Bridge to nowhere
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A bridge to nowhere is a bridge where one or both ends are broken or incomplete and does not lead anywhere. There are three main origins for these bridges:
- The bridge was never completed for reasons such as cost or disputed property rights.
- One end or both end has collapsed or have been destroyed – e.g., by earthquake, storm, flood, or war.
- The bridge is not used, but was not demolished because of the cost; for example, the bridges on an abandoned railway line.
- 1 Incomplete and damaged bridges
- 2 Bridges to unpopulated or low population areas
- 3 See also
- 4 References
Incomplete and damaged bridges
- Port Nelson Bridge, an isolated rail bridge located near Churchill. The connecting rail line was never built due to labor and material shortages combined with a lack of financial or political support and high cost. The project itself was greatly criticized by several politicians, the media (calling it a "gigantic blunder"), and even the project's chief engineer. 
- The Bovorsko Bridge, an unfinished highway bridge in Borovnice, Czech Republic, Central Bohemian Region commonly known as the "Czech Avignon or Hitler's Bridge".
The original bridge over the Sedlický stream near Borovsko was under construction at KM 59 of the highway between 1939–42 and 1945-50. Construction was commenced in July 1939 by the civil engineering company "ing. J. Domanský". The planned budget was 5.552.400 crowns. The bridge was finished at the end of 1950 and formally approved by the authorities in 1952. However, highway construction was suspended in the 1950s, the rampart at the southern end was never finished, and the bridge was abandoned.
The 1960s brought new hope for the Borovsko Bridge and Czech highways. At the same time, the project of the new large drinking water reservoir for Prague was under consideration. Natural supply provided a high quality of water but a huge artificial lake was to flood a number of valleys, including two valleys where the Borovsko Bridge and the smaller neighbouring Sedmpanský Bridge were situated.
Various scenarios were examined. One of them was reducing the lake size, but the city of Prague required millions of litres of drinking water. The other option was hydroinsulation of the bridge construction – but this approach was almost as costly as building a new bridge, even without considering the cost of water protection in case of accident etc.
Finally, the decision was made to bypass the valley and to build a completely new bridge a few hundreds of metres to the south. The dam has been in operation since 1976 and this sector of the D1 highway has been in operation since 1977.
The Borovsko Bridge and the Sedmpanský Bridge were abandoned, as were the routes a few kilometres west and east from the bridges‘ location.
Today, huge spans of the Borovsko Bridge have been flooded almost up to the roadway. The bridge rests unseen in the middle of the forests of the Bohemian-Moravian Highland, as the whole lake district is a forbidden area and entry is strictly prohibited to ensure water reservoir protection.
The Sedmpansky Bridge, an unfinished highway bridge in Hulice, Czech Republic, Central Bohemian Region. The former highway bridge over the Sedmpansky stream near Borovsko was under construction in 1939-42 and finally in 1945-50. The bridge was finished, however its fate was the same. Water resources in this area are now used for nearly the whole of Prague.
- Pont Saint-Bénezet in Avignon over the Rhône river. Several arches were broken by flood
- The viaduc du Caramel and viaduc du Carei of the former tramway line from Menton to Sospel
The colloquial name in German is Soda-Brücke (a pun from "so da" = "just there"). Many of the bridges were built in the 1970s as part of the Autobahn network, but the oil crisis and rising environmental consciousness slowed many highway extensions.
- The bridge near Euskirchen was planned to be part of Autobahn 56. Construction was stopped and the existing parts of the highway were renamed Bundesautobahn 562. ( )
- The bridge near Merklinde, a suburb of Castrop-Rauxel, was to be part of the B245 expressway and the "New Hellweg". The bridge was completed in 1978 but was never connected. ( )
- The Schänzlebrücke in Konstanz was built 1975 but not connected until 2007. ( )
- The Bundesautobahn 66 had a bridge near Ahl (Bad Soden-Salmünster) built in 1966 that was not connected until 1994.
- The Itztalbrücke over the Itz river was built in 2005 near Coburg as part of the Nuremberg–Erfurt high-speed railway with a projected opening in 2017. It is 868 m in length and construction costs amounted to 18 million Euro. It is amongst the biggest bridges to nowhere. ( ))
- Bridge to Nowhere, built in 1936 is an isolated 40 m road bridge over the Mangapurua Stream in Whanganui National Park, North Island
- Viaduct in Kopráš, never used railway viaduct in village Kopráš near town Jelšava in south Slovakia. Viaduct is 120 m long and 40 m high, it was finished in 1945, but was never used, because rail to viaduct was never completed due to events of World War II. Next to the viaduct are adjacent two finished tunnels without any connection to railways. Tunnel near village Slavošovce is 2800 m long and tunnel near village Kopráš 350 m long. These tunnels to nowhere were also never used, because railway construction ended in 1948 before its completion.
- Bridge to Nowhere in San Martín de la Vega (built 1933), originally projected in 1926, it was severely damaged in March 1947 after a severe flooding, and it was never repaired. Nowadays only a few sections of it stay in place, and the surroundings are now a recreational site.
- Duddeston Viaduct, a disused railway viaduct in Birmingham commonly known as the "Viaduct to Nowhere"
- Bewley Street Footbridge, in Colliers Wood, London, which is blocked off at one end due to a dispute over the cost of building an access ramp.
- The Mancunian Way - the A57(M) - in Manchester has a length of unused slip road blocked off by a traffic sign, after it was discovered during construction in the 1960s to be pointing the wrong way.
- M8 Bridge to Nowhere, two separate bridges over the M8 motorway in Glasgow: one eventually had an office block constructed on it; the other, originally built in the 1970s, remained unfinished until July 2013
- Miles Glacier Bridge (built 1910), also known as the "Million Dollar Bridge," was converted from railroad use to motor vehicle use and located at the northern end of the unfinished Copper River Highway near Cordova, Alaska. Construction stopped in 1964 when an earthquake damaged the 472 m bridge.
- Big Four Bridge (built 1895), a 770 m single track railroad bridge over the Ohio River in Louisville, Kentucky, which was abandoned in 1968 and had both its approach spans removed and sold for scrap the following year.
- Bridge to Nowhere (San Gabriel Mountains) (built 1936), an isolated road bridge over the San Gabriel River in southern California. The connecting road was never built. The bridge is a popular destination for hikers.
- Fort Duquesne Bridge (built 1963), a road bridge over the Allegheny River in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, which ended mid-air until the ramps were completed in 1969.
- Arboretum "ghost ramps" (built 1960s), a set of ramps and bridges over Portage Bay that were intended to be an interchange from Washington State Route 520 and the proposed R. H. Thomson Expressway. When plans for the expressway were scrapped following a citizens' freeway revolt, the interchange ramps and bridges remained in place and are mostly unused. On January 31, 2013, Washington state announced that the ghost ramps would be removed sometime between 2014 and 2016.
- Hoan Bridge (built 1973), a 3 km road bridge over the Milwaukee River in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, which was unused until access roads were completed in 1977, was lacking freeway connections at the southern end until 1998, and was "going nowhere again" for two months while closed for major repairs after a span partially collapsed in December 2000.
- Luten Bridge (built 1925), also known as Mebane Bridge or Mebane's Bridge, is a road bridge over the Dan River in Rockingham County on the outskirts of the town of Eden, North Carolina, which was at the center of the landmark Luten Bridge Co. vs. Rockingham County lawsuit that made jurisprudence in 1929.
- Pier 19 (demolished 2012) of a proposed second span of the Ambassador Bridge in Windsor-Detroit. No second span had ever been approved for this privately owned bridge, largely because the proposal would dump excessive traffic onto Windsor city surface streets, but its owners built ramps for the proposed span in an attempt to counter an internationally supported proposal for a Detroit River International Crossing to the Windsor-Essex Parkway further downriver.
Bridges to unpopulated or low population areas
- Russky Bridge was criticised as a 'bridge to nowhere', costing about US$1 billion and serving an island where only 5,000 people live.
- Knik Arm Bridge (never built), a proposed 3.2 km road bridge over the Knik Arm portion of Cook Inlet, north of Anchorage Alaska, first envisioned in the 1950s
- Vincent Thomas Bridge (built 1963), a 1.85 km road bridge over Los Angeles Harbor in California, originally dubbed a "bridge to nowhere" but later becoming a heavily used bridge
- In 2005 the United States Congress passed an bill that contained a $442-million earmark for constructing two Alaska bridges. The Gravina Island Bridge, intended to provide a link between the Ketchikan airport on Gravina Island and the city of Ketchikan at a cost of $233 million in Federal grant money, received nationwide attention as a symbol of pork-barrel spending. As the island only had a population of 50, the bridge became known as the "Bridge to Nowhere" during the run-up to the 2008 Presidential Election.
- In Jasper National Park, at the outlet of Maligne Lake there is a bridge that crosses the outlet river, and proceeds about 300 meters to a parking lot and several hiking trails and a boat launch. The bridge cost millions of dollars to build and was part of a proposed route through the mountains that was never completed.
- Spain has a series of high-speed railway lines under construction, planned and in service, many of which result from political expediency. The Madrid-Sevilla high-speed rail line (which contains several viaducts, particularly in the Sierra Morena region) was built to link Madrid with Seville instead of Barcelona, as the prime minister at the time of the decision (1986), Felipe González, came from Seville and it was a sweetener on account of the fact that Barcelona was to receive the Olympics instead. The high-speed route to Galicia is receiving a large proportion of the funding for the year 2013, in spite of the very low population of Galicia: - other projects, such as the planned high-speed link between Zaragoza, Pamplona and the French border are receiving relatively little funding, even though this link would create a fast route between Paris and Madrid. This disparity exists because Mariano Rajoy, the prime minister, comes from Santiago de Compostela and Ana Pastor Julián, the transport minister, Ana Pastor Julián, comes from Cubillos del Pan, a short distance from Zamora: - both these cities will be served by the proposed line.
- Ou, Lingxiao. "The Results Are In: Chinese Stimulus Fails". The Hertitage Foundation. Retrieved 11 August 2012. "The world’s longest sea bridge, built in Qingdao, [the Jiaozhou Bay Bridge ] has few users, making it the Chinese version of the “Bridge to Nowhere.”"
- Malaher, David (Autumn 1984). "Port Nelson and the Hudson Bay Railway". Manitoba History (Manitoba Historical Society) (8). ISSN 0226-5036. Retrieved 2010-08-20.
- "The Lost Viaduct - Stratený viadukt".
- "Gemerské spojky".
- "Sign with facts about San Martín bridge".
- "The Bridge To Nowhere".
- Northwest Exploration, 2009: http://nwex.co.uk/showthread.php?t=4652
- "520 ‘ramps to nowhere’ to come down". Retrieved January 31, 2013.
- Dave Battagello (April 26, 2012). "Moroun's 'bridge to nowhere' dismantled". Windsor Star.
- Vladivostok's new iconic 'Golden Gate' bridge opens for ordinary traffic
- Associated Press staff (September 23, 2007). "Alaska Seeks Alternative to Bridge Plan". New York Times. Retrieved April 3, 2009.
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