Bridgeland, Calgary

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Bridgeland
Riverside
Neighbourhood
Bridgeland seen from Calgary Tower
Bridgeland seen from Calgary Tower
Bridgeland is located in Calgary
Bridgeland
Bridgeland
Location of Bridgeland in Calgary
Coordinates: 51°03′17″N 114°02′46″W / 51.05472°N 114.04611°W / 51.05472; -114.04611Coordinates: 51°03′17″N 114°02′46″W / 51.05472°N 114.04611°W / 51.05472; -114.04611
Country  Canada
Province  Alberta
City  Calgary
Quadrant NE
Wards 7, 9
Established 1908
Annexed 1910
Government[1]
 • Mayor Naheed Nenshi
 • Administrative body Calgary City Council
 • Councillors Druh Farrell
Gian-Carlo Carra
Area
 • Total 3.2 km2 (1.2 sq mi)
Elevation 1,055 m (3,461 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 5,254
 • Median Household Income $44,363
Postal code T2E
Website Bridgeland-Riverside Community Association

The neighbourhood of Bridgeland (formerly known as Riverside) of Calgary, Alberta, Canada, is located to the immediate northeast of downtown Calgary. It is bounded to the south by the Bow River, to the east by Deerfoot Trail, to the west by Edmonton Trail and to the north by the community of Renfrew.

Bridgeland in winter

The community is primarily residential with a mix of parkside condominiums and single-family houses. Bridgeland contains a variety of restaurants, food markets, retail shopping, offices, financial services, churches and schools. The Calgary Zoo, Telus Spark, The Bridges urban renewal development and access to the city's large network of pedestrian pathways (the Bow River pathway) and parks are unique focal points for the community and surrounding region.

Bridgeland borders a natural environment composed of the confluence of the Bow River and Elbow River. Tom Campbell's Hill park lies on the eastern edge of Bridgeland and overlooks the downtown, Bow River and northeastern part of the city. St. Patrick's Island and St. George's Island lie in the southern part of Bridgeland. St. George's Island is home to the Calgary Zoo, Canada's second largest zoo.[3]

Bridgeland is the site of the Telus Spark, a $160-million facility that opened on October 29, 2011 and Canada’s first purpose-built science centre in more than 25 years.[4]

History[edit]

The community of Riverside was established by Russian-German immigrants during Calgary's first population boom in the 1880s, when Riverside was known as Germantown. At the beginning of the 20th century, immigrants were mostly of Italian and Ukrainian origin.[5]

The name "Bridgeland" appeared as a result of the Dominion Bridge Company operating nearby.[6]

Riverside incorporated as a village on July 6, 1903, and was subsequently annexed by the City of Calgary in 1910. In 1910, the Riverside School opened and served the community for 50 years.[7] In 1908, the Bridgeland-Riverside Community Association was founded.[6] A Red Light District survived in the neighbourhood until the First World War. In 1910, the Calgary General Hospital was built in this area. It was closed in 1997 and was demolished in a controlled explosion on October 4, 1998.[8]

Parts of lower Bridgeland were popularly known as "Little Italy" in emulation of similarly named enclaves in other cities of immigrants of Italian stock. The concentration of Italian bakeries, restaurants and groceries has diminished over time but the strip along 1st Avenue NE is sometimes still referred to by this name.[9]

The Calgary Zoo was established on St. George's Island in 1929 with 36 mammals and 78 birds.[10] By 2006, it had expanded to over 1,000 animals with 290 different species with exhibits from Destination Africa, Canadian Wilds, Australia, Botanical gardens, Eurasia, Prehistoric Park and South America.

Over 5,000 people participated in a public process that is underway in 2010 to develop a master plan for St. Patrick's Island.[11]

In modern times, the community is recognized as a "distinct bobo (bohemian/bourgeois) residential neighbourhood"[12] and having a high degree of walkability.[13] In 2013, Bridgeland/Riverside was ranked by Fast Forward Weekly magazine as the third "most livable neighbourhood" in Calgary.[14]

Demographics[edit]

In the City of Calgary's 2012 municipal census, Bridgeland/Riverside had a population of 5,594 living in 3,274 dwellings, a 6.5% increase from its 2011 population of 5,254.[15] With a land area of 3.1 km2 (1.2 sq mi), it had a population density of 1,805/km2 (4,670/sq mi) in 2012.[15][16]

The City of Calgary adopted an area redevelopment plan for this community in 2006,[17] which regulates construction of buildings and recreational areas, with the intention of increasing population density in certain areas, as well as development of a public transit oriented community.

At the beginning of the 21st century, gentrification was occurring in Bridgeland. This resulted in new residents and business moving into the community. In addition, household incomes rose in real terms by +22.3% within Bridgeland between 2000 and 2005. This compares against a real household income growth of +1.8% in the rest of Calgary over the same period.[2]

Government[edit]

The community is represented in the Calgary City Council by the Ward 7 and 9 councillors. On a provincial level, Bridgeland is part of the Calgary-Mountain View constituency in Alberta's Legislative Assembly and is currently represented by the leader of the provincial Liberal party, and leader of the opposition party, MLA Dr. David Swann. On a federal level, Bridgeland falls in the electoral district of Calgary Centre-North and is represented in the House of Commons by MP Michelle Rempel.

Recreation[edit]

Scotiabank Calgary Marathon 2009

Bridgeland is the start and finish point for the Scotiabank Calgary Marathon, Canada's longest running marathon.[18] In 2009, the Scotiabank Calgary Marathon was rated as Alberta's best road race and is a qualifier for the Boston Marathon.[19]

Public recreational facilities within Bridgeland include Harvie Passage whitewater kayak park, soccer pitch, tennis court, community garden, baseball field, off-leash dog park, disc golf course, children's playground and toboggan run.

In 2010, based on an Ipsos-Reid Needs and Preferences study, the Bridgeland-Riverside Community Association initiated a conceptual design for an ice rink.[20]

Infrastructure[edit]

Bridgeland is connected to Downtown Calgary by four bridges

C-Train stations[edit]

The community is served by the Bridgeland/Memorial Station and Zoo Station of the light rail C-Train transit system. As of 2007, there were 1,900 boardings per day at the Bridgeland/Memorial Station, and 1,700 boardings per day at the Zoo Station.

The Bridges[edit]

A major redevelopment dubbed "The Bridges" commenced in 2004 on land previously occupied by the General Hospital and is underway as of 2007. It is a 37-acre (150,000 m2) inner city development, consisting of multi-family residential and mixed use buildings.[21] The project includes 11.7 acres (47,000 m2) of parks and open space.

The Bridges is a transit-orientated development.[21] The three phase project is located next to the Bridgeland-Memorial LRT station which is on the 202 Saddletowne/69 Street line of the city’s LRT, the C-Train. Early success of the project has seen it become an example development for cities interested in creating TODs.

St. Patrick's Bridge[edit]

A design competition was held in 2009, by the Calgary MLC[22] for St. Patrick's Island Bridge, a new pedestrian bridge. The bridge will link Bridgeland and St. Patrick’s Island to the East Village in the south and the Bow River pathway system. It will provide improved linkages to many different nearby communities including Bridgeland, Inglewood, East Village and Downtown Calgary. The international design competition received 33 entries, with the winning design selected as RFR of France and Halsall of Calgary. The design is said to, "remind the public of a stone skipping across the river or an arch of clouds in the Calgary sky. The goal of the design was to have as little structure as possible in the river channel, to respect the context of the island and to provide a pedestrian and cyclists link." Construction is scheduled for 2010 at an estimated cost of $25 million.

Langevin Bridge[edit]

The Langevin Bridge was opened in 1910 and was named for Sir Hector-Louis Langevin,[23] one of the Fathers of the Canadian Confederation.

In 2009, the City of Calgary set up 5,600 programmable lights on the bridge for Christmas, at a cost of $370,000,[24] as a part of Downtown East Village re-vitalization efforts. The LED, built by Montreal-based Lumenpulse, is composed of 5600 LED grouped in 156 programmable light assemblies,[25] and is part of the RiverWalk project, an effort to improve the pathways along the Bow and Elbow rivers adjacent to the East Village.

Education[edit]

The community is served by the following schools:

Elementary

  • Delta West Academy (private)
  • St. Angela School (Catholic)
  • Langevin School (public; specialized science program)

Junior High

  • Delta West Academy (private)
  • Christine Meikle School (public; special needs)

High School

  • Delta West Academy (private)
  • Christine Meikle School (public; special needs)

Bridgeland is also served by the following schools in adjoining neighbourhoods:

  • Stanley Jones Elementary School (public; Renfrew neighbourhood)
  • Colonel McLeod Junior High School (public; Renfrew neighbourhood)
  • Crescent Heights High School (public; Crescent Heights neighbourhood)
  • St. Alphonsus Junior High School (Catholic; Renfrew neighbourhood)
  • St. Mary's High School (Catholic; Mission neighbourhood)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Calgary Elections". City of Calgary. October 21, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b City of Calgary (2012). "Community Social Statistics: Bridgeland/Riverside". Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  3. ^ City of Calgary Calgary Zoo, Botanical Garden & Prehistoric Park
  4. ^ TELUS Spark Science Centre (2011). "TELUS Spark, Calgary's New Science Centre, Opens October 29 - Media Release". Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  5. ^ Community of Bridgeland Riverside (2005). "History". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-05-02. 
  6. ^ a b Douglas, Stinson. "Community celebrates colourful past". Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  7. ^ Johnston, Emeley (1975). Communities six : Calgary grows to the northeast and southwest. Century Calgary Publications. p. 28. 
  8. ^ Maclean's. "An Unprecedented Hospital Closing in Calgary". Retrieved 2007-05-02. 
  9. ^ Alberta Source. Calgary Cultural Life
  10. ^ Calgary Zoo. Calgary Zoo - About the Zoo
  11. ^ Calgary MLC. Calgary MLC - St. Patrick's Island
  12. ^ Richard White, architect (2010). "Edmonton behind Calgary". Retrieved 2010-05-06. [dead link]
  13. ^ City of Calgary (2010). "Bridgeland: A Convenient Truth". Retrieved 2010-05-06. 
  14. ^ FFWD Weekly (2013). "Best of Calgary Winners". Retrieved 2013-06-13. 
  15. ^ a b "2012 Civic Census Results". City of Calgary. 2012. Retrieved February 4, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Community Boundaries" (Esri shapefile). City of Calgary. Retrieved February 5, 2013. 
  17. ^ City of Calgary (2006). "Bridgeland-Riverside APR". Retrieved 2007-05-02. 
  18. ^ Scotiabank Calgary Marathon
  19. ^ Athletics Alberta
  20. ^ Bridges - BRCA Monthly Magazine
  21. ^ a b City of Calgary (July 2006). "The Bridges". Archived from the original on 2007-04-07. Retrieved 2007-05-02. 
  22. ^ Calgary MLC
  23. ^ Glenbow Museum. "Langevin bridges". Retrieved 2009-12-24. 
  24. ^ Calgary Herald (2009-12-24). "Langevin Bridge light show". Retrieved 2009-12-24. 
  25. ^ Calgary Municipal Land Corporation. "Langevin Bridge". Retrieved 2010-04-08. 

External links[edit]