Bridgewater House, Manchester
Bridgewater House was built as a shipping warehouse in 1912 to a design by Harry S. Fairhurst. It is built around a steel frame with a cladding of sandstone ashlar and white glazed terracotta in a large rectangular plan, with a loading bay at the rear. The building has eight storeys and a basement and 19 bays. The lower two floors are of stone, and the upper floors are of terracotta. Above the doorways are profile medallions of the Duke of Bridgewater. According to the architectural historian Clare Hartwell, Fairhurst's huge buildings are "steel-framed and built to high-quality fireproof specifications". The authors of the Buildings of England series state that "Fairhurst's design revolutionized the business of loading and unloading goods and twenty-six lorries could be dealt with simultaneously using a drive-through system".
The building was constructed for Lloyd's Packing Warehouses Limited and, like many warehouses, was built to a common design with steps to a raised ground floor with showroom and offices. The first floor contained more offices, waiting rooms for clients, and sample and pattern rooms all decorated to impress customers. The working areas above were plain with large windows to allow in natural light. Orders were packed there and sent to the basement on hoists powered by Manchester's hydraulic power system, and packed into bales using hydraulic presses before dispatch. The warehouse was lighted by gas.
- English Heritage, "Bridgewater House, Manchester (1270606)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 27 September 2012
- Hartwell 2002, p. 207
- Hartwell, Hyde & Pevsner 2004, p. 335
- Warehouses Whitworth Street, School of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering Manchester University, retrieved 1 October 2012
- Bridgewater House, Bruntwood, retrieved 27 September 2012
- Hartwell, Clare; Hyde, Matthew; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2004), Lancashire: Manchester and the South-East, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, ISBN 0-300-10583-5
- Hartwell, Clare (2002), Manchester, Pevsner Architectural Guides, Yale University Press, ISBN 978-0-14-071131-8