Bridgeport, Chicago

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Bridgeport
Community area
Community Area 60 - Bridgeport
The White Eagle Brewing Company in Bridgeport designed by John S. Flizikowski
The White Eagle Brewing Company in Bridgeport designed by John S. Flizikowski
Location within the city of Chicago
Location within the city of Chicago
Coordinates: 41°50.4′N 87°39.0′W / 41.8400°N 87.6500°W / 41.8400; -87.6500Coordinates: 41°50.4′N 87°39.0′W / 41.8400°N 87.6500°W / 41.8400; -87.6500
Country United States
State Illinois
County Cook
City Chicago
Neighborhoods
Area
 • Total 2.10 sq mi (5.44 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 31,925
 • Density 15,000/sq mi (5,900/km2)
Demographics 2010[1]
 • White 35.1%
 • Black 2.1%
 • Hispanic 27.0%
 • Asian 34.5%
 • Other 1.3%
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes parts of 60608, 60609 and 60616
Median income $35,535
Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services

Bridgeport, one of 77 community areas of Chicago, is a neighborhood located on the city's South Side. It is bounded, generally, on the north by the South Branch of the Chicago River, on the west by Bubbly Creek (the river's South Fork), on the south by Pershing Road, and on the east by the Union Pacific railroad tracks. Neighboring community areas are the Lower West Side across the river to the north, McKinley Park to the west, New City to the south, and Armour Square to the east. Famous for being the historical center of the Cook County Democratic Party, Bridgeport was the home of five Chicago mayors. At times featured in the national spotlight for its racial intolerance, Bridgeport today ranks as one of the city's most diverse neighborhoods.[2]

History[edit]

Historically, much of the neighborhood was initially an Irish-American enclave. In the 1830s, large numbers of immigrants from Ireland started settling in this working-class neighborhood. Many of the same Irish immigrants who helped build the Erie Canal later came to Chicago to work on the Illinois and Michigan Canal. Because of inadequate funding for the project, the State of Illinois began issuing "Land Scrip" to the workers rather than paying them with money. A large number of those Irish-Americans who received the scrip used it to purchase canal-owned land at the northern end of the canal where it meets the south branch of the Chicago River. The original Bridgeport village, named "Hardscrabble," centered here on what is now the diagonal section of Throop Street[3] on the northwest side of the Bridgeport community area. The area later became known as Bridgeport because of its proximity to a bridge on the Chicago River that was too low to allow safe passage for boats, so cargo had to be unloaded there. Finley Peter Dunne later wrote about this area in popular sketches around the turn of the 20th century. Dunne's protagonist, Mr. Dooley, lived on "Archey Road" (present day Archer Avenue, Chicago) in Bridgeport. Bridgeport is also home to many Italian-Americans, as is its smaller neighbor to the east, Armour Square.

Although the Irish are Bridgeport's oldest and arguably most famous ethnic group, Bridgeport has also been home to a large number of other groups. Many Lithuanian-Americans settled along Lituanica Avenue, which runs between 31st Street and 38th Place one block west of Halsted Street in what was once called "Lithuanian Downtown" and the center of Lithuanian settlement in Chicago. Today, there are also large numbers of first and second generation Mexican-Americans and Chinese-American who, like the Irish immigrants of the 19th century, have settled in the Bridgeport area due to its affordable housing and proximity to their work.

Bridgeport's Polish history is most visibly represented in its two churches in the Polish Cathedral style: St. Mary of Perpetual Help, and St. Barbara. The Art Institute of Chicago has done restoration work on the paintings in the Shrine Altars at St. Mary of Perpetual Help which date back to 1890, with further plans calling for restoration of the stained glass windows and to complete the painting of the interior ceilings and rotunda.

The Chinese influence in Bridgeport has also followed in the tradition of ethnic groups in the neighborhood establishing places of worship, with the Ling Shen Ching Tze (真佛宗美) Buddhist Temple on West 31st Street being established in 1992.[4]

Political history[edit]

Bridgeport has been the home or birthplace of five mayors of Chicago, representing all but 10 years between 1933 and 2011, illustrating the neighborhood's influence on Chicago politics for most of the 20th century:[5]

Kelly, Kennelly, the elder Daley, and Bilandic comprised an unbroken, 46 year period (1933-1979) in which Bridgeport was home to the city's mayor. Richard J. Daley is widely acknowledged as being the architect of the Chicago's 'machine politics' for a large part of the 20th Century.[6] Daley's base was rooted largely in Bridgeport's working-class Irish population with the 11th Ward as his vanguard.[7][8] The 11th Ward Democratic party, which is headquartered in Bridgeport near 36th Street and Halsted, still has a member of the Daley family in its administration, Committeeman John P. Daley.[9] The Alderman for the 11th Ward is James Balcer, a long time supporter of Richard M. Daley who was originally appointed to his position by the mayor in 1997.[10]

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

The Chicago Public School District operates several primary schools in Bridgeport, including Mark Sheridan Academy, Philip D. Armour School, Robert Healy School, Charles N. Holden School, and George B. McClellan School.[11][12] Residents are zoned to Tilden High School in the New City community.[13]

Parochial elementary schools in Bridgeport operating under supervision of the The Archdiocese of Chicago include Bridgeport Catholic Academy, Santa Lucia School, St. Jerome School, St. Mary School and St Barbara School.

Public libraries[edit]

The Richard J. Daley Branch of the Chicago Public Library system is located at 3400 South Halsted Street.[14]

Historical Population[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 53,553
1940 49,109 −8.3%
1950 46,070 −6.2%
1960 41,560 −9.8%
1970 35,150 −15.4%
1980 30,923 −12.0%
1990 29,877 −3.4%
2000 33,694 12.8%
2010 31,925 −5.3%

Source:[15]

Culture[edit]

In 2008 the Chicago Sun-Times listed Bridgeport as one of the four most ethnically diverse neighborhoods in Chicago, alongside Albany Park, West Ridge, and Rogers Park. A traditionally working-class neighborhood, with a diverse ethnic heritage, Bridgeport's cultural history has left an indelible mark on Chicago cuisine. While pizza is well represented in Bridgeport, it is the breaded-steak sandwich served by most of the neighborhood's pizzerias, that the neighborhood can claim as an original.[16] Chinese and Mexican fare are also well represented, particularly along 31st Street as well as Archer Avenue. Bridgeport in the early 21st century has also begun to experience an upswing in new restaurants, with a few recent additions serving items ranging from British-style pies to organic offerings.[17][18]

The neighborhood is served by the Bridgeport News, a community newspaper delivered weekly on Wednesdays to homes throughout the neighborhood.

Public transit[edit]

The area is served by the Chicago Transit Authority's Orange Line at the Halsted and Ashland stations, although Ashland is technically a few blocks outside of the neighborhood.

Other notable figures[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]