Brigantine, New Jersey
|Brigantine, New Jersey|
|City of Brigantine|
View of Brigantine from Revel Atlantic City
|Motto: "An island you'll love for life!"|
Map of Brigantine in Atlantic County. Inset: Location of Atlantic County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Brigantine, New Jersey.
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||June 14, 1890|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (Council-Manager)|
|• Mayor||Philip J. Guenther, Jr. (term ends December 31, 2013)|
|• Manager||Jennifer Blumenthal|
|• Clerk||Lynn Sweeney|
|• Total||10.364 sq mi (26.844 km2)|
|• Land||6.387 sq mi (16.543 km2)|
|• Water||3.977 sq mi (10.301 km2) 38.37%|
|Area rank||207th of 566 in state
11th of 23 in county
|Elevation||0 ft (0 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2012)||9,420|
|• Rank||252nd of 566 in state
9th of 23 in county
|• Density||1,479.5/sq mi (571.2/km2)|
|• Density rank||338th of 566 in state
10th of 23 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||609 exchanges: 264, 266|
|GNIS feature ID||0885171|
Brigantine is an island city in Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 9,450, reflecting a decline of 3,144 (-25.0%) from the 12,594 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,240 (+10.9%) from the 11,354 counted in the 1990 Census.
What is now the City of Brigantine has passed through a series of names and reincorporations since it was first created. The area was originally incorporated as Brigantine Beach Borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on June 14, 1890, from portions of Galloway Township, based on the results of a referendum held on June 3, 1890. On April 23, 1897, the area was reincorporated as the City of Brigantine City. This name lasted until April 9, 1914, when it was renamed the City of East Atlantic City. On March 16, 1924, Brigantine was incorporated as a city, replacing East Atlantic City and incorporating further portions of Galloway Township.
Brigantine is located at United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 10.364 square miles (26.844 km2), of which, 6.387 square miles (16.543 km2) of it was land and 3.977 square miles (10.301 km2) of it (38.37%) was water. Brigantine is located on Brigantine Beach Island.(39.427291,-74.389617). According to the
The only road to and from Brigantine is New Jersey Route 87, locally known as Brigantine Boulevard. The Justice Vincent S. Haneman Memorial Bridge is the only way on and off the island. The original bridge to the island that was constructed in 1924 was destroyed in the Great Atlantic Hurricane of 1944. The current bridge was constructed in 1972.
1930-1990 2000 2010
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 9,450 people, 4,294 households, and 2,521 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,479.5 per square mile (571.2 /km2). There were 9,222 housing units at an average density of 1,443.8 per square mile (557.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.33% (8,253) White, 2.91% (275) Black or African American, 0.17% (16) Native American, 4.72% (446) Asian, 0.03% (3) Pacific Islander, 2.51% (237) from other races, and 2.33% (220) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.88% (650) of the population.
There were 4,294 households of which 18.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.3% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.3% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.79.
In the city, 16.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 21.0% from 25 to 44, 33.6% from 45 to 64, and 21.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.4 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $62,212 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,472) and the median family income was $79,318 (+/- $7,962). Males had a median income of $55,595 (+/- $5,655) versus $42,622 (+/- $5,179) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $36,571 (+/- $3,305). About 5.9% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 12,594 people, 5,473 households, and 3,338 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,959.0 people per square mile (756.2/km2). There were 9,304 housing units at an average density of 1,447.2 per square mile (558.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.15% White, 3.94% African American, 0.18% Native American, 5.72% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 4.67% from other races, and 2.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.41% of the population.
There were 5,473 households out of which 24.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.9% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.0% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the city the population was spread out with 20.8% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $44,639, and the median income for a family was $51,679. Males had a median income of $40,523 versus $29,779 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,950. About 7.6% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.9% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.
Since 1989, the City of Brigantine is governed within the Faulkner Act (formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law) under the Council-Manager form (Plan 5), implemented by direct petition effective as of January 1, 1991. The city is governed by a City Council consisting of a Mayor (elected at large), two at-large Council members and four ward Council members, all of whom serve terms of office of four years. The mayor and the two at-large council seats coming up for election during the November general election in leap years, with the four ward seats up for vote simultaneously two years later. The Mayor presides over the meetings of City Council. The Council adopts the municipal budget and enacts ordinances to promote and ensure the security, health, government and protection of the City and its residents.
As of 2013[update], the Mayor of Brigantine City is Republican Philip J. Guenther, whose term of office ends December 31, 2014. Members of the City Council are Frank Kern (at-large; D, 2014), Dominic "Tony" Pullella (at-large; D2014), Andrew Simpson (Ward 1; R, 2016), Lisa McClay (Ward 2; D, 2016), Joseph M. Picardi (Ward 3; D, 2016) and Rick DeLucry (Ward 4; D, 2016).
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg) and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).
The 2nd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jim Whelan (D, Atlantic City) and in the General Assembly by Chris A. Brown (R, Ventnor City) and John F. Amodeo (D, Northfield). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Atlantic County is governed by a County Executive directly chosen by voters, with the county's legislature, the Board of Chosen Freeholders, consisting of nine members elected to three-year terms on a staggered basis, with three seats coming up for election each year; four of its members are elected at-large and there are five election districts, each of which elect a single member. The County Executive is Dennis Levinson (Linwood, term ends December 31, 2015. As of 2013[update], Atlantic County's Freeholders are the four at-large members; Colin G. Bell (Northfield, 2015), Alexander C. Marino (Linwood, 2014), Vice Chairman Joseph J. McDevitt (Ventnor City, 2013) and John W. Risley (Northfield, 2014); and five district members elected from District 1 (Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part) and Pleasantville) Charles T. Garrett (Atlantic City, 2013), District 2 - (Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part), Longport, Margate City, Somers Point and Ventnor City), Chairman Frank D. Formica (Atlantic City, 2015), District 3 (Egg Harbor Township (part), Hamilton Township (part), Linwood and Northfield) - Frank Sutton (Egg Harbor Township, 2014), District 4 (Absecon, Brigantine, Galloway Township and Port Republic - Richard Dase (Galloway Township, 2013) and District 5 (Buena Borough, Buena Vista Township, Corbin City, Egg Harbor City, Estell Manor, Folsom, Hamilton Township (part), Hammonton, Mullica Township and Weymouth Township) - James A. Bertino (Hammonton, 2015).
The Brigantine Public Schools serves students in kindergarten through eighth grade. The district is governed by the Brigantine Board of Education and operates as a Type I school district. The school board consists of seven members who are appointed to three-year terms by the Mayor, the Council and the City Manager on a staggered basis. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Brigantine Elementary School serves grades PreK-4 (545 students) and Brigantine North Middle School serves grades 5-8 (246 students).
Students in public school for ninth through twelfth grades attend Atlantic City High School in neighboring Atlantic City, as part of sending/receiving relationships with the Atlantic City School District, along with those from Longport, Margate City and Ventnor City.
The city had a total of 64.45 miles (103.72 km) of roadways, of which 60.54 miles (97.43 km) are maintained by the municipality, 3.74 miles (6.02 km) by Atlantic County and 0.06 miles (0.097 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 0.11 miles (0.18 km) by the South Jersey Transportation Authority.
Points of interest
- Brigantine Lighthouse - Constructed by the Island Development Real Estate Company in 1926 as part of an effort to attract residents to the island, the structure was too far from shore and too low to be used as a functioning lighthouse and has been used over the years as headquarters for the Brigantine Police Department, as a museum and as a gift shop, in addition to be a central identifying symbol of the city.
- Marine Mammal Stranding Center - Established in 1978 as the state's only marine stranding center, the center rehabilitates and releases stranded marine mammals and sea turtles, rescuing more than 3,900 whales, dolphins, seals and sea turtles since it was formed.
- Part of the Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge is located on the northern end of Brigantine Island. The Refuge provides crucial habitat for many different types of endangered or threatened birds, including the American Bald Eagle, Peregrine Falcon, American Black Duck, and the Piping Plover.
- The Brigantine Hotel, still standing on the Atlantic coast side of the island, was an early integrated hotel starting in the 1940s, and was owned for a period by Father Divine's International Peace Mission movement.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Brigantine include:
- Dan Borislow (born 1961), entrepreneur, sports team owner, inventor and thoroughbred horse breeder.
- Mark A. Brown (born 1961), gaming industry executive who has been CEO of Trump Hotels and Casinos Inc. and President of The Venetian Macao, Sands Macao and The Four Seasons Macau.
- Mary Raith Holst (born 1910), moved to Brigantine in 1939 with her husband Wallace and was the first group of three female cheerleader at Atlantic City High School.
- Patrick J. Kennedy (born 1967), former member of the United States House of Representatives.
- Carol Plum-Ucci (born 1957), young adult novelist and essayist.
- John Rosenbaum, (born 1934), California artist and educator.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Brigantine has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 6, 2013.
- 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
- Jennifer Blumenthal - City Manager, Brigantine Beach. Accessed March 21, 2013.
- City Clerk, Brigantine Beach. Accessed March 21, 2013.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2006, p. 13.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Brigantine, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 4, 2013.
- DP-1: Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 - 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Brigantine city, Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 18, 2012.
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- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
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- Look Up a ZIP Code for Brigantine, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 26, 2011.
- Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 1, 2013.
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- "Best Places To Live - The Complete Top Towns List 1-100", New Jersey Monthly, February 21, 2008. Accessed February 24, 2008.
- Zatzariny, Jr., Tim. "Development thrusts change upon once-sleepy Brigantine", Courier-Post, July 22, 2001. Accessed September 1, 2013. "In 1924, a bridge linking Brigantine and Atlantic City opened, creating a land boom.... In 1944, a hurricane damaged the Brigantine Bridge, the island's only access to the mainland. For 21 months, residents had to be ferried on and off the island during repairs. A new bridge replaced the original in 1972."
- Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Atlantic County Municipalities, 1840 - 2000, WestJersey.org. December 6, 2010. Accessed March 21, 2013.
- Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed September 1, 2013.
- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 335. Accessed September 1, 2013.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 714. Accessed January 14, 2012.
- New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed November 26, 2011.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Brigantine city, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 21, 2013.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Brigantine city, Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 21, 2013.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Brigantine borough, Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 18, 2012.
- "The Faulkner Act: New Jersey's Optional Municipal Charter Law", New Jersey State League of Municipalities, July 2007. Accessed November 15, 2013.
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- James A. Bertino, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 5, 2013.
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- Brigantine Elementary School, Brigantine Public Schools. Accessed September 1, 2013.
- Brigantine North Middle School, Brigantine Public Schools. Accessed September 1, 2013.
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- Home page, Atlantic City High School. Accessed May 23, 2011. "ACHS is a unique, comprehensive state-of-the-art facility that serves a diverse student population from Atlantic City, Brigantine, Longport, Margate and Ventnor."
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- McKelvey, Wallace. "Construction companies volunteer to restore Brigantine lighthouse after Sandy", The Press of Atlantic City, August 29, 2013. Accessed September 15, 2013. "The lighthouse served many purposes over the last century. In addition to its role as the centerpiece of a real estate development, it became a police station in the 1930s, when the municipality had only a few officers..... Later, in the 1970s, the structure housed the city's original museum, Kramer said.... Despite its lamp, Kramer said, the lighthouse was too low and too far from the beach to ever serve as a navigational aid."
- About Us, Marine Mammal Stranding Center. Accessed September 15, 2013.
- Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge, GORP. Accessed June 2, 2009. "Forsythe Refuge's Brigantine and Barnegat Divisions were ... established in 1939 and 1967 respectively, to perpetuate the use of tidal wetland and shallow bay habitat by migratory water birds."
- The Brigantine Hotel, libertynet.org. Accessed March 21, 2013.
- The Brigantine Hotel, libertynet.org. Accessed March 21, 2013.
- Structure of the Peace Mission Movement, International Peace Mission movement. Accessed March 21, 2013.
- Weinert, Joe. "HIGH ROLLER FOLLOWS EXEC TO BORGATA", The Press of Atlantic City, October 19, 2002. Accessed November 15, 2013. "Borislow made his fortune as founder of the Tel-Save Holdings long-distance company. He owns race horses and splits his time between homes in Brigantine and Palm Beach, Fla."
- Barlas, Thomas. "ATLANTIC CITY NATIVE, AGE 37, TAKES TRUMP MARINA HELM / BROWN FIRST CASINO CHIEF BORN IN THE RESORT TOWN", The Press of Atlantic City, May 11, 1998. Accessed November 15, 2013. "'They say, 'no one was born in Atlantic City.' He grew up across Absecon Inlet in Brigantine."
- Staff. "REMEMBER WHEN: BUDDING ROMANCE, 1880", The Press of Atlantic City, March 8, 2006. Accessed July 1, 2011. "Mary Raith Holst, of Brigantine, submitted this picture of some of her ancestors, taken during a Morris Guard encampment at Delaware Water Gap in the 1880s."
- Landau, Joel. "Kennedys introduce newborn son to media outside hospital in Galloway Township", The Press of Atlantic City, April 18, 2012. Accessed April 18, 2012. "Kennedy, 44, the son of the late U.S. Senator Edward 'Ted' Kennedy and nephew of President John F. Kennedy, was dressed in a sport coat and jeans and cracked a few jokes before the couple departed to their Brigantine home."
- Good, Daniel. "A mature subject for local author's new teen novel", The Press of Atlantic City, July 13, 2008. Accessed September 2, 2008. "The work station in her Absecon home resembles a child's bedroom....Plum-Ucci, a Brigantine native, situates her stories in the towns and beaches from her childhood."
- via United Press. "Cornell Elects Rosenbaum", The New York Times, December 4, 1954. Accessed April 18, 2012. "John J. Rosenbaum Jr. of Brigantine, N. J., today was elected captain of Cornell's 1955 varsity cross-country team."
- Climate Summary for Brigantine, New Jersey
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brigantine, New Jersey.|
- Brigantine City website
- [2013 Website designed by Lieutenant Timothy Reed /Brigantine Police Department]
- Brigantine Public Schools
- Brigantine Public Schools's 2010–11 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- Data for the Brigantine Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics
- The Brigantine Beachcomber Newspaper
- History of Brigantine Castle (defunct amusement pier)
- Brigantine Excursion House from the Sea, October 17, 1891 by D.J. Kennedy, Historical Society of Pennsylvania
- End View of Brigantine Beach, Excursion House, New Jersey, October 17, 1891 by D.J. Kennedy, Historical Society of Pennsylvania
|Beaches of New Jersey||Succeeded by