|Traded as||NYSE: BPI|
|Andrew Clark, CEO|
|Revenue||US$638.7 million (2014)|
|US$14.3 million (2014)|
|US$9.7 million (2014)|
|Total assets||US$558.1 million (2014)|
|Total equity||US$365.9 million (2014)|
Number of employees
3,200 non-faculty staff 
Bridgepoint Education, Inc. ("BPI") is a publicly held, for-profit education services company based in San Diego, California. It owns two accredited universities, Ashford University and University of the Rockies, which offer degrees both online and at ground campuses. As of December 31, 2014, total student enrollment for both universities was 55,823, with the majority of those students attending classes remotely online. As of December 31, 2014, total ground campus enrollment at both universities was 742.
Bridgepoint Education also owns Waypoint Outcomes, which provides learning and assessment software to educational institutions across the United States. The software combines rubric grading scales with technology to help educators teach writing, critical thinking, and cognitive skills.
Bridgepoint Education trades on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol BPI. For the year ending December 31, 2014, Bridgepoint Education announced revenue of $638.7 million and operating income of $14.3 million. The company's net income for 2014 was $9.7 million. Fully diluted earnings per common share was $0.21.
|Number of Buildings||Location||Total Square Footage||Lease Expiration||Primary Use|
|5||San Diego, CA||625,000||2017-2020||Enrollment services, student support services and corporate functions|
|2||Denver, CO||260,000||2021-2023||Enrollment services, student support services and corporate functions|
|2||Clinton, IA||37,000||2016||Campus operations, enrollment services and student support services|
|2||Colorado Springs, CO||7,500||2015||Campus operations|
|1||Washington, D.C.||2,000||2015||Corporate functions|
Ashford University is a proprietary university owned by Bridgepoint Education. It offers associate's, bachelor's, and master's degrees in more than 50 degree programs online and at its 160 acre ground campus located in Clinton, IA. The University consists of four colleges: the Forbes School of Business, the College of Education, the College of Liberal Arts, and the College of Health, Human Services, and Science. Ashford is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges Senior College and University Commission.
University of the Rockies is a proprietary university owned by Bridgepoint Education. Located in Denver, CO, the University offers master's and doctoral degrees in the social and behavioral sciences. The University consists of two schools: the School of Professional Psychology and the School of Organizational Leadership. University of the Rockies is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission and is a member of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools.
Regional Economic Impact
In 2012, national economic consulting firm The London Group was retained by the San Diego Regional Economic Corporation to conduct an economic impact and activity analysis of Bridgepoint Education within the San Diego region where BPI is headquartered. The report determined that Bridgepoint Education helped produce, through its operations, $489 million in areas such as travel and capital expenditures, supplies, advertising, and charitable contributions. That helped create 4,505 outside jobs in addition to Bridgepoint's 3,900 local employees. Its operations indirectly brought the region an additional $590 million through increased spending by the contractors and services it hired. According to the analysis, Bridgepoint Education's projected 10-year cumulative impact will bring approximately $10.8 billion in business output to the region.
The London Group was also retained by the Clinton Regional Development Corporation and the Clinton Chamber of Commerce to conduct an economic analysis of Bridgepoint's Ashford University within the state of Iowa. The report stated that, in 2009, Ashford University had an estimated economic impact of $40.9 million in business output, 782 jobs, $12.6 million in employee earnings, and $18.6 million in total value added to the state's GDP.
Bridgepoint Education directs its philanthropic efforts toward three aims: education, youth, and the military. Charitable organizations and programs Bridgepoint Education has partnered with include After-School All-Stars, Big Brothers Big Sisters of San Diego, Boys & Girls Clubs of Greater San Diego, Computers 2 SD Kids, the Homefront Heroes Scholarship Program, the Jacobs & Cushman San Diego Food Bank, Junior Achievement, Make-A-Wish Foundation, A Salute to Teachers, the San Diego Office of Education, the Teacher Appreciation Scholarship Program, United Way of San Diego, and Warrior Foundation-Freedom Station.
The Bridgepoint Heroes program brings Bridgepoint employees together for large-scale volunteer efforts. Past Bridgepoint Heroes initiatives included cleaning Chollas Lake Park, cleaning Balboa Park, cleaning the San Diego River Garden, revitalizing the Mary Fay Pendleton School on Marine Corps Base, Camp Pendleton, and restoring Ruffin Canyon.
Bridgepoint Education was first incorporated in Delaware in May 1999 under the name TeleUniversity, Inc. Under the leadership of CEO and President Andrew Clark (and with an investment from private equity firm Warburg Pincus), the company changed its name to Bridgepoint Education, Inc. in February 2004.
Bridgepoint Education purchased The Franciscan University of the Prairies in 2005 and changed its name to Ashford University. In September 2007, Bridgepoint obtained the Colorado School of Professional Psychology, changing its name to University of the Rockies.
In 2008, Bridgepoint Education was named the fastest-growing private education company in the United States, as well as the fastest-growing private company in San Diego by Inc. Magazine.
The following year, the company went public. On April 15, 2009, Bridgepoint Education began trading on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol BPI.
In 2010, Bridgepoint Education became the title sponsor of the Holiday Bowl postseason college football game. Bridgepoint Education served as the Holiday Bowl title sponsor for three consecutive years.
In 2013, Bridgepoint Education's Ashford University announced an alliance with business publisher Forbes Media. Under the terms of the alliance, Ashford's College of Business and Professional Studies was renamed the Forbes School of Business at Ashford University.
In recent years, Bridgepoint Education has faced and settled several lawsuits. It is currently under investigation in New York, North Carolina, California, and Massachusetts. A U.S. Department of Education Office of Inspector General probe is ongoing. On December 3, 2014, a lawsuit was filed in Arizona federal court charging that Bridgepoint Education is violating the Telephone Consumer Protection Act by robocalling sales prospects. Bridgepoint Education enrollment has dropped from a peak of 78,000 to 55,823 in the last quarter of 2014. BPI stock has also dropped more than 60% in value since its peak in 2011  after allegations of consumer fraud emerged.
Lawsuits, Investigations, and Controversies
Bridgepoint faces numerous lawsuits and is under investigation in New York, North Carolina, California, and Massachusetts. A US Department of Education Office of Inspector General probe is ongoing. On December 3, 2014 a lawsuit was filed in Arizona federal court charging that Bridgepoint Education is violating the Telephone Consumer Protection Act by robocalling sales prospects.
In 2008, the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Inspector General (OIG) audit services division performed a compliance audit of Ashford University for the period March 10, 2005, through June 30, 2009. The OIG audit reached the following conclusions:
|Audit focus||Audit result|
|Compensation policies and practices relating to enrollment advisers||Rewarded recruiters based on their success in securing enrollments|
|Calculation, timeliness, and disbursement accuracy of Title IV program funds||Improperly retained at least $1.1-million during the 2006-7 period and disbursed aid before students were eligible to receive the money|
|Student Authorizations to retain credit balances||Kept credit balances without the proper authorization|
|Maintenance of supporting documentation for a student's leave of absence||Took too long to return money awarded to students who withdrew or went on leave of absence|
The stock of Bridgepoint Education fell the most in almost five months when the misuse of federal student aid was first publicly disclosed in 2009. When the official results were released in 2011, Senator Tom Harkin said this audit "reveals the same troubling pattern of for-profit colleges' taking advantage of students and taxpayers." The Department of Education has not yet responded to the findings.
2011 Senate Hearings
On March 10, 2011, Senator Tom Harkin (D-Iowa) chaired a hearing of the Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee that examined a "case study" of Bridgepoint Education, Inc., which has experienced near-exponential profit growth in the last few years despite low graduation rates. Bridgepoint owns two universities that it purchased when both were near bankruptcy, Ashford University in Iowa and the University of the Rockies in Colorado. When it purchased Ashford University in 2005, Bridgepoint grew from less than 300 students to more than 78,000 students at its peak, 99% of which were online.
Senator Harkin took issue with the fact that despite such growth, student success was lacking. According to information provided by Senator Harkin, 63% of students enrolled at Ashford University during the 2008–2009 school year withdrew before completion of their programs. Senator Harkin noted that Bridgepoint recorded $216 million in profits in 2010—of which 86.5% of its revenues came from federal funds. In reference to these figures, Senator Harkin was on record as saying, "In the world of for-profit higher education, spectacular business success is possible despite an equally spectacular record of student failure. Bridgepoint is a private company, but it is almost entirely dependent upon public funds ... I think this is a scam, an absolute scam."
Kathleen Tighe, Inspector General with the U.S. Department of Education, testified at the hearing that in an audit of Ashford, she discovered the university was improperly distributing federal financial aid to students. "Seventy-five percent of the improper disbursements to students in our sample were made to students who never became eligible," Tighe said. For the 2006–2007 award year during which the audit was performed, it is estimated Bridgepoint had not returned $1.1 million in improperly obtained student aid to the federal government. Tighe said on a recent report she had seen that Bridgepoint was "sitting on" $130 million in total credit balances.
Bridgepoint chose not to send executives to the HELP committee hearing while engaged in negotiations with Office of Federal Student Aid (FSA). Rather, Bridgepoint published a summary of responses called "Bridgepoint Education Transparency".
In 2014, Bridgepoint Education settled a lawsuit with the State of Iowa for $7.25 million, denying any "wrongdoing but agreed to not use any 'unconscionable or coercive tactics' to encourage students to enroll." 
Under the Higher Education Act, a for-profit institution loses its eligibility to participate in Title IV programs if the institution derives more than 90% of its revenues (calculated in accordance with applicable Department regulations) from Title IV program funds for two consecutive fiscal years. This rule is commonly referred to as the “90/10 rule.” Any institution that violates the 90/10 rule for two consecutive fiscal years becomes ineligible to participate in Title IV programs for at least two fiscal years. In addition, an institution whose rate exceeds 90% for any single year will be placed on provisional certification and may be subject to other enforcement measures.
In the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013 and 2012, Ashford University derived 83.4%, 85.6% and 86.4%, respectively, and University of the Rockies derived 88.3%, 87.6% and 87.3%, respectively, of their respective revenues (calculated in accordance with applicable Department regulations) from students who participate in Title IV funds.
However, revenue derived from government tuition assistance for military personnel, including veterans, is considered not to be federal student aid for purposes of the 90/10 calculation, and accordingly helps our institutions satisfy the 90/10 rule. As of December 31, 2014, approximately 26.9% of our institutions' students were affiliated with the military, some of whom are eligible to receive tuition assistance from the government which they may use to pursue postsecondary degrees.
- Clark, Andrew; Devine, Daniel (10 March 2015), ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014 (PDF), Bridgepoint Education, Inc., pp. 12–50, retrieved 13 April 2015
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