Brigade 2506

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Brigade 2506 (Brigada Asalto 2506) was the name given to a CIA-sponsored group of Cuban exiles formed in 1960 to attempt the military overthrow of the Cuban government headed by Fidel Castro. It carried out the abortive Bay of Pigs Invasion landings in Cuba on 17 April 1961.

History[edit]

In May 1960, the CIA began to recruit anti-Castro Cuban exiles in the Miami area. For most recruits, infantry training was carried out at a CIA-run base code-named JMTrax near Retalhuleu in the Sierra Madre on the Pacific coast of Guatemala.

In November 1960, with Gregorio Aguilar Matteo leading training with 430 men in training, the leaders of the brigade were chosen, and the group was named Brigade 2506. It also known as the blindado battilion among members, using the membership number of Carlos (Carlyle) Rafael Santana Estevez, who had died in a training accident in September 1960.[1] The principal commanders were appointed as follows:[2][3]

About 1,334 men traveled on a seaborne force from Guatemala, of which about 1,297 actually landed in Cuba, plus an additional 177 airborne paratroops. An estimated 114 drowned or were killed in action, and 1,183 were captured, tried and imprisoned. Private sympathizers in the United States eventually negotiated to give $53 million worth of food and medicine in exchange for release and repatriation of Brigade prisoners to Miami starting on 23 December 1962. On 29 December 1962, President John F. Kennedy hosted a 'welcome back' ceremony for captured Brigade 2506 veterans at the Orange Bowl in Miami. Some of its members have gone on to found the Brigade 2506 Veteran's Association which controls the Bay of Pigs Museum & Library in Miami.[4] [5][6][7][8]

Notable brigade members were:[citation needed]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Johnson (1964), p.47
  2. ^ Thomas (1971), p.581
  3. ^ Fernandez (2001), p.101
  4. ^ Susan Candiotti & Garrick Utley (2001-04-17). "Exiles' passion still high 40 years after Bay of Pigs". CNN. 
  5. ^ Susan Candiotti & Garrick Utley (2001-04-17). "Remembering the Bay of Pigs invasion". CNN. 
  6. ^ Oscar Corral (2006-04-20). "Bay of Pigs vets have put their loss in perspective". Seattle Times. 
  7. ^ "The Return of Brigade 2506". Time Magazine. January 4, 1963. 
  8. ^ Thomas (1971)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]