Brick (moth)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Agrochola circellaris
The Brick
Agrochola circellaris FvL.jpg
Agrochola circellaris.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Noctuidae
Genus: Agrochola
Species: A. circellaris
Binomial name
Agrochola circellaris
Hufnagel, 1766
Synonyms
  • Sunira circellaris (Hufnagel, 1766)

The Brick (Agrochola circellaris) is a moth of the family Noctuidae. It is distributed throughout most of Europe, Asia Minor and Armenia.

This is a variable species, the forewings ranging from yellow to reddish brown and marked with paler stigmata and fascia. The most distinctive marking is a dark discal spot, with a diffuse dark band linking it to the costa. The hindwings are dirty grey with pale cream margins.

Description[edit]

The wingspan is 34–44 mm.Forewing yellow ochreous or ferruginous, sometimes much dusted with fuscous; the lines and edges of stigmata rufous; the inner line waved, the outer lunulate-dentate;submarginal wavy, ochreous, with a rufous line inside it; lower part of reniform blackish; a small dark spot near base of wing; median shade generally present; hindwing grey, the costal area ochreous, the fringe rufous ochreous. The paler ochreous form is the type; the deep ferruginous examples are ferruginea Esp. ; in macilenta Hbn., the forewings are darkened by fuscous shading, especially along inner and outer margins; the hindwings are blackish-grey; the ab. fusconervosa Petersen has all the nervures dark throughout; in nigridens Fuchs, a rare form, the cross lines are strongly black and dentate. .[1]


Biology[edit]

This moth flies at night from August to October [1] and will come to light but is more strongly attracted to some flowers and sugary foods.

Larva

The larva usually feeds on Wych Elm, with a preference for the flowers and seeds, but has been recorded on other elms, ash, poplar, Bird Cherry and Common Osier.[2] The larva is reddish brown, dotted with darker; dorsal line pale, passing through a series of V-shaped dark markings; a pale spiracular line with dark markings in a row above it.This species overwinters as an egg.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Seitz, A. Ed., 1914 Die Großschmetterlinge der Erde, Verlag Alfred Kernen, Stuttgart Band 3: Abt. 1, Die Großschmetterlinge des palaearktischen Faunengebietes, Die palaearktischen eulenartigen Nachtfalter, 1914
  2. ^ "Robinson, G. S., P. R. Ackery, I. J. Kitching, G. W. Beccaloni & L. M. Hernández, 2010. HOSTS - A Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London.". 
  • Chinery, Michael Collins Guide to the Insects of Britain and Western Europe 1986 (Reprinted 1991)
  • Skinner, Bernard Colour Identification Guide to Moths of the British Isles 1984
  1. ^ The flight season refers to the British Isles. This may vary in other parts of the range.