242's Squadron Leader Douglas Bader, the Squadrons often working together as part of the controversial Duxford "Big Wing".[9]

After the Battle of Britain, Lane continued flying with 19 Squadron until June 1941 when he was posted to the No. 12 Group RAF staff at RAF Hucknall.[10]

1941–1942[edit]

In November 1941 Lane was posted on a staff appointment to the Middle East.[11] In June 1942 Lane returned to England to command No. 61 OTU at Mountford Bridge, until December 1942 when he joined No. 167 Squadron RAF at RAF Ludham as a supernumerary Squadron Leader flying the Spitfire Mk. V.[12]

He made his first operational flight with the Squadron on 13 December 1942, during which he was last seen giving chase to two Focke-Wulf 190 fighters. He never returned from this mission and was listed as Missing in Action”. Lane has no known grave having most likely been shot down over the North Sea.[13] It is probable he was a victim of Oblt. Leonhardt of 6./JG 1 and crashed into the sea 30 km west of Schouwen 51°37′05″N 3°27′18″E / 51.618°N 3.455°E / 51.618; 3.455 [14] at 16:34 hrs.[10]

During Lane’s operational career he claimed 6 (and 1 shared) enemy aircraft shot down, 2 unconfirmed destroyed, 1 probable destroyed and 1 damaged.[10][15][16]

Published work[edit]

Lane was the author of Spitfire!, originally published in 1942 under the pseudonym B.J. Ellan. The book is a first hand account of his experiences as a front line Spitfire pilot and is one of only a few contemporaneous autobiographical accounts of the life of a Battle of Britain Spitfire pilot.[17]

Historian Dilip Sarkar spent many years editing and researching the original work to replace the code words used by the war time censor with the correct names of people and places. The revised book was republished in 2009 and again in 2011.

Interviews[edit]

This is what some of Lane’s fellow 19 Squadron pilots and crew thought of him:[18]

Flight Sergeant George "Grumpy" Unwin DFM: "He was completely unflappable, no matter what the odds, his voice always calm and reassuring, issuing orders which always seemed to be the right decisions."

Sergeant David Cox: "Quite simply Brian Lane was the best CO [Commanding Officer] I ever served under, in every respect, and when my turn came to lead, I modelled myself on him."

Corporal Fred Roberts: "...he was an absolutely wonderful man. Early on in the war, some of the officers could still be a bit snobbish, but not Brian Lane, who knew everyone in his command, no matter how lowly their rank or status, by their first names."

Memorial plaque[edit]

A permanent memorial plaque, organised by local resident Paul Baderman, was unveiled on Lane's former home in Pinner, London on 25 September 2011, 69 years after his death.[19] A crowd of about 400 people attended the short ceremony which saw guests of honour Flt Lt K A Wilkinson RAF and Mr John Milne unveil the plaque. Flt Lt Wilkinson flew under Lane's command in 19 Squadron and Milne was Lane's Rigger, responsible for refuelling Lane's Spitfire and the repair of its airframe.[20]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°37′05″N 3°27′18″E / 51.618°N 03.455°E / 51.618; 03.455