||A major contributor to this article appears to have a close connection with its subject. (June 2009)|
|This biographical article relies too much on references to primary sources. (May 2010)|
Brian Sutton-Smith is a play theorist who has spent his lifetime attempting to discover the cultural significance of play in human life, arguing that any useful definition of play must apply to both adults and children. He demonstrates that children are not innocent in their play and that adults are indeed guilty in theirs. In both cases play pretends to assist them in surmounting their Darwinian struggles for survival. His forthcoming book is entitled Play As Emotional Survival, which is a response to his own deconstruction of play theories in his work, The Ambiguity of Play (1997, Harvard University Press).
Sutton-Smith's interdisciplinary approach has included research into play history and cross cultural studies of play, as well as research in psychology, education, and folklore. He has maintained that the interpretation of play must involve all of its forms, from child's play to gambling, sports, festivals, imagination, and nonsense.
Brian Sutton-Smith was born in Wellington, New Zealand in 1924. He trained as a teacher, completed a BA and MA, and was then awarded the first Education PhD in New Zealand in 1954. Following the completion of his PhD, Sutton-Smith travelled to the USA on grant from the Fulbright Program, where he began an academic career with a focus on children's games, adult games, children's play, children's drama, films and narratives, as well as children's gender issues and sibling position.
Sutton-Smith is the author of some 50 books, the most recent of which is The Ambiguity of Play, and some 350 scholarly articles. He has been the President of The Anthropological Association for the Study of Play and of The American Psychological Association, Division g10 (Psychology and the Arts). As a founder of the Children's Folklore Society he has received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Folklore Society. For his research in toys he has received awards from the BRIO and Lego toy companies of Sweden and Denmark. He has participated in making television programs on toys and play in Great Britain, Canada, and the U.S., and has been a consultant for Captain Kangaroo, Nickelodeon, Murdoch Children's Television, and the Please Touch Museum in Philadelphia.
His academic life consisted of 10 years at Bowling Green State University, Ohio, 10 years at Teachers College, Columbia University in New York, and 17 years at the University of Pennsylvania. He is now retired and lives in Sarasota, Florida.
- The Sibling (1970)
- The Study of Games (1971)
- Child's Play (1971)
- The Folkgames of Children (1972)
- How to Play with Your Children (1974)
- Play and Learning (1979)
- The Folkstories of Children (1981)
- A History of Children's Play (1981)
- Toys as Culture (1986)
- Play and Intervention (1994)
- Children's Folklore Source Book (1995)
- The Ambiguity of Play (1997)
Works of Fiction
Sutton-Smith is also the author of a series of novels about boys growing up in New Zealand in the 1930s, entitled Our Street, Smitty Does A Bunk, and The Cobbers. Initially published in serial form in 1949 in the New Zealand School Journal, the stories created a national furor as Brian Sutton-Smith allegedly endorsed morally unacceptable behavior in them.
- Strong National Museum of Play in Rochester, New York