Bridelia

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Bridelia
Bridelia retusa Bra55.png
Bridelia retusa[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Phyllanthaceae
Tribe: Bridelieae
Genus: Bridelia
Willd.
Synonyms[2]

Bridelia is a plant genus of the family Phyllanthaceae first described as a genus in 1806.[3][4][5] It is widespread across Africa, Australia, southern Asia, and various islands of the Indian and Pacific Oceans.[2][6][7]

Bridelia species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Endoclita malabaricus.

The genus Bridelia was named in the honor of Samuel Elisée Bridel-Brideri by the German botanist Carl Ludwig Willdenow.[3]

Species[2]
  1. Bridelia adusta - Sarawak, Sabah
  2. Bridelia affinis - Yunnan, Hainan, Thailand
  3. Bridelia alnifolia - Myanmar
  4. Bridelia assamica - Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bangladesh
  5. Bridelia atroviridis - tropical Africa
  6. Bridelia balansae - Nansei-shoto, S China, Indochina
  7. Bridelia brideliifolia - E + C + SE Africa
  8. Bridelia cathartica - C + S Africa
  9. Bridelia cinnamomea - Andaman Is, S Thailand, Malaysia, W Indonesia
  10. Bridelia curtisii - Andaman & Nicobar, Indochina, Sumatra
  11. Bridelia duvigneaudii - C Africa
  12. Bridelia eranalis - Zaïre
  13. Bridelia erapensis - Papua New Guinea
  14. Bridelia exaltata - Queensland, New South Wales
  15. Bridelia ferruginea - tropical Africa
  16. Bridelia finalis - Queensland
  17. Bridelia glauca - S + SE + E Asia, Papuasia
  18. Bridelia grandis - W + C Africa
  19. Bridelia harmandii - Indochina
  20. Bridelia insulana - SE Asia, Papuasia, Queensland, Micronesia
  21. Bridelia leichhardtii - Queensland
  22. Bridelia macrocarpa - Maluku, New Guinea
  23. Bridelia micrantha - tropical - S Africa, Réunion
  24. Bridelia microphylla - Somalia
  25. Bridelia mollis - southern Africa
  26. Bridelia montana - India
  27. Bridelia moonii - Sri Lanka
  28. Bridelia ndellensis - C Africa
  29. Bridelia nicobarica - Nicobar Islands
  30. Bridelia oligantha - Papua New Guinea
  31. Bridelia parvifolia - Hainan, Vietnam
  32. Bridelia pervilleana - Madagascar
  33. Bridelia pustulata - Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines
  34. Bridelia retusa - S China, S + SE Asia
  35. Bridelia rhomboidalis - Madagascar
  36. Bridelia ripicola - C Africa
  37. Bridelia scleroneura - Yemen, tropical Africa
  38. Bridelia sikkimensis - Himalayas
  39. Bridelia somalensis - Somalia
  40. Bridelia speciosa - W Africa
  41. Bridelia stipularis - S + E + SE Asia
  42. Bridelia taitensis - Kenya
  43. Bridelia tenuifolia - Angola, Namibia
  44. Bridelia tomentosa - S + E + SE Asia, New Guinea, Australia
  45. Bridelia triplocarya - Papua New Guinea
  46. Bridelia tulasneana - Madagascar
  47. Bridelia verrucosa - NE India, Himalayas
  48. Bridelia whitmorei- Pahang
  49. Bridelia wilksii - Gabon
formerly included[2]

moved to other genera (Aporosa Cleistanthus Damnacanthus Phyllanthus Scleropyrum )

  1. B. acuminata - Phyllanthus triandrus
  2. B. attenuata - Cleistanthus oblongifolius
  3. B. buxifolia - Cleistanthus stipitatus
  4. B. chartacea - Cleistanthus oblongifolius
  5. B. collina - Cleistanthus collinus
  6. B. diversifolia - Cleistanthus diversifolius
  7. B. heterantha - Phyllanthus glomerulatus
  8. B. horrida - Scleropyrum pentandrum[8]
  9. B. laurina - Cleistanthus stipitatus
  10. B. loureiroi - Cleistanthus monoicus
  11. B. monoica - Cleistanthus monoicus
  12. B. oblongifolius - Cleistanthus oblongifolius
  13. B. patula - Cleistanthus patulus
  14. B. polystachya - Cleistanthus polystachyus
  15. B. rufa - Cleistanthus rufus
  16. B. rugosa - Aporosa lunata
  17. B. sinica - Phyllanthus hohenackeri
  18. B. spinosa DC. 1833 not (Roxb.) Willd. 1806 - Damnacanthus indicus
  19. B. stipitata - Cleistanthus stipitatus
  20. B. stipularis Hook. & Arn. 1837 not (L.) Blume 1826 - Cleistanthus stipularis
Bridelia retusa bark
Bridelia retusa leaves

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1874 illustration, tab. 55 of D. Brandis, Illustrations of the Forest Flora of North-West and Central India, 1874
  2. ^ a b c d Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ a b Willdenow, Carl Ludwig von. 1806. Species Plantarum. Editio quarta 4(2): 978-979 in Latin
  4. ^ Tropicos
  5. ^ Dressler, S. 1996. Proposal to conserve the name Bridelia (Euphorbiaceae) with a conserved spelling. Taxon 45: 337–338
  6. ^ Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  7. ^ Flora of China Vol. 11 Page 174 土蜜树属 tu mi shu shu Bridelia Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 4: 978. 1806.
  8. ^ The Plant List, Bridelia horrida Dillwyn